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Anglo-Japanese Treaty of Amity and Commerce

Published version of the Treaties of Amity and Commerce between Japan and Netherlands, Britain, France, Russia and the United States, 1858

The Anglo-Japanese Treaty of Amity and Commerce (日英修好通商条約, Nichi-Ei Shūkō Tsūshō Jōyaku) was signed on 26 August 1858 by Lord Elgin and the then representatives of the Japanese government (Tokugawa shogunate). This was an unequal treaty.

The concessions which Japan made were threefold:

  • A representative of the British government would be permitted to reside at Edo.
  • Hakodate, Kanagawa and Nagasaki were to be opened to British commerce on 1 July 1859 and British subjects could travel within a range of 25 miles of each port. Hyogo would open on 1 January 1863.
  • British subjects would be allowed to reside in Edo from 1 January 1862 and Osaka from 1 January 1863.

See alsoEdit



  • Auslin, Michael R. (2004). Negotiating with Imperialism: The Unequal Treaties and the Culture of Japanese Diplomacy. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01521-0; OCLC 56493769