List of treaties
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This list of treaties contains known agreements, pacts, peaces, and major contracts between states, armies, governments, and tribal groups.
Before AD 1200Edit
|1200||Treaty of Le Goulet||John of England and Philip II of France make peace. Marriage between Blanche of Castile and Louis VIII of France.|
|1204||Partitio terrarum imperii Romaniae||Agreement between the participants of the Fourth Crusade on the division of the Byzantine Empire. Establishment of the Latin Empire.|
|1209||Treaty of Speyer||Otto IV renounces the Concordat of Worms.|
|1212||Golden Bull of Sicily||Determines the rights and duties of the Bohemian monarchs.|
|1214||Treaty of Nymphaeum||Establishes peace between the Nicaean Empire and the Latin Empire.|
|Treaty of Chinon (1214)||Between King John of England and Philip II of France|
|1215||Magna Carta||Between King John of England and his subjects.|
|1217||Treaty of Lambeth||Between Louis VIII of France and Henry III of England.|
|1218||Golden Charter of Bern||Establishes Bern as an independent state.|
|1219||Nicaean–Venetian Treaty of 1219||Grants Venetians freedom of trade and duty-free imports throughout the Nicaean Empire in exchange for non-support for the Latin Empire.|
|1220||Treaty with the Princes of the Church[note 11]||Between Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II and German bishops.|
|1222||Golden Bull of 1222||Andrew II of Hungary grants Hungarian nobles the power to disobey the king when he acted contrary to the law.|
|1226||Treaty of Melun||Forces the counts of Flanders to swear fealty to the French crown.|
|Golden Bull of Rimini||Resolves disputes over Chełmno Land.|
|1229||Treaty of Paris (1229)||Officially ends the Albigensian Crusade.|
|1230||Treaty of San Germano||Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II restores Sicily to Pope Gregory IX.|
|Treaty of Ceprano (1230)||Establishes lines of reconciliation between Pope Gregory IX and Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II.|
|Treaty of Kruszwica||Konrad I of Masovia grants Chełmno Land to the Prussians and the Order of Dobrzyń.|
|1234||Golden Bull of Rieti||Recognizes Kulmerland (Chełmno Land) as subject to the Pope's authority and not as a fief belonging to anyone.|
|1236||Treaty of Kremmen||The Margraviate of Brandenburg gains most of the territory and the right of succession for Pomerania-Demmin.|
|1237||Treaty of York||A feudal agreement between Henry III of England and Alexander III of Scotland.|
|1244||Treaty of Almizra[note 12]||Establishes the borders of the Kingdom of Valencia.|
|Treaty of Xàtiva||Permits the Moors of Spain to hold on to the Xativa Castle for two years before relinquishing it to King James I of Aragon.|
|1245||Al-Azraq Treaty||Between the King James I of Aragon and the Muslim commander Mohammad Abu Abdallah Ben Hudzail al Sahuir.|
|1249||Treaty of Christburg||Establishes peace between the pagan Prussian clans and the Teutonic Knights.|
|Treaty of Lödöse||Prevents mutual hostility between the Kingdom of Sweden and the Kingdom of Norway from escalating into war.|
|1250||Treaty of Landin||Succession of Pomerania-Demmin: The Margraviate of Brandenburg's rights are dropped in favour of Pomerania-Stettin.|
|1258||Treaty of Corbeil||Establishes a border between France and the Crown of Aragon.|
|Provisions of Oxford||Between King Henry III, of England and his Barons. Established a permanent baronial council and parliaments.|
|1259||Treaty of Paris[note 13]||Between Louis IX of France and Henry III of England.|
|1261||Treaty of Nymphaeum||A trade and defense pact between the Nicaean Empire and the Republic of Genoa.|
|1262||Old Covenant||Between the major chieftains of Iceland and Haakon IV of Norway. The signing brought about the union of Iceland with Norway.|
|1265||Treaty of Pipton||Established alliance between Prince Llywelyn ap Gruffudd of Wales and Simon de Montford during the Second Barons' War.|
|1266||Dictum of Kenilworth||Ends hostilities between the supporters of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester and Henry III of England; comes into effect in 1267.|
|Treaty of Perth||Terms of sovereignty over the Western Isles, the Isle of Man, and the Northern Isles agreed between Norway and Scotland.|
|1267||Treaty of Badajoz||King Alfonso X and King Afonso III agree to use the Guadiana River as the boundary line separating Castile and Portugal.|
|Treaty of Montgomery||Henry III of England acknowledges Llywelyn ap Gruffudd's title as the 'Prince of Wales'.|
|Treaty of Viterbo||Grants Charles I of Anjou claims to the defunct Latin Empire.|
|1271||Peace of Pressburg[note 14]||Ends war between Bohemia and Hungary.|
|1277||Treaty of Aberconwy||Between King Edward I of England and Llewelyn the Last of Wales.|
|1278||Paréage of Andorra 1278||Between the Count of Foix, Roger-Bernard III, and the Bishop of Urgell, Pere d'Urtx, establishing their joint-sovereignty over the territory of Andorra.|
|1281||Treaty of Orvieto||Between Charles I of Sicily, the Republic of Venice, and Philip of Courtenay; attempts to recover the Latin Empire.|
|1283||Treaty of Rheinfelden||Duke Rudolph II of Austria surrenders power to his older brother Albert I of Germany.|
|Rostock Peace Treaty||Between 8 Hanseatic towns in the Baltic region, the dukes of Saxony and Pomerania, the prince of Rügen, the lords of Schwerin and Dannenberg and the nobility of Rostock.|
|1289–1290||Treaty of Birgham||Attempts to end competing claims between the House of Balliol and the House of Bruce for the Scottish throne; never comes into effect.|
|1291||Treaty of Tarascon||Ends the Aragonese Crusade.|
|1295||Auld Alliance||Scotland and France forge the first treaty of mutual self-defense against England.|
|Treaty of Anagni||Reaffirms the Treaty of Tarascon, but fails to diplomatically settle the Sicilian question.|
|1302||Peace of Caltabellotta||Ends the War of the Sicilian Vespers.|
|1303||Treaty of Paris (1303)||Restores Gascony to England from France during the Hundred Years' War.|
|1304||Treaty of Torrellas[note 15]||Brought peace to Castile and Aragon and divided up the Kingdom of Murcia between them.|
|1305||Treaty of Athis-sur-Orge||France acquires the cities of Lille, Douai, and Béthune and Flanders retains its independence.|
|Treaty of Elche||Modifies the Treaty of Torrellas and grants Cartagena to Castile.|
|1309||Treaty of Soldin (1309)||The Teutonic Order purchases from Margrave Waldemar of Brandenburg-Stendal the rights to Pomerelia and Danzig (Gdańsk).|
|1317||Treaty of Templin||Ascanians surrender the territories of Schlawe-Stolp to the Pomeranians.|
|1323||Treaty of Nöteborg[note 16]||Sets the boundary between Sweden and Novgorod Republic.|
|Treaty of Paris||Count Louis of Flanders relinquishes Flemish claims over Zeeland.|
|1326||Treaty of Corbeil||Renews the Auld Alliance between France and Scotland.|
|Treaty of Novgorod||End decades of border skirmishes at the border of Norway and Novgorod Republic.|
|1328||Treaty of Edinburgh–Northampton||Between Edward III of England and the Scots.|
|1329||Treaty of Pavia (1329)||Between Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor and his nephews.|
|1338||Declaration of Rhense[note 17]||German princes elect German kings without the consent of the Papacy.|
|1340||Truce of Espléchin||Between the English and French crowns during the Hundred Years' War.|
|1343||Treaty of Kalisz (1343)||Between King Casimir III the Great of Poland and the Teutonic Knights.|
|1348||Treaty of Namslau||Between King Charles IV of Bohemia and King Casimir III of Poland.|
|1354||Treaty of Stralsund (1354)||Settles border disputes between the duchies of Mecklenburg and Pomerania.|
|Treaty of Mantes||First peace between Charles II of Navarre and John II of France.|
|1355||Treaty of Valognes||Second peace between Charles II of Navarre and John II of France.|
|Treaty of Paris (1355)||Recognizes the annexation of the Barony of Gex by the county of Savoy.|
|1358||Treaty of Zadar||The Republic of Venice loses influence over territories in Dalmatia.|
|1359||Treaty of London (1359)[note 18]||Cedes western France to England; repudiated by the Estates-General in Paris.|
|1360||Treaty of Brétigny||Ends the first phase of the Hundred Years' War.|
|1370||Treaty of Stralsund (1370)||Ends the war between the Hanseatic League and Denmark.|
|1371||Treaty of Vincennes-Edinburgh||Renewal of the Auld Alliance between the Kingdoms of France and Scotland.|
|1373||Anglo-Portuguese Treaty of 1373||Treaty of alliance between King Edward III of England and King Ferdinand I and Queen Eleanor of Portugal; it is the oldest treaty still in force.|
|1379||Treaty of Neuberg||Divides Habsburg lands between Dukes Albert III and Leopold III.|
|1380||Treaty of Dovydiškės||Jogaila signs a secret peace treaty with the Teutonic Knights against Kęstutis.|
|1382||Treaty of Dubysa[note 19]||Jogaila promises to convert the Grand Duchy of Lithuania to Christianity, cede Samogitia, and establish a four-year alliance with the Teutonic Knights; never comes into effect.|
|1384||Treaty of Königsberg (1384)||Vytautas agreed to cede Samogitia to the Teutonic Knights in exchange for their support in the war against Jogaila, but the treaty was later broken|
|1385||Union of Krewo[note 20]||Establishes a dynastic union between Poland and Lithuania.|
|1386||Treaty of Windsor (1386)||Renews the Anglo-Portuguese Alliance.|
|1390||Treaty of Königsberg (1390)||Establishes alliance between Vytautas the Great and the Teutonic Order.|
|1390||Treaty of Lyck||Vytautas agreed to cede Samogitia to the Teutonic Knights in exchange for their support in the war against Jogaila, but the treaty was again broken|
|1392||Ostrów Agreement||Vytautas and Jogaila made peace, but attacks from the Teutonic Knights continued as a result of the Samogitian dispute|
|1397||Treaty of Kalmar||Establishes the Kalmar Union; becomes null and void in 1523.|
|1398||Treaty of Salynas||Vytautas the Great cedes Samogitia to the Teutonic Knights.|
|1500||Treaty of Granada||King Ferdinand II of Aragon agrees to support French claims over the Kingdom of Naples.|
|1501||Treaty of Trente||Austria recognises all French conquests in northern Italy.|
|1502||Treaty of Perpetual Peace||Ends hostilities between England and Scotland; void in 1513.|
|1504||Treaty of Blois||Temporarily halts the Italian Wars.|
|Treaty of Lyons||Louis XII of France cedes Naples to Ferdinand II of Aragon.|
|1506||Treaty of Windsor (Intercursus Malus)||Arranged the return of the Duke of Suffolk to England from Burgundy and a marriage agreement between Henry VII and sister of Philip, Duke of Burgundy.|
|1511||Treaty of Westminster||Treaty of alliance between Henry VIII of England and Ferdinand II of Aragon against France.|
|1516||Peace of Noyon||Divides Italy between France and Spain.|
|1517||Treaty of Rouen||Attempts to renew the Auld Alliance.|
|1518||Treaty of London||Establishes a non-aggression pact between France, England, Holy Roman Empire, the Papacy, Spain, Burgundy and the Netherlands.|
|1521||Treaty of Bruges||Treaty between England and the Holy Roman Empire during the Italian War of 1521–1526|
|1522||Treaty of Windsor||Between Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, and Henry VIII of England; its main clause was the invasion of France.|
|1524||Treaty of Malmö||Ends the Swedish War of Liberation.|
|1526||Treaty of Hampton Court||Establishes peace between France and England.|
|Treaty of Madrid||France relinquishes the Duchy of Burgundy and the Charolais; temporarily ends French interests in Italy.|
|Alliance treaty between Geneva, Berne and Fribourg||Ending effective Savoy dynasty rule over Geneva. Geneva became part of the Swiss confederation The treaty was concluded on February 20 and ratified on March 12, 1526|
|Treaty of Berwick||Three year peace agreement between Scotland and England.|
|1527||Treaty of Westminster||Treaty of alliance between King Henry VIII of England and King Francis I of France against King Charles V of Spain.|
|1528||Treaty of Gorinchem||Between Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, and Duke Charles of Guelders.|
|1529||Treaty of Barcelona||Francis I, returns the Franche-Comté and promises to return the Duchy of Burgundy.|
|Treaty of Cambrai||Also known as the Paix des Dames (Ladies' Peace).|
|Treaty of Saragossa||Specifies the anti-meridian line of demarcation between Spanish and Portuguese imperial territories.|
|Treaty of Grimnitz||House of Hohenzollern and House of Pomerania agree on legal status and succession in the Duchy of Pomerania|
|1533||Treaty of Constantinople||Ends hostilities between the Ottoman Empire and the Archduchy of Austria.|
|1534||Treaty of Bassein||Sultan Bahadur of Gujarat cedes the Mumbai Islands and other territories to the Portuguese Empire.|
|1537||Treaty of Novgorod||Russo-Swedish truce|
|1538||Treaty of Nagyvárad[note 33]||Recognizes John Zápolya as the king of Hungary while Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor retains the western parts of the Hungarian Kingdom.|
|1541||First Treaty of Brömsebro||Between Denmark–Norway and Sweden.|
|1543||Treaty of Greenwich[note 34]||Contains two agreements that attempts to unite the Kingdom of England with the Kingdom of Scotland.|
|Treaty of Venlo||Duke Wilhelm of Jülich-Cleves-Berg cedes the territory of Guelders and the county of Zutphen to Holy Roman Emperor Charles V.|
|1544||Treaty of Speyer||Establishes peace between Denmark-Norway and the Holy Roman Empire.|
|Treaty of Crépy||Holy Roman Emperor Charles V relinquishes his claim to the Duchy of Burgundy and Francis I of France surrenders his claim to the Kingdom of Naples.|
|1550||Treaty of Boulogne||France paid England a ransom of 400,000 crowns and gained Boulogne
also agreed to remove all their remaining men from Scotland. March 28th 1550.
|1551||Treaty of Weissenburg[note 35]||Declares Archduke Ferdinand of Austria king of Hungary and Transylvania.|
|1552||Peace of Passau||Holy Roman Emperor Charles V guarantees Lutheran religious freedoms to Protestants.|
|Treaty of Chambord||Maurice of Saxony cedes Toul, Verdun, and Metz to Henry II of France.|
|1555||Peace of Augsburg||Between Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, and the forces of the Schmalkaldic League.|
|Treaty of Amasya||Ends the war between Ottoman Turkey and Safavid Persia.|
|1556||Treaty of Vaucelles||King Henry II of France cedes Franche-Comté to King Philip II of Spain.|
|1557||Treaty of Novgorod||Russia and Sweden, ended the Russo-Swedish War (1554–1557)|
|Treaty of Pozvol||Livonia and Poland-Lithuania, triggered the Livonian War|
|1559||Peace of Cateau Cambrésis||Ends the Italian Wars.|
|Treaty of Vilna||Livonian War: Livonian–Polish–Lithuanian alliance|
|1560||Treaty of Edinburgh||England, Scotland, France: concludes Siege of Leith, attempts to end Auld Alliance.|
|1561||Treaty of Vilna||Livonian War: Livonian Order subordinated to Poland-Lithuania|
|1562||Edict of Saint-Germain[note 36]||Recognizes the existence of French Protestants and guarantees them freedom of conscience and private worship.|
|Treaty of Hampton Court||Establishes military and economic ties between Queen Elizabeth I of England and Huguenot leader Louis I de Bourbon.|
|Treaty of Mozhaysk||Livonian War, Russo-Danish mutual assurance of their claims in Livonia|
|1563||Edict of Amboise||Ends the first phase of the French Wars of Religion.|
|1564||Treaty of Dorpat||Livonian War, Russo-Swedish mutual assurance of their claims in Livonia|
|1568||Peace of Longjumeau[note 37]||Ends the second phase of the French Wars of Religion; confirms the Edict of Amboise; expires in August 1568.|
|Treaty of Roskilde (1568)||peace between Lübeck, Denmark–Norway and Sweden during the Northern Seven Years' War, not ratified|
|1569||Union of Lublin||Unites the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania into a single state, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.|
|1570||Treaty of Stettin||Ends the Northern Seven Years' War.|
|Peace of Saint-Germain-en-Laye||Ends the third phase of the French Wars of Religion.|
|1572||Treaty of Blois||Queen Elizabeth I of England and Catherine de' Medici of France establish an alliance against Spain.|
|1573||Edict of Boulogne||Ends the fourth phase of the French Wars of Religion; gives Huguenots the right to worship in La Rochelle, Montauban, and Nîmes.|
|1576||Edict of Beaulieu[note 38]||Ends the fifth phase of the French Wars of Religion; Henry III of France gives the Huguenots the right of public worship.|
|Pacification of Ghent||Alliance of the provinces of the Netherlands against the Spanish.|
|1577||Treaty of Bergerac[note 39]||Ends the sixth phase of the French Wars of Religion; Huguenots can practice their faith only in the suburbs of one town in each judicial district.|
|Edict of 1577[note 40]||Provides for the removal of Spanish troops from the Netherlands; upholds Pacification of Ghent.|
|1579||Treaty of Arras (1579)||The members of the Union of Arras conclude a separate peace with Spain in the Eighty Years' War.|
|Union of Utrecht||Unifies the northern states of the Netherlands.|
|1580||Treaty of Fleix[note 41]||Ends the seventh phase of the French Wars of Religion; recognizes previous treaties granting religious privileges to the Huguenots.|
|Treaty of Plessis-les-Tours||François, Duke of Anjou becomes sovereign of the Dutch Republic.|
|1582||Peace of Jam Zapolski||Ends the Livonian War between Poland and Muscovy.|
|1583||Treaty of Plussa||A truce between Russia and Sweden; ends the Livonian War (1558–1583).|
|1584||Treaty of Joinville||Forms a Catholic alliance between the French Catholic League and Habsburg Spain against Protestant forces such as Elizabeth I of England.|
|1585||Treaty of Nemours||Revokes previous concessions made to the Huguenots; instigates the War of the Three Henries.|
|Treaty of Nonsuch||England assists Dutch in the Eighty Years' War.|
|1586||Treaty of Berwick||Agreement of amity between Queen Elizabeth I of England and King James VI of Scotland.|
|1590||Treaty of Ferhat Paşa||Ends the war between Ottoman Turkey and Safavid Persia. Turkish control on Caucasus region.|
|1595||Treaty of Teusina[note 42]||Ends the Russo–Swedish War (1590–1595).|
|1598||Peace of Vervins||The Spanish withdraw from French territory.|
|Edict of Nantes||Henry IV of France grants French Protestants (or Huguenots) substantial rights in a nation still considered essentially Catholic.|
|1600||Treaty of Paris (1600)||Between Henry IV of France and Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy.|
|1601||Treaty of Lyon (1601)||Henry IV of France acquires Bugey, Valromey, Gex, and Bresse.|
|1604||Treaty of London, 1604||Ends hostilities between England and Spain.|
|1606||Peace of Žitava[note 43]||Ends the Long War between the Ottoman Turkey and the Habsburg Monarchy.|
|Treaty of Vienna (1606)[note 44]||Restores all constitutional and religious rights/privileges to the Hungarians in both Transylvania and Royal Hungary.|
|1608||Treaty of Lieben||Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II surrenders Hungary, Austrian territories near the Danube River, and Moravia to his brother Matthias.|
|1609||Treaty of Antwerp (1609)[note 45]||Spain and the Netherlands agree to a 12-year truce.|
|1610||Treaty of Brussol[note 46]||Establishes a military alliance between Charles Emmanuel I and Henry IV of France against the Spanish in Italy.|
|1612||Treaty of Nasuh Pasha||Treaty between Ottoman Turkey and Safavid Persia Revision of 1590 treaty. Persia regained some of its loses in 1590.|
|1613||Treaty of Knäred||Ends the Kalmar War between Denmark and Sweden.|
|Two Row Wampum Treaty[note 47]||Treaty between the Iroquois and representatives of the Dutch government.|
|1614||Treaty of Xanten||Ends the War of the Jülich Succession.|
|1615||Peace of Asti||Duke Charles Emmanuel I of Savoy relinquishes claims on Monferrato.|
|Peace of Tyrnau||Recognizes Gábor Bethlen as the Prince of Transylvania.|
|Treaty of Serav||Ratifies the treaty of 1612 between Ottoman Turkey and Safavid Persia|
|1616||Treaty of Loudun||Ends hostilities between Queen Marie de' Medici and rebellious French princes led by Henry II, the third Prince of Condé.|
|1617||Treaty of Pavia||Savoy cedes Monferrato to Mantua.|
|Treaty of Stolbovo||Ends the Ingrian War between Sweden and Muscovy.|
|Peace of Busza||Peace between Ottoman Turkey and Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth|
|1618||Truce of Deulino[note 48]||Ends the Polish–Muscovite War (1605–18); expires in 1632.|
|1619||Treaty of Angoulême||Ends civil war in France between supporters of Queen Marie de' Medici and her son, King Louis XIII of France.|
|Treaty of Munich (1619)||Duke Maximilian of Bavaria allows Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II to use his forces in exchange for territories in the Electorate of the Palatinate.|
|1620||Treaty of Ulm (1620)||The Protestant Union ceases its support of Frederick V of Bohemia.|
|1621||Peace of Nikolsburg[note 49]||Ends the war between Prince Gabriel Bethlen of Transylvania and Emperor Ferdinand II of the Holy Roman Empire.|
|Treaty of Madrid (1621)||Restores Valtelline to the Grisons and grants Protestants in the region religious freedoms.|
|Treaty of Khotyn||Between Ottoman Turkey and Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.|
|Treaty of the Hague (1621)||A failed treaty of alliance between Denmark and the Dutch Republic|
|Treaty of Bremen||A failed treaty of commerce between Denmark and the Dutch Republic|
|1622||Treaty of Montpellier[note 50]||Between King Louis XIII of France and Duke Henry II of Rohan; confirms the Edict of Nantes.|
|1623||Treaty of Paris (1623)||France, Savoy, and Venice agree to have Spanish forces leave Valtelline.|
|1625||Treaty of The Hague (1625)||England and the Netherlands agree to economically support Christian IV of Denmark during the Thirty Years' War.|
|1626||Peace of Pressburg (1626)[note 51]||Ends the revolt against the Habsburgs.|
|Treaty of Monzón||France and Spain share equal rights in their control of Valtelline.|
|1627||Capitulation of Franzburg||Duchy of Pomerania occupied by Albrecht von Wallenstein's imperial army|
|1628||Treaty of Munich||Recognizes Duke Maximilian of Bavaria as a prince-elector; grants Maximilian control of the Upper Palatinate and the right bank of the Rhine River for thirty years.|
|1629||Edict of Restitution||Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II attempts to reinforce the territorial and religious settlements made after the Peace of Augsburg.|
|Treaty of Lübeck||Denmark withdraws from the Thirty Years' War.|
|Truce of Altmark[note 52]||Ends hostilities between Sweden and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.|
|Peace of Alais[note 53]||Between the Huguenots and King Louis XIII of France; confirms the basic principles of the Edict of Nantes with additional clauses.|
|Treaty of Suza||2 treaties between France, Savoy, England and Scotland|
|1630||Peace of Regensburg[note 54]||Temporarily halts the War of the Mantuan Succession.|
|Treaty of Stettin (1630)||The Duchy of Pomerania allies with and is occupied by the Swedish Empire|
|Treaty of Madrid (1630)||Ends English involvement in the Dutch Revolt.|
|1631||Treaty of Bärwalde||France and Sweden establish an alliance against the Holy Roman Empire.|
|Treaty of Cherasco||Ends the War of the Mantuan Succession.|
|Treaty of Munich (1631)||France and Bavaria establish a secret "Catholic" alliance.|
|1632||Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1632)||England returns New France (Quebec) to France.|
|Treaty of Ahmet Pasha||Short lived peace treaty, ends hostalities between the Ottoman Turkey and the Safavid Persia|
|1634||Treaty of Polyanovka[note 55]||Ends the Smolensk War between Poland and Muscovy.|
|1635||Peace of Prague (1635)||Between the Holy Roman Emperor, Ferdinand II, and most of the Protestant states of the Holy Roman Empire.|
|Treaty of Sztumska Wieś[note 56]||The Swedish Empire concedes territories to the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.|
|1636||Treaty of Wismar||Establishes alliance between Sweden and France against the Habsburgs.|
|1638||Treaty of Hamburg (1638)||Confirms Treaty of Wismar; France pays Sweden 1,000,000 livres.|
|Treaty of Hartford (1638)||Cedes Pequot Indian lands to Connecticut River towns and outlaws Pequot settlement and the use of the Pequot language.|
|1639||Treaty of Berwick (1639)[note 57]||Ends the First Bishops' War between Charles I of England and the Scots.|
|Treaty of Zuhab[note 58]||Ends the war between Safavid Persia and the Ottoman Turkey. The borderline drawn by the treaty is still effective today.|
|Treaty of Asurar Ali||Establishes the boundary between the Mughals and the Ahom kingdom.|
|1640||Treaty of Ripon||Between Charles I of England and the Scots in the aftermath of the Second Bishops' War.|
|1642||Treaty of Axim (1642)||Regulates the jurisdiction of the Netherlands and the Dutch West India Company in the town and polity of Axim.|
|1643||Solemn League and Covenant||Between the Scottish Covenanters and the leaders of the English Parliamentarians.|
|1645||Second Treaty of Brömsebro (1645)[note 59]||Ends the Torstenson War between Sweden and Denmark–Norway.|
|1647||Truce of Ulm (1647)[note 60]||Forces Duke Maximilian of Bavaria to renounce his alliance with Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II.|
|1648||Peace of Westphalia[note 61]||Ends the Thirty Years' War and the Eighty Years' War, and establishes the principle of the sovereignty of nations in use today.|
|Treaty of Concordia[note 62]||Divides the island of Saint Martin between France and the Netherlands.|
|1649||Peace of Rueil||Ends the opening episodes of the Fronde, France's civil war.|
|Treaty of Zboriv||Places three provinces of Ukraine under the control of the Cossacks.|
|1650||Treaty of Breda (1650)||Between Charles II of England and the Scottish Covenanters during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms.|
|Treaty of Hartford (1650)||Establishes boundary lines between New Amsterdam and English settlers in Connecticut.|
|1651||Treaty of Bila Tserkva||Establishes peace between the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Ukrainian Cossacks after the Battle of Berestechko.|
|1653||Treaty of Stettin (1653)||The Swedish Empire and Brandenburg partition Pomerania.|
|1654||Treaty of Pereyaslav||Between Muscovy and Cossack Hetmanate.|
|Treaty of Westminster (1654)||Ends the First Anglo-Dutch War.|
|1655||Treaty of Kėdainiai||Second Northern War – Grand Duchy of Lithuania becomes Swedish protectorate|
|Union of Kėdainiai||Second Northern War – Lithuanian–Swedish union|
|Treaty of Rinsk||Second Northern War – anti-Swedish alliance of Brandenburg-Prussia and Royal Prussian estates|
|1656||Treaty of Königsberg (1656)||Second Northern War – Duchy of Prussia and Ermland become Swedish fiefs.|
|Treaty of Marienburg||Second Northern War – alliance between Brandenburg-Prussia and Sweden|
|Treaty of Elbing||Second Northern War – Dutch-Swedish settlement of conflicts over Danzig (Gdańsk)|
|Treaty of Labiau||Second Northern War – Hohenzollerns become full souvereigns in Prussia and Ermland.|
|Truce of Vilna||Second Northern War / Russo-Polish War – Russo-Polish truce and alliance against Sweden|
|Treaty of Vienna (1656)||Second Northern War: 1st Habsburg–Polish alliance against Sweden|
|Treaty of Radnot||It envisaged a partition of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth; Transylvania enters the Second Northern War on the Swedish side|
|Treaty of Butre (1656)||Between the Gold Coast (West Africa) state of Ahanta and the States General and the Dutch West India Company, establishing a Dutch protectorate over Butre and Upper Ahanta.|
|1657||Treaty of Vienna (1657)||Second Northern War: 2nd Habsburg–Polish alliance against Sweden|
|Treaty of Wehlau||Second Northern War: Poland accepts Hohenzollerns as full souvereigns in Prussia, anti-Swedish alliance.|
|Treaty of Bromberg (Bydgoszcz)||Second Northern War – Wehlau confirmed and amended|
|Treaty of Paris (1657)||Establishes military alliance between England and France against Spain.|
|Treaty of Raalte||Willem II no longer is viceroy of Overijssel.|
|1658||Treaty of Hadiach||Between Poland and Cossack Hetmanate.|
|Treaty of Taastrup[note 63]||An accord that preceded the Treaty of Roskilde between Charles X Gustav of Sweden and King Frederick III of Denmark.|
|Treaty of Roskilde||Second Northern War: Denmark–Norway cedes territory ("Skåneland") to Sweden.|
|Treaty of Valiesar||Second Northern War: Sweden temporarily cedes territory to Russia, cession of hostilities.|
|1659||Treaty of the Pyrenees||Ends war between France and Spain.|
|Concert of The Hague (1659)||Second Northern War – Anglo-Franco-Dutch agreement regarding peace between Denmark and Swede|
|1660||Treaty of Copenhagen (1660)||Second Northern War – peace between Denmark and Sweden, restores Trondheim to Norway and Bornholm to Denmark.|
|Treaty of Oliva[note 64]||Second Northern War – peace between Sweden, Brandenburg-Prussia and Poland.|
|1661||Treaty of Cardis[note 65]||Second Northern War – peace between Sweden and Russia.|
|Treaty of Den Haag||The Dutch Empire recognizes Portuguese imperial sovereignty over Recife in Brazil.|
|1662||Treaty of Montmartre||Duke Charles IV gives to Louis XIV the throne to the Duchy of Lorraine.|
|1663||Treaty of Ghilajharighat||Between the Ahoms and the Mughal forces.|
|1664||Peace of Vasvár||Between the Austrian Habsburg Monarchy and the Ottoman Turkey after the Battle of Saint Gotthard; lasted until 1683.|
|1665||Treaty of Purandar (1665)[note 66]||Between Rajput Jai Singh and Shivaji Maharaj.|
|1666||Treaty of Habenhausen||Peace negotiations after the Second Swedish war on Bermen between Sweden and the city of Bremen.|
|1667||Treaty of Breda (1667)||Ends the Second Anglo-Dutch War.|
|Treaty of Andrusovo||Ends the war between Muscovy and Poland-Lithuania.|
|Treaty of Bongaja||Sultan Hasanuddin of Makassar recognizes the influence of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) in Indonesian territories.|
|1668||First Triple Alliance||Alliance between England, the United Provinces and Sweden.|
|Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1668)||Ends the War of Devolution between Louis XIV of France and Habsburg Spain.|
|Treaty of Lisbon (1668)||Spain recognizes Portuguese sovereignty after the Portuguese Restoration War; Portugal cedes Ceuta to Spain.|
|1670||Secret Treaty of Dover||France helps England to rejoin the Roman Catholic Church and England assists France militarily against the Dutch Republic.|
|Treaty of Madrid (1670)||Between England and Spain.|
|Treaty of Copenhagen (1670)||An alliance and commercial treaty between Britain and Denmark-Norway, establishing terms of contraband and permitting Danish settlement of the Virgin Islands|
|1672||Treaty of Buczacz||Between the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and Ottoman Turkey. Podolia under Turkish control.|
|1674||Treaty of Westminster (1674)||Ends the Third Anglo-Dutch War.|
|1675||Strasbourg Agreement (1675)||First international agreement banning the use of chemical weapons (i.e. poisoned bullets); signed between France and the Holy Roman Empire.|
|1676||Treaty of Żurawno||Between Ottoman Turkey and Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth Ratifies 1672 treaty.|
|1677||Treaty of 1677[note 67]||Native American tribes in Virginia swear fealty to the British Empire.|
|1678||Treaties of Nijmegen||Ends the Franco-Dutch War.|
|Treaty of Casco (1678)||Ends war between the eastern Native Americans and the English settlers of Massachusetts Bay Colony.|
|1679||Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1679)||Swedish Pomerania and Bremen-Verden restored to Sweden after the Scanian War|
|1681||Treaty of Bakhchisarai||Concludes the Russo-Turkish War (1676–1681); establishes a 20-year truce whereby the Dnieper River would separate the Ottoman Empire from Russian territories.|
|1684||Truce of Ratisbon||Ends War of Reunions between France and Spain|
|1686||Eternal Peace Treaty of 1686||Ends war between Muscovy and Poland.|
|1689||Treaty of Nerchinsk||Ends war between the Russian Empire and the Qing Dynasty of China.|
|1691||Treaty of Limerick||Ends the Williamite War in Ireland.|
|1697||Treaty of Ryswick||Ends the War of the Grand Alliance.|
|1698||Treaty of Den Haag (1698)[note 68]||Attempts to resolve the issue of who would inherit the Spanish throne.|
|1699||Treaty of Karlowitz[note 69]||Ends the war between the alliance consisting of Austria, Venice and Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth on one side and the Ottoman Turkey on the other side.|
|Treaty of Preobrazhenskoye||Denmark, Russia, Saxony, and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth divide Swedish territories.|
|1700||Treaty of London[note 70]||An attempt to restore the Pragmatic Sanction following the death of Joseph Ferdinand, Electoral Prince of Bavaria.|
|Treaty of Constantinople||Establishes peace between Russia and the Ottoman Empire.|
|Peace of Travendal||Temporary peace between the Swedish Empire and Denmark–Norway during the Great Northern War.|
|1701||Great Peace of Montreal||Establishes peace between New France and the 39 First Nations of North America.|
|Treaty of The Hague (1701)||England, Austria, the United Provinces, and the Holy Roman Empire establish a defensive alliance against France.|
|1703||Methuen Treaty||Between Portugal and the Kingdom of England.|
|1704||Treaty of Ilbersheim||Removes Bavaria from the War of the Spanish Succession.|
|Treaty of Narva||Great Northern War: Saxon–Polish–Lithuanian–Russian alliance.|
|1705||Treaty of Warsaw||Great Northern War: Polish–Lithuanian–Swedish alliance.|
|Treaty of Genoa||War of the Spanish Succession: alliance between the Kingdom of England and Catalonia.|
|1706||Treaty of Altranstädt||Great Northern War – peace between Augustus the Strong, king of Poland and elector of Saxony, and Charles XII of Sweden. Augustus resigns as king.|
|1707||Treaty of Union||Unites the Kingdoms of England and Scotland to create the Kingdom of Great Britain.|
|Treaty of Altranstädt (1707)||Emperor Joseph I guarantees to Charles XII religious tolerance and liberty of conscience for Silesian Protestants.|
|1709||Treaty of Thorn||Great Northern War: Saxon–Polish–Lithuanian-Russian alliance.|
|Treaty of Copenhagen||Great Northern War: Russo-Danish alliance|
|1710||Capitulation of Estonia and Livonia||Great Northern War: Estonian and Livonian estates and towns surrender to Russia.|
|Treaty of Hanover||Great Northern War: Hanoveranian–Russian alliance.|
|1711||Treaty of Szatmár[note 71]||Ends the Kuruc Rebellion led by Francis II Rákóczi.|
|Treaty of Pruth||Between Ottoman Turkey and Russia Russia loses some territories and grants a free passage for Charles XII of Sweden.|
|1712||Peace of Aarau||Ends the Toggenburg War among the Swiss cantons|
|1713||Treaty of Utrecht||Ends the War of the Spanish Succession.|
|Treaty of Portsmouth||Ends Queen Anne's War hostilities between the Abenakis and the Province of Massachusetts Bay.|
|Treaty of Schwedt||Great Northern War: Russo-Prussian alliance|
|1714||Treaty of Baden||Ends hostilities between France and the Holy Roman Empire and also ends the War of the Spanish Succession.|
|Treaty of Rastatt||Ends the War of the Spanish Succession; hostilities between Louis XIV of France and Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI cease.|
|1715||Treaty of Stettin||Great Northern War: Hanoveranian–British–Prussian alliance|
|Treaty of Berlin||Great Northern War: Hanoveranian–British–Danish–Norwegian alliance|
|Treaty of Greifswald||Great Northern War: Hanoveranian–British–Russian alliance|
|1717||Second Triple Alliance||Alliance between Kingdom of Great Britain, the United Provinces and France.|
|1718||Treaty of Passarowitz[note 72]||Ends the war between Austria and the Ottoman Empire.|
|Treaty of Baden||Ends the Toggenburg War among the Swiss cantons (second treaty).|
|1720||Treaty of Den Haag[note 73]||Spain abandons her claims in Italy after the War of the Quadruple Alliance.|
|Treaty of Frederiksborg||Ends Great Northern War between Sweden and Denmark–Norway.|
|Treaty of Stockholm||Ends the Great Northern War between Sweden, Hanover and Brandenburg-Prussia|
|1721||Treaty of Nystad||Ends the Great Northern War between Sweden and Russia.|
|1725||Treaty of Hanover||Establishes a military alliance between Great Britain, France, Prussia, Sweden, the Netherlands and Denmark against Spain.|
|Treaty of Vienna||Ends Austrian claims to the Spanish throne; Austria helps Spain to reacquire Gibraltar from the British.|
|1727||Treaty of Kyakhta||Redefines boundaries between Russia and China.|
|1729||Treaty of Seville (1729)||Britain maintains control over Port Mahon and Gibraltar.|
|1731||Treaty of Vienna (1731)||Verifies the Quadruple Alliance between the Holy Roman Empire, Britain, the Dutch Empire, and Spain.|
|1732||Löwenwolde's Treaty[note 74]||Establishes a joint policy between Austria, the Russian Empire, and Prussia pertaining to the succession of the Polish throne.|
|Treaty of Rasht||Ends Russian claims over Persian territories.|
|1733||Treaty of Turin (1733)||Secret treaty between France and the Duke of Savoy for military alliance prior to War of the Polish Succession.|
|Treaty of the Escorial||First of the Bourbon Family Compacts between France and Spain, agreeing to mutual defense and military alliance in the conquest of Italian territories held by the Habsburgs.|
|1736||Treaty of Constantinople (1736)||Ends hostilities between the Ottoman Empire and Safavid Persia|
|1738||Treaty of Vienna (1738)||Ends the War of the Polish Succession.|
|1739||Treaty of El Pardo (1739)||Spain and Great Britain settle their respective claims to American navigation and trade.|
|Treaty of Niš (1739)||Ends the war between Russia and the Ottoman Empire.|
|Treaty of Belgrade||Ends the war between Austria and the Ottoman Empire.|
|1740||Treaty of Friendship and Alliance||Between the Miskito nation and Kingdom of Great Britain.|
|1742||Treaty of Berlin (1742)||Ends First Silesian War.|
|Treaty of Breslau||Ends First Silesian War.|
|Convention of Turin||Ends Austria and Sardinia promise to assist each other against Spain.|
|1743||Treaty of Åbo[note 75]||Ends the Hats' Russian War.|
|Treaty of Worms (1743)||Establishes political alliance between the Kingdom of Great Britain, Austria and Sardinia.|
|1745||Treaty of Dresden||Austria confirms the loss of Silesia to Prussia after the Second Silesian War.|
|Treaty of Fontainebleau (1745)||Establishes a military alliance between Louis XV of France and Charles Edward Stuart against George II of Great Britain.|
|Treaty of Füssen||Ends Bavaria's support of the French in the War of the Austrian Succession.|
|1746||Treaty of Kerden||Ends hostalities between Ottoman Turkey and Afsharid Iran|
|1748||Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748)||Ends the War of the Austrian Succession.|
|1750||Treaty of Madrid (13 January 1750)||Defines the boundaries of the Spanish and the Portuguese colonies in South America, replacing the Treaty of Tordesillas.|
|1752||Treaty of Aranjuez (1752)||Recognizes Spanish and Austrian interests in Italy.|
|1755||Treaty of Giyanti[note 76]||Divides the Sultanate of Mataram between Prince Mangkubumi and Pakubuwono III.|
|1756||Treaty of Westminster (1756)||Treaty of neutrality between Prussia and the British Empire.|
|1757||Treaty of Alinagar||Between the British East India Company and the Nawab of Bengal.|
|1758||Treaty of Easton||Native Americans agree not to fight the British during the French and Indian War.|
|1761||Treaty of El Pardo (1761)||Nullifies the Treaty of Madrid (13 January 1750).|
|1762||Treaty of Fontainebleau (1762)||A secret agreement whereby France cedes Louisiana to Spain.|
|Treaty of Saint Petersburg (1762)||Ends the Seven Years' War between Russia and Prussia.|
|Treaty of Hamburg (1762)||Between Prussia and Sweden after Russia breaks its alliance with Prussia.|
|1763||Treaty of Hubertusburg||Ends the Seven Years' War.|
|First Treaty of Paris[note 77]|
|1765||Treaty of Allahabad||Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II grants Diwani rights to the British East India Company.|
|1766||Treaty of Batticaloa[note 78]||King Keerthisiri Rajasinghe of Kandy recognizes Dutch imperial possessions in Sri Lanka.|
|1768||Treaty of Fort Stanwix||In North America, the boundary established by the Proclamation of 1763 is moved west.|
|Treaty of Masulipatam||Confirms the conquest of the state of Hyderabad by the British.|
|1770||Treaty of Lochaber||The Cherokee relinquish territories to the British Empire.|
|1773||Treaty of Tsarskoye Selo||Exchanges Russian and Danish territories in Schleswig–Holstein and the Duchy of Oldenburg.|
|1774||Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca||Ends Russo-Turkish War (1768–74).|
|1776||Treaty of Watertown||Alliance between the State of Massachusetts Bay and the Mi'kmaq of Nova Scotia.|
|Treaty of Purandar (1776)[note 79]||Between the peshwa of the Maratha people and the British East India Company.|
|1777||First Treaty of San Ildefonso||Ends disputes between Portugal and Spain over the territories of The Seven Missions and of Colonia del Sacramento.|
|Treaty of Aranjuez (1777)||Defines Spanish and French colonies on Santo Domingo.|
|1778||Treaty of Amity and Commerce (United States–France)[note 80]||Establishes a commercial alliance between the United States and France|
|Treaty of Alliance (1778)[note 81]||Establishes a military alliance between the United States and France.|
|Treaty of El Pardo (1778)||Queen Maria I of Portugal cedes Annobón, Bioko, and territories on the Guinea coast to King Charles III of Spain.|
|Treaty of Fort Pitt (1778)[note 82]||Gives the United States permission to travel through Delaware territory, as well as to call upon the Delaware Indians to help American troops fight against the British.|
|1779||Treaty of Aranjuez (1779)||Spain joins the American Revolutionary War against the Kingdom of Great Britain.|
|Treaty of Teschen||Ends the War of the Bavarian Succession between Austria and Prussia.|
|Treaty of Aynalıkavak||Ratifies the terms of the Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca|
|1780||Treaty of Aranjuez (1780)||Spain cedes territories to Morocco.|
|1782||1782 Edict of Tolerance||Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II promotes religious tolerance towards Jews.|
|Treaty of Salbai||Between the Maratha Empire and the British East India Company.|
|1783||Treaty of Amity and Commerce (United States–Sweden)||Sweden becomes the first neutral nation to officially recognize the young American republic.|
|Second Treaty of Paris||Ends the American Revolutionary War.|
|Treaty of Georgievsk||Establishes the east Georgian Kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti as a protectorate under suzerainty of the Russian Empire.|
|1784||Treaty of Fort Stanwix||The Iroquois Confederacy cedes all lands west of the Niagara River to the United States.|
|Treaty of Mangalore||Ends the Second Anglo-Mysore War.|
|1785||Treaty of Fontainebleau||Reinforces the Treaty of Münster whereby the Scheldt Estuary is under the sovereignty of the United Provinces.|
|Treaty of Amity and Commerce (Prussia–United States)||Between the Kingdom of Prussia and the United States promoting free trade and demanding the unconditionally humane custody for war prisoner, a novelty at the time.|
|Treaty of Hopewell||Between the United States and the Cherokee Indians.|
|Treaty of Fort McIntosh||Native American tribes cede to the United States all claims to land in the Ohio Country east of the Cuyahoga and Muskingum rivers; tribes also cede the areas surrounding Fort Detroit and Fort Michilimackinac.|
|1786||Eden Agreement||Between the Kingdom of Great Britain and France.|
|Moroccan–American Treaty of Friendship||The oldest non-broken friendship treaty between Morocco and the United States.|
|Treaty of Hartford (1786)||Resolves territorial and border disputes between the states of New York and Massachusetts.|
|Treaty of Hopewell||Between the United States, the Choctaw Indians, and the Chickasaw Indians.|
|Jay–Gardoqui Treaty||Trade treaty between United States and Spain. Not ratified by U.S. government|
|Convention of London (1786)||Great Britain agrees to evacuate Mosquito Coast in exchange for Spanish concessions in present-day Belize.|
|1787||Treaty of Beaufort[note 83]||Officially sets the all-river boundary between the U.S. states of Georgia and South Carolina.|
|1788||Third Triple Alliance||Alliance between Kingdom of Great Britain, the United Provinces and Kingdom of Prussia.|
|First Treaty of Buffalo Creek||Between the Seneca tribe of Western New York and certain purchasers of rights to the Indians' land.|
|1789||Treaty of Fort Harmar||Between the United States government and several Native American tribes with claims to the Ohio Country.|
|1790||Treaty of Reichenbach (1790)||Between Frederick William II of Prussia and Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II of Austria.|
|Treaty of Värälä||Ends Russo-Swedish War (1788–90).|
|Treaty of New York (1790)||Between the United States government and the Creek people.|
|1791||Treaty of Holston||Settles disputes between the United States and the Cherokee over the territories south of the Ohio River; proclaimed and amended in 1792.|
|Treaty of Sistova||Ends the war between Ottoman Turkey and Austria (1787–1791)|
|1792||Treaty of Jassy||Ends the Russo-Turkish War (1787–1792).|
|Treaty of Seringapatam||Ends the Third Anglo-Mysore War.|
|1794||Jay Treaty[note 84]||Attempts to settle post-Revolution disputes between the United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain.|
|Treaty of Canandaigua||Establishes peace and friendship between the United States and the Six Nations of the Iroquois (Haudenosaunee).|
|1795||Pinckney's Treaty[note 85]||Defines boundaries of the United States and Spanish colonies.|
|Peace treaty between the USA and Algiers||Ransom against piracy|
|Treaty of The Hague (1795)[note 86]||The Batavian Republic cedes Venlo, Flanders, and Maastricht to France.|
|Treaty of Greenville||Ends the war between the United States and a coalition of Native Americans.|
|Treaty of Basel||Three agreements whereby France made peace with Prussia, Spain and Hessen-Kassel; concludes the early stage of the French Revolutionary Wars against the First Coalition (1792–1795).|
|1796||Treaty with Tripoli (1796)[note 87]||Ends the war between the United States and Tripoli.|
|Treaty of New York (1796)||Between the Seven Nations of Canada and New York State.|
|Treaty of Colerain||Affirms the binding of the Treaty of New York (1790) and establishes the boundary line between the Creek Nation and the United States.|
|Second Treaty of San Ildefonso||Treaty of alliance between Spain and France against Britain.|
|1797||Treaty of Leoben[note 88]||Preliminary accord to the Treaty of Campo Formio; Austria loses Belgium and Lombardy in exchange for Istria and Dalmatia.|
|Treaty of Campo Formio||Austria recognizes hegemony of French Republic over northern Italy and Belgium. Effective end of the War of the First Coalition (1792–1797).|
|Treaty of Tolentino||Between France and the Papal States.|
|Treaty with Tunis (1797)||Peace treaty between the United States and the 'Barbary State' of Tunis, nominally part of the Ottoman Empire.|
|1800||Third Treaty of San Ildefonso[note 89]||Spain cedes the Louisiana Territory to France.|
|Treaty of Mortefontaine[note 90]||Ends the Quasi-War between the United States and France.|
|1801||Carnatic Treaty||The Nawab of Arcot cedes territories in India to Great Britain for two hundred rupees.|
|Treaty of Aranjuez (1801)||Confirms the Third Treaty of San Ildefonso between Spain and France.|
|Treaty of Badajoz (1801)[note 91]||Portugal cedes Olivenza to Spain and agrees to close its harbors to Great Britain.|
|Treaty of Madrid (1801)||Confirms the Treaty of Badajoz (1801) between Portugal and France; Portugal also agrees to pay 20 million francs and cedes half of Guiana.|
|Treaty of Florence||The Kingdom of Naples cedes some central Italian possessions, the island of Elba, and the Athena of Velletri to France.|
|Treaty of Lunéville||Ends the War of the Second Coalition against France.|
|1802||Treaty of Amiens||Ends the war between France and Great Britain.|
|Treaty of Bassein||The Maratha Peshwa of Pune cedes territories in western India to Great Britain.|
|Treaty of Al Arish||Napoleon agrees to return Egypt to the Ottoman Empire|
|1803||Louisiana Purchase||United States buys the Louisiana Territory from France.|
|Treaty of Surji-Anjangaon||Between Great Britain and Daulat Rao Sindhia, chief of the Maratha Empire; treaty was revised twice.|
|Treaty of Fort Wayne||Between the United States and the Delaware, Shawnee, Potowatomi, Miami, and Kickapoo Indians, defining the boundaries of the Vincennes Tract in southwest Indiana.|
|1804||Treaty of St. Louis (1804)||The Sac and Fox Indians cede Illinois to the United States.|
|1805||Treaty of Fort Industry||The Ottawa, Chippewa, Wyandot, Potawatomi, Delaware, and Shawnee Indians cede eastern Ohio to the United States.|
|Treaty of Pressburg (1805)||Between France and Austria, ending Austria's participation in the War of the Fourth Coalition.|
|"Treaty of Peace and Amity"||Between the United States and the Pasha of Tripoli, ending the First Barbary War.|
|1806||Treaty of Poznań||Ends the war between France and Saxony after the latter's defeat during the War of the Fourth Coalition.|
|1807||Treaty of Detroit||The Ottawa, Chippewa, Wyandot, and Potawatomi Indians cede parts of Michigan and Ohio to the United States.|
|Treaties of Tilsit||France, Russia, and Prussia create the Duchy of Warsaw.|
|Treaty of Finckenstein||Between France and Persia.|
|Treaty of Fontainebleau (1807)||Between Spain and France, proposing the partition of Portugal.|
|1808||Treaty of Fort Clark[note 92]||The Osage Nation cedes large portions of the Missouri Territory to the United States.|
|1809||Treaty of Amritsar, 1809||Between Ranjit Singh and the British East India Company, restricting the Sikh Empire to north of the Sutlej River.|
|Treaty of the Dardanelles[note 93]||Between the Ottoman Empire and Great Britain.|
|Treaty of Hamina[note 94]||Ends the Finnish War between Sweden and Russia.|
|Treaty of Schönbrunn[note 95]||Ends the War of the Fifth Coalition against Napoleon.|
|Treaty of Fort Wayne (1809)||The Delaware, Eel River, Miami, Potawatomi, Kickapoo, and Wea Indians cede part of Indiana to the United States.|
|1810||Treaty of Paris (1810)||Ends the war between France and Sweden.|
|1812||Treaty of Bucharest (1812)||Ends the Russo-Turkish War (1806–12).|
|1813||Treaty of Gulistan||Between Russia and Qajarid Persia.|
|Treaty of Fulda||Württemberg agrees with Austria to leave the Confederation of the Rhine.|
|Treaty of Kalisz (1813)||Russia and Prussia establish the Kalisz Union against Napoleon.|
|Treaties of Reichenbach||Great Britain, Russia, Prussia, and Austria establish the Sixth Coalition against Napoleon.|
|Treaty of Töplitz[note 96]||Great Britain, Russia, Prussia, and Austria augment the Sixth Coalition against Napoleon.|
|Treaty of Peterswaldau||Great Britain agrees to pay for 10,000 German troops in Russian service.|
|Treaty of Ried||Bavaria pledges to Austria to leave the Confederation of the Rhine and join the Sixth Coalition against Napoleon.|
|1814||Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814[note 97]||Between the Great Britain and the United Provinces (Netherlands).|
|Treaty of Paris||Ends the War of the Sixth Coalition against France.|
|Treaty of Ghent||Ends the War of 1812 between Great Britain and the United States.|
|Treaty of Kiel||The king of Denmark–Norway cedes Norway to Sweden in exchange for territories in Pomerania.|
|Convention of Moss||Armistice agreement and de facto peace treaty between Norway and Sweden.|
|Treaty of Fontainebleau (1814)||Russia, Prussia, and Austria accept Napoleon's abdication as Emperor of France, and allow him to remain Emperor of Elba.|
|Treaty of Fort Jackson[note 98]||The Creek Indians cede territories to the United States.|
|Eight Articles of London||Amalgamates the Netherlands and Belgium.|
|1815||Treaty of Paris (1815)||Follows the defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo.|
|Final Act of the Congress of Vienna||Ends the Napoleonic Wars.|
|Sugauli Treaty[note 99]||Ends the Anglo-Nepalese War between Great Britain and Nepal.|
|Treaty of Springwells||The United States restored relations with the Wyandot, Delaware, Seneca, Shawnee, Miami, Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatomi Indians, absolving them for supporting Great Britain in the War of 1812.|
|Quadruple Alliance (1815)||Between the UK, Austria, Prussia and Russia.|
|Treaty of Nicolls' Outpost||Between the UK and Red Stick and allied Native Americans (unratified)|
|1816||Treaty of St. Louis (1816)||The Council of Three Fires cedes a 20-mile (32 km) strip of land, which connected Chicago and Lake Michigan with the Illinois River.|
|1817||Rush–Bagot Treaty||Settles boundary disputes between the United States and Great Britain.|
|Treaty of Fort Meigs[note 100]||Between the United States and the Wyandot, Seneca, Delaware, Shawnee, Potawatomi, Ottawa and Ojibwa tribes.|
|Treaty of Titalia||The British East India Company restores land taken by Nepal to the chogyal (monarch) of Sikkim, who acknowledges the Company as overlord.|
|1818||Treaty of 1818[note 101]||Resolves boundary disputes between the United States and the Great Britain; leaves the Oregon Country open to both countries.|
|Treaty of St. Mary's||Between the United States and the Miami people.|
|Treaty of the Creek Agency (1818)||Between the United States and the Creek people.|
|Treaty of St. Louis (1818)[note 102]||The Osage Nation cedes all territories to the United States beginning at the Arkansas River and ending at the Verdigris River.|
|Quintuple Alliance||France joigned the quadruple alliance|
|1819||Adams–Onís Treaty[note 103]||Settles a border dispute between the United States and Spain.|
|Treaty of Saginaw||Native Americans cede land to the United States.|
|1820||Treaty of Doak's Stand[note 104]||The Choctaw agree to surrender one-third of their land to the United States.|
|1821||Treaty of Córdoba||Mexico becomes independent from Spain.|
|Treaty of Chicago||The Ottawa, Ojibwe, and Potawatomi tribes cede to the United States all lands in the Michigan Territory south of the Grand River.|
|Treaty of Indian Springs (1821)||Creek Indians cede land to the state of Georgia in return for cash payments totaling $200,000 over a period of 14 years.|
|1822||Capitulation of Quito.||Set forth conditions for the withdrawal of the Spanish royalist forces from the territories of the Real Audiencia de Quito after the Battle of Pichincha.|
|1823||Treaty of Moultrie Creek||Between the United States and the Creek people.|
|1824||Second Anglo-Dutch Treaty[note 105]||Settles disputes between the United Kingdom and the Netherlands, dividing the Malay World.|
|Russo-American Treaty of 1824[note 106]||The United States and Russia fix the southern limit of Russian America at 54°40' N.|
|Anderson–Gual Treaty||First bilateral U.S. treaty with another country of the Americas.|
|1825||Treaty of Rio de Janeiro (1825)||The Kingdom of Portugal recognized the independence of the Empire of Brazil.|
|Osage Treaty (1825)[note 107]||The Osage Nation cedes territories to the United States within and west of Missouri and the Arkansas Territory.|
|Treaty of St. Louis (1825)||The Shawnee Indians cede the area of Cape Girardeau in Missouri to the United States.|
|Treaty of Hanover (1825)||Ends the War of German Dissolution.|
|Treaty of Indian Springs (1825)||Relocates the Creek Indians in Georgia (except the Tokaubatchee) to a parcel of land along the Arkansas River.|
|First Treaty of Prairie du Chien||Between the United States and representatives of the Sioux, Sac and Fox, Menominee, Ioway, Winnebago and Anishinaabeg tribes.|
|Treaty of Saint Petersburg (1825)||Also known as the Anglo-Russian Treaty of 1825. Great Britain and Russia fix the southern limit of Russian America at 54°40' N, and roughly outline the land boundary between the two Powers northwards from there.|
|United States–Central America Treaty||Between the United States and the Federal Republic of Central America.|
|1826||Akkerman Convention||Forces the Ottomans to retreat from Moldavia and Wallachia; grants autonomy to the Principality of Serbia.|
|Treaty of Mississinewas[note 108]||Between the United States and the Miami tribe.|
|Treaty of Yandaboo||Ends the First Burmese War.|
|Burney Treaty||British acknowledge Siamese claim over the four northern Malay states of Kedah, Kelantan, Perlis and Terengganu.|
|1827||Treaty of London (1827)||Alliance between the United Kingdom, France and Russia to end Turkish action in Greece.|
|1828||Treaty of Turkmenchay||Persia cedes northern territories to Russia, ending the Russo-Persian War, 1826–1828.|
|Treaty of Montevideo (1828)||Brazil and Argentina recognize the independence of Uruguay.|
|Treaty of Limits (Mexico–United States)||Between Mexico and the United States, confirming their shared border as agreed to by Spain and the U.S. in the Adams–Onís Treaty.|
|1829||London Protocol (1829)||Formulates the boundaries of modern Greece.|
|Treaty of Edirne||The Ottoman Empire cedes to Russia the right to protect Greece and control the mouth of the Danube River.|
|Second Treaty of Prairie du Chien||Between the United States and representatives of the Council of Three Fires.|
|Third Treaty of Prairie du Chien||Between the United States and the Winnebago.|
|1830||London Protocol (1830)||Confirms sovereignty of Greece.|
|Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek||The United States grants rights to the Choctaw Indians.|
|Fourth Treaty of Prairie du Chien||Between the United States and the Sac and Fox, the Mdewakanton, Wahpekute, Wahpeton and Sisiton Sioux, Omaha, Ioway, Otoe and Missouria tribes.|
|1831||Treaty of the Eighteen Articles||An attempt to establish Belgium's borders.|
|Pacto Federal||Establishes a military alliance between the Argentine provinces of Buenos Aires, Entre Ríos, and Santa Fe.|
|1832||Treaty of Cusseta||Between the United States and the Creek Indians.|
|Treaty of Pontotoc Creek||Between the United States and the Chickasaws leading to their removal to present-day Oklahoma.|
|Treaty of Constantinople (1832)||Officially ends the Greek War of Independence and establishes the borders of modern Greece.|
|London Protocol (1832)||Reiterates and ratifies the terms of the Treaty of Constantinople (1832).|
|1833||Treaty of Hünkâr İskelesi||The Ottoman Empire grants Russia free passage through the Bosporus.|
|Convention of Kütahya||Between the Ottoman Empire and its vassal Muhammad Ali of Egypt, granting Muhammad Ali extra privileges.|
|Treaty of Chicago||Native American tribes cede lands west of Lake Michigan to the United States in exchange for a reservation of equal size further to the west on the Missouri River; proclaimed in 1835.|
|Treaty of Zonhoven||Establishes special regulations over the use of the Meuse River by the Netherlands and Belgium.|
|1834||Treaty of Desmichels||France acknowledges Abd-el-Kader as Bey of Mascara and independent sovereign ruler of Oran in Algeria.|
|1835||Treaty of New Echota||Between a faction of the Cherokee Indians and the United States, ceding all Cherokee lands in Georgia and for all Georgia Cherokees to relocate to the Indian Territory.|
|Batman's Treaty||Between John Batman and a group of Wurundjeri elders for the sale of land around Port Phillip, Australia.|
|1836||Treaties of Velasco||Between Mexico and the Republic of Texas, establishing the independence of Texas.|
|Treaty of Washington (1836)||The Ottawa and Chippewa Indians cede parts of northern Michigan to the United States.|
|1837||Munich Coin Treaty||Unification of currency by six south German states.|
|Treaty of Tafna||Ends conflict between French and Algerian forces; France cedes territories to Abd-el-Kader.|
|1838||Treaty of Balta Liman||Commercial treaty between the Ottoman Empire and the Great Britain.|
|Second Treaty of Buffalo Creek||Between the Seneca tribe of Western New York and certain purchasers of rights to the Indians' land.|
|Dresden Coinage Convention||Currency treaty between the states of the Zollverein.|
|1839||Edict of Toleration (Hawaii)||King Kamehameha III establishes the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu.|
|Treaty of London (1839)[note 109]||Guarantees the neutrality of Belgium.|
|1840||Treaty of Waitangi||Between Great Britain and the Maori of New Zealand, which becomes a British colony.|
|1842||Treaty of Nanjing||Ends the First Opium War between Great Britain and China; China cedes Hong Kong Island to Britain.|
|Webster–Ashburton Treaty||Settles boundary disputes between the United States and Canada.|
|Third Treaty of Buffalo Creek||Between the US and Seneca Indians.|
|1843||Treaty of Maastricht (1843)||Establishes borders between Belgium and the Netherlands.|
|1844||Treaty of Tangiers||Ends First Franco-Moroccan War.|
|Treaty of Tehuacana Creek[note 110]||Establishes peace between the Republic of Texas and various Native American tribes.|
|Treaty of Wanghia[note 111]||First diplomatic agreement between China and the United States in history.|
|Treaty of Whampoa||China grants privileges to France.|
|1846||Oregon Treaty[note 112]||Establishes the border between the British and American sections of the Oregon Country.|
|Treaty of Lahore||Ends the First Sikh War between Great Britain and the Sikh Empire.|
|Treaty of Amritsar||The British East India Company recognizes Gulab Singh Dogra as ruler of Kashmir.|
|Mallarino–Bidlack Treaty[note 113]||New Granada (today Colombia) and the United States establish diplomatic and commercial relations.|
|1847||Treaty of Cahuenga||First treaty to end the Mexican–American War.|
|1848||Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo||Second treaty ending the Mexican–American War.|
|1850||Arana–Southern Treaty||Great Britain ends the blockade of Argentina.|
|Clayton–Bulwer Treaty||The United States and the Great Britain agree not to colonize Central America.|
|Punctation of Olmütz||Between Prussia and Austria.|
|1851||Treaty of Mendota||Between the United States and the Sioux tribes of Minnesota (Mdewakanton and Wahpekute).|
|Treaty of Fort Laramie (1851)||United States negotiates safe passage for Oregon Trail settlers with Native Americans.|
|Treaty of Kulja[note 114]||China and Russia establish commercial relations.|
|Treaty of Traverse des Sioux||Between the United States and the Sioux Indians of Minnesota.|
|1852||London Protocol (1852)||Signed after the First War of Schleswig.|
|Sand River Convention||Regulated the relationship between British government of the Cape Colony and the Boers north of the Orange River in South Africa.|
|1854||Convention of Kanagawa[note 115]||Japan is opened to American trade.|
|Anglo-Japanese Friendship Treaty||Japan is opened to British trade.|
|Treaty with the Umpqua and Kalapuya||Between the United States and the tribes of Umpqua and Kalapuya in the Oregon Territory.|
|Treaty of Medicine Creek||The Nisqually, Puyallup, and Squaxin Island tribes, along with six other smaller Native American tribes cede territories to the United States.|
|1855||Bowring Treaty[note 116]||Between Great Britain and Siam, opening Bangkok to foreign free trade, and guaranteeing Siam's independence.|
|Treaty of Hellgate||The Bitterroot Salish, Pend d'Oreille, and Kootenai tribes cede territories to the United States.|
|Treaty of Shimoda||Defines the border between Japan and Russia and opens three Japanese ports to foreign trade.|
|Treaty of Neah Bay||Between the United States and the Makah people.|
|Treaty with the Kalapuya, etc.||Between the United States and the tribes of Kalapuya, Molala, Clackamas and others in the Oregon Territory.|
|Canadian–American Reciprocity Treaty[note 117]||Trade treaty between the colonies of British North America and the United States.|
|Point Elliott Treaty||United States government and various Native American tribes of the Puget Sound region in the newly formed Washington Territory.|
|Point No Point Treaty||Original inhabitants of the Kitsap Peninsula cede ownership of their land in exchange for small reservations in Hood Canal and a payment of 60,000 dollars from the U.S. federal government.|
|Quinault Treaty||The Quinault and Quileute (including the Hoh) tribes cede territories to the United States government.|
|Treaty with the Nez Perce||Conducted at Walla Walla, Washington, wherein the United States recognizes the sovereignty and lands of the Nez Perce. Territory becomes part of United States. Ratified 1859.|
|Treaty with the Confederated Umatilla, Cayuse, and Walla Walla Tribes||Conducted at Walla Walla, Washington, wherein the United States recognizes the sovereignty and lands of the Cayuse, Umatilla, and Walla Walla. Territory becomes part of United States. Ratified 1859.|
|Treaty with the Yakama Confederated Tribes and Bands||Conducted at Walla Walla, Washington, wherein the United States recognizes the sovereignty and lands of the many and varied bands and tribes making up the Yakama Confederated Tribes and Bands. Territory becomes part of United States. Ratified 1859.|
|"Buffalo" Treaty||Conducted near Ft. Benton, Montana, at Blackfoot Council wherein several tribal nations east and west of continental divide agreed to peace terms and mutual use of territories while hunting buffalo.|
|1856||Treaty of Paris (1856)[note 118]||Ends the Crimean War.|
|1857||Vienna Monetary Treaty||Monetary Treaty Between the German States|
|Fourth Treaty of Buffalo Creek||Between the US and Seneca Indians|
|1858||Treaty of Tientsin||Ends the first phase of the Second Opium War between Great Britain and China.|
|Treaty of Aigun||Specifies border between Russia and China.|
|Treaty of Amity and Commerce (United States–Japan)[note 119]||Japanese treaty ports opened to commerce.|
|1859||Treaty of Wyke-Aycinena||Peace treaty between Guatemala and the U.K.|
|Treaty of Zurich||Franco-Austrian armistice formalizing the Peace of Villafranca.|
|1860||Cobden–Chevalier Treaty||Establishes free trade between Great Britain and France.|
|Convention of Peking[note 120]||Ends the Second Opium War between Great Britain and China; China cedes Kowloon Peninsula to Great Britain.|
|1861||Franco-Monegasque Treaty||Grants sovereignty to Monaco.|
|1862||Treaty of Commerce and Navigation||Established official trade agreements between the United States and Ottoman Empire.|
|Convention of Scutari||Montenegro acknowledges Ottoman suzerainty.|
|Anglo-Belgian Treaty of Commerce and Navigation||Free trade agreement between the United Kingdom and Belgium. First commercial treaty to contain a modern stipulation for withdrawal.|
|First Treaty of Saigon||Emperor Tự Đức cedes Saigon, the island of Poulo Condor, and three southern provinces (Biên Hòa, Gia Định, and Dinh Tuong) to the French Empire.|
|1863||Treaty of Hué (1863)||Confirms the First Treaty of Saigon.|
|Treaty of Ruby Valley (1863)||The Western Shoshone Indians give certain rights in Nevada Territory to the United States.|
|Treaty on a protectorate between France and Cambodia (1863)||Beginning of a protectorate in Cambodia.|
|1864||First Geneva Convention[note 121]||Establishes rules for the treatment of battlefield casualties.|
|Treaty of London (1864)||Great Britain cedes the Ionian Islands to Greece.|
|Treaty of Vienna (1864)||Ends the Second War of Schleswig between Denmark and Austria/Prussia.|
|1865||Treaty of the Triple Alliance||Military alliance between Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay against Paraguay.|
|1866||Peace of Prague (1866)||Ends Austro-Prussian War.|
|1867||Alaska Purchase||The United States buys Alaska from Russia.|
|Medicine Lodge Treaty||Negotiations between the United States and Native Americans.|
|Treaty of London (1867)[note 122]||An international accord in the aftermath of the Austro-Prussian War and the Luxembourg Crisis.|
|1868||Burlingame Treaty||Establishes relations between the United States and China.|
|Treaty of Fort Laramie (1868)||Ends Red Cloud's War.|
|Bancroft Treaties (Treaty on Naturalization)||The North German Confederation recognizes the legal right of its subjects to become citizens of the United States; the first European government to do so.|
|1871||Treaty of Frankfurt (1871)||Ends the Franco-Prussian War.|
|Treaty of Washington (1871)||Settles grievances between the United States and Great Britain.|
|Treaty 1 (Stone Fort Treaty)||Ojibwe and Swampy Cree Indians of southeastern Manitoba accept the sovereignty of Canada.|
|Treaty 2 (Manitoba Post Treaty)||Ojibwe Indians of southwestern Manitoba accept the sovereignty of Canada.|
|1873||Iron Rhine Treaty||Regulates the passage of a railway line from Antwerp (in Belgium) to Mönchengladbach (in Germany) over Dutch territory in Limburg.|
|Treaty 3 (Northwest Angle Treaty)||Ojibwe Indians of eastern Manitoba and western Ontario accept the sovereignty of Canada.|
|1874||Pangkor Treaty of 1874||Perak becomes the first Malay state to accept British Resident.|
|Treaty of Berne||Universal Postal Union becomes the second oldest international organization.|
|Second Treaty of Saigon||Reiterates the Treaty of Saigon (1862); the Red River (Song Hong) opens for trade, as well as the ports of Hanoi, Haiphong and Qui Nonh.|
|Treaty 4 (Qu'appelle Treaty)||Cree and Saulteaux Indians of southern Saskatchewan accept the sovereignty of Canada.|
|1875||Treaty of Saint Petersburg (1875)||In exchange for the Kuril Islands, Japan relinquishes claims on Sakhalin.|
|Convention du Mètre[note 123]||An international treaty that establishes three organizations to oversee the keeping of metric standards.|
|Reciprocity Treaty of 1875||A free trade agreement between the United States and the Hawaiian Kingdom.|
|Treaty 5||Saulteaux and Swampy Cree Indians, and Michel Band métis of Manitoba accept the sovereignty of Canada.|
|1876||Japan–Korea Treaty of 1876[note 124]||First Unequal treaty of Korean Joseon dynasty.|
|Treaty 6||Plain and Wood Cree and Assiniboine Indians of central Alberta and Saskatchewan accept the sovereignty of Canada.|
|1877||London Protocol (1877)||Great Britain agrees to remain neutral in any conflict between the Ottoman Empire and Russia.|
|Treaty 7||Blackfoot, Nakota, and Sarcee Indians of Alberta accept the sovereignty of Canada.|
|1878||Cyprus Convention||The Ottoman Empire cedes Cyprus to Great Britain in return for military support against Russia|
|Pact of Zanjón||Ends the Cuban Ten Years' War.|
|Treaty of San Stefano||Ends the Russo-Turkish War (1877–78) between Russia and the Ottoman Empire.|
|Treaty of Berlin (1878)||Amends the Treaty of San Stefano.|
|1879||Treaty of Gandamak||Ends the first phase of the Second Anglo-Afghan War.|
|1881||Boundary treaty of 1881 between Chile and Argentina||Chile and Argentina define their boundary.|
|Treaty of Akhal||Persia officially recognizes the annexation of Khwarazm by Russia.|
|Treaty of Bardo[note 125]||Tunisia becomes a protectorate of France.|
|1882||Triple Alliance (1882)||Alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy.|
|Kilmainham Treaty||Between the British government under William Ewart Gladstone and the Irish nationalist leader Charles Stewart Parnell.|
|1883||Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property||Intellectual property systems (including patents) of any contracting state become accessible to the nationals of other states party to the Convention.|
|Treaty of Ancón||Settles territorial disputes between Peru and Chile.|
|Treaty of Hué (1883)[note 126]||Annam cedes protectorate over Annam and Tonkin to France; not confirmed as too harsh.|
|1884||Treaty of Hué (1884)||Between Annam and France, replacing the Treaty of Hué (1883).|
|1885||Treaty of Simulambuco||Between Portugal and the Ngoyo Kingdom in the Cabinda enclave north of Angola.|
|1886||Berne Convention[note 127]||International agreement about copyright.|
|Treaty of Bucharest||Ends war between Serbia and Bulgaria.|
|1887||Reinsurance Treaty||Between Germany and Russia.|
|1889||Treaty of Berlin (1889)||The United States, Great Britain, and Germany establish a condominium and recognize the independence of Samoa.|
|Treaty of Wuchale||Peace treaty between Ethiopia and Italy, subsequently disputed.|
|Puna de Atacama dispute||Secret treaty between Argentina and Bolivia (see also 1891)|
|1890||Heligoland–Zanzibar Treaty[note 128]||Agreement between the Great Britain and Germany concerning mainly territorial interests in Africa.|
|1891||Treaty of Madrid (1891)[note 129]||Gives France legal protection of the word champagne.|
|Puna de Atacama dispute||Secret treaty between Chili and Bolivia (see also 1889)|
|1895||Treaty of The Hague (1895)||Establishes boundaries of British New Guinea.|
|Treaty of Shimonoseki[note 130]||Ends the First Sino-Japanese War between China and Japan.|
|Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation between Brazil and Japan||Establishes diplomatic and commercial relations between Brazil and Japan.|
|1896||Treaty of Addis Ababa||Abrogates the Treaty of Wuchale, formally ends the First Italo–Ethiopian War, and recognizes Ethiopia as an independent state.|
|1897||Treaty of Constantinople (1897)||Ends hostilities between the Ottoman Empire and Greece. Greece pays reparations. Crete autonomous under Ottoman suzerainty (Cretan State).|
|Franco-Ethiopian treaty (1897)||France and Ethiopia the boundary between Ethiopia and French Somaliland.|
|1898||Treaty of Paris (1898)||Ends the Spanish–American War.|
|Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory[note 131]||China cedes the New Territories to Great Britain.|
|1899||Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907||Attempts to formalize laws of war.|
|Tripartite Convention (1899)||Divides Samoa between the United States and Germany.|
|Kiram-Bates Treaty||Treaty of the United States with the Sultanate of Sulu to stay out of the Philippine–American War. Subsequently betrayed by the Americans after the war, sparking the Moro Rebellion.|
|Treaty 8||Cree and Chipewyan Indians cede northern British Columbia, Alberta, and Saskatchewan to Canada and
accept Canadian sovereignty.
|1900||Treaty of Paris||Ends all conflicting claims over Río Muni (Equatorial Guinea).|
|Treaty of Washington||Seeks to remove any ground of misunderstanding growing out of the interpretation of Article III of the Treaty of Paris (1898) by clarifying specifics of territories relinquished to the United States by Spain.|
|Convention for the Preservation of Wild Animals, Birds and Fish in Africa||First international agreement on wildlife conservation.|
|1901||Hay–Pauncefote Treaty||Replaces the Clayton–Bulwer Treaty.|
|Boxer Protocol[note 132]||Peace agreement between the Eight-Nation Alliance and China.|
|1902||Anglo-Japanese Alliance||Treaty of alliance between England and Japan; signed by Lord Lansdowne and Hayashi Tadasu.|
|Treaty of Vereeniging||Ends the Second Boer War.|
|1903||Cuban–American Treaty of Relations (1903)||The Republic of Cuba grants the United States the right to lease land in the Guantánamo Bay area.|
|Hay–Herrán Treaty||The United States attempts to acquire a lease on Panama.|
|Hay–Herbert Treaty||Between the United Kingdom and the United States on the location of the border between Alaska and Canada.|
|Hay–Bunau-Varilla Treaty[note 133]||Establishes the Panama Canal Zone.|
|Treaty of Petrópolis||Ends tensions between Bolivia and Brazil over the territory of Acre.|
|Southern African Customs Union Agreement||Creates customs union between British colonies and protectorates in Southern Africa.|
|1904||Treaty of Peace and Friendship (1904)||Fixes borders between Chile and Bolivia.|
|Treaty of Lhasa||Between Great Britain and Tibet.|
|1905||Treaty of Portsmouth||Ends the Russo-Japanese War.|
|Treaty of Björkö||A secret mutual defense accord between the German Empire and Russia.|
|October Manifesto||Response to Russian Revolution of 1905. Created the Duma but Tsar Nicholas II of Russia disregarded it after the country was stable again and continued his absolute rule.|
|Taft–Katsura Agreement[note 134]||Japan and the United States agree on spheres of influence in Asia.|
|Convention of Karlstad||This treaty dissolves of the union between Norway and Sweden established by the Convention of Moss and Treaty of Kiel in 1814.|
|Japan–Korea Treaty of 1905||This treaty deprived Korean Empire of its diplomatic sovereignty, in effect making Korea a protectorate of Empire of Japan; void in 1965.|
|Treaty 9 (James Bay Treaty)||Conducted at Osnaburgh House trade post, on Lake St. Joseph (Albany River), Ontario, Canada, negotiating an agreement between the Canadian monarch, King Edward VII, and First Nations. There were later adhesions to the treaty.|
|1906||Second Geneva Convention||Specifies the treatment of wounded, sick and shipwrecked members of armed forces at sea.|
|Treaty 10||Conducted at Île-à-la-Crosse and Lac du Brochet, Saskatchewan, Canada, negotiating an agreement between the Canadian monarch, King Edward VII, and First Nations. There were later adhesions to the treaty in 1907.|
|Treaty of Limits (Brazil–Netherlands)||Defined international boundary between Brazil and Dutch colony of Surinam|
|1909||Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909[note 135]||Formally divides northern Malay states between Siam and the British Empire.|
|1910||Japan–Korea Treaty of 1910||Begins the period of Korea under Japanese rule; declared null and void in 1965.|
|Brussels Collision Convention||Governs apportionment of legal liability in maritime collision cases.|
|1911||North Pacific Fur Seal Convention of 1911||First international treaty seeking the management and conservation of wildlife.|
|Treaty of Daan||Ends the Zaidi insurgency in Yemen in exchange for autonomy within the Ottoman Empire.|
|1912||International Opium Convention||The first international drug control treaty.|
|1913||Treaty of London (1913)||Ends the First Balkan War.|
|Treaty of Bucharest (1913)||Ends the Second Balkan War.|
|Treaty of friendship and alliance between the Government of Mongolia and Tibet||Alliance between Mongolia and Tibet.|
|Treaty of Athens||Peace treaty between Ottoman Empire and Greece. Ottoman Empire acknowledges union of Crete with Greece.|
|Treaty of Constantinople (1913)||Peace treaty between Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria. Bulgaria acknowledges Ottoman control on Eastern Thrace.|
|1914||Bryan–Chamorro Treaty||The United States acquires the rights to any canal built in Nicaragua, to build a naval base in the Gulf of Fonseca, and to lease the Great and Little Corn Islands in the Caribbean; ratified in 1916.|
|1915||Treaty of London (1915) (London Pact)||Italy enters World War I.|
|Treaty of Kyakhta (1915)||Status of Mongolia|
|1916||Sykes–Picot Agreement||France and the United Kingdom define spheres of influence in the Middle East.|
|Treaty of Bucharest (1916)||Alliance between Romania and the Entente.|
|1917||Lansing–Ishii Agreement||Trade treaty between the United States and Japan.|
|Corfu Declaration||Statement of intention to form a Kingdom of Yugoslavia.|
|1918||Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (Ukraine–Central Powers)||Between the Ukrainian People's Republic and the Central Powers.|
|Treaty of Brest-Litovsk||Between Russia and the Central Powers; Russia pulls out of World War I.|
|Treaty of Bucharest (1918)||Between Romania and the Central Powers; never ratified.|
|Treaty of Batum||Between the Democratic Republic of Armenia and the Ottoman Empire.|
|Armistice of Mudros||Ends the Middle-Eastern part of World War I and forces the Ottomans to renounce most of their imperial holdings.|
|Armistice of Villa Giusti||Between the Kingdom of Italy and Austria-Hungary, ending warfare on Italian Front during World War I.|
|Armistice with Germany||Between France, Britain, and Germany, ending World War I|
|Treaty of Rongbatsa||Agreement upon borders between India, Nepal, Tibet and China.|
|1919||Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1919)||Dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.|
|Treaty of Versailles||Formally ends World War I.|
|Treaty of Neuilly-sur-Seine||Between Allied Powers and Bulgaria.|
|Faisal–Weizmann Agreement||Agreement for Arab–Jewish cooperation in the Middle East.|
|Anglo-Afghan Treaty of 1919 (Treaty of Rawalpindi)||Between the United Kingdom and Afghanistan during the Third Anglo-Afghan War; United Kingdom recognizes Afghanistan's independence; amended in 1921.|
|1920||Seventh Treaty of Paris||Union of Bessarabia and Romania.|
|Treaty of Warsaw (1920)||Between the Second Polish Republic and the Ukrainian People's Republic.|
|Treaty of Brno (1920)||Naturalizes all populaces within the respective language groups of Austria and Czechoslovakia.|
|Treaty of Rapallo (1920)||Between Italy and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (subsequently the Kingdom of Yugoslavia).|
|Treaty of Moscow (1920)||Mutual recognition of the Russian SFSR and the Democratic Republic of Georgia|
|Treaty of Tartu (Russian–Finnish)||Establishes border between Russia and Finland.|
|Treaty of Tartu (Russian–Estonian)||Establishes border between Russia and Estonia.|
|Treaty of Trianon||Regulates the newly independent Hungary.|
|Treaty of Sèvres||Peace between the Allies of World War I and the Ottoman Empire.|
|Latvian–Soviet Peace Treaty||Brings peace between the Republic of Latvia and Russian SFSR.|
|Treaty of Alexandropol||Ends the war between Turkish nationalists and the Armenian Republic.|
|Svalbard Treaty[note 136]||The Arctic archipelago of Svalbard becomes part of the Kingdom of Norway.|
|1921||Franco-Polish alliance (1921)||Military alliance between Poland and France that was active between 1921 and 1940.|
|Anglo-Irish Treaty[note 137]||Ends the Irish War of Independence and created the Irish Free State.|
|Peace of Riga[note 138]||Ends the Polish–Soviet War.|
|Thomson–Urrutia Treaty||Colombia recognizes Panama's independence in return for 25 million dollars.|
|Treaty of Berlin (1921)||Separate post-World War I peace agreement between the United States and Germany.|
|Treaty of Kars||Friendship treaty between Turkey and the Soviet governments of the Transcaucasian Republics.|
|Treaty of Ankara (1921)[note 139]||France agrees to evacuate Cilicia in return for economic concessions from Turkey; Turkey acknowledges French imperial sovereignty over Syria.|
|Russo-Persian Treaty of Friendship (1921)||Grants both Iran and the Soviet Union full and equal shipping rights in the Caspian Sea.|
|Treaty of Moscow (1921)||A friendship treaty between the Grand National Assembly of Turkey (TBMM) and the Bolshevik government of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.|
|Anglo–Afghan Treaty of 1921||Amendments to and expansion of the Anglo-Afghan Treaty of 1919 between the United Kingdom and Afghanistan|
|Treaty 11||Conducted at Northwest Territories, Canada, negotiating an agreement between the Canadian monarch, King George V, and First Nations. There were further signings in 1921.|
|1922||Washington Naval Treaty[note 140]||Attempts to limit naval expansion.|
|Treaty of Rapallo (1922)||Between the Weimar Republic and Bolshevist Russia.|
|Treaty on the Creation of the USSR||Legalized the creation of a union of several Republics of the Soviet Union in the form of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.|
|1923||Treaty of Lausanne (1923)||Sets the boundaries of modern Turkey.|
|Halibut Treaty||Canadian-American agreement concerning fishing rights in the northern Pacific Ocean.|
|Convention and Statute on the International Régime of Maritime Ports||Mandated equal treatment of all ships in maritime ports, regardless of nationality.|
|1924||Brussels Agreement (1924)||Multilateral treaty providing for medical treatment of seamen with venereal diseases.|
|Treaty of Rome (1924)||Revokes parts of the Treaty of Rapallo (1920) that created the independent Free State of Fiume; Fiume would be annexed to Italy while the town of Sušak would be assigned to Yugoslavia.|
|1925||Treaty of Nettuno||Defines border and immigration policy between the Kingdom of Italy and the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.|
|Locarno Treaties||Seven treaties between the World War I Western European Allied powers and the new states of central and Eastern Europe.|
|1926||Treaty of Berlin (1926)||Germany and the Soviet Union pledge neutrality.|
|Treaty of San'a||Italian recognition of Yahya Muhammad Hamid ed-Din as king of Yemen, and Yemeni claims to Aden.|
|1927||Treaty of Jeddah (1927)||Establishes the independence of present-day Saudi Arabia from the United Kingdom.|
|1928||Kellogg–Briand Pact[note 141]||Calls "for the renunciation of war as an instrument of national policy".|
|Italo-Ethiopian Treaty of 1928||20 year treaty of peace between the Kingdom of Italy and the Empire of Ethiopia.|
|1929||Lateran Treaty||The Kingdom of Italy and the Vatican City formally recognize each other.|
|Geneva Convention (1929)||Establishes rules for the treatment of prisoners of war; predecessor of the 1949 Third Geneva Convention.|
|International Convention for the Suppression of Counterfeiting Currency||Criminalises the counterfeiting of currency.|
|1930||London Naval Treaty[note 142]||Regulates submarine warfare and shipbuilding.|
|Convention Between the United States and Great Britain (1930)||Definitely delimits the boundary between North Borneo (then a British protectorate) and the Philippine archipelago (then a U.S. Territory).|
|1931||Treaty of Westminster (1931)[note 143]||Creates the British Commonwealth.|
|1932||Soviet–Polish Non-Aggression Pact||International treaty of non-aggression signed by representatives of Poland and the USSR.|
|1934||German–Polish Non-Aggression Pact||International treaty between Nazi Germany and the Second Polish Republic; both countries pledged to settle disputes through bilateral negotiations.|
|Balkan Pact||Between Greece, Turkey, Romania, and Yugoslavia; signatories agree to suspend all disputed territorial claims against each other.|
|1935||Franco-Soviet Treaty of Mutual Assistance||Bilateral pact between France and the USSR with the aim of containing German aggression.|
|Treaty of Establishment, Commerce and Navigation[note 144]||Reinforces the Russo-Persian Treaty of Friendship.|
|1936||Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936||The United Kingdom withdraws its troops from Egypt except those necessary to protect the Suez Canal and its surroundings.|
|Franco-Syrian Treaty of Independence (1936)||France provides independence to Syria.|
|Montreux Convention Regarding the Regime of the Straits||Approve Turkish control on Bosphorus and Dardanelles Straits|
|1937||International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling||Establishes limitations on whaling practices; protocols signed in 1938 and again in 1945.|
|Treaty of Saadabad[note 145]||A non-aggression pact signed by Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Afghanistan.|
|1938||Munich Agreement||Surrenders the Sudetenland to Germany.|
|1939||Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact[note 146]||Soviet-German non-aggression pact.|
|Pact of Steel||Pact of Friendship and Alliance between Germany and Italy.|
|1940||Moscow Peace Treaty||Ends the Winter War.|
|Treaty of Commerce and Navigation||Reinforces the Treaty of Establishment, Commerce and Navigation between Iran and the Soviet Union.|
|Treaty of Craiova||Romania cedes territories to Bulgaria.|
|1941||Tokyo Convention||Ends the Franco-Thai War.|
|1942||Anglo-Soviet Treaty of 1942||Twenty-year mutual assistance agreement between the United Kingdom and the USSR that establishes both a military and political alliance.|
|1944||Bretton Woods Agreement||Establishes rules for commercial and financial relations among the major industrial states.|
|Tito–Šubašić Agreement[note 147]||Attempts to merge Yugoslavian governments.|
|Chicago Convention on International Civil Aviation||Establishes the International Civil Aviation Organization; ratified in 1947.|
|London Protocol (1944)||Prepares for the division of Germany into three occupation zones.|
|1945||Treaty of Varkiza[note 148]||Attempts to officially end the Greek Civil War.|
|United Nations Charter||Establishes the United Nations.|
|Wanfried Agreement||Transfers three Hessian villages to the Soviet Union and two Eichsfeld villages to the United States.|
|1946||Bermuda Agreement||Bilateral agreement on civil aviation between the United States and United Kingdom.|
|Keflavik Agreement||Between the US and Iceland|
|Gruber–De Gasperi Agreement||South Tyrol and Trentino remain part of Italy, but ensures their autonomy as region of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol.|
|International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling||Replaces the International Agreement for the Regulation of Whaling; governs the commercial, scientific, and aboriginal subsistence whaling practices of fifty-nine member nations.|
|1946 Lake Success Protocol[note 149]||Shifts drug control functions previously assigned to the League of Nations to the United Nations.|
|Treaty of Manila (1946)[note 150]||The United States recognizes the independence of the Republic of the Philippines.|
|Treaty of London (1946)||Great Britain recognizes the independence of Transjordan.|
|1947||General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade[note 151]||Establishes international trade rules.|
|Paris Peace Treaties, 1947||Formally ends World War II in the European Theatre.|
|Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance[note 152]||A "hemispheric defense" doctrine signed by many nations in the Americas.|
|1949||North Atlantic Treaty[note 153]||Establishes NATO, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.|
|Fourth Geneva Convention[note 154]||Establishes rules for the protection of civilians during wartime.|
|Treaty of The Hague (1949)||The Netherlands grants independence to Indonesia except for the South Molucca Islands and West Irian.|
|Treaty of London (1949)||Creates the Council of Europe.|
|1950||Liaquat–Nehru Pact||Between Pakistani Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan and Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.|
|Treaty of Zgorzelec[note 155]||Establishes borders between the Republic of Poland and the German Democratic Republic.|
|1951||Mutual Defense Treaty (U.S.–Philippines)||A mutual defense accord between the Philippines and the United States.|
|Genocide Convention||Defines and outlaws genocide.|
|Treaty of San Francisco[note 156]||Formally ends the war between the Allies of World War II and Japan.|
|Security Treaty Between the United States and Japan||A mutual defense agreement between the United States and Japan; goes into effect on April 28, 1952.|
|U.S. and Japan Mutual Defense Assistance Agreement||Permits U.S. armed forces to station troops in Japan while encouraging Japan to rearm for defensive purposes only; goes into effect on May 1, 1954.|
|1952||ANZUS Treaty[note 157]||Alliance between Australia, New Zealand and the United States.|
|Treaty of Taipei[note 158]||Peace treaty between Japan and the Republic of China.|
|General Treaty[note 159]||Treaty between the Federal Republic of Germany and the Western Allies (France, UK, USA) restoring (limited) German sovereignty.|
|International Convention relating to Arrest of Sea-going Ships||Standardises rules relating to arrest of ships in port.|
|1953||Korean War Armistice Agreement||Ended the fighting between the United Nations Command and the Korean People's Army & PRC People's Liberation Army.|
|1954||Central Treaty Organization[note 160]||Alliance of Middle Eastern countries and the United Kingdom.|
|Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty[note 161]||Established the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization, (SEATO), a defensive alliance between Australia, France, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, South Korea, South Vietnam, Thailand, the United Kingdom and the United States.|
|1955||Asian–African Conference[note 162]||Conference stated to promote Afro-Asian economic and cultural cooperation and to oppose colonialism or neocolonialism by the United States, the Soviet Union, or any other "imperialistic" nation.|
|Austrian State Treaty[note 163]||Re-establishes a free, sovereign and democratic Austria.|
|Simonstown Agreement||The Royal Navy surrenders its naval base at Simonstown, South Africa and transfers command of the South African Navy to the government of South Africa.|
|Warsaw Pact[note 164]||Alliance of Central and Eastern European communist states.|
|1956||Soviet–Japanese Joint Declaration of 1956||Reestablishes diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Japan following World War II.|
|1957||Anglo-Malayan Defence Agreement[note 165]||Provides a security umbrella for the independent Malaya.|
|Treaty of Rome[note 166]||Establishes the European Economic Community.|
|International Atomic Energy Treaty||Establishes the International Atomic Energy Agency.|
|1958||1958 US–UK Mutual Defence Agreement||Bilateral treaty between the United States and the United Kingdom on nuclear weapons cooperation.|
|Convention on the Territorial Sea and the Contiguous Zone||Provides new universal legal controls for the management of marine natural resources and the control of pollution.|
|1959||Antarctic Treaty System[note 167]||Sets aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve, establishes freedom of scientific investigation and bans military activity on the continent; comes into force in 1961.|
|1960||Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security
between the United States and Japan
|Strengthens Japan's ties to the "West" during the Cold War era.|
|The Indus Waters Treaty 1960||Water sharing treaty between India and Pakistan.|
|1960 Treaty of Montevideo||Establishes the Latin American Free Trade Association.|
|London and Zurich Agreements||Between United Kingdom, Turkey and Greece about the independence and Guarantee of Cyprus.|
|1961||Arms Control and Disarmament Agency||Strengthens U.S. national security by implementing effective policies of arms control and disarmament.|
|Apostille Convention||International treaty drafted by the Hague Conference on Private International Law. It specifies the modalities through which a document issued in one of the signatory countries can be certified for legal purposes in all the other signatory states. Such a certification is called an apostille (French: certification). The apostille is an international certification. The treaty is also officially known as the Hague Convention Abolishing the Requirement of Legalisation for Foreign Public Documents.|
|Columbia River Treaty||International agreement between Canada and the United States on the development and operation of the upper Columbia River basin.|
on Diplomatic Relations
|International treaty on diplomatic intercourse and the privileges and immunities of diplomatic missions; came into force in 1964.|
|Alliance for Progress||U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower attempts to establish economic cooperation between North America and South America.|
|Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs||International treaty against the illicit manufacture and trafficking of narcotic drugs.|
|Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness||International treaty against statelessness; goes into effect on December 13, 1975.|
|1962||Nassau Agreement||The United States provides the United Kingdom with nuclear-armed Polaris missiles in return for a nuclear submarine base in the Holy Loch, near Glasgow.|
|New York Agreement||Agreement between the Republic of Indonesia and the Kingdom of the Netherlands Concerning West New Guinea (West Irian). Transferred responsibility for a territory to the United Nations and arranged for subsequent administration by Indonesia pending an act of self-determination defined in agreement.|
on Consular Relations
|Multilateral treaty that codifies consular practices.|
on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage
|Sets rules of liability for any and all forms of nuclear damage.|
|Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty[note 168]||Prohibiting all test detonations of nuclear weapons except underground.|
|Élysée Treaty[note 169]||Franco-German agreement for joint cooperation in foreign policy, economic and military integration, and exchange of student education.|
|Strasbourg Convention[note 170]||Harmonizes patent laws across European countries.|
|1965||Merger Treaty||Organizes the European Coal and Steel Community, the European Economic Community and Euratom; creates European Commission and the Council of the European Communities; comes into force on July 1, 1967.|
|Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea||Established basic relationship between Japan and the Republic of Korea (South Korea).|
|1967||Treaty of Tlatelolco[note 171]||Keeps Latin American and the Caribbean regions free of nuclear weapons.|
|ASEAN Declaration[note 172]||Founding document of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.|
|WIPO Convention[note 173]||Established the World Intellectual Property Organization.|
|Outer Space Treaty[note 174]||Forbids the placing of nuclear weapons or any other weapons of mass destruction on celestial bodies and into outer space in general.|
|1968||Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons[note 175]||Limits the spread of nuclear weapons through non-proliferation, disarmament, and the right to utilize nuclear technology for peaceful purposes.|
|1969||Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination||Commits signatories to the elimination of racial discrimination and the promotion of understanding among all races.|
|Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties[note 176]||Codifies the pre-existing international customary law on treaties with some necessary gap-filling and clarifications.|
|Arusha Agreement||Establishes better economic relations between the European Community and the nations of Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania; comes into force in 1971.|
|1970||Hague Hijacking Convention||Criminalises the hijacking of civil aviation aircraft.|
|Patent Cooperation Treaty[note 177]||Provides a unified procedure for filing patent applications to protect inventions internationally; comes into force in 1978; amended in 1979; modified in 1984 and 2001.|
|Boundary Treaty of 1970||Settles boundary disputes between the United States and Mexico.|
|Treaty of Warsaw (1970)||West Germany and the People's Republic of Poland pledge themselves to nonviolence and accept the Oder–Neisse line; ratified in 1972.|
|1971||Convention on Psychotropic Substances||Attempts to control psychoactive drugs such as amphetamines, barbiturates, and LSD.|
|Five Power Defence Arrangements[note 178]||Security agreement between Australia, Malaysia, New Zealand, Singapore and the United Kingdom.|
|Ramsar Convention||Focuses on the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands; goes into effect in 1975.|
|IPC Agreement[note 179]||Establishes a common classification for patents for invention, inventors' certificates, utility models and utility certificates; goes into effect in 1975; amended in 1979.|
|Seabed Arms Control Treaty[note 180]||Bans the placement of nuclear weapons on the ocean floor beyond a 12-mile (19 km) coastal zone; comes into force in 1972.|
|Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil Aviation||Criminalises sabotage of civil aircraft and dangerous acts on board aircraft|
|Indo-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation||Specifies strategic cooperation between India and the Soviet Union.|
|1972||Addis Ababa Agreement (1972)||A series of accords between the government of Sudan and insurgents in Southern Sudan, which ended the First Sudanese Civil War|
|Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty[note 181]||Limits the use of anti-ballistic missile (ABM) systems in defending areas against missile-delivered nuclear weapons (US PL 92-448).|
|Basic Treaty (1972)[note 182]||Establishes relations between the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic; comes into effect in 1973.|
|Biological Weapons Convention[note 183]||First multilateral disarmament treaty banning the production of an entire category of biological weapons (with exceptions for medical and defensive purposes in small quantities).|
|Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Seals||Provides protection for Antarctic seals; comes into effect in 1978.|
|London Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter||Attempts to control pollution of the sea via deliberate dumping by vessels, aircraft, and platforms.|
|Sino-Japanese Joint Communiqué[note 184]||Japan recognizes PRC as the sole legal Government of China; and China renounces its demand for war reparation from Japan|
|Simla Agreement[note 185]||Normalised relations between India and Pakistan following the Bangladesh Liberation War.|
|1973||European Patent Convention[note 186]||Multilateral treaty instituting the European Patent Organisation.|
|Agreement on the Transfer of Corpses||Establishes rules and standards for the transfer of human corpses across international borders|
|CITES- The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora||Also known as the Washington Convention; Regulates international trade of endangered species of animals and plants (live specimens, as well as their parts and derivatives)|
|Paris Peace Accords||Formalized American withdrawal from Vietnam.|
|Vientiane Treaty||A cease-fire agreement between the monarchial government of Laos and the communist Pathet Lao.|
|Agreement on the Transfer of Corpses||Establishes rules and standards for the transport of human corpses across international borders. Intended to replace a similar 1937 treaty.|
|Sunningdale Agreement||Established a power-sharing Northern Ireland Executive under Brian Faulkner of the UUP and Gerry Fitt of the SDLP.|
|1974||Japan–Australia Migratory Bird Agreement[note 187]||Treaty between Australia and Japan to minimise harm to the major areas used by birds that migrate between the two countries; comes into force in 1981.|
|Threshold Test Ban Treaty[note 188]||Establishes a nuclear "threshold" by prohibiting nuclear tests of devices having a yield exceeding 150 kilotons.|
|1975||Treaty of Osimo||Divides the Free Territory of Trieste between Italy and Yugoslavia.|
|Treaty of Lagos||Establishes the Economic Community of West African States.|
|1976||Environmental Modification Convention[note 189]||Prohibits the military or other hostile use of environmental modification techniques; comes into force in 1978.|
|Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia||Treaty signed among the founding members of ASEAN and acceded to by all ASEAN members and 15 non-members.|
|Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims||Admiralty law treaty regarding liability for maritime claims.|
|1977||Torrijos–Carter Treaties||Abrogates the Hay–Bunau-Varilla Treaty and guarantees Panama its eventual control of the Panama Canal after 1999.|
|1978||Camp David Accords||Agreement between Egypt and Israel.|
|Treaty of Peace and Friendship between
Japan and the People's Republic of China
|Peace agreement between Japan and the People's Republic of China.|
|1979||Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty||Israel and Egypt agree to mutually recognize each other; Israel agrees to withdraw its troops from the Sinai Peninsula in return for Israeli ships to gain free passage through the Suez Canal.|
|Moon Treaty[note 190]||Turns jurisdiction of all heavenly bodies to the international community; goes into effect in 1984.|
|Treaty of Accession 1979||New members for the European union|
|Treaty of Montevideo||Both Argentina and Chile pledge to a peaceful solution to their border disputes at the Beagle Channel.|
|1983||Australia New Zealand Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement[note 191]||A free trade agreement between the governments of New Zealand and Australia.|
|1984||Sino-British Joint Declaration[note 192]||The United Kingdom relinquishes Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China.|
|Nkomati Accord||Nonagression treaty between Mozambique and the Republic of South Africa.|
|Oujda Treaty||Morocco and Libya establish the Arabic–African Union.|
|Treaty of Peace and Friendship of 1984 between Chile and Argentina||Resolves disputes between Argentina and Chile over the possession of the Picton, Lennox and Nueva islands.|
|1985||Plaza Accord||The Group of Five agree to devalue the US dollar in relation to the Japanese yen and German Deutsche Mark by intervening in currency markets.|
|Schengen Agreement||Establishes for the European Community a border system and a common policy on the temporary entry of persons.|
|1985 Helsinki Protocol on the Reduction of Sulphur Emissions[note 193]||Provides for a 30% reduction in sulphur emissions and their transboundary fluxes by 1993; comes into effect in 1987.|
|Treaty of Rarotonga[note 194]||Formalizes a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the South Pacific.|
|1986||China–Australia Migratory Bird Agreement||Treaty between Australia and China to minimise harm to major areas used by birds that migrate between the two countries; comes into force in 1988.|
|Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident||In the wake of the Chernobyl disaster, states agree to promptly notify each other and the IAEA of nuclear accidents that occur.|
|1987||Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty||Eliminates nuclear and conventional ground-launched ballistic and cruise missiles with ranges of 500 to 5,500 kilometers (300 to 3,400 miles); ratified and comes into force in 1988.|
|Joint Declaration on the Question of Macau[note 195]||Portugal relinquishes Macau to the People's Republic of China.|
|1988||Nitrogen Oxide Protocol[note 196]||Provides for the control or reduction of nitrogen oxides and their transboundary fluxes; comes into effect in 1991.|
|United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances||Enforcing the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs and the 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances.|
|Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Maritime Navigation||Criminalises hijacking and other dangerous acts on ships.|
|Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil Aviation||Criminalises dangerous or violent acts in airports|
|1989||Montreal Protocol[note 197]||Attempts to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production of a number of substances believed to be responsible for ozone depletion.|
|Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe[note 198]||Establishes limits on key categories of conventional military equipment in Europe and mandates the destruction of excess weaponry.|
|Timor Gap Treaty||Between the governments of Australia and Indonesia; rewritten in 2001.|
|Wellington Convention||Prohibits the use of fishing driftnets in the South Pacific that are longer than 2.5 metres.|
|1990||Malaysia–Singapore Points of Agreement of 1990||Treaty regarding the future of railway land owned by the Malaysian government through Malayan Railways in Singapore.|
|1990 Chemical Weapons Accord||On June 1, 1990 Presidents George H. W. Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev sign the bilateral U.S.-Soviet Chemical Weapons Accord.|
|Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany||The Four Powers renounce all rights they formerly held in Germany and Germany renounces all claims to territories east of the Oder–Neisse line.|
|1991||Brioni Agreement||Ends ten-day war in Slovenia.|
|Abuja Treaty||International agreement that creates the African Economic Community.|
|Treaty of Asunción||International treaty signed between Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay and Paraguay, served as the basis for the establishment of the Mercosur trade bloc.|
|Belavezha Accords||Agreement which declared the Soviet Union effectively dissolved and established the Commonwealth of Independent States in its place.|
|1992||Maastricht Treaty[note 199]||Establishes the European Union.|
|United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change[note 200]||Attempts to reduce emissions of greenhouse gas in order to combat global warming.|
|Treaty on Open Skies||Establishes an international program of unarmed aerial surveillance flights over all participants' territories.|
|CIS Collective Security Treaty||Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan establish framework for the Commonwealth of Independent States.|
|Sochi agreement||Georgian and South Ossetian forces signed a ceasefire to halt the contemporaneously recognized "civil war."|
|1993||Oslo I Accord[note 201]||Between the Israeli government and the Palestine Liberation Organization.|
|Chemical Weapons Convention[note 202]||Outlaws the production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons.|
|1994||Israel–Jordan peace treaty[note 203]||Normalizes relations between Israel and Jordan and resolves territorial disputes between them.|
|North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)||Free trade agreement between Canada, the United States of America, and Mexico.|
|Kremlin accords||Stops the preprogrammed aiming of nuclear missiles at targets in any nation and provides for the dismantling of Russian nuclear weapons in Ukraine.|
|Bishkek Protocol||Provisional ceasefire agreement between Armenia and Azerbaijan.|
|United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea[note 204]||Provides universal legal controls for the management of marine natural resources and the control of pollution.|
|United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification[note 205]||Agreement to combat desertification and to mitigate the effects of drought; comes into force in 1996.|
|Convention on Nuclear Safety||States agree to general safety rules regarding civilian nuclear power plants and programmes.|
|Budapest Memorandum on Security Assurances||Provides security guarantee to Ukraine, Kazakhstan and Belarus from US, UK and Russia.|
|1995||Dayton Agreement[note 206]||Ends Bosnian War.|
|General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATT)[note 207]||Extends the multilateral trading system to provide services (i.e. tertiary sector of industry).|
|1996||Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty[note 208]||Forbids all nuclear explosions in all environments for military or civilian purposes.|
|Khasavyurt Accord||Ceasefire agreement that ends the First Chechen War.|
|WIPO Copyright Treaty[note 209]||Provides additional protections for copyright deemed necessary due to advances in information technology.|
|WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty[note 210]||Establishes rights and privileges for performers and producers of audio-visual works.|
|1997||Amsterdam Treaty[note 211]||Substantially revises the Maastricht Treaty; comes into effect on May 1, 1999.|
|Ottawa Treaty[note 212]||Bans all anti-personnel landmines (AP-mines).|
|Chemical Weapons Convention[note 213]||Outlaws the production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons.|
|Kyoto Protocol[note 214]||Mandates the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions; negotiated in 1997, ratified in 2004, and went into effect in 2005.|
|Russian - Ukrainian Friendship Treaty[note 215]||Fixes the principle of strategic partnership, the recognition of the inviolability of existing borders, respect for territorial integrity and mutual commitment not to use its territory to harm the security of each other. Ratified in 1998 by Ukraine and in 1999 by Russia. Still in force.|
|1998||Good Friday Agreement[note 216]||Major political development in the Northern Ireland peace process.|
|POP Air Pollution Protocol[note 217]||Agreement to provide for the control and reduction of emissions of persistent organic pollutants; has not yet come into effect.|
|Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court[note 218]||Establishes the International Criminal Court.|
|1999||Adapted Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty||Replaces ceilings given to NATO and the Warsaw Pact with territorial ones.|
|East African Community Treaty||Establishes the East African Community between Uganda, Kenya and the Republic of Tanzania; goes into effect on July 7, 2000.|
|Kumanovo Agreement||Concluded the Kosovo War; went into effect on June 9, 1999.|
|Narrative Protocol on Eastern and Western Sections of the China-Russia Boundary between the Government of the People’s Republic of China and the Government of the Russian Federation||China’s Jiang Zemin and Russia’s president, Boris Yeltsin, signed in Beijing on Dec 9th, 1999. The treaty formally recognized 1.6 million square kilometers of land occupied by Russia belongs to Russia, and gave Russia the exit point of the Tumen River, cutting off northeast China from the Sea of Japan|
|Treaty Between the United States of America and Ukraine on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters||Establishes an agreement to provide mutual assistance in connection with the investigation, prosecution and prevention of offenses, and in proceedings related to criminal matters.|
|2000||Cotonou Agreement||Attempts to reduce poverty and integrate the ACP countries into the world economy; came into force in 2002.|
|Patent Law Treaty[note 219]||Harmonizes formal procedures such as the requirements to obtain a filing date for a patent application, the form and content of a patent application, and representation.|
|Treaty of Jeddah (2000)||Resolves a border dispute between Saudi Arabia and Yemen that dates backs to Saudi boundary claims made in 1934.|
|2001||Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels||Attempts to prevent the decline of seabird populations in the southern hemisphere, particularly albatrosses and procellariidae.|
|Treaty of Nice||Amends two founding treaties of the European Union.|
|Ohrid Agreement||Ends the armed conflict between the Albanian National Liberation Army and Macedonia.|
|2001 Sino-Russian Treaty of Friendship||Twenty-year strategic treaty between Russia and the People's Republic of China.|
|Convention on Cybercrime||Prohibits the use of computers or networks as tools for criminal activity.|
|2002||ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution||Between ASEAN nations to bring haze pollution under control in Southeast Asia.|
|Gbadolite Agreement||Attempts to cease hostilities between the warring factions in the Second Congo War; treaty has limited effect.|
|Pretoria Accord||Rwandan troops withdraw from the Democratic Republic of the Congo in exchange for international commitment towards the disarmament of the interahamwe and the ex-FAR fighters.|
|Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty[note 220]||Limits the nuclear arsenals of Russia and the United States.|
|2003||ASEAN Free Trade Area[note 221]||Agreement by the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, of local manufacturing in all ASEAN countries.|
|Treaty of Accession 2003||Integrates ten nations into the European Union; came into force on May 1, 2004.|
|Accra Comprehensive Peace Agreement||Ended the Second Liberian Civil War on August 18, 2003.|
|WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control[note 222]||First public health treaty of the world; came into force on February 27, 2005. Its purpose is to "protect present and future generations from the devastating health, social, environmental and economic consequences of tobacco consumption and exposure to tobacco smoke."|
|2004||International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture[note 223]||Assures farmers' facilitated access to seeds of the world's food security crops; came into force on June 29, 2004.|
|2005||Comprehensive Peace Agreement[note 224]||Ended the Second Sudanese Civil War between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Army; creates the Government of National Unity. Signed on January 9, 2005 and scheduled for full implementation by July 9, 2011.|
|Energy Community Treaty||Establishes the Energy Community.|
|Treaty of Accession 2005||Integrates two nations (Bulgaria and Romania) into the European Union; came into force on January 1, 2007.|
|2006||Tripoli Agreement[note 225]||Ends Chadian-Sudanese conflict.|
|Waziristan Accord[note 226]||Ends Waziristan War.|
|St Andrews Agreement||Resolves outstanding grievances in the Northern Ireland peace process, enabling devolved power-sharing government to resume.|
|2007||Treaty of Lisbon||Reforming the European Union.|
|ASEAN Charter||New constitution making the Association of Southeast Asian Nations a legal entity.|
|2008||UNASUR Constitutive Treaty||Treaty establishing the Union of South American Nations.|
|2010||Barents Sea border treaty||Treaty signed 15 September in Murmansk between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Kingdom of Norway. This treaty ends decades of negotiations over the maritime border in the Barents Sea.|
|Global Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Persons||A human trafficking action plan adopted by the United Nations|
|2011||Arctic Search and Rescue Agreement||Treaty among the 8 member states of the Arctic Council signed 12 May 2011. It coordinates international search and rescue (SAR) coverage and response in the Arctic.|
|Treaty of Accession 2011||Integrates Croatia into the European Union; came into force on July 1, 2013.|
|2012||Framework Agreement on the Bangsamoro||Treaty between the Philippine government and the Islamic militant group, Moro Islamic Liberation Front. The treaty seeks to create a new autonomous political entity named Bangsamoro to replace the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.|
|2013||Intergovernmental Agreement on Dry Ports||Treaty among the members of the member states of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific to facilitate cooperation in the development of a network of dry ports in Asia.|
|2014||Convention on the Manipulation of Sports Competitions||Council of Europe treaty to combat match fixing in sports|
|Treaty on the Accession of Crimea to Russia||Treaty signed between Russia and the self-declared independent Republic of Crimea which is only recognised by a small number of countries|
|2015||Paris Agreement||Agreement dealing with greenhouse gas emissions mitigation|
|2017||Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons||The first legally binding international agreement to comprehensively prohibit nuclear weapons, with the goal of leading towards their total elimination.|
|2018||Prespa agreement||The final agreement between Greece and the Republic of Macedonia for the name of the second.|
|2019||Treaty of Aachen (2019)||Bilateral treaty for regional issues; including, military, cultural, and political issues. With special attention being given to defense politics.|
- Also known as the Treaty of Cassius.
- Also known as the Fifty-Years Peace
- Also known as the Pact of Andelot.
- Also known as the Treaty of Tudmir.
- Also known as the Treaty of Tudején.
- Also known as the Treaty of Winchester or the Treaty of Westminster.
- Also known as the First Treaty of Constance.
- Also known as the Peace of Venice.
- Also known as the Treaty of Cazola.
- Also known as the Second Treaty of Constance.
- Also known as the Confoederatio cum principibus ecclesiasticis.
- Also known as the Treaty of Almiçra.
- Also known as the Treaty of Albeville.
- Also known as the Peace of Bratislava.
- Also known as a sentencia arbitral, "sentence by arbitration."
- Also known as the Treaty of Oreshek
- Also known as the Treaty of Rhense.
- Also known as the Second Treaty of London.
- Also known as the Treaty of Dubissa.
- Also known as the Krėva Act.
- Also known as the Pact of Horodło.
- Also known as the Reconciliation of Delft.
- Also known as the Pact of Grodno.
- Also known as the Peace of Copenhagen.
- Also known as the Treaty of Edirne.
- Also known as the Peace of Lodi.
- Also known as the Treaty of Westminster-Ardtornish.
- Also known as the Peace of Conflans.
- Also known as the Second Treaty of Thorn or Toruń.
- Also known as the Treaty of Alcáçovas-Toledo.
- Also known as the Treaty of Verger or the Treaty of Le Verger.
- Also known as the Capitulation of Granada.
- Also known as the Treaty of Várad.
- Also known as the Treaties of Greenwich.
- Also known as the Treaty of Karlsburg.
- Also known as the Edict of January.
- Also known as the Treaty of Longjumeau or the Edict of Longjumeau.
- Also known as the Edict of Beaulieu-les-Loches or the Peace of Monsieur.
- Also known as the Edict of Poitiers.
- Also known as the Perpetual Edict.
- Also known as the Edict of Fleix and the Peace of Fleix.
- Also known as the Treaty of Tyavzino or the Eternal Peace with Sweden in Russia.
- Also known as the Peace of Zsitvatorok.
- Also known as the Peace of Vienna.
- Also known as the Twelve Years Truce.
- Also known as the Treaty of Bruzolo.
- Also known as Guswhenta or Kaswhenta.
- Also known as the Treaty of Dywilino.
- Also known as the Peace of Mikulov.
- Also known as the Peace of Montpellier.
- Also known as the Peace of Bratislava.
- Also known as the Treaty of Stary Targ.
- Also known as the Edict of Alès.
- Also known as the Treaty of Ratisbonne.
- Also known as the Treaty of Polanów or the Treaty of Polyanov.
- Also known as the Treaty of Stuhmsdorf, the Armistice of Stuhmsdorf, the Peace of Stuhmsdorf, and the Truce of Stuhmsdorf.
- Also known as the Peace of Berwick or the Pacification of Berwick.
- Also known as the Peace of Qasr-e-Shirin.
- Also known as the Peace of Brömsebro.
- Also known as the Treaty of Ulm.
- Also known as the Treaties of Münster and Osnabrück.
- Also known as the Partition Treaty of 1648.
- Also known as the Høje Taastrup Peace.
- Also known as the Peace of Oliva.
- Also known as the Peace of Cardis.
- Also known as the Treaty of Purandhar.
- Also known as the Treaty Between Virginia And The Indians 1677
- Also known as the Treaty of The Hague or the First Partition Treaty.
- Also known as the Treaty of Karlovci.
- Also known as the Second Partition Treaty.
- Also known as the Peace of Szatmár.
- Also known as the Treaty of Požarevac.
- Also known as the Treaty of The Hague.
- Also known as the Treaty of the Three Black Eagles and as the Treaty of Berlin.
- Also known as the Treaty of Turku.
- Also known as the Treaty of Gianti Java or Gianti Agreement.
- Also known as the Peace of Paris and the Treaty of 1763.
- Also known as the Hanguranketha Treaty.
- Also known as the Treaty of Purandhar.
- Also known as the Treaty of Amity and Commerce between The United States and France.
- Also known as the Franco-American Alliance.
- Also known as the Treaty with the Delawares or the Fourth Treaty of Pittsburgh.
- Also known as the Beaufort Convention.
- Also known as the Treaty of London.
- Also known as the Treaty of San Lorenzo, the Treaty of Madrid, and the Treaty of Friendship, Limits, and Navigation Between Spain and the United States.
- Also known as the Hedges Treaty.
- Also known as the Treaty of Peace and Friendship.
- Also known as the Peace of Leoben.
- Also known as the Preliminary and Secret Treaty between the French Republic and His Catholic Majesty the King of Spain, Concerning the Aggrandizement of His Royal Highness the Infant Duke of Parma in Italy and the Retrocession of Louisiana.
- Also known as the Convention of 1800.
- Also known as the Peace of Badajoz.
- Also known as the Treaty with the Osage or the Osage Treaty.
- Also known as the Dardanelles Treaty of Peace, Commerce, and Secret Alliance, the Treaty of Çanak, and the Treaty of Chanak.
- Also known as the Treaty of Fredrikshamn.
- Also known as the Treaty of Vienna.
- Also known in other spellings as the Treaty of Toeplitz and the Treaty of Toplitz.
- Also known as the Convention of London.
- Also known as the Treaty with the Creeks, 1814.
- Also known as the Segowlee Treaty.
- Also known as the Treaty of the Foot of the Rapids.
- Also known as the Convention respecting fisheries, boundary, and the restoration of slaves, the London Convention, the Convention of 1818, or the Anglo-American Convention of 1818.
- Also known as the Treaty with the Osage or the Osage Treaty.
- Also known as the Treaty of Amity, Settlement, and Limits Between the United States of America and His Catholic Majesty, the Transcontinental Treaty of 1819, and the Florida Purchase Treaty.
- Also known as the Treaty with the Choctaw.
- Also known as the Treaty of London.
- Also known as the Convention Between the United States of America and His Majesty the Emperor of All the Russias, Relative to Navigating, Fishing, Etc., in the Pacific Ocean.
- Also known as the Treaty with the Osage.
- Also known as the Treaty of Mississinewa.
- Also known as the Convention of 1839.
- Also known as the Treaty of Peace, Friendship and Commerce
- Also known as the Sino-American Treaty of Wanghia.
- Also known as the Treaty with the United Kingdom, in Regard to Limits Westward of the Rocky Mountains, and the Treaty of Washington.
- Also known as the Tratado de Paz, Amistad, Navegación y Comercio (Treaty of Peace, Friendship, Navigation and Trade).
- Also known as the Treaty of Kuldja.
- Also known as the Kanagawa Treaty.
- Officially known as a Treaty of Friendship and Commerce.
- Also known as the Elgin-Marcy Treaty.
- Also known as the Congress of Paris.
- Also known as the Harris Treaty.
- Also known as the First Convention of Peking.
- Also known as the Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded in Armies in the Field, 1864.
- Also known as the Second Treaty of London.
- Also known as the Meter Convention and the Treaty of the Meter.
- Also known as the Nitchō-shūkōjōki or Treaty of Ganghwa.
- Also known as the Treaty of Al-Qasr as-Sa'id and the Treaty of Kasser Said.
- Also known as the Treaty of Protectorate.
- Also known as the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works.
- Also known as the Anglo-German Agreement of 1890.
- Also known as the Madrid Agreement concerning the International Registration of Marks
- Also known as the Treaty of Maguan.
- Also known as the Second Convention of Peking.
- Also known as the Peace Agreement between the Great Powers and China.
- Also known as the Treaty No Panamanian Signed.
- Also known as the Taft-Katsura Memorandum.
- Also known as the Bangkok Treaty of 1909.
- Also known as the Treaty concerning Spitsbergen.
- Also known as the Articles of Agreement for a Treaty Between Great Britain and Ireland.
- Also known as the Treaty of Riga.
- Also known as the Accord of Ankara, the Franklin-Bouillon Agreement and the Franco-Turkish Agreement of Ankara.
- Also known as the Five-Power Treaty.
- Also known as the Pact of Paris.
- Also known as the Treaty for the Limitation and Reduction of Naval Armament.
- Also known as the Statute of Westminster 1931.
- Also known as the Treaty of Establishment, Commerce and Navigation with Full Protocols and Annex.
- Also known as the Saadabad Pact.
- Also known as the Hitler–Stalin Pact, the German–Soviet Nonaggression Pact, the or Nazi–Soviet Pact and formally as the Treaty of Nonaggression between Germany and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
- Also known as the Treaty of Vis.
- Also known as the Varkiza Pact and the Varkiza Peace Agreement.
- Also known formally as the Protocol Amending the Agreements, Conventions and Protocols on Narcotic Drugs concluded at The Hague on 23 January 1912, at Geneva on 11 February 1925 and 19 February 1925, and 13 July 1931, at Bangkok on 27 November 1931 and at Geneva on 26 June 1936.
- Also known as the Treaty of General Relations Between The United States Of America And The Republic Of The Philippines (archived from the original on 2009-03-26).
- Also known, in abbreviated form, as GATT.
- Also known as the Rio Treaty and Rio Pact.
- Also known as the Treaty of Washington.
- Also known as GCIV.
- Also known formally as the Treaty between the Republic of Poland and the German Democratic Republic concerning the demarcation of the established and existing Polish-German state border.
- Also known as San Francisco Peace Treaty and the Treaty of Peace with Japan.
- Also known as the Australia, New Zealand, United States Security Treaty.
- Also known as the Sino-Japanese Peace Treaty.
- Also known as the Deutschlandvertrag.
- Also known, in abbreviated form, as CENTO; original name was the Middle East Treaty Organization or METO; also known as the Baghdad Pact.
- Also known as the Manila Pact.
- Also known as the Bandung Conference.
- Also known as the Austrian Independence Treaty.
- Also known as the Warsaw Treaty and the Treaty of Friendship, Co-operation and Mutual Assistance.
- Also known, in 1963, as the Anglo-Malaysian Defence Agreement.
- Also known as the Treaty establishing the European Economic Community.
- Also known, in abbreviated form, as ATS.
- Also known as the Limited Test Ban Treaty, the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty and the Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests In The Atmosphere, In Outer Space And Under Water.
- Also known as the Franco-German Partnership.
- Also known as the Strasbourg Patent Convention and the Convention on the Unification of Certain Points of Substantive Law on Patents for Invention.
- Also known as the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean.
- Also known as the Bangkok Declaration.
- Also known as the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization.
- Also known as the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies.
- Also known as the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.
- Also known, in abbreviated form, as the VCLT.
- Also known, in abbreviated form, as the PCT.
- Also known, in abbreviated form, as the FPDA.
- Also known as the Strasbourg Agreement Concerning the International Patent Classification.
- Also known as the Seabed Treaty.
- Also known as the ABM Treaty or ABMT.
- Also known as the Treaty concerning the basis of relations between the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic.
- Also known as the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction.
- Also known formally as the Joint Communiqué of the Government of Japan and the Government of the People's Republic of China.
- Also known as the Simla Pact and the Simla Treaty.
- Also known as the Convention on the Grant of European Patents.
- Also known, in abbreviated form, as JAMBA.
- Also known as the Treaty on the Limitation of Underground Nuclear Weapon Tests.
- Also known as the Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques.
- Also known as the Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies or the Moon Agreement.
- Also known, in its abbreviated form, as ANZCERTA.
- Also known formally as the Joint Declaration of the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the People's Republic of China on the Question of Hong Kong.
- Also known as the Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution on the Reduction of Sulphur Emissions or Their Transboundary Fluxes by at Least 30%.
- Also known as the South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty.
- Also known formally as the Joint Declaration of the Government of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of Portugal on the question of Macao.
- Also known as the Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution Concerning the Control of Emissions of Nitrogen Oxides or Their Transboundary Fluxes.
- Also known as the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.
- Also known, in its abbreviated form, as the CFE.
- Also known formally as the Treaty on European Union.
- Also known, in its abbreviated forms, as the UNFCCC or the FCCC.
- Also known as the Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements or the Declaration of Principles (DOP).
- Also known formally as the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction.
- Also known formally as the Treaty of Peace Between the State of Israel and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.
- Also known, in its abbreviated form, as the UNCLOS.
- Also known as the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa.
- Also known as the Dayton Accords, the Dayton-Paris Agreement and the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
- Also known, in its abbreviated form, as the GATS.
- Also known, in its abbreviated form, as the CTBT.
- Also known as the World Intellectual Property Organization Copyright Treaty.
- Also known, in its abbreviated form, as the WPPT.
- Also known as the Treaty of Amsterdam amending the Treaty of the European Union, the Treaties establishing the European Communities and certain related acts.
- Also known as the Mine Ban Treaty and the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction.
- Also known as the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction.
- Also known formally as the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
- Also known formally as the Treaty on Friendship, Cooperation, and Partnership between Ukraine and the Russian Federation.
- Also known as the Belfast Agreement and rarely known as the Stormont Agreement.
- Also known as the Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution on Persistent Organic Pollutants.
- Also known as the Rome Statute.
- Also known, in its abbreviated form, as the PLT.
- Also known as the Moscow Treaty and SORT.
- Also known, in its abbreviated form, as AFTA.
- Also known, in abbreviated form, as FCTC.
- Also known as the International Seed Treaty.
- Also known as the Naivasha Agreement.
- Also known as the Libya Accord or the Tripoli Declaration.
- Also known as the North Waziristan Accord.
- Nussbaum, Arthur (1954). A concise history of the law of nations. pp. 1–2.
- Peace Treaty between Ramses II and Hattusili III
- Ramses and the first Peace Treaty in History
- Christopher, John Smith (1996). Early Rome and Latium: Economy and Society C. 1000 to 500 BC. Oxford University Press. p. 212.
- Thucydides. History of the Peloponnesian War. pp. Book 5, 13–24.
- Xenophon. Hellenica. pp. Book 5, Chapter 1, Page 31.
- Lazenby, J. F. (1996). First Punic War: A Military History. Stanford University Press.
- Lazenby, J. F. (1998). Hannibal's War: A Military History of the Second Punic War. p. 178.
- Polybius. World History. pp. Book 21, Page 42.
- "1 Maccabees 8:17–8:20". oremus Bible Browser.
- Gillespie, Alexander. The Causes of War: Volume 1: 3000 BCE to 1000 CE. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 143.
- Suny, Ronald Grigor (1994). The Making of the Georgian Nation. Indiana University Press.
- Evans, James Allan Stewart (2005). The Emperor Justinian and the Byzantine Empire. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 90.
- Armstrong, Karen (2007). Muhammad: A Prophet of Our Time. New York: HarperCollins Publishing. pp. 175, 181.
- Rosenwein, Barbara, H. (2006). Reading the Middle Ages: Sources from Europe, Byzantium, and the Islamic World. Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview. p. 92.
- Fine, John, V. A. (2006). When Ethnicity Did Not Matter in the Balkans. University of Michigan Press.
- Thursten, Tina, L. (2001). Landscapes of Power, Landscapes of Conflict: State Formation in the South Scandinavian Iron Age. Kluwer Academic. p. 67.
- Skinner, Patricia (2013). Medieval Amalfi and Its Diaspora, 800-1250. Oxford University Press. p. 114.
- Snell, Melissa (October 21, 2018). "The Treaty of Verdun". ThoughtCo.
- Hugh, Chrisholm (1911). "Mersen Treaty of" Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ediction). Cambridge University Press.
- Whitelock, Dorothy. English Historical Documents 500-1042.
- Bradbury. Predatory Kinship and the Creation of Norman Power, 840 - 1066: Model and Evidences. pp. Chapters 1–3.
- Geary, Patrick, J. (1993). Living in the Tenth Century: Mentalities and Social Orders. Chicago, United States: University of Chicago Press. p. 26.
- Wright, David, C. (Winter 2018). "THE SUNG-KITAN WAR OF A.D. 1004-1005 AND THE TREATY OF SHAN-YÜAN". Journal of Asian History. 32 (1): 20–21. JSTOR 41933065.
- Knefelkamp, Ulrich (2002). Das Mittelalter. UTB M (in German).
- Gregory, Timothy, E. (2010). A History of Byzantium. Malden Massachusetts: John Wiley & Sons.
- "1091: The People's Chronology". enotes.com.
- Komnene, Anna. The Alexiad. pp. Books X–XIII.
- Lay, S. (2008). The Reconquest Kings of Portugal: Political and Cultural Reorientation on the Medieval Frontier. Springer.
- Barton, Simon (1997). The Aristocracy in Twelfth-Century León and Castile. Cambridge University Press.
- Dummet, Jeremy. Palermo, City of Kings: The Heart of Sicily. 2015.
- Barton, Simon (1992). "Two Catalan magnates in the courts of the kings of León-Castile: The careers of Ponce de Cabrera and Ponce de Minerva re-examined". Journal of Medieval History.
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- "The Peace of Venice; 1177". The Avalon Project.
- Kleinhenz, Christopher (2017). Routledge Revivals: Medieval Italy (2004): An Encyclopedia, Volume 1. Routledge. p. 249.
- DWD. "Today in Middle Eastern history: the Treaty of Jaffa ends the Third Crusade (1192)". And That's The Way It Is.
- Bradbury, Jim. Philip Augustus: King of France 1180-1223. p. 134.
- Thomas & Tafel (1856). Urkunden zur älteren Handels- und Staatsgeschichte der Republik Venedig, mit besonderer Beziehung auf Byzanz und die Levante: Vom neunten bis zum Ausgang des fünfzehnten Jahrhunderts. 1. Theil (814–1205). Vienna, Austria: Kaiserlich-Königliche Hof- und Staatsdruckerei.
- Merinsky & Meznick (1998). The making of the Czech state: Bohemia and Moravia from the tenth to the fourteenth centuries. Teich, Mikulas: Cambridge University Press. p. 51.
- Harrison & Breay. "Magna Carta: an introduction".
- Fukuyama, Francis. What's Wrong With Hungary?.
- Kibler, Westcott (1995). Medieval France: An Encyclopedia.
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- Claude, Lebedel (2011). Understanding the tragedy of the Cathars. Ouest France. p. 96.
- Gottschalk, Joseph (1976). Archiv für schlesische Kirchengeschichte. August Lax Verlag.
- Norman, Davies (2012). Vanished Kingdoms: The Rise and Fall of States and Nations. Penguin Press.
- Wehrmann, Martin (1904). Geschichte von Pommern. F.A. Perthes. p. 100.
- "Treaty of York - 1237". BBC. 2014.
- Simas Sužiedėlis, ed. (1970–78). "Christburg, Treaty of". Encyclopedia Lituanica. I. Boston, Massachusetts: Juozas Kapočius. pp. 513–14. LCC 74-114275.
- Sundberg, Ulf (1997). Svenska freder och stillestånd 1249-1814 (in Swedish).
- I. J. Sanders (January 1951). "The Texts of the Peace of Paris, 1259". The English Historical Review. Oxford University Press. 66 (258): 81–97. doi:10.1093/ehr/lxvi.cclviii.81. JSTOR 556491. From JSTOR, courtesy of The Wikipedia Library; subscription required.
- R. Wickson, The Community of the Realm in Thirteenth Century England (London 1970) p. 50
- Summaries of Judgments, Advisory Opinions and Orders of the International Court of Justice: Minquiers and Ecrehos Case Judgment of 17 November 1953
- Ostrogorsky, George (1969). History of the Byzantine State. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press.
- Jakobsson, Sverrir; Halfdanarson, Gudmundur (2016). Historical Dictionary of Iceland. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. p. 175. ISBN 9781442262904.
- "Agreement between Magnus IV and Alexander III, 1266". isleofman.com. 2009-09-23. The text of the treaty.
- Gerli, E. Michael (2017). Routledge Revivals: Medieval Iberia (2003): An Encyclopedia. Oxon: Routledge. p. 36. ISBN 9781138062450.
- Kenneth Meyer Setton, The Papacy and the Levant, 1204-1571: The thirteenth and fourteenth centuries p.104
- Vela Palomares, Susanna; Govern d'Andorra; Ministry of Social Affairs and Culture (1997). "Andorra – First and second Paréages (feudal charters)". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Retrieved 14 December 2010.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Nicol, Donald MacGillivray (1988). Byzantium and Venice: A Study in Diplomatic and Cultural Relations. Cambridge University Press. pp. 208–209. ISBN 0-521-42894-7. Retrieved 2008-03-25.
- "Margaret: Manuscript - 1290, 14 March, Birgham - Parliamentary Records - Letters: confirmation of the treaty of Salisbury" (in Old French and English). Records of the Parliaments of Scotland to 1707, University of St Andrews. Retrieved 2009-10-03.
- "FR01 - Auld Alliance". www.scottishdiasporatapestry.org.
- Jacoby, David (2015). "The Catalan Company in the East: The Evolution of an Itinerant Army (1303-1311)". The Medieval Way of War: Studies in Medieval Military History in Honor of Bernard S. Bachrach.
- McKitterick, Reuter, Abulfalia, and Allmond (1995). The New Cambridge Medieval History: C. 1198-C. 1300. Cambridge University Press. p. 752. ISBN 0-521-36289-X.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Wolf-Dieter Mohrmann, Der Landfriede im Ostseeraum während des späten Mittelalters, Lassleben, 1972, p. 95, ISBN 3-7847-4002-2.
- Tarkiainen, Kari (2010). Ruotsin itämaa. Helsinki: Svenska litteratursällskapet i Finland. p. 71. ISBN 978-951-583-212-2.
- "Treaty Between the Ottawa, Chippewa, Wyandot, and Potawatomi Indians". World Digital Library. 1807-11-17. Retrieved 2013-08-03.
- Written Proclamation <http://avalon.law.yale.edu/19th_century/ot1862.asp>
- Augustus Oakes and R.B. Mowat, The Great European Treaties of the Nineteenth Century (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1918), pp. 8-9. On Google Books.
- Tough, Frank (1997). As Their Natural Resources Fail: Native Peoples and the Economic History of Northern Manitoba, 1870–1930 (Digitized online by Google books). UBC Press. p. 148. ISBN 0-7748-0571-4. Retrieved 2008-01-05.
- W.E. Daugherty, Treaty 3 Research Report (1873). Indian and Northern Affairs, Canada, 1985
- "Treaty 3 between Her Majesty the Queen and the Saulteaux Tribe of the Ojibbeway Indians at the Northwest Angle on the Lake of the Woods with Adhesions". Indian and Northern Affairs Canada. Government of Canada. 2008-11-03. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
- Stonechild, Blair (2006). "Treaty 3 between Her Majesty the Queen and the Saulteaux Tribe of the Ojibbeway Indians at the Northwest Angle on the Lake of the Woods with Adhesions4". The Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan. Canadian plains research center, University of Regina. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
- "Treaty Guide to Treaty No. 5 (1875)". Indian and Northern Affairs Canada. Government of Canada. 2008-11-03. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
- Beal, Bob (2006). "Treaty 6". The Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan. Canadian plains research center, University of Regina. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
- "Alberta Online Encyclopedia – Treaty 7 – Treaty 7 Past and Present …". Heritage Community Foundation. Albertasource.ca. 2006. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
- Ninomiya, Masato O centenário do Tratado de Amizade, Comércio e Navegação entre Brasil e Japão November 18, 2011
- "The Making of Treaty 8 in Canada's Northwest". Heritage Community Foundation. Albertasource.ca. 2002. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
- "TREATY BETWEEN SPAIN AND THE UNITED STATE FOR CESSION OF OUTLYING ISLANDS OF THE PHILIPPINES" (PDF). University of the Philippines. November 7, 1900. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 26, 2012.
- "James Bay Treaty Turns 100: "Peoples and Events Shaping Treaty No. 9"". Archives of Ontario. Government of Ontario. 2002. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
- "Treaty Guide to Treaty No. 10 (1906)". Indian and Northern Affairs of Canada. Government of Canada. 2008-11-03. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
- "Treaty Guide to Treaty No. 11 (1921)". Indian and Northern Affairs of Canada. Government of Canada. 2008-11-03. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
- s:Korean Armistice Agreement
- "Treaty Between the United States of America and Ukraine on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters with Annex, signed at Kiev on July 22, 1998, and with an Exchange of Notes signed on September 30, 1999, which provides for its provisional application" (PDF). United States Congress. November 10, 1999.
- Constitutive Treaty of the Union of South American Nations Archived 2008-12-06 at the Wayback Machine Ministry of External Relations. Accessed on May 25, 2008.
-  Archived 2012-10-12 at the Wayback Machine The treaty text in Norwegian
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- "Unterzeichnung in Aachen: "Unterwerfung eingeleitet": Warum manche Franzosen Vertrag mit Deutschland fürchten". Focus (in German). January 2019. Retrieved 2019-01-24.
- Treaty of Peace with Japan Signed at San Francisco on 8 September 1951
- Treaty of Peace Between Japan and India (1952)
- Treaty of Peace Between Japan and the Union of Burma (1954)
- Agreement Between Japan and Thailand Concerning Settlement of "Special Yen Problem" (1955)
- Reparations Agreement Between Japan and the Republic of the Philippines (1956)
- Treaty of Peace Between Japan and the Republic of Indonesia (1958)
- Reparations Agreement Between Japan and the Republic of Vietnam (1959)
- Agreement of 21st September, 1967, Between Japan and the Republic of Singapore
- Agreement of 21st September, 1967, Between Japan and Malaysia
- Joint Communique of the Government of Japan and the Government of the People's Republic of China (1972)
- China and Russia sign border pact on Dec 9th, 1999