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Swimming at the 1972 Summer Olympics

The 1972 Summer Olympics were held in Munich, West Germany, 29 events in swimming were contested. There was a total of 532 participants from 52 countries competing.[1]

Swimming
at the Games of the XX Olympiad
Competitors532 from 52 nations
← 1968
1976 →

Perhaps the most spectacular athletic events were in swimming. Mark Spitz of the United States had a spectacular run, lining up for seven events, winning seven Olympic titles and setting seven world records. The seven world records in a single Olympic meet was tied by Michael Phelps in 2008. According to the official Olympic website, "He took part in the 4×200 m one hour after his final in the 100 m butterfly. As for the 200 m freestyle gold, it was his third medal in three days" [1].

On the women's side of the competition, Shane Gould of Australia won 5 medals. She won the 200 m and 400 m freestyle as well as the 200 m individual medley, each with a new world record time. In addition, she won the silver and the bronze in the 800 m and 100 m freestyle, respectively.

In terms of records, the Olympic record was broken at least once in all 29 events. In 20 of those events, there was a new world record set.

Contents

Medal tableEdit

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  United States (USA)17141243
2  Australia (AUS)62210
3  East Germany (GDR)2529
4  Japan (JPN)2013
5  Sweden (SWE)2002
6  Soviet Union (URS)0235
7  Canada (CAN)0224
8  West Germany (FRG)0134
9  Hungary (HUN)0123
  Italy (ITA)0123
11  Great Britain (GBR)0101
Totals (11 nations)29292987

Medal summaryEdit

Men's eventsEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
100 m freestyle
details
  Mark Spitz (USA) 51.22 (WR)   Jerry Heidenreich (USA) 51.65   Vladimir Bure (URS) 51.77
200 m freestyle
details
  Mark Spitz (USA) 1:52.78 (WR)   Steve Genter (USA) 1:53.73   Werner Lampe (FRG) 1:53.99
400 m freestyle
details
  Brad Cooper (AUS) 4:00.27 (OR)   Steve Genter (USA) 4:01.94   Tom McBreen (USA) 4:02.64
1500 m freestyle
details
  Mike Burton (USA) 15:52.58 (WR)   Graham Windeatt (AUS) 15:58.48   Doug Northway (USA) 16:09.25
100 m backstroke
details
  Roland Matthes (GDR) 56.58 (OR)   Mike Stamm (USA) 57.70   John Murphy (USA) 58.35
200 m backstroke
details
  Roland Matthes (GDR) 2:02.82 (WR)   Mike Stamm (USA) 2:04.09   Mitch Ivey (USA) 2:04.33
100 m breaststroke
details
  Nobutaka Taguchi (JPN) 1:04.94 (WR)   Tom Bruce (USA) 1:05.43   John Hencken (USA) 1:05.61
200 m breaststroke
details
  John Hencken (USA) 2:21.55 (WR)   David Wilkie (GBR) 2:23.67   Nobutaka Taguchi (JPN) 2:23.88
100 m butterfly
details
  Mark Spitz (USA) 54.27 (WR)   Bruce Robertson (CAN) 55.56   Jerry Heidenreich (USA) 55.74
200 m butterfly
details
  Mark Spitz (USA) 2:00.70 (WR)   Gary Hall, Sr. (USA) 2:02.86   Robin Backhaus (USA) 2:03.23
200 m individual medley
details
  Gunnar Larsson (SWE) 2:07.17 (WR)   Tim McKee (USA) 2:08.37   Steve Furniss (USA) 2:08.45
400 m individual medley
details
  Gunnar Larsson (SWE) 4:31.98 (OR)   Tim McKee (USA) 4:31.98   András Hargitay (HUN) 4:32.70
4×100 m freestyle relay
details
  United States (USA)
David Edgar
John Murphy
Jerry Heidenreich
Mark Spitz
3:26.42 (WR)   Soviet Union (URS)
Vladimir Bure
Viktor Mazanov
Viktor Aboimov
Igor Grivennikov
3:29.72   East Germany (GDR)
Roland Matthes
Wilfried Hartung
Peter Bruch
Lutz Unger
3:32.42
4×200 m freestyle relay
details
  United States (USA)
John Kinsella
Fred Tyler
Steve Genter
Mark Spitz
7:35.78 (WR)   West Germany (FRG)
Klaus Steinbach
Werner Lampe
Hans Vosseler
Hans Fassnacht
7:41.69   Soviet Union (URS)
Igor Grivennikov
Viktor Mazanov
Georgi Kulikov
Vladimir Bure
7:45.76
4×100 m medley relay
details
  United States (USA)
Mike Stamm
Tom Bruce
Mark Spitz
Jerry Heidenreich
3:48.16 (WR)   East Germany (GDR)
Roland Matthes
Klaus Katzur
Hartmut Flöckner
Lutz Unger
3:52.26   Canada (CAN)
Erik Fish
William Mahony
Bruce Robertson
Robert Kasting
3:53.26

Women's eventsEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
100 m freestyle
details
  Sandy Neilson (USA) 58.59 (OR)   Shirley Babashoff (USA) 59.02   Shane Gould (AUS) 59.06
200 m freestyle
details
  Shane Gould (AUS) 2:03.56 (WR)   Shirley Babashoff (USA) 2:04.33   Keena Rothhammer (USA) 2:04.92
400 m freestyle
details
  Shane Gould (AUS) 4:19.04 (WR)   Novella Calligaris (ITA) 4:22.44   Gudrun Wegner (GDR) 4:23.11
800 m freestyle
details
  Keena Rothhammer (USA) 8:53.68 (WR)   Shane Gould (AUS) 8:56.39   Novella Calligaris (ITA) 8:57.46
100 m backstroke
details
  Melissa Belote (USA) 1:05.78 (OR)   Andrea Gyarmati (HUN) 1:06.26   Susie Atwood (USA) 1:06.34
200 m backstroke
details
  Melissa Belote (USA) 2:19.19 (WR)   Susie Atwood (USA) 2:20.38   Donna Gurr (CAN) 2:23.22
100 m breaststroke
details
  Cathy Carr (USA) 1:13.58 (WR)   Galina Prozumenshchikova (URS) 1:14.99   Beverley Whitfield (AUS) 1:15.73
200 m breaststroke
details
  Beverley Whitfield (AUS) 2:41.05 (OR)   Dana Schoenfield (USA) 2:42.05   Galina Prozumenshchikova (URS) 2:42.36
100 m butterfly
details
  Mayumi Aoki (JPN) 1:03.34 (OR)   Roswitha Beier (GDR) 1:03.61   Andrea Gyarmati (HUN) 1:03.73
200 m butterfly
details
  Karen Moe (USA) 2:15.57 (WR)   Lynn Colella (USA) 2:16.34   Ellie Daniel (USA) 2:16.74
200 m individual medley
details
  Shane Gould (AUS) 2:23.07 (WR)   Kornelia Ender (GDR) 2:23.59   Lynn Vidali (USA) 2:24.06
400 m individual medley
details
  Gail Neall (AUS) 5:02.97 (WR)   Leslie Cliff (CAN) 5:03.57   Novella Calligaris (ITA) 5:03.99
4×100 m freestyle relay
details
  United States (USA)
Shirley Babashoff
Jane Barkman
Jenny Kemp
Sandy Neilson
3:55.19 (WR)   East Germany (GDR)
Andrea Eife
Kornelia Ender
Elke Sehmisch
Gabriele Wetzko
3:55.55   West Germany (FRG)
Gudrun Beckmann
Heidemarie Reineck
Angela Steinbach
Jutta Weber
3:57.93
4×100 m medley relay
details
  United States (USA)
Melissa Belote
Cathy Carr
Deena Deardurff
Sandy Neilson
4:20.75 (WR)   East Germany (GDR)
Christine Herbst
Renate Vogel
Roswitha Beier
Kornelia Ender
4:24.91   West Germany (FRG)
Gudrun Beckmann
Vreni Eberle
Silke Pielen
Heidemarie Reineck
4:26.46

Participating nationsEdit

532 swimmers from 52 nations competed.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Swimming at the 1972 Munich Summer Games". Sports Reference. Retrieved 3 October 2016.