Swimming at the 1972 Summer Olympics

The 1972 Summer Olympics were held in Munich, West Germany, 29 events in swimming were contested. There was a total of 532 participants from 52 countries competing.[1]

Swimming
at the Games of the XX Olympiad
Olympic Pool Munich 1972.jpg Olympia Schwimmhalle
VenueOlympia Schwimmhalle
Dates28 August – 4 September 1972
No. of events29
Competitors532 from 52 nations
← 1968
1976 →

Perhaps the most spectacular athletic events were in swimming. Mark Spitz had a remarkable run, lining up for seven events, winning seven Olympic titles and setting seven world records. The seven world records in a single Olympic meet was tied by Michael Phelps in 2008. According to the official Olympic website, "He took part in the 4×200 m one hour after his final in the 100 m butterfly. As for the 200 m freestyle gold, it was his third medal in three days" [1].

On the women's side of the competition, Shane Gould of Australia won 5 medals. She won the 200 m and 400 m freestyle as well as the 200 m individual medley, each with a new world-record time. In addition, she won the silver and the bronze in the 800 m and 100 m freestyle, respectively.

In terms of records, the Olympic record was broken at least once in all 29 events. In 20 of those events, there was a new world record set.

EventsEdit

The following events were contested (all pool events were long course, and distances are in metres unless stated):

Participating nationsEdit

532 swimmers from 52 nations competed.[1]

Medal tableEdit

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  United States (USA)17141243
2  Australia (AUS)62210
3  East Germany (GDR)2529
4  Japan (JPN)2013
5  Sweden (SWE)2002
6  Soviet Union (URS)0235
7  Canada (CAN)0224
8  West Germany (FRG)0134
9  Hungary (HUN)0123
  Italy (ITA)0123
11  Great Britain (GBR)0101
Totals (11 nations)29292987

ResultsEdit

Men's eventsEdit

Games Gold Silver Bronze
100 m freestyle
details
Mark Spitz
  United States
51.22 (WR) Jerry Heidenreich
  United States
51.65 Vladimir Bure
  Soviet Union
51.77
200 m freestyle
details
Mark Spitz
  United States
1:52.78 (WR) Steve Genter
  United States
1:53.73 Werner Lampe
  West Germany
1:53.99
400 m freestyle
details
Brad Cooper
  Australia
4:00.27 (OR) Steve Genter
  United States
4:01.94 Tom McBreen
  United States
4:02.64
1500 m freestyle
details
Mike Burton
  United States
15:52.58 (WR) Graham Windeatt
  Australia
15:58.48 Doug Northway
  United States
16:09.25
100 m backstroke
details
Roland Matthes
  East Germany
56.58 (OR) Mike Stamm
  United States
57.70 John Murphy
  United States
58.35
200 m backstroke
details
Roland Matthes
  East Germany
2:02.82 (WR) Mike Stamm
  United States
2:04.09 Mitch Ivey
  United States
2:04.33
100 m breaststroke
details
Nobutaka Taguchi
  Japan
1:04.94 (WR) Tom Bruce
  United States
1:05.43 John Hencken
  United States
1:05.61
200 m breaststroke
details
John Hencken
  United States
2:21.55 (WR) David Wilkie
  Great Britain
2:23.67 Nobutaka Taguchi
  Japan
2:23.88
100 m butterfly
details
Mark Spitz
  United States
54.27 (WR) Bruce Robertson
  Canada
55.56 Jerry Heidenreich
  United States
55.74
200 m butterfly
details
Mark Spitz
  United States
2:00.70 (WR) Gary Hall, Sr.
  United States
2:02.86 Robin Backhaus
  United States
2:03.23
200 m individual medley
details
Gunnar Larsson
  Sweden
2:07.17 (WR) Tim McKee
  United States
2:08.37 Steve Furniss
  United States
2:08.45
400 m individual medley
details
Gunnar Larsson
  Sweden
4:31.98 (OR) Tim McKee
  United States
4:31.98 (OR) András Hargitay
  Hungary
4:32.70
4×100 m freestyle relay
details
  United States (USA)
David Edgar
John Murphy
Jerry Heidenreich
Mark Spitz
3:26.42 (WR)   Soviet Union (URS)
Vladimir Bure
Viktor Mazanov
Viktor Aboimov
Igor Grivennikov
3:29.72   East Germany (GDR)
Roland Matthes
Wilfried Hartung
Peter Bruch
Lutz Unger
3:32.42
4×200 m freestyle relay
details
  United States (USA)
John Kinsella
Fred Tyler
Steve Genter
Mark Spitz
7:35.78 (WR)   West Germany (FRG)
Klaus Steinbach
Werner Lampe
Hans Vosseler
Hans Fassnacht
7:41.69   Soviet Union (URS)
Igor Grivennikov
Viktor Mazanov
Georgi Kulikov
Vladimir Bure
7:45.76
4×100 m medley relay
details
  United States (USA)
Mike Stamm
Tom Bruce
Mark Spitz
Jerry Heidenreich
3:48.16 (WR)   East Germany (GDR)
Roland Matthes
Klaus Katzur
Hartmut Flöckner
Lutz Unger
3:52.26   Canada (CAN)
Erik Fish
William Mahony
Bruce Robertson
Robert Kasting
3:53.26

Women's eventsEdit

Games Gold Silver Bronze
100 m freestyle
details
Sandy Neilson
  United States
58.59 (OR) Shirley Babashoff
  United States
59.02 Shane Gould
  Australia
59.06
200 m freestyle
details
Shane Gould
  Australia
2:03.56 (WR) Shirley Babashoff
  United States
2:04.33 Keena Rothhammer
  United States
2:04.92
400 m freestyle
details
Shane Gould
  Australia
4:19.04 (WR) Novella Calligaris
  Italy
4:22.44 Gudrun Wegner
  East Germany
4:23.11
800 m freestyle
details
Keena Rothhammer
  United States
8:53.68 (WR) Shane Gould
  Australia
8:56.39 Novella Calligaris
  Italy
8:57.46
100 m backstroke
details
Melissa Belote
  United States
1:05.78 (OR) Andrea Gyarmati
  Hungary
1:06.26 Susie Atwood
  United States
1:06.34
200 m backstroke
details
Melissa Belote
  United States
2:19.19 (WR) Susie Atwood
  United States
2:20.38 Donna Gurr
  Canada
2:23.22
100 m breaststroke
details
Cathy Carr
  United States
1:13.58 (WR) Galina Prozumenshchikova
  Soviet Union
1:14.99 Beverley Whitfield
  Australia
1:15.73
200 m breaststroke
details
Beverley Whitfield
  Australia
2:41.05 (OR) Dana Schoenfield
  United States
2:42.05 Galina Prozumenshchikova
  Soviet Union
2:42.36
100 m butterfly
details
Mayumi Aoki
  Japan
1:03.34 (WR) Roswitha Beier
  East Germany
1:03.61 Andrea Gyarmati
  Hungary
1:03.73
200 m butterfly
details
Karen Moe
  United States
2:15.57 (WR) Lynn Colella
  United States
2:16.34 Ellie Daniel
  United States
2:16.74
200 m individual medley
details
Shane Gould
  Australia
2:23.07 (WR) Kornelia Ender
  East Germany
2:23.59 Lynn Vidali
  United States
2:24.06
400 m individual medley
details
Gail Neall
  Australia
5:02.97 (WR) Leslie Cliff
  Canada
5:03.57 Novella Calligaris
  Italy
5:03.99
4×100 m freestyle relay
details
  United States (USA)
Shirley Babashoff
Jane Barkman
Jenny Kemp
Sandy Neilson
3:55.19 (WR)   East Germany (GDR)
Andrea Eife
Kornelia Ender
Elke Sehmisch
Gabriele Wetzko
3:55.55   West Germany (FRG)
Gudrun Beckmann
Heidemarie Reineck
Angela Steinbach
Jutta Weber
3:57.93
4×100 m medley relay
details
  United States (USA)
Melissa Belote
Cathy Carr
Deena Deardurff
Sandy Neilson
4:20.75 (WR)   East Germany (GDR)
Christine Herbst
Renate Vogel
Roswitha Beier
Kornelia Ender
4:24.91   West Germany (FRG)
Gudrun Beckmann
Vreni Eberle
Silke Pielen
Heidemarie Reineck
4:26.46

Gallery of the medalistsEdit

Some of the Olympic medalists in Munich:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Swimming at the 1972 Munich Summer Games". Sports Reference. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 3 October 2016.