Huangpu River

The Huangpu (About this soundpronunciation ), formerly romanized as Whangpoo,[2] is a manmade 113-kilometer-long (70 mi) river flowing north through Shanghai that was first excavated and created by Lord Chunshen, one of the Four Lords of the Warring States. It is the last significant tributary of the Yangtze before the Yangtze empties into the East China Sea. The Bund and Lujiazui are located along the Huangpu River.

Huangpu River
Pu Jiang (浦江)
Chunshen Jiang (春申江)
Shen Jiang (申江)
20090426 Shanghai 5243.jpg
A view of the Huangpu River as it flows through downtown Shanghai.
Native name
Physical characteristics
SourceDianshan Lake
 • locationQingpu, Shanghai, China
MouthYangtze River
 • location
Baoshan, Shanghai, China
Length113 km (70 mi)
 • average180 m3/s (6,400 cu ft/s)[1]
Basin features
 • leftSuzhou Creek
Huangpu River
Simplified Chinese
Traditional Chinese
PostalWhangpoo River
Satellite image of the Huangpu River near its confluence with Suzhou Creek on the west bank (left) and the Lujiazui area (right) on the east bank

The Huangpu is the largest river in central Shanghai, with the Suzhou Creek being its major tributary. It is on average 400 meters (1,312 ft) wide and 9 meters (30 ft) deep, and divides the city into two regions: Puxi ("west of Huangpu"), the traditional city center, and Pudong ("east of Huangpu").[3]


The following roadways, highways, and railways also cross the Huangpu River via a bridge:


A number lines of the Shanghai Metro cross underneath the river, including Line 12, Line 4, Line 2, Line 9, Line 4 (twice), Line 8, Line 13, and Line 11 (from north to south geographically).

There are several roadways which cross the Huangpu River via a tunnel, including:


Tour boat on the river at Pudong

There are currently several ferry lines operated by Shanghai Ferry. Numerous tour boats also ply the harbour in the Pudong area.


In March 2013, some 16,000 pig carcasses were found floating in the Huangpu River in Shanghai.[5] Some of the pigs carried ear tags saying they were from Jiaxing, so that city in Zhejiang may be the source; One news agency indicates that dead pigs are often dumped into rivers in China to avoid the disposal cost. [6] However local farmers deny the dumping allegation.[7]

See alsoEdit



  1. ^ (四)水文 (in Chinese)
  2. ^ Sladen (1895), p. 278.
  3. ^ "The New Huangpu River Both Banks". Archived from the original on 2014-04-13. Retrieved Apr 16, 2014.
  4. ^ "Shanghai Metro Line 5 South Extension to Start Test Runs". that's Shanghai. 10 August 2018. Retrieved 15 June 2020.
  5. ^ Hook, Leslie (May 14, 2013). "China: High and dry: Water shortages put a brake on economic growth". Financial Times. Retrieved 2013-05-15.
  6. ^ Barboza, David (March 17, 2014). "Dead pigs floating in Chinese river". Guardian.
  7. ^ Barboza, David (March 14, 2013). "A Tide of Death, but This Time Food Supply Is Safe". New York Times.


Coordinates: 31°23′19.72″N 121°30′55.12″E / 31.3888111°N 121.5153111°E / 31.3888111; 121.5153111