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The Shanghai Metro is the longest metro system by route length.
The Beijing Subway is the metro system with the highest ridership.
The New York City Subway has the most stations.
The London Underground is the oldest metro system.

This list of metro systems includes electrified rapid transit train systems worldwide. In some parts of the world, metro systems are referred to as subways, U-Bahnen or undergrounds. As of December 2017, 178 cities[1] in 56 countries around the world host the approximately 180 metro systems that are listed here. The London Underground first opened as an "underground railway" in 1863 and its first electrified underground line opened in 1890,[2] making it the world's oldest metro system.[3] The metro system with the longest route length is the Shanghai Metro;[1][4] the busiest one is the Beijing Subway;[5][4] and the one with the most stations is the New York City Subway.[4]

ConsiderationsEdit

The International Association of Public Transport (L'Union Internationale des Transports Publics, or UITP) defines metro systems as urban passenger transport systems, "operated on their own right of way and segregated from general road and pedestrian traffic".[6][7] The terms Heavy rail (mainly in North America) and heavy urban rail are essentially synonymous with the term "metro".[8][9][10] Heavy rail systems are also specifically defined as an "electric railway".[8][9]

The dividing line between metro and other modes of public transport, such as light rail[8][9] and commuter rail,[8][9] is not always clear, and while UITP only makes distinctions between "metros" and "light rail",[6] the American Public Transportation Association (APTA) and Federal Transit Administration (FTA) distinguish all three modes.[8][9] A common way to distinguish metro from light rail is by their separation from other traffic. While light rail systems may share roads or have level crossings, a metro system runs, almost always, on a grade-separated exclusive right-of-way, with no access for pedestrians and other traffic. And in contrast to commuter rail or light rail, metro systems are primarily used for transport within a city, and have higher service frequencies and substantially higher passenger volume capacities. Furthermore, most metro systems do not share tracks with freight trains or inter-city rail services. It is however not relevant whether the system runs on steel wheels or rubber tyres, or if the power supply is from a third rail or overhead line.

The name of the system is not a criterion for inclusion or exclusion. Some cities use metro as a brand name for a transit line with no component of rapid transit whatsoever. Similarly, there are systems branded light rail that meet every criterion for being a rapid transit system. Some systems also incorporate light metro or light rail lines as part of the larger system under a common name. These are listed, but the light rail lines are not counted in the provided network data. Certain transit networks may match the service standards of metro systems, but reach far out of the city and are sometimes known as S-Bahn, suburban, regional or commuter rail. These are not included in this list. Neither are funicular systems, or people movers, such as amusement park, ski resort and airport transport systems.

This list counts metros separately when multiple metros in one city or metropolitan area have separate owners or operating companies. This list expressly does not aim at representing the size and scope of the total rapid transit network of a certain city or metropolitan area. The data of this list should not be used to infer the size of a city's, region's, or country's urban rail transit systems, or to establish a ranking.

LegendEdit

 
The locations of all the world's metro systems
 
Countries shown in green have at least one operational metro system, while countries shown in yellow have at least one metro system under construction.
Country
Sovereign state in which the metro system is located.
City
Primary city served by the metro system.
Name
The most common English name of the metro system (and the connecting article for that system).
Year opened
The year the metro system was opened for commercial service at metro standards. In other words, parts of the system may be older, but as parts of a former light rail or commuter rail network, so the year that the system obtained metro standards (most notably electrification) is the one listed.
Year of last expansion
The last time the system length or number of stations in the metro system was expanded.
Stations
The number of stations in the metro network, with stations connected by transfer counted as one.
System length
The system length of a metro network is the sum of the lengths of all routes in the rail network in kilometers or miles. Each route is counted only once, regardless of how many lines pass over it, and regardless of whether it is single-track or multi-track, single carriageway or dual carriageway.
Ridership
The number of unique journeys on the metro system every year. There is a major discrepancy between the ridership figures: some metro systems count transferring between lines as multiple journeys, but others do not.

ListEdit

This list is sortable. Click on the   icon in the column header to change sort key and sort order.

Country City Name Year
opened
Year of last
expansion
Stations System length Annual ridership
(millions)
  Algeria Algiers Algiers Metro 2011[11] 2018[12] 19[12] 18.5 km (11.5 mi)[13] 40 (2018)[R 1]
  Argentina Buenos Aires Buenos Aires Underground 1913 2019[14] 90[15] 56.7 km (35.2 mi)[16] 337.7 (2018)[R 2]
  Armenia Yerevan Yerevan Metro 1981[17] 1996[18] 10[17] 13.4 km (8.3 mi)[17] 18.7 (2018)[R 3]
  Australia Sydney Sydney Metro 2019[19] 13[19] 36 km (22 mi)[19][20] n/a
  Austria Vienna Vienna U-Bahn 1976[21][Nb 1] 2017[22] 98[23] 83.3 km (51.8 mi)[21] 463.1 (2018)[R 4]
  Azerbaijan Baku Baku Metro 1967[24] 2016[Nb 2] 25[24] 36.7 km (22.8 mi)[24] 231.0 (2018)[R 3]
  Belarus Minsk Minsk Metro 1984[25] 2014[25][Nb 3] 29[26] 37.3 km (23.2 mi)[26] 283.4 (2018)[R 3]
  Belgium Brussels Brussels Metro 1976[27] 2009[Nb 4] 59[27][Nb 5] 39.9 km (24.8 mi)[28] 147.1 (2018)[R 5]
  Brazil Belo Horizonte Belo Horizonte Metro 1986[29] 2002[29] 19[30] 28.1 km (17.5 mi)[31] 58.8 (2017)[R 6]
  Brazil Brasília Brasília Metro 2001[32] 2010[32] 24[33] 42.4 km (26.3 mi)[33] 40.2 (2018)[R 7]
  Brazil Porto Alegre Porto Alegre Metro 1985[34] 2014[34] 22[35] 43.8 km (27.2 mi)[35] 51.7 (2018)[R 8]
  Brazil Recife Recife Metro[Nb 6] 1985[36] 2009[36] 28[37] 39.5 km (24.5 mi)[37] 104.2 (2017)[R 9][R 6]
  Brazil Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro Metro 1979[38] 2016[39] 41[38] 58 km (36 mi)[39] 242.4 (2018)[R 10]
  Brazil Salvador Salvador Metro 2014[40] 2018[41] 19[42] 32.5 km (20.2 mi)[41][43] 86 (2018)[R 11]
  Brazil São Paulo São Paulo Metro 1974[44] 2019[45] 86[45] 97.2 km (60.4 mi)[45] 1358.6 (2018)[R 12]
  Bulgaria Sofia Sofia Metro 1998[46] 2016[47] 34[47] 40 km (25 mi)[47] 91.1 (2017)[R 13]
  Canada Montreal Montreal Metro 1966 2007[Nb 7] 68[48] 71 km (44 mi)[48] 383.1 (2018)[R 14][R Nb 1]
  Canada Toronto Toronto Subway[49] 1954[50] 2017[50] 75[51] 76.5 km (47.5 mi)[52] 416.2 (2018)[R 14][R Nb 1][R Nb 2]
  Canada Vancouver SkyTrain 1985[53] 2016[54] 53[54] 79.6 km (49.5 mi)[54] 160 (2018)[R 14][R Nb 1]
  Chile Santiago Santiago Metro 1975[55] 2019[56] 136[57] 140 km (87 mi)[58] 721 (2018)[R 15]
  China Beijing Beijing Subway[59] 1971[Nb 8] 2018[59] 324[Nb 9] 628.0 km (390.2 mi)[59][Nb 10] 3850 (2018)[R 16]
  China Changchun Changchun Subway 2011 2018[60] 59[Nb 11] 68.8 km (42.8 mi)[Nb 12] 127.3 (2018)[R 17]
  China Changsha Changsha Metro 2014[61] 2019[62][63] 68 83.6 km (51.9 mi) 250.3 (2018)
  China Chengdu Chengdu Metro 2010 2018[64] 171 226 km (140 mi) 1158 (2018)[R 18]
  China Chongqing Chongqing Rail Transit 2005 2019[65] 175 310.3 km (192.8 mi)[65] 857.9 (2018)[R 19]
  China Dalian Dalian Metro[66] 2003 2018[67] 69 153.5 km (95.4 mi) 192.3 (2017)[R 19]
  China Dongguan Dongguan Rail Transit 2016[68] 15 37.8 km (23.5 mi) 46.1 (2017)[R 19]
  China Foshan Foshan Metro[Nb 13] 2010 2018 22 34.4 km (21.4 mi) n/a[R Nb 3]
  China Fuzhou Fuzhou Metro 2016[69] 2019 42 55.5 km (34.5 mi) 60.9 (2017)[R 19]
  China Guangzhou Guangzhou Metro 1997 2018[70] 257[71] 478 km (297 mi)[72] 3029.5 (2018)[R 19]
  China Guiyang Guiyang Metro 2017[73] 2018[74] 25 34.3 km (21.3 mi) 7.4 (2018)[R 19]
  China Hangzhou Hangzhou Metro[75] 2012 2019[76] 90 135.36 km (84.11 mi) 529.9 (2018)[R 19]
  China Harbin Harbin Metro 2013[77][78] 2019[79] 25[citation needed] 31.3 km (19.4 mi)[79] 97.4 (2018)[R 19]
  China Hefei Hefei Metro 2016[80] 2017[81] 47 52.4 km (32.6 mi) 153.2 (2018)[R 19]
  China Hong Kong Mass Transit Railway 1979[Nb 14] 2016[Nb 15] 93[82] 174.7 km (108.6 mi)[83] 1805.1 (2018)[R 20][R 21][R Nb 4]
  China Jinan Jinan Metro 2019[84] 11[84] 26.1 km (16.2 mi)[84] n/a
  China Kunming Kunming Rail Transit 2012 2017[85] 60 87.2 km (54.2 mi) 199.6 (2018)[R 19]
  China Lanzhou Lanzhou Metro 2019[86] 20[86] 25.9 km (16.1 mi)[86] n/a
  China Nanchang Nanchang Metro 2015 2019[87] 52 60.2 km (37.4 mi) 141.8 (2018)[R 17]
  China Nanjing Nanjing Metro[88] 2005 2018[88][Nb 16] 159[89] 378 km (235 mi)[89] 1118.8 (2018)[R 19]
  China Nanning Nanning Rail Transit[90] 2016 2019 [90] 65 81.0 km (50.3 mi) 213.6 (2018)
  China Ningbo Ningbo Rail Transit[91] 2014 2019[92] 66 91.3 km (56.7 mi) 124.4 (2018)[R 19]
  China Qingdao Qingdao Metro 2015[93] 2018[94] 80 169.4 km (105.3 mi) 153.9 (2018)[R 19]
  China Shanghai Shanghai Metro[Nb 17] 1993[95] 2018[96] 345[Nb 18] 676 km (420 mi)[97] 3710 (2018)[R 22]
  China Shenyang Shenyang Metro 2010 2019[99] 70 88.7 km (55.1 mi) 329.9 (2018)
  China Shenzhen Shenzhen Metro 2004 2016[100] 199 286.2 km (177.8 mi) 1877.5 (2018)[R 23]
  China Shijiazhuang Shijiazhuang Metro 2017 2019[101] 32 40.7 km (25.3 mi) 87.6 (2018)[R 19]
  China Suzhou Suzhou Rail Transit 2012 2017[102] 97 118.9 km (73.9 mi) 324.9 (2018)[R 24]
  China Tianjin Tianjin Metro 1984 2019[103] 141[103] 222 km (138 mi)[103] 408.5 (2018)[R 19]
  China Ürümqi Ürümqi Metro 2018 2019[104] 21 27.615 km (17.159 mi) n/a
  China Wenzhou Wenzhou Metro 2019[105] 12 34.4 km (21.4 mi) n/a
  China Wuhan Wuhan Metro 2004 2019[R 19] 206 318.3 km (197.8 mi)[R 19] 1054 (2018)[R 19]
  China Wuxi Wuxi Metro 2014[106] 2014[107] 45 56 km (34.8 mi)[106][107] 103.1 (2018)[R 19]
  China Xiamen Xiamen Metro 2017[108] 24[108] 30.3 km (18.8 mi)[108] 41.6 (2018)[R 19]
  China Xi'an Xi'an Metro 2011 2018[109] 87 126.6 km (78.7 mi) 746.2 (2018)[R 19]
  China Zhengzhou Zhengzhou Metro 2013[110] 2019[111] 88 134.1 km (83.3 mi) 293.4 (2018)
  Colombia Medellín Medellín Metro 1995[112] 2012[Nb 19] 27[112] 31.3 km (19.4 mi)[112] 206.1 (2018)[R 25]
  Czech Republic Prague Prague Metro 1974[113] 2015[Nb 20] 58[114] 65.2 km (40.5 mi)[115] 435.6 (2017)[R 26]
  Denmark Copenhagen Copenhagen Metro 2002[116] 2007[116] 22[117] 20.4 km (12.7 mi)[117] 64.7 (2018)[R 27]
  Dominican Republic Santo Domingo Santo Domingo Metro 2009 2018[118] 34[118][119][120] 31.0 km (19.3 mi)[119][120] 87.1 (2018)[R 28]
  Egypt Cairo Cairo Metro[121] 1987 2019[Nb 21] 65 77.9 km (48.4 mi) 1314 (2015)[R 29][R Nb 5]
  Finland Helsinki Helsinki Metro 1982[122] 2017[Nb 22][123] 25[124] 35 km (22 mi)[125] 67.5 (2017)[R 30]
  France Lille Lille Metro 1983[126] 2000[126] 60[127] 45 km (28 mi)[127] 114.7 (2017)[R 31]
  France Lyon Lyon Metro 1978[128] 2013[129] 40[130] 32.0 km (19.9 mi)[130] 205.6 (2017)[R 31]
  France Marseille Marseille Metro 1977 2010 28[131] 21.5 km (13.4 mi)[131] 76.1 (2017)[R 31]
  France Paris Paris Métro 1900[132] 2013[133] 302[134] 214 km (133 mi)[132] 1538.7 (2017)[R 31][R Nb 6]
  France Rennes Rennes Metro 2002 15 9.4 km (5.8 mi) 34 (2017)[R 31]
  France Toulouse Toulouse Metro 1993[135] 2007[135][Nb 23] 37[136] 28.2 km (17.5 mi)[135] 108.5 (2017)[R 31]
  Georgia Tbilisi Tbilisi Metro 1966[137] 2017[138] 23[139] 27.1 km (16.8 mi)[139] 125.7 (2018)[R 3]
  Germany Berlin Berlin U-Bahn 1902[140] 2009 173[140] 151.7 km (94.3 mi)[141] 563 (2017)[R 32]
  Germany Hamburg Hamburg U-Bahn 1912[142] 2018[143] 92[144] 106.1 km (65.9 mi)[144] 242.5 (2017)[R 33]
  Germany Munich Munich U-Bahn 1971[145] 2010[Nb 24] 96[145] 95 km (59 mi)[145] 410 (2017)[R 34]
  Germany Nuremberg Nuremberg U-Bahn 1972 2017[Nb 25][146] 48[147] 36 km (22 mi)[147] 128.85 (2015)[R 35]
  Greece Athens Athens Metro[Nb 26] 1904[150][Nb 27] 2013[151] 61[152] 84.7 km (52.6 mi)[148] 261.8 (2017)[R 36][R Nb 7]
  Hungary Budapest Budapest Metro 1896 2014[153] 48 38.2 km (23.7 mi)[153][154] 321.4 (2018)[R 37]
  India Ahmedabad Ahmedabad Metro 2019[155] 6[155] 6.5 km (4.0 mi)[156] n/a
  India Bengaluru Namma Metro 2011[157] 2017[158] 40[159] 42.3 km (26.3 mi)[159] 109.2 (2018*)[R 38][R Nb 8]
  India Chennai Chennai Metro 2015[160] 2019[161] 32[162] 45 km (28 mi)[161] 20.8(2018)
  India Delhi Delhi Metro 2002[163] 2019[164] 227[Nb 28] 343.4 km (213.4 mi)[165] 926.1 (2018*)[R 39]
  India Gurgaon Rapid Metro 2013[167] 2017[168] 11[168] 11.7 km (7.3 mi)[168] 2.3 (2014*)[R 40][R Nb 9]
  India Hyderabad Hyderabad Metro 2017[169] 2019[170] 47[170] 56.5 km (35.1 mi)[170] 30 (2018*)[R 41]
  India Jaipur Jaipur Metro 2015[171][172] 9[172] 9.6 km (6.0 mi)[172][173] 6.2 (2018*)[R 42]
  India Kochi Kochi Metro 2017[174] 2019[175] 21 23.8 km (14.8 mi)[175] n/a
  India Kolkata Kolkata Metro 1984[176] 2013[176] 24[176] 27.2 km (16.9 mi)[176] 206.1 (2018*)[R 43]
  India Lucknow Lucknow Metro 2017[177] 2019[178] 21[177] 22.87 km (14.21 mi)[177] n/a
  India Mumbai Mumbai Metro 2014 12[179] 11.4 km (7.1 mi)[179] 100~ (2017)[R 44]
  India Nagpur Nagpur Metro 2019[180] 11[180] 13.5 km (8.4 mi) n/a
  India Noida Noida Metro 2019[181] 21 29.7 km (18.5 mi) n/a
  Indonesia Jakarta Jakarta Mass Rapid Transit 2019[182] 13 15.7 km (9.8 mi) n/a
  Iran Isfahan Isfahan Urban Railway 2015[183] 2018[184][185] 20[184] 20.2 km (12.6 mi)[184] n/a
  Iran Mashhad Mashhad Urban Railway 2011[186] 2019[187] 34[188] 37.5 km (23.3 mi)[189] 44.43(2018)[190]
  Iran Shiraz Shiraz Metro 2014[191] 2018[Nb 29] 19[191] 24.5 km (15.2 mi)[191] 18 (2019) [R 45]
  Iran Tabriz Tabriz Metro 2015[192] 2017 10 11 km (6.8 mi) n/a
  Iran Tehran Tehran Metro 1999[Nb 30] 2019[193] 113[Nb 31][194] 186 km (116 mi)[Nb 31][194] 721 (2016*)[R 46]
  Italy Brescia Brescia Metro 2013[195] 17[196] 13.7 km (8.5 mi)[196] 18.1 (2018)[R 47]
  Italy Catania Catania Metro 1999[197] 2017[198] 10[199] 8.8 km (5.5 mi) 5.8 (2018)[R 48]
  Italy Genoa Genoa Metro 1990[200] 2012[200] 8[200] 7.1 km (4.4 mi)[200] 11 (2012)[R 49]
  Italy Milan Milan Metro 1964[201] 2015[201] 106[Nb 32] 96.8 km (60.1 mi)[203] 369 (2018)[R 50][R 51]
  Italy Naples Naples Metro[Nb 33] 1993 2013[Nb 34] 22[204] 20.5 km (12.7 mi)[204] 42.5 (2017)[R 52][R Nb 10]
  Italy Rome Rome Metro 1955 2018[205] 73[206] 60 km (37 mi)[207][208] 320 (2018)[R 53]
  Italy Turin Turin Metro 2006[209] 2011[209] 21[209] 13.2 km (8.2 mi)[209] 42.5 (2018)[R 54]
  Japan[Nb 35] Fukuoka Fukuoka City Subway 1981[210] 2005[210] 35[210] 29.8 km (18.5 mi)[210] 165.8 (2017*)[R 55][R Nb 11]
  Japan[Nb 35] Hiroshima Astram Line 1994[211] 2015[212] 21 18.4 km (11.4 mi)[211] 23.7 (2017*)[R 55][R Nb 11]
  Japan[Nb 35] Kobe Kobe Municipal Subway 1977[211] 2001 25 30.6 km (19.0 mi)[211] 112.9 (2017*)[R 55][R Nb 11]
  Japan[Nb 35] Kyoto Kyoto Municipal Subway 1981[211] 2008 31[213] 31.2 km (19.4 mi)[211] 141.4 (2017*)[R 55][R Nb 11]
  Japan[Nb 35] Nagoya Nagoya Municipal Subway 1957[211] 2011[214] 87[214] 93.3 km (58.0 mi)[214] 479.4 (2017*)[R 55][R Nb 11]
  Japan[Nb 35] Osaka Osaka Metro 1933[215] 2006[215] 100[216] 129.9 km (80.7 mi)[215][217] 870.4 (2016*)[R 56][R Nb 11]
  Japan[Nb 35] Sapporo Sapporo Municipal Subway 1971[211] 1999 46[218] 48.0 km (29.8 mi)[211] 229.2 (2017*)[R 55][R Nb 11]
  Japan[Nb 35] Sendai Sendai Subway 1987[219] 2015[220] 29[219] 28.7 km (17.8 mi)[219] 88.4 (2017*)[R 55][R Nb 11]
  Japan[Nb 35] Tokyo Toei Subway 1960[221] 2002[221] 99[Nb 36] 109.0 km (67.7 mi)[221] 1004.5 (2017*)[R 55][R Nb 11]
  Japan[Nb 35] Tokyo Tokyo Metro 1927[224] 2008 142[225] 195.1 km (121.2 mi)[226] 2709.1 (2017*)[R 55][R Nb 11]
  Japan[Nb 35] Tokyo Rinkai Line 1996[211] 2002 8 12.2 km (7.6 mi)[211] 90.7 (2016*)[R 57][R Nb 11]
  Japan[Nb 35] Yokohama Yokohama Municipal Subway 1972[227] 2008[227] 40[227] 53.4 km (33.2 mi)[227] 239.1 (2017*)[R 55][R Nb 11]
  Japan[Nb 35] Yokohama Minatomirai Line 2004[211] 2008 6 4.1 km (2.5 mi)[211] 76.4 (2017*)[R 55][R Nb 11]
  Kazakhstan Almaty Almaty Metro 2011[228] 2015[228] 9 11.3 km (7.0 mi)[228] 14.8 (2018)[R 3]
  North Korea Pyongyang Pyongyang Metro 1973 1987[Nb 37] 17 22 km (14 mi) 36 (2009)[R 58]
  South Korea Busan Busan Metro 1985 2017[Nb 38] 135 139.9 km (86.9 mi) 354 (2018)[R 59][R Nb 12]
  South Korea Daegu Daegu Metro 1997 2015[Nb 39] 58[229] 81.2 km (50.5 mi)[229] 163 (2018)[R 59]
  South Korea Daejeon Daejeon Metro 2006 2007[Nb 40] 22 22.7 km (14.1 mi) 40 (2018)[R 59]
  South Korea Gwangju Gwangju Metro 2004 2008[Nb 41] 20 20.1 km (12.5 mi) 19 (2018)[R 59]
  South Korea Incheon Incheon Subway 1999 2016 55[230] 58.5 km (36.4 mi)[230] 112 (2018)[R 59]
  South Korea Seoul Seoul Subway (lines 1-9)[Nb 42][Nb 43] 1974[231] 2018[232] 315[233] 340.4 km (211.5 mi)[233][231] 2836.5 (2017)[R 60][R Nb 13][R Nb 14]
  South Korea Seoul Korail metro lines[Nb 44][Nb 43] 1994[Nb 45] 2016[234] 81 133 km (83 mi)[235] 415.6 (2017)[R 61][R Nb 15]
  South Korea Seoul Shinbundang Line[Nb 43] (NeoTrans) 2011 2016[236] 12 31.3 km (19.4 mi)[236] 95.7 (2017)[R 61][R Nb 16]
  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Rapid KL[Nb 46] 1996 2017[237] 104 51 km (32 mi) 199.5 (2018)[R 62]
  Mexico Mexico City Mexico City Metro 1969[238] 2012[Nb 47] 163[Nb 48] 226.5 km (140.7 mi)[239] 1647 (2018)[R 63]
  Mexico Monterrey Monterrey Metro 1991[240] 2008[240] 31[241] 32 km (20 mi)[242] 180.8 (2018)[R 64]
  Netherlands Amsterdam Amsterdam Metro 1977 2018[243] 39[244] 41.2 km (25.6 mi) 90.3 (2018)[R 65][R Nb 17]
  Netherlands Rotterdam Rotterdam Metro[Nb 49] 1968 2010 62 78.3 km (48.7 mi) 93 (2017)[R 66]
  Norway Oslo Oslo Metro[Nb 50] 1966[Nb 51] 2016[Nb 52] 101 85 km (53 mi)[245] 118 (2017)[R 67]
  Panama Panama City Panama Metro 2014 2019[246] 29 36.8 km (22.9 mi) 85.7 (2018)[R 68]
  Peru Lima Lima Metro 2011 2014[247] 26 34.6 km (21.5 mi)[247] 110.4 (2018)[R 69]
  Philippines Manila Manila Light Rail Transit System 1984[248] 2010[248] 31[249] 33.4 km (20.8 mi)[248][250] 243.6 (2014)[R 70]
  Philippines Manila Manila Metro Rail Transit System 1999 2000 13 16.9 km (10.5 mi)[251] 158.8 (2011)[R 71][R Nb 14]
  Poland Warsaw Warsaw Metro 1995 2019[252] 30 29 km (18 mi)[R 72] 187.3 (2016)[R 72]
  Portugal Lisbon Lisbon Metro 1959[253] 2016[254] 56[254] 44.1 km (27.4 mi)[254] 161.5 (2017)[R 73]
  Qatar Doha Doha Metro 2019[255] 13 n/a n/a
  Romania Bucharest Bucharest Metro 1979[256] 2017[256][Nb 53] 47[257] 71.4 km (44.4 mi)[257] 178.9 (2017)[R 74]
  Russia Kazan Kazan Metro[258] 2005 2018[259] 11[260] 16.8 km (10.4 mi)[260] 29.0 (2018)[R 3]
  Russia Moscow Moscow Metro[261] 1935 2019 232[262] 397.3 km (246.9 mi)[262] 2432.0 (2018)[R 3]
  Russia Nizhny Novgorod Nizhny Novgorod Metro 1985 2018[263] 15[263] 21.6 km (13.4 mi)[citation needed] 29.6 (2018)[R 3]
  Russia Novosibirsk Novosibirsk Metro 1986 2010[264] 13[260] 15.9 km (9.9 mi)[260] 83.1 (2018)[R 3]
  Russia Saint Petersburg Saint Petersburg Metro 1955 2019[265] 72[266] 123.8 km (76.9 mi)[266] 743.0 (2018)[R 3]
  Russia Samara Samara Metro 1987[267] 2015[268] 10[260] 11.6 km (7.2 mi)[260] 13.8 (2018)[R 3]
  Russia Yekaterinburg Yekaterinburg Metro 1991 2012[269] 9[260] 12.7 km (7.9 mi)[260] 48.4 (2018)[R 3]
  Saudi Arabia Mecca Al Mashaaer Al Mugaddassah
Metro Southern Line
2010 9 18.1 km (11.2 mi) 4 (2011)[R 75][R Nb 18]
  Singapore Singapore Mass Rapid Transit 1987 2017[270] 119[271] 198.6 km (123.4 mi)[271] 1205.2 (2018)[R 76]
  Spain Barcelona Barcelona Metro[Nb 54] 1924 2019[272] 132[273] 120.7 km (75.0 mi)[273] 407.5 (2018)[R 77][R 78]
  Spain Bilbao Metro Bilbao[Nb 55] 1995[274] 2014[275] 41[276] 45.1 km (28.0 mi)[276] 89.9 (2018)[R 77]
  Spain Madrid Madrid Metro[Nb 56] 1919[277] 2019[278] 302[279] 288.5 km (179.3 mi)[279] 657.2 (2018)[R 77][R 79]
  Sweden Stockholm Stockholm Metro 1950 1994[Nb 57] 100[280] 108 km (67 mi)[280] 355 (2018)[R 80]
   Switzerland Lausanne Lausanne Metro[Nb 58] 2008 2008 14 5.9 km (3.7 mi) 30.1 (2017)[R 81][R Nb 19]
  Taiwan Kaohsiung Kaohsiung Rapid Transit 2008 2012 37[281] 42.7 km (26.5 mi)[281] 64.7 (2018)[R 82]
  Taiwan Taipei Taipei Metro 1996[282] 2015[283] 108[284][Nb 59] 131.1 km (81.5 mi)[284] 765.5 (2018)[R 83]
  Taiwan Taoyuan Taoyuan Metro 2017 22[285] 53.1 km (33.0 mi) 23.2 (2018)
  Thailand Bangkok BTS Skytrain 1999[286] 2018[286] 43[286] 51.3 km (31.9 mi)[286] 240.1 (2018)[R 84]
  Thailand Bangkok Metropolitan Rapid Transit 2004 2019[287] 34[288] 44 km (27 mi)[289] 113.7 (2018)[R 85][R Nb 20]
  Turkey Adana Adana Metro 2009 2010 13[290] 13.9 km (8.6 mi)[290] 14 (2011)[R 86]
  Turkey Ankara Ankara Metro 1997 2017[291][Nb 60] 56[292] 64.36 km (39.99 mi)[291][292] 131 (2017)[R 87]
  Turkey Bursa Bursaray 2002 2014[Nb 61] 38[293] 38.9 km (24.2 mi)[293] 91.3 (2010)[R 88]
  Turkey Istanbul Istanbul Metro[Nb 62] 1989[294] 2018[295][Nb 63] 89 115.3 km (71.6 mi)[294] 384.9 (2015)[R 89]
  Turkey İzmir İzmir Metro 2000 2014[296][Nb 64] 17[296] 20 km (12 mi)[296] 105 (2016)[R 90]
  Ukraine Dnipro Dnipro Metro 1995 6[297] 7.1 km (4.4 mi)[297] 7.5 (2018)[R 3]
  Ukraine Kharkiv Kharkiv Metro 1975 2016 30[297] 38.1 km (23.7 mi)[297] 223.0 (2018)[R 91]
  Ukraine Kiev Kiev Metro 1960 2013 52[297] 67.6 km (42.0 mi)[297] 496.1 (2018)[R 3][R 92]
  United Arab Emirates Dubai Dubai Metro 2009[298] 2014[Nb 65] 47[298] 74.6 km (46.4 mi)[298] 204.4 (2018)[R 93]
  United Kingdom Glasgow Glasgow Subway 1896[299] 15[299] 10.4 km (6.5 mi)[299] 12.7 (2017*)[R 94]
  United Kingdom London London Underground[300] 1890[2][Nb 66] 2008[2] 270[301] 402 km (250 mi)[301] 1357 (2017*)[R 95][R Nb 21]
  United Kingdom London Docklands Light Railway 1987[302] 2011[302] 45[302] 34 km (21 mi) 119.6 (2017*)[R 95]
  United Kingdom Newcastle Tyne and Wear Metro[Nb 50] 1980[303] 2008[304] 60[303] 77.5 km (48.2 mi)[305] 37.7 (2016*)[R 96]
  United States Atlanta MARTA 1979[306] 2000[306] 38[307] 76.6 km (47.6 mi)[307] 64.9 (2018)[R 14][R Nb 1]
  United States Baltimore Baltimore Metro Subway 1983 1995 14[308] 24.9 km (15.5 mi)[308] 8.3 (2018)[R 14][R Nb 1]
  United States Boston MBTA Subway[Nb 67] 1901[309][Nb 68] 2014[310] 51[311] 61 km (38 mi)[311] 155.7 (2018)[R 14][R Nb 1]
  United States Chicago Chicago "L" 1897[312][Nb 69] 2015[313][Nb 70] 145[314] 165.4 km (102.8 mi)[314][Nb 71] 225.9 (2018)[R 14][R Nb 1]
  United States Cleveland RTA Rapid Transit: Red Line 1955[315] 1968[315] 18[316] 31 km (19 mi)[316] 6.2 (2018)[R 14][R Nb 1]
  United States Los Angeles Metro Rail[Nb 72] 1993[317] 2000[317][Nb 73] 16[317][Nb 72] 28.0 km (17.4 mi)[317] 43.3 (2018)[R 14][R Nb 1][R Nb 22]
  United States Miami Metrorail 1984[318] 2012 23[319] 40.1 km (24.9 mi)[319] 19.3 (2018)[R 14][R Nb 1]
  United States New York City New York City Subway 1904[320][Nb 74] 2017[321] 424[Nb 75] 380.2 km (236.2 mi)[322] 1680.1 (2018)[R 97]
  United States New York City Staten Island Railway 1925[Nb 76] 2017[323] 21[320][324] 22.5 km (14.0 mi)[322] 8.1 (2018)[R 14][R Nb 1]
  United States New York City PATH 1908[325] 1937[Nb 77] 13[326] 22.2 km (13.8 mi)[327] 91.2 (2018)[R 14][R Nb 1]
  United States Philadelphia SEPTA[328][Nb 78] 1907 1973 75[328] 59.1 km (36.7 mi)[329][330] 93.5 (2018)[R 14][R Nb 1]
  United States Philadelphia PATCO Speedline 1936[331][Nb 79] 1969 13[331] 22.9 km (14.2 mi)[331] 10.8 (2018)[R 14][R Nb 1]
  United States San Francisco BART[Nb 80] 1972[332] 2017[333] 45[332][Nb 81] 174.8 km (108.6 mi)[332][Nb 82] 125.6 (2018)[R 14][R Nb 1]
  United States San Juan Tren Urbano 2004 2005 16 17.2 km (10.7 mi) 5.2 (2018)[R 14][R Nb 1][R Nb 23]
  United States Washington, D.C. Washington Metro 1976[334] 2014[335] 91[334] 188 km (117 mi)[334] 226.3 (2018)[R 14][R Nb 1]
  Uzbekistan Tashkent Tashkent Metro 1977 2001[Nb 83] 29[297] 36.2 km (22.5 mi)[297] 69.1 (2018)[R 3]
  Venezuela Caracas Caracas Metro,[Nb 84]
Los Teques Metro
1983[336] 2015[Nb 85] 49[337] 63.6 km (39.5 mi)[336] 358 (2017)[R 98][R 99]
Table notes

^* Indicates ridership figures based on the fiscal year rather than the calendar year.

Under constructionEdit

The following is a list of new worldwide metro systems that are currently actively under construction. Note that in some cases it is not clear if the system will be considered a full metro system once it begins operational service. (Only metro systems under construction are listed where there is no metro systems currently in operation in the same city)

The countries of Bangladesh, Ecuador, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Pakistan, and Vietnam are currently constructing their first ever metro systems.

Country City Name Start of construction Planned opening
  Bangladesh Dhaka Dhaka Metro 2016[UC 1] 2021[UC 2]
  China Changzhou Changzhou Metro[UC 3] 2014[UC 3] 2019[UC 3]
  China Hohhot Hohhot Metro[UC 4] 2015 2020[UC 4]
  China Jinhua Jinhua Metro [zh][UC 5] 2016[UC 5] 2020[UC 5]
  China Luoyang Luoyang Metro[UC 6] 2016[UC 6] 2020[UC 6]
  China Nantong Nantong Metro 2017[UC 7] 2022
  China Shaoxing Shaoxing Metro 2017[UC 8] 2021
  China Taiyuan Taiyuan Metro[UC 9] 2013[UC 9] 2020[UC 9]
  China Xuzhou Xuzhou Metro[UC 10][UC 11] 2014[UC 10] 2019
  China Wuhu Wuhu Metro[UC 12] 2017 2020[UC 12]
  Ecuador Quito Quito Metro[UC 13] 2012[UC 13][UC 14] 2020[UC 15]
  Greece Thessaloniki Thessaloniki Metro 2006[UC 16] 2020[UC 17]
  India Agra Agra Metro 2019 2024
  India Bhopal Bhopal Metro 2018 2024
  India Indore Indore Metro 2018 2024
  India Kanpur Kanpur Metro 2019 2024
  India Navi Mumbai Navi Mumbai Metro[UC 18] 2011 April 2020[UC 18]
  India Patna Patna Metro 2019 2024
  India Pune Pune Metro 2017 2021[UC 19]
  Iran Ahvaz Ahvaz Metro 2004 2019?[UC 20]
  Iran Karaj Karaj Metro [fa] 2006[UC 21] 2019?
  Iran Kermanshah Kermanshah Metro [fa] 2011 2022[UC 22]
  Iran Qom Qom Metro[UC 23] 2009 2019[citation needed]
  Ivory Coast Abidjan Abidjan Metro 2017 2022/2023[citation needed]
  Nigeria Lagos Lagos Rail Mass Transit 2009 2022[UC 24]
  Pakistan Lahore Lahore Metro 2015[UC 25] 2020[UC 26]
  Russia Chelyabinsk Chelyabinsk Metro[UC 27] 1992 unknown (after 2025)[UC 28]
  Saudi Arabia Riyadh Riyadh Metro[UC 29] 2014[UC 29] 2019[UC 29]
  Taiwan New Taipei New Taipei Metro[UC 30] 2016 2023
  Taiwan Taichung Taichung Metro[UC 31][UC 32] 2009[UC 31] 2020[UC 33]
  Turkey Gebze Gebze Metro[UC 34] 2018 2023
  United States Honolulu Honolulu Rail Transit 2012 2020
  Vietnam Hanoi Hanoi Metro[UC 35][UC 36] 2010[UC 35] 2019
  Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City Ho Chi Minh City Metro[UC 37][UC 36] 2010[UC 37] 2020[UC 37]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

System notesEdit

  1. ^ Vienna's Metropolitan Railway (Wiener Stadtbahn) first opened for service in 1898, operating steam locomotive trains on mostly elevated or underground ROWs. From 1976 onwards, part of it was integrated into the newly established Vienna U-Bahn system (lines U4 and U6), operating as a modern metro.
  2. ^ Line 3 opens on 19 April 2016
  3. ^ The Moskovskaya Line extended to Malinovka in 2014.
  4. ^ Line 2's loop was completed in 2009
  5. ^ Not including stations of premetro Lines T3, T4, and T7.
  6. ^ Includes METROREC's rapid transit lines only: Linha Centro (Center Line) and Linha Sul (South Line).
  7. ^ See Orange Line (Montreal Metro)
  8. ^ The Beijing Subway's first line began trial operations on 1 October 1969. It opened to revenue service under trial operations on 15 January 1971. Initially, only members of the public with credential letters from their work units could purchase tickets, but this restriction was removed on 27 December 1972. The subway line passed its final inspections and ended trial operations on 15 September 1981. During the trial operations period, annual ridership rose from 8.28 million in 1971 to 55.2 million in 1980. See the history section of the Beijing Subway for details and references.
  9. ^ The number is 324 if interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted as one station, or 385 if all stations on all lines are counted multiple times for each line. Both counts excludes the stations of the Xijiao LRT Line.[59]
  10. ^ Length excludes the Xijiao LRT Line
  11. ^ Excludes light rail Line 3.
  12. ^ Excludes light rail Line 3.
  13. ^ First line of Foshan Metro serves two cities – Foshan and Guangzhou
  14. ^ The first MTR route to offer metro service was the Modified Initial System in 1979, which consists of portions of the later Tsuen Wan Line and Kwun Tong Line. Though the eventual East Rail Line opened as a conventional railway in 1910, it did not offer metro service until at least in 1982 when it was electrified.
  15. ^ South Island Line (East)
  16. ^ Line S7
  17. ^ This figure excludes Maglev line and Jinshan Railway, both often included in Shanghai Metro maps but not considered part of the system.
  18. ^ As of December 2018, the number is 413 if the 57 interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted multiple times, once for each line, while it's 345 if they're combined; shared tracks/platforms on Lines 3 and 4 are anyway counted as a single stations (nine in all between Hongqiao Road and Baoshan Road).[97][98]
  19. ^ Extension of Line A from Itagüí south to La Estrella.
  20. ^ Line A was extended in April 2015.
  21. ^ Line 3's first section opened in 2012 and was extended in 2014, and extended again on 15 June, 2019.
  22. ^ Opening of the Länsimetro extension on 18 November 2017.
  23. ^ Opening of Toulouse Metro Line B.
  24. ^ The U3 extension from Olympia-Einkaufszentrum (OEZ) to Moosach.
  25. ^ The U3 extension from Friedrich-Ebert-Platz to Nordwestring.
  26. ^ The Blue Line (Line 3) also has a 20.7 kilometres (12.9 mi) section (with 4 stations) to the airport that is owned by the Hellenic Railways Organisation and is mainly used by the suburban railway system.[148][149]
  27. ^ The Green Line (Line 1), operated until 2011 by Athens-Piraeus Electric Railways, was opened in 1869 as a steam train railway line. It was electrified in 1904, extended with underground sections through the city in 1948, and extended to its full length to Kifissia in 1957 using the right-of-way of a former metre gauge suburban line. Full metro operation since 1904 between Piraeus and Athens and 1957 to Kifissia. In 2011, it was integrated with Athens Metro under the company STASY S.A.[148]
  28. ^ As of March 2019, the number is 250 if the 23 interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted multiple times, once for each line, while it is 227, including the six stations on the Delhi Airport Metro Express line, if they are combined; Ashok Park Main station, where the two diverging branches of Line 5 share tracks/platforms, is anyway counted as a single station.[165][166]
  29. ^ Kaveh station opens
  30. ^ Opening of metro-standards Line 2.
  31. ^ a b The 41.5 km (25.8 mi) Line 5 of the Tehran Metro is a commuter rail line, and so is not included in the statistics here – only metro Lines 1–4 and 6–7 are.
  32. ^ As of October 2018, the number is 113 if the 7 interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted multiple times, once for each line, while it is 106 if they are combined.[201][202]
  33. ^ Naples Metro is made up of Line 1 and Line 6 only. Line 2 is a commuter rail line.
  34. ^ Partial opening (line 1 only) of Municipio station in June
  35. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m In general, the majority of urban rail service in Japanese metropolitan areas is provided by systems not included in this list. For a complete list of urban rail systems in Japan, see List of urban rail systems in Japan.
  36. ^ As of October 2018, the number is 106 if the 7 interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted multiple times, once for each line, while it is 99 if they are combined; Higashi-nihombashi station and Bakuro-yokoyama station, where an out-of-system transfer between Asakusa Line and Shinjuku Line is possible, are anyway counted as two stations.[221][222][223]
  37. ^ Yŏnggwang and Puhŭng opened in 1987
  38. ^ Line 1
  39. ^ Daegu Metro Line 3 opened in 2015.
  40. ^ Second phase of line 1
  41. ^ Line 1 fully opened
  42. ^ The Seoul Subway (Lines 1-9) is actually operated by two different operators – Seoul Metro and Seoul Metro Line 9 Corporation (SLM9), plus the through-operation by Korail – but because all of these lines are owned by the City Government of Seoul, here in the table they're counted together as one system.
  43. ^ a b c Seoul's Metropolitan Subway system can also be viewed as a comprehensive metro network made up of multiple owned/operated metro systems. If viewed as such, the combined route length of Seoul's comprehensive metro-standards network would be 495.8 km (308.1 mi), and it would serve a grand total of 400 stations.
  44. ^ Includes the Bundang Line (52.9km, 36 stations), Korail portions of Seoul Subway Line 3 (Ilsan Line: 19.2km, 10 stations) and Seoul Subway Line 4 (Gwacheon Line and Ansan Line: 40.4km, 22 stations), and the Suin Line (Oido~Incheon) (20.5km, 13 stations).
  45. ^ Extension of both Gwacheon Line and Subway Line 4 to Namtaeryeong Station and start of the metro through-operation on April, 1.
  46. ^ Statistics presented include rapid transit lines only: Ampang Line, Sri Petaling Line, Kelana Jaya Line Sungai Buloh-Kajang Line. KL Monorail, KLIA Ekspres and KLIA Transit Line are not included.
  47. ^ Line 12 opened 2012.
  48. ^ The number is 163 if interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted as one, or 195 if stations are counted multiple times for each line.[239]
  49. ^ Some sections of the Rotterdam Metro (portions of Lines A and B) have some level crossings (with priority) and so could therefore be considered "light rail" instead of "metro".
  50. ^ a b These systems have similarities to light rail systems, because of existence of road level crossings, but are listed since there are almost entirely separated from roads.
  51. ^ The first underground portion was opened in 1928, but that was a tram line. One surface line has origins from 1898. System opened as a full Metro in 1966.
  52. ^ Opening of the Løren station in 2016.
  53. ^ Line M4 extended to Lac Străulești in 2017.
  54. ^ TMB-operated lines L1-L5 and L9-L11 only. FGC-operated lines L6-L8 share track with other FGC commuter lines, and thus don't qualify as metro-standards lines.
  55. ^ CTB-owned and "Metro Bilbao S.A."-operated line 1 and Line 2 only.
  56. ^ Including TFM, MetroSur and other suburban lines, but not the three Metro Ligero de Madrid lines which are light rail.
  57. ^ Skarpnäck metro station opened in 1994
  58. ^ The Lausanne Metro has two lines: Line M1 is light rail, while Line M2 is rapid transit. The stats listed are for Line M2 only.
  59. ^ As of May 2018, the number is 117 if the 9 interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted multiple times, once for each line, while it's 108 if they're combined; transfer stations that provide cross-platform interchange are anyway counted as a single stations (four in all: Ximen, CKS Memorial Hall, Guting and Dongmen stations).
  60. ^ Opening of lines M2 and M3.
  61. ^ Extension to Gürsu.
  62. ^ Currently operational metro standards lines, M1–M5 and M6, only included. All other Istanbul lines or segments are either tram or commuter rail, or are under construction, and so are not included here.
  63. ^ Opening of Line M5 (Yamanevler ↔ Çekmeköy).
  64. ^ Extension to Fahrettin Altay.
  65. ^ Creek and Al Jadaf in Green Line opened in 2014.
  66. ^ London's Metropolitan Railway first opened for service in 1863, operating steam locomotive trains in cut and cover tunnels. It began operating as a modern metro when electric-propulsion trains began operating on the system's first deep-level tube line in 1890.
  67. ^ Includes MBTA's rapid transit lines only: Red Line, Orange Line and Blue Line.
  68. ^ The originally-elevated Orange Line opened in 1901, sharing the Tremont Street Subway that had opened in 1897 as an underground streetcar tunnel (for the light rail Green Line).
  69. ^ Dated from the opening of "The Loop", when the system became unified and electrified.
  70. ^ Cermak–McCormick Place station opens
  71. ^ This figure comes from the sum of the following figures from the accompanying reference (i.e. "Facts at a Glance". Chicago Transit Authority. December 2012. Retrieved 21 July 2013.): 35.8 miles of elevated route, 35.0 miles at grade level, 20.6 miles on embankments, and 11.4 miles of subway.
  72. ^ a b Rapid transit Red and Purple lines only. All other L.A. Metro Rail lines are light rail, and are not included here.
  73. ^ This was the date of the last extension to the Red Line in the rapid transit portion of Los Angeles' Metro Rail.
  74. ^ First regular elevated railway service, originally cable hauled, began in 1868. Elevateds converted to steam power in 1870, electrified by 1903. The first section of electrified subway opened in 1904.
  75. ^ The number is 424 if interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted as one station, or 472 if all stations on all lines are counted multiple times for each line.[320]
  76. ^ While the line opened as a railroad in 1860, it was not until 1925 that rapid transit equipment would be operated here.
  77. ^ The last completely new stations were the current Newark and Harrison stations, which respectively replaced the Park Place and Harrison stations on a different alignment in 1937. According to PATH, its newest station is World Trade Center, which was completed in 2015 but replaced a previous station on the same site.
  78. ^ Includes SEPTA's rapid transit lines only: Broad Street Line (Orange Line), Market–Frankford Line (Blue Line) and Norristown High Speed Line.
  79. ^ The opening of the Bridge Line, the precursor rapid transit line to PATCO's, which ran between 8th Street in Philadelphia and Broadway in Camden. The current PATCO Speedline, with service through to Lindenwold, opened in 1969.
  80. ^ BART's rapid transit lines only; the eBART line to Antioch and the Oakland International Airport (OAK) APM are excluded.
  81. ^ 45 rapid transit stations, plus three additional stations (two eBART and one AGT) within the system.
  82. ^ This figure excludes the eBART extension from Pittsburg/Bay Point to Antioch (9.2 miles) and the "BART to Oakland International Airport (OAK) elevated guideway" (3.2 miles).
  83. ^ The Yunusobod Line was opened in 2001
  84. ^ Statistics presented here for the Caracas Metro include the Los Teques Metro which functions as effectively a subsidiary and extension of the Caracas Metro.
  85. ^ Bello Monte station opens – Inauguración de la estación Bello Monte beneficiará a más de 30.000 personas diarias.

Ridership notesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q All American Public Transportation Association (APTA) figures are derived from unlinked transit passenger trips (i.e. a transfer between two lines counts as two passenger trips, transferring twice counts as three trips, etc.).
  2. ^ This ridership figure is the sum of the "Heavy Rail (HR)" and "Intermediate Rail (IR)" figures for Toronto from the APTA Ridership report – in other words, this figure includes ridership on the Line 3 Scarborough (RT) line which APTA considers to be "Intermediate Rail (IR)".
  3. ^ Counted in with Guangzhou's ridership figures.
  4. ^ Note that:
    1. annual ridership is derived from the sum of each month's "Monthly Total" for each year;
    2. the ridership includes "MTR Lines", "Airport Express" and "Cross-boundary";
    3. "Intercity, Light Rail & Bus" are excluded from the counts.
  5. ^ Figure extrapolated from 3.6 million average daily boardings
  6. ^ Does not include ridership on the RER/Transilien (1441 million in 2017) and the Tramways (294 million).
  7. ^ This ridership figure is the sum of the two "Μετρό" figures (Γ1 line, or "Ηλεκτρικός", formerly ran by IASA and Γ2 - Γ3 lines, formerly ran by AMEL) from the OAΣA's 2017 Activity Report.
  8. ^ This ridership figure is obtained by the average per day ridership figures of line 1-purple and line 2-green from the BMRC's FY2018 Annual Report.
  9. ^ This ridership figure is obtained by the average per day ridership monthly figures from the RMGL's FY2014 Annual Report.
  10. ^ 53.3 million including 4 Funicular lines
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Compared to European or North American systems, Japanese rapid transit systems are generally neither thought of as metros nor as completely subterranean "subways" complicating whether only using the municipal subway statistic is accurate when comparing with other Metros around the world. As example Tokyo Metro and the Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation's Toei Subway constitute only 22% of the 14.6 billion metropolitan railway ridership in Greater Tokyo (MLIT Yearly Statistics). In addition, when one considers intracity lines of JR East and private railway companies, Greater Tokyo (130 lines) has higher daily ridership than any other metropolitan area in the world with 14.6 billion passengers annually. The Osaka Municipal Subway also has only a minority share of all metropolitan railway ridership in Greater Osaka, constituting only 17.6% of Greater Osaka's 4.745 billion rail passengers annually in 2010. Including the municipal subway systems in both Kobe and Kyoto, the result still only comprises 22% of all rail travel in the Greater Osaka area with 1065.8 million passengers yearly (MLIT Yearly Statistics). For Greater Nagoya, the Nagoya Municipal Subway has only a minority share of all metropolitan railway ridership in Greater Nagoya constituting only 38% of Greater Nagoya's 1.095 billion rail passengers annually in 2010 (MLIT Yearly Statistics). For a complete list of urban rail systems in Japan with ridership statistics, see List of urban rail systems in Japan.
  12. ^ This ridership figure includes the Busan-Gimhae Light Rail Transit ridership in the total.
  13. ^ This figure counts only gate-passers, so it only includes Seoul Metro and Seoul Subway Line 9 riders. Other lines that function as separate systems within the greater Seoul urban rail network are excluded.
  14. ^ a b Ridership is based on unlinked passenger trips (i.e. a transfer between two lines counts as two trips, transferring between three lines counts as three trips, etc.).
  15. ^ This ridership figure is the sum of the total annual trips (수송인원, boarding and transfer passengers) on the five lines (Gwacheon/Ansan, Bundang, Ilsan and Suin) from the accompanying reference. Overall, Korail metro/commuter lines in Seoul Metropolitan Area (SMESRS) carry 1,166 million passengers annually (2017).
  16. ^ This ridership figure is the sum of the total annual trips (수송인원, boarding and transfer passengers) on the two sections (Phase 1 and Phase 2) of the line, from the accompanying reference.
  17. ^ This figure includes in full the ridership on Amstelveen Line (Line 51).
  18. ^ Note: Operated during Hajj only.
  19. ^ Ridership figure is for rapid transit Line M2 only; ridership on the light rail M1 line is excluded.
  20. ^ This ridership figure is obtained by the average per day ridership monthly figures from the BEM's 2018 Ridership Report.
  21. ^ Does not include ridership on the separate Docklands Light Railway (120 million), London Overground (190 million), Tramlink (29 million), or National Rail systems within Greater London.
  22. ^ L.A. Metro's heavy rail lines, the Red and Purple Lines, only.
  23. ^ Three-months service suspension (from 20 September to 19 December 2017) due to Hurricane Maria's effects

ReferencesEdit

System referencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "World Metro Figures 2018 – Statistic Brief" (pdf). Union Internationale des Transports Publics (UITP) (International Association of Public Transport). September 2018. p. 1. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  2. ^ a b c "A brief history of the Underground – London Underground milestones". Transport for London. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
  3. ^ "The Metro: an opportunity for sustainable development in large cities" (pdf). Union Internationale des Transports Publics (UITP) (International Association of Public Transport). November 2003. Retrieved 16 June 2014.
  4. ^ a b c "What is the largest metro system in the world?". CityMetric. 5 September 2015. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
  5. ^ "Beijing subway trips top 10 million a day: official". www.ecns.cn. Retrieved 10 March 2017.
  6. ^ a b "Recommended basic reference for developing a minimum set of standards for voluntary use in the field of urban rail, according to mandate M/486" (PDF). UITP (L'Union internationale des transports publics/International Association of Public Transport). 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 15 February 2014.
  7. ^ Schwandl, Robert (2007). "What is a metro?". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 14 January 2008.
  8. ^ a b c d e "Fact Book Glossary – Mode of Service Definitions". American Public Transportation Association. 2013. Retrieved 12 November 2013.
  9. ^ a b c d e "National Transit Database Glossary". U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Transit Administration. 18 October 2013. Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 12 November 2013.
  10. ^ Balcombe, R., ed. (2004). "The demand for public transport: a practical guide" (pdf). Transport Research Laboratory. p. 6. Retrieved 27 March 2008.
  11. ^ "Algiers metro dual extensions enter service". RATP Dev. 2 May 2018. Retrieved 17 September 2018.
  12. ^ a b "Métro d'Alger: une grande part des études de réalisation des futures extensions livrées" [Algiers Metro: many of the feasibility studies of the future extensions delivered] (in French). Algérie Presse Service. 13 November 2018. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  13. ^ "Alger metro extensions open". Metro Report International. DVV Media UK Ltd. 17 April 2018. Retrieved 17 September 2018.
  14. ^ "Inauguramos las estaciones Correo Central, Catalinas y Retiro de la Línea E". Buenos Aires Ciudad - Gobierno de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  15. ^ "Próximamente tres nuevas estaciones en la Línea E". Buenos Aires Ciudad - Gobierno de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  16. ^ "Próximamente tres nuevas estaciones en la Línea E". Buenos Aires Ciudad - Gobierno de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  17. ^ a b c "Yerevan authorities negotiating new metro line projects with banks". ArmeniaNow.com. 27 March 2013. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
  18. ^ Charbakh, Schwandl, Robert. "Yerevan". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 8 January 2013.
  19. ^ a b c O'Sullivan, Matt; Saulwick, Jacob (27 May 2019). "It's been promised at every election for generations, but now it's a reality". The Sydney Morning Herald. Nine Entertainment Co. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  20. ^ "Funding secured: Sydney Metro to be a reality". Transport for NSW. 4 June 2015. Archived from the original on 23 June 2015. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
  21. ^ a b "2017 Zahlen, Daten, Fakten – Unternehmen" [Company Profile – Figures, Data, Facts 2017] (pdf) (in German). Wiener Linien. Retrieved 31 July 2017.
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Ridership referencesEdit

  1. ^ "Statistiques voyageur" [Passenger statistics] (in French). Entreprise Métro d'Alger. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  2. ^ https://www.estadisticaciudad.gob.ar/eyc/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/TR_FSM_AX03.xlsx
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Основные технико-эксплуатационные характеристики метрополитенов за 2018 год [Main technical and operational specifications for Subways in Year 2018] (pdf) (in Russian). Международная Ассоциация "Метро" [International Association of Metros]. Retrieved 31 August 2019.
  4. ^ "2018 Zahlen, Daten, Fakten – Unternehmen" [Company Profile – Figures, Data, Facts 2018] (pdf) (in German). Wiener Linien. March 2019. p. 3. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
  5. ^ "Statistics 2018" (pdf). STIB/MIVB. p. 2. Retrieved 14 June 2019 – via www.stib-mivb.be.
  6. ^ a b "RELATÓRIO DE GESTÃO Exercício de 2017" [Management Report - period 2017] (pdf) (in Portuguese). Companhia Brasileira de Trens Urbanos (CBTU). 31 December 2017. pp. 104–105. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  7. ^ "RELATÓRIO DE ATIVIDADES DA ADMINISTRAÇÃO 2018" [Management Activities Report 2018] (pdf) (in Portuguese). Companhia do Metropolitano do Distrito Federal — METRO-DF. 31 December 2018. p. 2. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  8. ^ "Relatório de Gestão do Exercício de 2018" [Management Report of the 2018 period] (pdf) (in Portuguese). Empresa de Trens Urbanos de Porto Alegre S.A. – TRENSURB. 2019. p. 39. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  9. ^ This ridership figure is the sum of those quoted for the two metro lines:
  10. ^ "RELATÓRIO DE AMINISTRAÇÃO 2018" [Management Report 2018] (pdf) (in Portuguese). Concessão Metroviária do Rio de Janeiro S.A. 28 March 2019. p. 78. Retrieved 17 June 2019 – via metrorio.ri.invepar.com.br.
  11. ^ This annual ridership figure is the difference of those quoted as the system's overall ridership from the start of operations in June 2014:
  12. ^ "Relatório Integrado 2018" [Integrated Report 2018] (pdf). www.metro.sp.gov.br (in Portuguese). Companhia do Metropolitano de São Paulo. p. 36. Retrieved 17 June 2019.

    This ridership figure includes the ViaQuatro Line 4 and Via Mobilidade Line 5 ridership in the total.

  13. ^ Ilkova, A., ed. (21 May 2019). "Statistical Yearbook 2018" (PDF). www.nsi.bg. National Statistical Institute. p. 356. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Public Transportation Ridership Report - Fourth Quarter 2018" (pdf). American Public Transportation Association (APTA). 12 April 2019. Retrieved 16 April 2019 – via http://www.apta.com/resources/statistics/Pages/ridershipreport.aspx.
  15. ^ "Memoria Anual 2018" [2018 Annual Report] (pdf) (in Spanish). Metro de Santiago. 29 March 2019. p. 19. Retrieved 20 June 2019 – via [1].
  16. ^ 北京市2018年国民经济和社会发展统计公报 [Statistical Bulletin of Beijing National Economic and Social Development in 2018] (in Chinese). 北京市统计局 [Beijing Municipal Bureau of Statistics]. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
  17. ^ a b 2018年统计报告. 中国城市轨道交通协会 [China Urban Rail Transit Association]. 7 April 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  18. ^ 成都地铁2018年绿色出行报告 (in Chinese). Sohu. 2 February 2019. Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "武汉最快地铁纸坊线明开通 江夏居民50分钟直达汉口". www.hb.chinanews.com. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  20. ^ "Ten-Year Statistics" (pdf). www.mtr.com.hk. MTR Corporation. 2016. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  21. ^ "Investor's Information › Patronage Updates". MTR Corporation. Retrieved 20 February 2016.
  22. ^ 2018年上海市国民经济和社会发展统计公报 [Statistical Bulletin of Shanghai National Economic and Social Development in 2018] (in Chinese). 上海市统计局 [Shanghai Municipal Bureau of Statistics]. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
  23. ^ 2018年12月交通运输运营指标统计月报 (in Chinese). 深圳市交通运输委员会. 18 January 2019.
  24. ^ 2018苏州“大数据”!GDP冲击2万亿、票房破12亿、房价涨了… [2018 Suzhou "Big Data"! GDP hit 2 trillion, the box office broke 1.2 billion, and house prices have risen...] (in Chinese). 快报. 4 January 2019. Retrieved 18 March 2019.
  25. ^ "Boletín Técnico Encuesta de Transporte Urbano de Pasajeros (ETUP) - IV trimestre de 2018" [Urban Passenger Transportation Survey (ETUP) technical bulletin] (pdf) (in Spanish). Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística (DANE). 1 March 2019. p. 14. Retrieved 5 March 2019 – via www.dane.gov.co.
  26. ^ "Annual Report 2017" (pdf). Dopravní podnik hlavnívo města Prahy (DPP). April 2018. p. 20. Retrieved 13 August 2018.
  27. ^ "Passagertal" [Passengers figures] (in Danish). Metroselskabet. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  28. ^ "Informe Mensual de Evolución de la Demanda – Diciembre 2018" [Monthly Report on the Evolution of Demand – December 2018] (pdf) (in Spanish). Oficina para el Reordenamiento de Transporte (OPRET). pp. 6–7. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
  29. ^ "A look at the Cairo metro system". The National. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
  30. ^ "HSL Annual Report 2017". Helsinki Region Transport (HSL). sec. 4. Retrieved 13 August 2018.
  31. ^ a b c d e f "Rapport annuel sur le parc, le trafic et les événements d'exploitation des métros et du RER (hors RFN) 2017" (pdf) (in French). STRMTG - Service Technique des Remontées Mécaniques et des Transports Guidés. 12 December 2018. p. 6. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  32. ^ "Zahlenspiegel 2018" [Statistics 2018] (pdf) (in German). Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe (BVG). 31 December 2017. Retrieved 12 August 2018.
  33. ^ "HOCHBAHN Unternehmensbericht 2017" [HOCHBAHN Corporate Report 2017] (pdf) (in German). Hamburger Hochbahn AG. p. 69. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  34. ^ "MVG in figures" (pdf). MVG - Münchner Verkehrsgesellschaft [Munich Transport Company]. p. 2. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  35. ^ [2] p.5
  36. ^ Έκθεση Πεπραγμένων 2017 [2017 Activity Report] (pdf) (in Greek). OAΣA - Οργανισμός Αστικών Συγκοινωνιών Αθηνών [Athens Urban Transport Organisation]. p. 13. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  37. ^ "Tables (STADAT) - Time series of annual data - Urban passenger transport (2001–2018)". Központi Statisztikai Hivatal [Central Statistics Bureau]. 23 April 2019. Retrieved 16 June 2019 – via [3].
  38. ^ "Namma Metro, 12th Annual Report 2017-18" (pdf). Bangalore Metro Rail Corporation Ltd. 28 September 2018. p. 11. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  39. ^ "Annual Report 2017-18" (pdf). DMRC. 28 September 2018. p. 3. Retrieved 7 March 2019 – via www.delhimetrorail.com.
  40. ^ "Annual Report 2013-14" (pdf). Rapid Metrorail Gurgaon Ltd. 17 July 2014. p. 3. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  41. ^ "Hyderabad Metro reaches 30-million ridership". Times of India. 16 November 2018. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  42. ^ "Jaipur Metro, 9th Annual Report 2017-18" (pdf). JMRC - Jaipur Metro Rail Corporation Ltd. 8 October 2018. p. 7. Retrieved 21 August 2019 – via http://transport.rajasthan.gov.in/content/transportportal/en/metro/Aboutus/annual-reports.html.
  43. ^ "Indian Railways, monthly evaluation report up to March '18" (pdf). Ministry of Railways (Railway Board), Government of India. p. 10. Retrieved 13 August 2018. (Fiscal year ends on March, 31)
  44. ^ "Mumbai Metro Achieves 400 Million Passenger Mark". NDTV.com. Retrieved 4 April 2019.
  45. ^ "کدام شهرهای کشور مترو دارند؟ (Jan 29 2019)". www.isna.ir. Retrieved 18 July 2019.
  46. ^ هر ۳۴۰۰ مسافر یک واگن مترو.
  47. ^ "Buon compleanno Metro" (PDF). comune.brescia.it (in Italian). Città di Brescia. Retrieved 28 February 2019.
  48. ^ "Metro di Catania, nel 2018 quasi sei milioni di passeggeri: +68% rispetto all'anno precedente" [Catania Metro, almost six million passengers in 2018: +68% compared to the previous year]. catania.mobilita.org (in Italian). Mobilità Catania. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  49. ^ "AZIENDA MOBILITA' E TRASPORTI SpA -". www.amt.genova.it. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  50. ^ Colombo, Filippo (9 May 2019). "Atm, crescono i passeggeri: nel 2018 sono stati 789 milioni" [Atm, passengers are growing: in 2018 they were 789 million]. Radio Lombardia (in Italian). R.C.S. Srl. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  51. ^ "Bilancio Consolidato del Gruppo ATM e Bilancio di Esercizio di ATM S.p.A. 2018" (PDF) (in Italian). Azienda Trasporti Milanesi (ATM) SpA. April 2019. p. III. Retrieved 24 August 2019.
  52. ^ "Carta della Mobilità 2018" (PDF) (in Italian). ANM - Azienda Napoletana Mobilità SpA. p. 12. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  53. ^ Filippi, Pier Paolo (25 August 2019). "L'Atac perde passeggeri, via uno su 5 in dieci anni: «Troppi guasti e incendi»" [Atac loses passengers, one in five in ten years: «Too many breakdowns and fires»]. Il Messaggero (in Italian). Caltagirone Editore. Retrieved 25 August 2019.
  54. ^ Ricca, Jacopo (13 March 2019). "Due minuti e 17 secondi, torna alla normalità la metropolitana di Torino" [Two minutes and 17 seconds, Turin Metro goes back to normal]. la Repubblica (in Italian). GEDI Gruppo Editoriale S.p.A. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  55. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k 平成30年度 地下鉄事業の現況 [FY2018 Current status of subway business] (pdf) (in Japanese). 一般社団法人 日本地下鉄協会 [Japan Subway Association]. September 2018. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
  56. ^ 交通局の予算・決算について [About accounting and budget of Transportation Bureau] (in Japanese). 大阪市営交通局 [Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau]. Retrieved 6 December 2017.

    Annual ridership figure is calculated from the 2378229 passenger daily average quoted for metro lines (高速鉄道) only.

  57. ^ 東京臨海高速鉄道㈱: 平成28年度決算の概要 (PDF). Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  58. ^ Michael Rohde. "Pyongyang – metrobits.org". Mic-ro.com. Retrieved 14 October 2010.
  59. ^ a b c d e 연도별 도시철도 수송실적 [Urban railway yearly transportation performance]. www.index.go.kr (in Korean). 23 July 2019. Retrieved 1 September 2019.
  60. ^ "Seoul Metropolitan Subway Transportation Statistics" (in Korean). City of Seoul. Retrieved 26 November 2018. (You can select English from the language dropdown that reads "한국어")
  61. ^ a b 2017 Statistical Yearbook of Railroad (pdf) (Report) (in Korean). vol. II 지역간철도 [Urban railway] (55 ed.). Korea Railroad corp. (KORAIL). 30 July 2018. pp. 530–531 – via info.korail.com.
  62. ^ "JADUAL 2.9: BILANGAN PENUMPANG BAGI PERKHIDMATAN SISTEM ALIRAN RINGAN, 2018" [Table 2.9: Number of Passengers for Light Rail Transit (LRT) Services, 2018] (pdf) (in Malay and English). Ministry of Transport, Malaysia. 28 February 2019. Retrieved 5 July 2019 – via Quarterly Transport Statistics.

    This ridership figure is the sum of those quoted for the rapid transit lines

  63. ^ "Cifras de Operación en el STC" [Operational statistics of the STC] (in Spanish). Metro de la Ciudad de Mexico. 2016. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  64. ^ "Banco de Información Económica – Comunicaciones y transportes > Principales características del sistema de transporte colectivo Metrorrey > Pasajeros transportados" (in Spanish). Instituto Nactional De Estadística Y Geografía (INEGI). 21 May 2019. Retrieved 16 June 2019.

    This ridership figure is derived from the sum of the twelve monthly subtotals for 2017

  65. ^ "Jaarverslag 2018" [2018 Annual Report] (pdf) (in Dutch). GVB Holding NV. p. 45. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  66. ^ "RET Jaarverslag 2017" [RET Annual Report 2017] (in Dutch). RET. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  67. ^ "Årsrapport 2017" [Annual Report 2017] (pdf) (in Norwegian). Ruter As. 2017. p. 31. Retrieved 13 August 2018.
  68. ^ "Memoria Anual - Metro de Panama 2018" [Annual Report] (pdf) (in Spanish). El Metro de Panamá, S.A. 2018. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  69. ^ "Pasajeros Transportados en la Línea 1" (in Spanish). Autoridad Autónoma del Sistema Eléctrico de Transporte. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  70. ^ http://www.lrta.gov.ph/index.php/2014-05-21-01-05-51/2014-05-22-02-12-18/2014-05-22-02-16-47
  71. ^ "Ridership & Revenue Reports – Line 3 – Yellow Line". Dotcmrt3.weebly.com. Archived from the original on 22 July 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
  72. ^ a b "Raport roczny 2016" [Annual Report 2016] (pdf) (in Polish). 2017. p. 3. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
  73. ^ "Linhas Azul e Amarela reforçadas de manhã na hora de ponta" [Service in Blue and Yellow Lines will be improved on morning rush hour] (webpage). Público (in Portuguese). 2018. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
  74. ^ "Activity Report – 2017" (pdf). Metrorex S.A. p. 36. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
  75. ^ "Makkah Metro Train operation Hajj season 1432H (2011 G)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  76. ^ "Public Transport Ridership". LTA Strategic Planning. 1 March 2019. Retrieved 14 June 2019 – via Tableau Public.

    Annual ridership figure calculated from the 3.302 million passenger daily average quoted.

  77. ^ a b c "Passenger Transport Statistics - Urban transport: metro and bus transport in cities with metro". Ine.es. Instituto Nacional de Estadística [National Statistics Institute]. Retrieved 10 March 2019.

    This ridership figure is derived from the sum of the twelve monthly subtotals for 2018

  78. ^ "Basic data 2019" (pdf). Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB). Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  79. ^ "Evolución de la demanda – Cierre año 2018" [Evolution of demand – End of 2018] (pdf) (in Spanish). Metro de Madrid. 11 February 2019. p. 2. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  80. ^ Annual Report 2018 › Business Review - Mainland of China and International Businesses (pdf) (Report). MTR Corporation Ltd. 2019. p. 86. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
  81. ^ Antonoff, Laurent (27 May 2018). "112 millions de voyageurs sur le réseau des TL en 2017" [112 million passengers on the TL network in 2017]. 24 heures (in French). Tamedia AG. Retrieved 10 August 2018.
  82. ^ 2018 Annual Report – Kaohsiung Rapid Transit Corporation (pdf) (Report). 高雄捷運股份有限公司 [Kaohsiung Rapid Transit Corporation]. June 2019. p. 152. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  83. ^ "Ridership Counts". Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation. 15 August 2019. Retrieved 20 August 2019.

    This ridership figure is derived from the sum of the twelve monthly subtotals for 2018

  84. ^ "BTS Ridership". BTS Group Holdings Public Company Ltd. Retrieved 14 June 2019.

    This ridership figure is derived from the sum of the twelve monthly subtotals for 2018

  85. ^ "Ridership Report". www.bemplc.co.th. Bangkok Expressway and Metro Public Company Ltd. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
  86. ^ "Loading..." www.rayturk.net. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  87. ^ "Ego'dan Yolcu Taşımacılığında Yeni Rekor" [New Record in Passenger Transportation from Ego]. Yerel Haber (in Turkish). 5 January 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  88. ^ Bursa Büyükşehir Belediyesi Basın Koordinasyon Merkezi. "ÜNİVERSİTE ETABINDA SEFERLER BAŞLIYOR". bursa.bel.tr.
  89. ^ "İstanbul'da raylı sistemle yarım milyar yolcu taşındı" [Half a million passengers were transported by rail system in Istanbul] (in Turkish). 27 January 2016. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
  90. ^ "İZMİR METRO A.Ş." 8 January 2017. Archived from the original on 8 January 2017.
  91. ^ Кількість перевезених пасажирів за видами транспорту [Number of passengers carried by transport mode]. kh.ukrstat.gov.ua (in Ukrainian). Державна служба статистики України [State statistic service of Ukraine]. Retrieved 16 June 2019.(You can select English from the language dropdown)
  92. ^ Киевский метрополитен в 2018 году перевез почти полмиллиарда пассажиров [Kiev Metro transported almost half a billion passengers in 2018] (in Russian). Center For Transport Strategies. 29 January 2019. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  93. ^ "Revealed: Dubai's most popular public transport; 589 million commuters in 2018". Khaleej Times. Galadari Printing and Publishing. 2 March 2019. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
  94. ^ "Scottish Transport Statistics No. 37 - 2018" (pdf). Transport Scotland Statistics. 27 February 2019. p. 123. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  95. ^ a b "Annual Report and Statement of Accounts 2017/18" (pdf). Transport for London. September 2017. p. 13. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  96. ^ "Annual Report 2016/2017" (pdf). NEXUS - Tyne and Wear Passenger Transport Executive (TWPTE). p. 19. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
  97. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2013–2018". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 18 July 2019. Retrieved 18 July 2019.
  98. ^ https://www.metrodecaracas.com.ve/?p=11780
  99. ^ https://www.metrodecaracas.com.ve/?p=10367

Under construction system referencesEdit

  1. ^ "Metro rail, BRT projects inaugurated - Dhaka Tribune". archive.dhakatribune.com. Archived from the original on 14 September 2017. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  2. ^ "2017 in review : Will people see Padma bridge take shape in 2018?". Dhaka Tribune. 24 December 2017.
  3. ^ a b c 常州地铁1号线正式开建 2019年试运行 [Construction for Line 1 of Changzhou Metro begins, operation to start in 2019]. Yangtse Evening Post (in Chinese). 29 October 2014. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015.
  4. ^ a b Barrow, Keith. "China approves Hohhot metro plan". Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  5. ^ a b c "Jinhua intercity rail transportation construction begins". Zhejiang News. 29 December 2016. Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  6. ^ a b c "Luoyang metro construction begins quietly". Henan Daily News. 10 January 2017. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  7. ^ "First phase of Nantong subway line 1 begins to build in China's Jiangsu". Xinhua | English.news.cn. 18 December 2017. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
  8. ^ 奋战100天!1号线凤林路站进入车站主体施工阶段 [Fight for 100 days! Line 1 Fenglin Road Station enters the main construction stage]. 浙江在线 [Zhejiang Online] (in Chinese). 24 July 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  9. ^ a b c 太原地铁2号线开工 预计2018年建成 [Construction for Line 2 of Taiyuan Metro begins, expected to be completed in 2018]. Xinhua (in Chinese). 3 November 2013. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
  10. ^ a b "Urban rail news in brief – April 2014". Railway Gazette International. 8 April 2014. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
  11. ^ 徐州轨道交通1号线试验段开工. 163.com.
  12. ^ a b "The latest developments of Wuhu Rail Transit, Line 1 and Line 2 to be put into operation in 2020" 芜湖轨道交通最新进展,1号线、2号线2020年投入运营. 搜狐. 27 February 2018. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  13. ^ a b "Funding approved for Quito metro". Railway Gazette International. 18 December 2012. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
  14. ^ Briginshaw, David (11 April 2013). "Quito invites bids to equip first metro line". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
  15. ^ "El Metro entrará a operar entre marzo y abril del 2020" [The Metro will start operating between March and April 2020]. elcomercio.com (in Spanish). 24 May 2019. Retrieved 24 July 2019.
  16. ^ "Construction of Thessaloniki Metro". Attiko Metro SA. 3 July 2013. Archived from the original on 27 August 2013. Retrieved 21 August 2013.
  17. ^ Μετρό Θεσσαλονίκης: Χαμόγελα στα εργοτάξια μετά από χρόνια (in Greek). 2 March 2016.
  18. ^ a b Barrow, Keith (12 September 2014). "Navi Mumbai orders CSR metro trains". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 10 January 2015.
  19. ^ "Pune Metro to operate at full steam in 2021, says Maha-Metro chief". hindustantimes.com/. 14 February 2018. Retrieved 11 March 2018.
  20. ^ حومه, پرتال سازمان قطار شهری اهواز و. "در بازدید استاندار خوزستان از پروژه ی قطار شهری اهواز عنوان شد: راه اندازی فاز اول خط یک تا پایان سال 1396 > پرتال سازمان قطار شهری اهواز و حومه". www.ahwazmetro.org.
  21. ^ "باشگاه خبرنگاران جوان گزارش می‌دهد؛ قطار شهری کرج و رویای افتتاح/پروژه‌ای که 10 ساله شد و به ایستگاه پایانی نرسید". 28 June 2016. Retrieved 29 June 2016. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  22. ^ "پول باشد، قطار شهری کرمانشاه سال 1401 افتتاح می‌شود". 16 June 2016. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  23. ^ "Untitled Page". www7.irna.ir. Archived from the original on 3 June 2017. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  24. ^ "Lagos light rail to commence operation 2022 - Official". 12 August 2018.
  25. ^ "LAHORE ORANGE LINE METRO TRAIN PROJECT – PACKAGE-1 CIVIL & ALLIED WORKS FROM DERA GUJJRAN TO CHAUBURJI 13.6 KM". Habib Construction Services.
  26. ^ Rizvi, Jawwad (20 August 2019). "March 2020 new deadline for Orange Train operation". The News International. Lahore: Jang Group of Newspapers. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  27. ^ О компании [About Us] (in Russian). Челябметрострой. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
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  29. ^ a b c "Groundbreaking ceremony launches construction of Riyadh metro". Railway Gazette International. 4 April 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  30. ^ "Sanyang line". Retrieved 19 January 2019.
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  32. ^ Smith, Glenn (20 April 2012). "Taiwan: transit in transition". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  33. ^ "Taichung's first MRT line to begin operation by 2020". Focus Taiwan. 3 September 2018. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  34. ^ "Work begins on Gebze metro". Metro Report International. 5 October 2018. Retrieved 25 August 2019.
  35. ^ a b "EIB supports Hanoi metro". Railway Gazette International. 5 October 2010. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  36. ^ a b Hosomi, Akira (20 April 2012). "Vietnam's first metro projects take shape". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  37. ^ a b c "Ho Chi Minh City selects underground contractors". Railway Gazette International. 26 July 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2015.

SourcesEdit

BibliographyEdit

  • Vuchic, Vukan R. (2007). Urban Transit Systems and Technology. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-471-75823-5.
  • Ovenden, Mark (2005). Metro Maps Of The World. Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-288-7.
  • Hinkel, W.; Treiber, K.; Valenta, G.; Liebsch, H. (2004). Underground Railways Yesterday – Today – Tomorrow. Schmid Verlag. ISBN 3-900607-44-3.
  • Fischler, Stan (2000). Subways Of The World. MBI. ISBN 0-7603-0752-0.
  • Garbutt, Paul (1997). World Metro Systems. Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-191-0.

Online resourcesEdit

External linksEdit