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The About this soundHuángpǔ , formerly romanized as Whangpoo,[n 1] is a 113-kilometer (70 mi) long river flowing through Shanghai that was first excavated and created by Lord Chunshen, one of the Four Lords of the Warring States during the Warring States period (475 BC - 221 BC). It is the last significant tributary of the Yangtze before it empties into the East China Sea. The Bund and Lujiazui are located along the river.

Huángpǔ River

Pu Jiang (浦江)
Chunshen Jiang (春申江)
Shen Jiang (申江)
20090426 Shanghai 5243.jpg
A view of the Huangpu River as it flows through downtown Shanghai.
Location
CountryChina
MunicipalityShanghai
Physical characteristics
SourceDianshan Lake
 - locationZhujiajiao, Qingpu, Shanghai, China
MouthYangtze River
 - location
Shanghai, People's Republic of China (PRC)
Length113 km (70 mi)
Discharge 
 - average180 m3/s (6,400 cu ft/s)[1]
Basin features
Tributaries 
 - leftSuzhou Creek
Huangpu River
Simplified Chinese
Traditional Chinese
PostalWhangpoo River
Literal meaningYellow Bank River
Satellite image of the Huangpu River passing through the Pudong district

The Huángpǔ (“Yellow Bank”) is the largest river in Shanghai, with Suzhou Creek being its major tributary. It is on average 400 metres (1,312 feet) wide and 9 metres (30 feet) deep. It divides the city into two regions: Pudong ("East Bank") and Puxi ("West Bank").[3]

Contents

BridgesEdit

TunnelsEdit

Many lines of the Shanghai Metro cross underneath the river. There are also many tunnels crossing under the river.

FerriesEdit

 
Tour boat on the river at Pudong

There are currently several ferry lines operated by Shanghai Ferry. As well, numerous tour boats also ply the harbour in the Pudong area.

ControversyEdit

In March 2013, some 16,000 pig carcasses were found floating in the Huangpu River in Shanghai.[4] Some of the pigs carried ear tags saying they were from Jiaxing, so that city in Zhejiang may be the source; One news agency indicates that dead pigs are often dumped into rivers in China to avoid the disposal cost. [5] However local farmers deny the dumping allegation.[6]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Variant spellings or names include Whang-Po[2] and Woosung.

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ (四)水文 (in Chinese)
  2. ^ Sladen (1895), p. 278.
  3. ^ "The New Huangpu River Both Banks". Archived from the original on 2014-04-13. Retrieved Apr 16, 2014.
  4. ^ Hook, Leslie (May 14, 2013). "China: High and dry: Water shortages put a brake on economic growth". Financial Times. Retrieved 2013-05-15.
  5. ^ Barboza, David (March 17, 2014). "Dead pigs floating in Chinese river". Guardian.
  6. ^ Barboza, David (March 14, 2013). "A Tide of Death, but This Time Food Supply Is Safe". New York Times.

BibliographyEdit

Coordinates: 31°23′19.72″N 121°30′55.12″E / 31.3888111°N 121.5153111°E / 31.3888111; 121.5153111