^ abcThe affricates are correctly written with tie-bars: [t͡s], [t͡ʃ], [d͡ʒ]. As the tie-bars display incorrectly with some fonts, they are often omitted. However, the affricates contrast with the plosive-fricative sequences: [ts], [tʃ] and [dʒ]. Usually, the spelling of the Romanian word indicates the pronunciation, with the affricates spelled ț, c, g, with one letter, and the sequences ts, tș, dj, with two. However, personal names are the most common exceptions.
^Not a separate phoneme but an allophone of /n/ before velars.
^[z] is also an allophone of /s/ before voiced consonants.
^ abThe approximants /j/ and /w/ can appear before and after vowels, including the diphthongs /e̯a/ and /o̯a/, in almost any combination.
^Palatalization occurs only with a single final i.