Swimming at the 1972 Summer Olympics
at the Games of the XX Olympiad
|Competitors||532 from 52 nations|
Perhaps the most spectacular athletic events were in swimming. Mark Spitz of the United States had a spectacular run, lining up for seven events, winning seven Olympic titles and setting seven world records. The seven world records in a single Olympic meet was tied by Michael Phelps in 2008. According to the official Olympic website, "He took part in the 4×200 m one hour after his final in the 100 m butterfly. As for the 200 m freestyle gold, it was his third medal in three days" .
On the women's side of the competition, Shane Gould of Australia won 5 medals. She won the 200 m and 400 m freestyle as well as the 200 m individual medley, each with a new world record time. In addition, she won the silver and the bronze in the 800 m and 100 m freestyle, respectively.
In terms of records, the Olympic record was broken at least once in all 29 events. In 20 of those events, there was a new world record set.
|1||United States (USA)||17||14||12||43|
|3||East Germany (GDR)||2||5||2||9|
|6||Soviet Union (URS)||0||2||3||5|
|8||West Germany (FRG)||0||1||3||4|
|11||Great Britain (GBR)||0||1||0||1|
|Totals (11 nations)||29||29||29||87|
532 swimmers from 52 nations competed.