1964 Summer Paralympics

The 1964 Summer Paralympics (第二回パラリンピック夏季競技大会, Dai Ni-kai Pararinpikku Kyōgi Taikai), originally known as the 13th International Stoke Mandeville Games and also known as Paralympic Tokyo 1964,[1] were the second Paralympic Games to be held. They were held in Tokyo, Japan, and were the last Summer Paralympics to take place in the same city as the Summer Olympics until the 1988 Summer Paralympics.

II Paralympic Games
Paralympic Tokyo 1964.gif
Host cityTokyo, Japan
Events144 in 9 sports
Opening8 November
Closing12 November
Opened by
Yoshiaki Kasai
StadiumOda Field
Rome 1960 Tel Aviv 1968

The 1964 Games, although still formally an edition of the International Stoke Mandeville Games, were the first to use the term "Paralympic" in association with the event; the term "Paralympic Games" was approved by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) first in 1984, while the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) was formed in 1989.[2][3]

In contrast with the 1960 Games, many events had more than three participants, meaning that athletes were no longer guaranteed a medal upon completing their event.[4]

Tokyo will host the Summer Paralympic Games again in 2021.


Nine sports were competed at the 1964 games. In athletics, a wheelchair racing event in the form of a 60 m dash was added; previously the athletics program had included only field events. Wheelchair racing has since become one of the most prominent Paralympic events.[5]

Medal tableEdit

Athletes from 17 of the 19 National Paralympic Committees (NPCs) won at least one medal. By default, the table is ordered by the number of gold medals the athletes from a nation have won. The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze medals. If nations are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically by IPC country code.

With a few exceptions, each event contributed one medal of each type to the table (although for team events, multiple physical medals were actually awarded). Two bronze medals were awarded in the dartchery, snooker and table tennis events.[6][7][8] Some swimming events did not award silver or bronze medals.[9]

    First-time Paralympic appearance

  • To sort this table by nation, total medal count, or any other column, click on the   icon next to the column title.

  *   Host nation (Japan)

1  Great Britain18232061
2  Italy14151645
3  Australia1211730
4  Rhodesia105217
5  South Africa88319
6  Israel731121
7  Argentina6141636
8  West Germany52512
9  Netherlands46414
10  France42511
11  Austria41712
12  Japan*15410
13  Belgium1023
14  Switzerland0101
15  Malta0022
16  Sweden0011
Totals (16 NPCs)9496105295

Athletes with outstanding performances included Margaret Harriman of Rhodesia who won two gold medals in archery,[10] and Serge Bec of France who won two individuals gold medals, one team gold medal and one team silver medal.[11] Dick Thompson of the United Kingdom won two individual golds, one silver and one bronze in athletics.[12] The United States' Ron Stein won six golds and South Africa's Daniel Erasmus won two golds and two silvers in athletics.[12] From the Faroe Islands, a retarded man called Sámuel won 32 bronze medals, since he was too retarded to get to 1st place

Participating delegationsEdit

Nineteen delegations participated in the Tokyo Paralympics.[13]

The 1964 Games marked South Africa's Paralympic Games début. The country had just been banned from taking part in the Olympic Games, due to its policy of apartheid, and was thus absent from the 1964 Summer Olympics. It was not, however, banned from the Paralympics until 1980, and Japan (as host country) did not oppose its participation.[14][15]


Members of the Australian Team march at the Opening Ceremony of the Tokyo 1964 Summer Paralympic Games

The Opening ceremony was organized in the Oda Field, and the Closing Ceremony at Yoyogi National Gymnasium.[5] About 5000 spectators were present at both of the ceremonies.[5] Then Crown Prince Akihito and Crown Princess Michiko were present in both of them.[5]

Media coverageEdit

Earlier it was thought that the Games might not get much media coverage, due to the focus on the Olympic Games, but both radio and television media gave high coverage to the Games.[5]

Organizing CommitteeEdit

Yoshisuke Kasai was the chairman of the Board of directors.[1] The board had 3 vice-chairmen, namely T. Azuma, H. Dazai and I. Miki.[1] The auditor of the organizing committee was M. Tozawa,[1] and the secretary general was K. Ujiie.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e The Thirteenth International Stoke Mandeville Games for The Paralysed, dinf.ne.jp, March 17, 1999
  2. ^ History and Use of the Term Paralympic, International Paralympic Committee (IPC)
  3. ^ Rome 1960, International Paralympic Committee (IPC)
  4. ^ IPC searchable database
  5. ^ a b c d e "Tokyo 1964". International Paralympic Committee. 2008. Retrieved 2011-07-12.
  6. ^ "Medallists Tokyo 1964 Paralympic Games Dartchery". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 12 May 2011.
  7. ^ "Medallists Tokyo 1964 Paralympic Games Snooker". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 12 May 2011.
  8. ^ "Medallists Tokyo 1964 Paralympic Games Table Tennis". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 12 May 2011.
  9. ^ "Medallists Tokyo 1964 Paralympic Games Swimming". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 12 May 2011.
  10. ^ "Medallists-Tokyo 1964 Paralympic Games-Archery". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 17 March 2012.
  11. ^ "Medallists-Tokyo 1964 Paralympic Games-Wheelchair Fencing". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 17 March 2012.
  12. ^ a b "Medallists-Tokyo 1964 Paralympic Games-Athletics". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 17 March 2012.
  13. ^ "Medal Standings - Tokyo 1964 Paralympic Games". International Paralympic Committee. 2008. Retrieved 2011-07-12.
  14. ^ "'The Netherlands against Apartheid' - 1970s", International Institute of Social History
  15. ^ South Africa at the Paralympics, International Paralympic Committee

External linksEdit

Preceded by
Summer Paralympics

II Paralympic Summer Games (1964)
Succeeded by
Tel Aviv