Swimming at the 1908 Summer Olympics – Men's 100 metre freestyle
The men's 100 metre freestyle was one of six swimming events on the swimming at the 1908 Summer Olympics programme. It was the shortest of the three individual freestyle events, as the 50 yard freestyle had been dropped after its one appearance on the 1904 Summer Olympics programme. The 100 metre event was contested for the third time after it had been held at the 1896 and 1906 Olympics. The 1904 Olympics saw a 100-yard event. The competition was held on Friday July 17, 1908 and Monday July 20, 1908.
|Men's 100 metre freestyle|
at the Games of the IV Olympiad
|Venue||White City Stadium|
|Dates||July 17 |
|Competitors||34 from 12 nations|
Thirty-four swimmers from twelve nations competed. Each nation was limited to 12 swimmers.
These were the first Olympic Games in which a 100-metre pool had been especially constructed (inside the main stadium's track and field oval). Previous Olympic events were swum in open water (1896: The Mediterranean Sea, 1900: The Seine River, 1904: an artificial lake).
These were the standing world and Olympic records (in minutes) prior to the 1908 Summer Olympics.
|World Record||1:05.8||Zoltán Halmay||Vienna (AUT)||December 3, 1905|
|Olympic Record||1:22.2||Alfréd Hajós||Athens (GRE)||April 11, 1896 (NS)|
|1:13.0(*)||Charles Daniels||Athens (GRE)||April 26, 1906 (NS)|
|1:02.8(**)||Zoltán Halmay||St. Louis (USA)||September 5, 1904|
(*) Intercalated Games
(**) 100 yards (91.44 m)
In the first heat Zoltán Halmay set a new Olympic record with 1:08.2. In the fifth heat Charles Daniels and in the seventh heat Wilfred Edwards equalized the standing world record of 1:05.8. Finally Charles Daniels set a new world record with 1:05.6 in the final.
With a much larger field than in 1904, the 1908 competition expanded to three rounds: heats, semifinals, and a final. The 1908 Games also restored the wild-card system from 1900, allowing the fastest swimmers who did not win their heat to advance. The nine heats consisted of between 1 and 6 swimmers, with the winner of the heat advancing along with the fastest loser from across the heats (all tied swimmers advanced in the case of equal times). There were two semifinals, intended to be of 5 swimmers each but one of which actually had 6 due to a tie in the heats; the top 2 finishers in each semifinal (regardless of overall time) advanced to the 4-person final.
Each race involved a single length of the 100 metre pool, with no turns. Any stroke could be used.
The fastest swimmer in each heat and the fastest loser advanced. Because there was a tie for fastest loser, both men advanced. Thus, 11 swimmers qualified for the semifinals.
|1||Zoltán Halmay||Hungary||1:08.2||Q, OR|
|2||Addin Tyldesley||Great Britain||1:12.0||q|
|Conrad Trubenbach||United States||Unknown|
|2||John Derbyshire||Great Britain||1:12.6|
|Robert Foster||United States||Unknown|
|1||Charles Daniels||United States||1:05.8||Q. =WR|
|3||George Innocent||Great Britain||Unknown|
|1||Harry Hebner||United States||1:11.0||Q|
|2||Paul Radmilovic||Great Britain||1:12.0||q|
|1||Wilfred Edwards||Great Britain||1:05.8||Q, =WR|
Dockrell had no competition in the eighth heat.
|1||George Dockrell||Great Britain||1:13.2||Q|
|1||Leslie Rich||United States||1:14.6||Q|
The fastest two swimmers from each semifinal advanced to the final.
|3||Harry Hebner||United States||1:11.8|
|5–6||Wilfred Edwards||Great Britain||Unknown|
|Paul Radmilovic||Great Britain||Unknown|
|1||Charles Daniels||United States||1:10.2||Q|
|2||Leslie Rich||United States||1:10.8||Q|
|3||George Dockrell||Great Britain||1:11.4|
|5||Addin Tyldesley||Great Britain||Unknown|
|Charles Daniels||United States||1:05.6||WR|
|4||Leslie Rich||United States||Unknown|
- "Swimming at the 1908 London Summer Games: Men's 100 metres Freestyle". Sports Reference. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
- Official Report, p. 571.
- Cook, Theodore Andrea (1908). The Fourth Olympiad, Being the Official Report. London: British Olympic Association.
- De Wael, Herman (2001). "Swimming 1908". Herman's Full Olympians. Retrieved 12 May 2006.