Nieszawa (Polish pronunciation: [ɲɛˈʂava]; German: Nessau) is a town and a commune in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, in north-central Poland. As of June 30, 2014, the town has a population of 1,985 people. It is located in the historic region of Kuyavia.

Town Hall on Market Square
Town Hall on Market Square
Coat of arms of Nieszawa
Nieszawa is located in Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship
Nieszawa is located in Poland
Coordinates: 52°50′12″N 18°54′05″E / 52.83667°N 18.90139°E / 52.83667; 18.90139
Country Poland
Voivodeship Kuyavian-Pomeranian
GminaNieszawa (urban gmina)
Town rights1460
 • Total9.79 km2 (3.78 sq mi)
50 m (160 ft)
 • Total1,985
 • Density200/km2 (530/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
Area code+48 54
Car platesCAL

History edit

Gothic Church of Saint Hedwig, High Duchess consort of Poland

The Statutes of Nieszawa, enacted in this town at 1454, have a significance in Polish legal and social history.

Nieszawa was granted town rights in 1460, and in the following centuries it was a royal town of the Polish Crown, administratively located in the Brześć Kujawski Voivodeship in the Greater Poland Province.

Following the joint German-Soviet invasion of Poland, which started World War II in September 1939, the town was invaded and then occupied by Germany. The Germans immediately carried mass arrests of Poles as part of the Intelligenzaktion.[1] Nieszawa was one of the sites of executions of Poles carried out by Germany in 1939 as part of the Intelligenzaktion.[1][2] In December 1939, the Germans also expelled around 1,000 Poles from the town.[1] Further expulsions of Poles were carried out in 1940.[3] Houses, offices, shops and workshops of expelled Poles were handed over to Germans as part of the Lebensraum policy.[4] In 1945 the German occupation ended and the town was restored to Poland, although with a Soviet-installed communist regime, which remained in power until the Fall of Communism in the 1980s.

Sights edit

The most important historic landmarks and sights of the town are the Gothic Church of Saint Hedwig (High Duchess consort of Poland), built in the 15th century, which possesses rich Gothic-Renaissance-Baroque interior, the Baroque Franciscan Monastery with the Church of the Invention of the Holy Cross, the Stanisław Noakowski Museum dedicated to Polish architect and artist Stanisław Noakowski, located in his former home, and the historic market square filled with old townhouses and the town hall.

Notable people edit

Gallery edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b c Wardzyńska, Maria (2017). Wysiedlenia ludności polskiej z okupowanych ziem polskich włączonych do III Rzeszy w latach 1939-1945 (in Polish). Warszawa: IPN. p. 177. ISBN 978-83-8098-174-4.
  2. ^ The Pomeranian Crime 1939. Warsaw: IPN. 2018. p. 43.
  3. ^ Wardzyńska, p. 225
  4. ^ Wardzyńska, p. 178, 225

External links edit