Swimming at the 1908 Summer Olympics – Men's 100 metre freestyle
The men's 100 metre freestyle was one of six swimming events on the swimming at the 1908 Summer Olympics programme. It was the shortest of the three individual freestyle events, as the 50 yard freestyle had been dropped after its one appearance on the 1904 Summer Olympics programme. The 100 metre event was contested for the third time after it had been held at the 1896 and 1906 Olympics. The 1904 Olympics saw a 100-yard event. The competition was held on Friday July 17, 1908 and Monday July 20, 1908. Thirty-four swimmers from twelve nations competed. Each nation was limited to 12 swimmers.
|Men's 100 metre freestyle|
at the Games of the IV Olympiad
|Venue||White City Stadium|
|Dates||July 17 |
|Competitors||34 from 12 nations|
|Winning time||1:05.6 WR|
The event was won by Charles Daniels of the United States, the first time Hungary had been beaten in the event (excluding Intercalated Games). Zoltán Halmay of Hungary, the winner in 1900, finished second. Harald Julin's bronze was Sweden's first medal in the event.
These were the first Olympic Games in which a 100-metre pool had been especially constructed (inside the main stadium's track and field oval). Previous Olympic events were swum in open water (1896: The Mediterranean Sea, 1900: The Seine River, 1904: an artificial lake).
This was the third appearance of the men's 100 metre freestyle (including the 100 yard event in 1904 but excluding the Intercalated Games in 1906). The event has been held at every Summer Olympics except 1900 (when the shortest freestyle was the 200 metres), though the 1904 version was measured in yards rather than metres.
Two of the six finalists from 1904 returned: gold medalist Zoltán Halmay of Hungary and silver medalist Charles Daniels of the United States. Daniels had beaten Halmay at the 1906 Intercalated Games. Halmay held the world record.
Australasia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Great Britain, Italy, the Netherlands, and Sweden each made their debut in the event. Hungary and the United States each made their third appearance, having competed at each edition of the event to date.
With a much larger field than in 1904, the 1908 competition expanded to three rounds: heats, semifinals, and a final. The 1908 Games also restored the wild-card system from 1900, allowing the fastest swimmers who did not win their heat to advance. The nine heats consisted of between 1 and 6 swimmers, with the winner of the heat advancing along with the fastest loser from across the heats (all tied swimmers advanced in the case of equal times). There were two semifinals, intended to be of 5 swimmers each but one of which actually had 6 due to a tie in the heats; the top 2 finishers in each semifinal (regardless of overall time) advanced to the 4-person final.
Each race involved a single length of the 100 metre pool, with no turns. Any stroke could be used.
These were the standing world and Olympic records (in minutes) prior to the 1908 Summer Olympics.
|World Record||1:05.8||Zoltán Halmay||Vienna (AUT)||December 3, 1905|
|Olympic Record||1:22.2||Alfréd Hajós||Athens (GRE)||April 11, 1896 (NS)|
|1:13.0(*)||Charles Daniels||Athens (GRE)||April 26, 1906 (NS)|
|1:02.8(**)||Zoltán Halmay||St. Louis (USA)||September 5, 1904|
(*) Intercalated Games
(**) 100 yards (91.44 m)
In the first heat Zoltán Halmay set a new Olympic record with 1:08.2. In the fifth heat Charles Daniels and in the seventh heat Wilfred Edwards equalized the standing world record of 1:05.8. Finally Charles Daniels set a new world record with 1:05.6 in the final.
|Friday, 17 July 1908||16:15||Heats|
|Monday, 20 July 1908||11:00
The fastest swimmer in each heat and the fastest loser advanced. Because there was a tie for fastest loser, both men advanced. Thus, 11 swimmers qualified for the semifinals.
|1||Zoltán Halmay||Hungary||1:08.2||Q, OR|
|2||Addin Tyldesley||Great Britain||1:12.0||q|
|Conrad Trubenbach||United States||Unknown|
|2||John Derbyshire||Great Britain||1:12.6|
|Robert Foster||United States||Unknown|
|1||Charles Daniels||United States||1:05.8||Q, =WR|
|3||George Innocent||Great Britain||Unknown|
|1||Harry Hebner||United States||1:11.0||Q|
|2||Paul Radmilovic||Great Britain||1:12.0||q|
|1||Wilfred Edwards||Great Britain||1:05.8||Q, =WR|
|Leo Goodwin||United States||DNS|
Dockrell had no competition in the eighth heat.
|1||George Dockrell||Great Britain||1:13.2||Q|
|1||Leslie Rich||United States||1:14.6||Q|
The fastest two swimmers from each semifinal advanced to the final.
|3||Harry Hebner||United States||1:11.8|
|5–6||Wilfred Edwards||Great Britain||Unknown|
|Paul Radmilovic||Great Britain||Unknown|
|1||Charles Daniels||United States||1:10.2||Q|
|2||Leslie Rich||United States||1:10.8||Q|
|3||George Dockrell||Great Britain||1:11.4|
|5||Addin Tyldesley||Great Britain||Unknown|
|Charles Daniels||United States||1:05.6||WR|
|4||Leslie Rich||United States||Unknown|
|Charles Daniels||United States||1:05.8||1:10.2||1:05.6||WR|
|4||Leslie Rich||United States||1:14.6||1:10.8||Unknown|
|5||George Dockrell||Great Britain||1:13.2||1:11.4||Did not advance|
|6||Harry Hebner||United States||1:11.0||1:11.8||Did not advance|
|7||Frank Beaurepaire||Australasia||1:11.6||Unknown||Did not advance||4th in semifinal heat|
|Otto Scheff||Austria||1:11.8||Unknown||Did not advance||4th in semifinal heat|
|9||Addin Tyldesley||Great Britain||1:12.0||Unknown||Did not advance||5th in semifinal heat|
|10||Wilfred Edwards||Great Britain||1:05.8||Unknown||Did not advance||5th or 6th in semifinal heat|
|Paul Radmilovic||Great Britain||1:12.0||Unknown||Did not advance||5th or 6th in semifinal heat|
|12||John Derbyshire||Great Britain||1:12.6||Did not advance|
|13||Lamme Benenga||Netherlands||1:13.2||Did not advance|
|József Ónody||Hungary||1:13.2||Did not advance|
|15||André Duprez||Belgium||1:18.0||Did not advance|
|16||Robert Zimmerman||Canada||1:35.0||Did not advance|
|17||Theodore Tartakover||Australasia||Unknown||Did not advance||2nd in heat|
|18||George Innocent||Great Britain||Unknown||Did not advance||3rd in heat|
|19||Victor Boin||Belgium||Unknown||Did not advance||3rd or 4th in heat|
|Edward Cooke||Australasia||Unknown||Did not advance||3rd or 4th in heat|
|Fernand Feyaerts||Belgium||Unknown||Did not advance||3rd or 4th in heat|
|Robert Foster||United States||Unknown||Did not advance||3rd or 4th in heat|
|23||Robert Andersson||Sweden||Unknown||Did not advance||3rd to 5th in heat|
|Henrik Hajós||Hungary||Unknown||Did not advance||3rd to 5th in heat|
|Poul Holm||Denmark||Unknown||Did not advance||3rd to 5th in heat|
|Gérard Meister||France||Unknown||Did not advance||3rd to 5th in heat|
|József Munk||Hungary||Unknown||Did not advance||3rd to 5th in heat|
|Conrad Trubenbach||United States||Unknown||Did not advance||3rd to 5th in heat|
|29||Davide Baiardo||Italy||Unknown||Did not advance||3rd to 6th in heat|
|Bouke Benenga||Netherlands||Unknown||Did not advance||3rd to 6th in heat|
|Harald Klem||Denmark||Unknown||Did not advance||3rd to 6th in heat|
|Herman Meyboom||Belgium||Unknown||Did not advance||3rd to 6th in heat|
|33||René André||France||Unknown||Did not advance||4th or 5th in heat|
|Hjalmar Saxtorph||Denmark||Unknown||Did not advance||4th or 5th in heat|
|—||Sándor Ádám||Hungary||DNS||Did not advance|
|Snowy Baker||Australasia||DNS||Did not advance|
|Alajos Bruckner||Hungary||DNS||Did not advance|
|Gentilly||France||DNS||Did not advance|
|Leo Goodwin||United States||DNS||Did not advance|
|Jenő Hégner-Tóth||Hungary||DNS||Did not advance|
|Gyula Hornung||Hungary||DNS||Did not advance|
|Géza Kiss||Hungary||DNS||Did not advance|
|Ragnar Lagergren||Sweden||DNS||Did not advance|
|Lóránt Apor||Hungary||DNS||Did not advance|
|Axel Persson||Sweden||DNS||Did not advance|
|Paul Vasseur||France||DNS||Did not advance|
- "Swimming at the 1908 London Summer Games: Men's 100 metres Freestyle". Sports Reference. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 28 August 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Official Report, p. 571.
- "100 metres Freestyle, Men". Olympedia. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
- Official Report, p. 299.