Swimming at the 2000 Summer Olympics – Men's 100 metre freestyle

The men's 100 metre freestyle event at the 2000 Summer Olympics took place on 19–20 September at the Sydney International Aquatic Centre in Sydney, Australia.[1] There were 73 competitors from 66 nations.[2] Nations have been limited to two swimmers each since the 1984 Games.

Men's 100 metre freestyle
at the Games of the XXVII Olympiad
Pieter van den Hoogenband (2008-08-25).jpg
Pieter van den Hoogenband (2008)
VenueSydney International Aquatic Centre
DatesSeptember 19, 2000 (heats &
semifinals)
September 20, 2000 (final)
Competitors73 from 66 nations
Winning time48.30
Medalists
1st place, gold medalist(s) Pieter van den Hoogenband
 Netherlands
2nd place, silver medalist(s) Alexander Popov
 Russia
3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Gary Hall, Jr.
 United States
← 1996
2004 →

SummaryEdit

Netherlands' Pieter van den Hoogenband stormed home on the final length to claim his second Olympic gold medal at these Games. He posted a time of 48.30 to hold off Russia's defending Olympic champion Alexander Popov by almost two-fifths of a second (0.40).[3] It was the Netherlands' first medal in the men's 100 metre freestyle. Failing to attain a third straight triumph in the same event, Popov settled for the silver in 48.69. Popov became only the second man to win three medals in the 100 metre freestyle, the first since Duke Kahanamoku in 1912–1924. Meanwhile, U.S. swimmer Gary Hall, Jr. took bronze with a 48.73 time.[4][5] Hall was the 11th man to win two medals in the event.

After breaking a split world record in the 4×100 m freestyle relay on the opening night, Australia's overwhelming favorite Michael Klim missed out the podium in a close race against Hall by a hundredth of a second, finishing with a time of 48.74.[6] Klim was followed in fifth by Hall's teammate Neil Walker (49.09), and in sixth by Sweden's three-time Olympian Lars Frölander (49.22). Russia's Denis Pimankov (49.36) and another Aussie Chris Fydler (49.44) rounded out the finale.[5]

Earlier in the semifinals, Van den Hoogenband cleared a 48-second barrier to set a new world record of 47.84, slashing 0.34 seconds off the mark set by Klim from the relay.[7]

One of the most popular highlights in the event took place in the first heat. Dubbed as Eric the Eel, Equatorial Guinea's Eric Moussambani received a dubious honor of being the slowest Olympic swimmer in history. Two other swimmers, Niger's Karim Bare and Tajikistan's Farkhod Oripov, plunged into the pool and were cast out of the race under a no false-start rule, leaving Moussambani as the last man standing. Cheered by a large crowd, he finished a one-man heat in 1:52.72, nearly seven seconds slower than a winning time by Van den Hoogenband over double the distance a day before.[8][9]

BackgroundEdit

This was the 23rd appearance of the men's 100 metre freestyle. The event has been held at every Summer Olympics except 1900 (when the shortest freestyle was the 200 metres), though the 1904 version was measured in yards rather than metres.[2]

Seven of the eight finalists from the 1996 Games returned: two-time gold medalist Alexander Popov of Russia, silver medalist Gary Hall, Jr. of the United States, bronze medalist (and 1992 silver medalist) Gustavo Borges of Brazil, fourth-place finisher Pieter van den Hoogenband of the Netherlands, fifth-place finisher Fernando Scherer of Brazil, sixth-place finisher Pavlo Khnykin of Ukraine, and eighth-place finisher Francisco Sánchez of Venezuela.

Popov had recovered from a near-fatal stabbing in 1996 to win the 1997 European championship and repeat as world champion in 1998. His 1994 world record had stood until the start of the Games; in the freestyle relays, however, hometown hopeful Michael Klim (the 1998 world championship runner-up) had broken that record with his first leg split. Van den Hoogenband won the 200 metre freestyle earlier in Sydney.[2]

The Republic of the Congo, the Czech Republic, Equatorial Guinea, the Ivory Coast, Mauritius, Mongolia, Niger, Nigeria, Slovenia, and Tajikistan each made their debut in the event. The United States made its 22nd appearance, most of any nation, having missed only the boycotted 1980 Games.

Competition formatEdit

This freestyle swimming competition returned to the three-round format used from 1948 to 1980, abandoning the A/B final format used between 1984 and 1996. The competition consisted of three rounds: heats, semifinals, and a final. The swimmers with the best 16 times in the heats advanced to the semifinals. The swimmers with the best 8 times in the semifinals advanced to the final. Swim-offs were used as necessary to break ties for advancement to the next round.

RecordsEdit

Prior to this competition, the existing world and Olympic records were as follows.

World record   Michael Klim (AUS) 48.18 Sydney, Australia 16 September 2000 [10]
Olympic record   Michael Klim (AUS) 48.18 Sydney, Australia 16 September 2000 [10]

Pieter van den Hoogenband set a new world record of 47.84 seconds in the second semifinal.

ScheduleEdit

All times are Australian Eastern Standard Time (UTC+10)

Date Time Round
Tuesday, 19 September 2000 10:00
19:00
Heats
Semifinals
Wednesday, 20 September 2000 19:53 Final

ResultsEdit

HeatsEdit

[10]

Rank Heat Lane Swimmer Nation Time Notes
1 9 4 Pieter van den Hoogenband   Netherlands 48.64 Q
2 10 5 Michael Klim   Australia 49.09 Q
3 10 6 Lars Frölander   Sweden 49.16 Q, NR
4 10 4 Alexander Popov   Russia 49.29 Q
5 9 5 Gary Hall, Jr.   United States 49.32 Q
6 8 2 Denis Pimankov   Russia 49.45 Q
8 5 Chris Fydler   Australia 49.45 Q
8 9 7 Salim Iles   Algeria 49.70 Q, NR
9 8 4 Neil Walker   United States 49.73 Q
10 10 2 Lorenzo Vismara   Italy 49.74 Q
10 1 Roland Mark Schoeman   South Africa 49.74 Q
12 10 8 José Meolans   Argentina 49.75 Q, NR
13 9 3 Gustavo Borges   Brazil 49.76 Q
8 7 Christian Tröger   Germany 49.76 Q
15 9 6 Attila Zubor   Hungary 49.79 Q
16 7 8 Duje Draganja   Croatia 49.83 Q, NR
17 10 7 Bartosz Kizierowski   Poland 49.84
18 8 6 Johan Kenkhuis   Netherlands 49.93
19 8 1 Stefan Nystrand   Sweden 50.19
9 2 Karel Novy   Switzerland 50.19
21 6 3 Peter Mankoč   Slovenia 50.28
22 8 3 Romain Barnier   France 50.32
23 7 2 Rolandas Gimbutis   Lithuania 50.46
24 6 1 Kim Min-suk   South Korea 50.49
25 7 4 Torsten Spanneberg   Germany 50.56
26 9 8 Yannick Lupien   Canada 50.62
27 8 8 Pavlo Khnykin   Ukraine 50.63
28 7 3 Javier Botello   Spain 50.87
29 7 5 Craig Hutchison   Canada 50.90
30 9 1 Aleh Rukhlevich   Belarus 50.96
7 1 Marcos Hernández   Cuba 50.96
32 7 7 Thierry Wouters   Belgium 51.07
33 7 6 Jere Hård   Finland 51.11
34 6 5 Spyridon Bitsakis   Greece 51.28
6 8 Sergey Ashihmin   Kyrgyzstan 51.28
36 4 2 Carl Probert   Fiji 51.34 NR
37 6 7 Richard Sam Bera   Indonesia 51.52
38 6 6 Yoav Bruck   Israel 51.62
39 5 1 Nikola Kalabić   FR Yugoslavia 51.82
40 4 5 Christopher Murray   Bahamas 51.93
5 2 Allen Ong   Malaysia 51.93
42 5 7 George Gleason   Virgin Islands 52.00
43 4 7 Indrek Sei   Estonia 52.09
44 4 6 Tamer Hamed   Egypt 52.14
45 5 3 Květoslav Svoboda   Czech Republic 52.18
46 3 4 Paul Kutscher   Uruguay 52.22
47 4 8 Fernando Jácome   Colombia 52.24
4 4 Mark Chay   Singapore 52.24
49 6 2 Željko Panić   Bosnia and Herzegovina 52.40
50 6 4 Francisco Sánchez   Venezuela 52.43
51 3 2 Howard Hinds   Netherlands Antilles 52.52
52 4 3 Glen Walshaw   Zimbabwe 52.53
53 5 6 Igor Sitnikov   Kazakhstan 52.57
54 3 3 Aleksandr Agafonov   Uzbekistan 52.58
55 5 4 Wu Nien-pin   Chinese Taipei 52.72
56 5 5 Felipe Delgado   Ecuador 52.78
57 5 8 Chrysanthos Papachrysanthou   Cyprus 52.82
58 3 5 Ríkardur Ríkardsson   Iceland 52.85
59 3 6 George Bovell   Trinidad and Tobago 52.90
60 3 1 Gentle Offoin   Nigeria 52.91 NR
61 3 7 Kenny Roberts   Seychelles 53.40
62 4 1 Rodrigo Olivares   Chile 53.50
63 2 3 Gregory Arkhurst   Ivory Coast 53.55
64 3 8 Alejandro Castellanos   Honduras 54.06
65 2 4 Hamid Reza Mobarez   Iran 54.12
66 2 5 Christophe Lim Wen Ying   Mauritius 54.33
67 2 6 Ganaagiin Galbadrakh   Mongolia 58.79
68 2 2 Ragi Edde   Lebanon 59.26
69 2 7 Marien Michel Ngouabi   Republic of the Congo 1:00.39
70 2 1 Dawood Youssef Mohamed Jassim   Bahrain 1:02.45
71 1 5 Eric Moussambani   Equatorial Guinea 1:52.72 NR
1 3 Karim Bare   Niger DSQ
1 4 Farkhod Oripov   Tajikistan DSQ
10 3 Fernando Scherer   Brazil DNS

SemifinalsEdit

Rank Heat Lane Swimmer Nation Time Notes
1 2 4 Pieter van den Hoogenband   Netherlands 47.84 Q, WR
2 1 4 Michael Klim   Australia 48.80 Q
3 1 5 Alexander Popov   Russia 48.84 Q
4 2 5 Lars Frölander   Sweden 48.93 Q, NR
5 2 2 Neil Walker   United States 49.04 Q
6 2 3 Gary Hall, Jr.   United States 49.13 Q
7 1 3 Denis Pimankov   Russia 49.43 Q
8 2 6 Chris Fydler   Australia 49.55 Q
9 2 8 Attila Zubor   Hungary 49.58
10 1 7 José Meolans   Argentina 49.66 NR
11 1 2 Lorenzo Vismara   Italy 49.67
1 8 Duje Draganja   Croatia 49.67 NR
13 1 6 Salim Iles   Algeria 49.70 =NR
14 1 1 Christian Tröger   Germany 49.80
15 2 7 Roland Mark Schoeman   South Africa 49.84
16 2 1 Gustavo Borges   Brazil 49.93

FinalEdit

Rank Lane Swimmer Nation Time Notes
  4 Pieter van den Hoogenband   Netherlands 48.30
  3 Alexander Popov   Russia 48.69
  7 Gary Hall, Jr.   United States 48.73
4 5 Michael Klim   Australia 48.74
5 2 Neil Walker   United States 49.09
6 6 Lars Frölander   Sweden 49.22
7 1 Denis Pimankov   Russia 49.36
8 8 Chris Fydler   Australia 49.44

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Swimming schedule". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 14 September 2000. Retrieved 14 May 2013.
  2. ^ a b c "100 metres Freestyle, Men". Olympedia. Retrieved 18 December 2020.
  3. ^ "Double Dutch: Van den Hoogenband captures second gold in 100 free". Sports Illustrated. CNN. 20 September 2000. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  4. ^ Longman, Jere (20 September 2000). "Sydney 2000: Swimming; Hyman, in Surprise, Joins No. 1 van den Hoogenband". New York Times. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  5. ^ a b Whitten, Phillip (20 September 2000). "Olympic Day 5 Finals (200 Breast, 100 Free, 200 Fly, 800 Free Relay)". Swimming World Magazine. Archived from the original on 24 June 2013. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  6. ^ Morrissey, Rick (21 September 2000). "Dutch Treat In The Pool". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  7. ^ Jerardi, Dick (20 September 2000). "Van Den Hoogenband Making Name For Self". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  8. ^ Penner, Mike (19 September 2000). "Eric the Eagle Leaves a Lasting Impression". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  9. ^ Lord, Craig (20 September 2000). "Eric The Eel". Swimming World Magazine. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  10. ^ a b c "Sydney 2000: Swimming – Men's 100m Freestyle Heats" (PDF). Sydney 2000. LA84 Foundation. pp. 118–120. Retrieved 13 May 2013.

External linksEdit