The Treaty of Senlis concerning the Burgundian succession was signed at Senlis, Oise on 23 May 1493 between Maximilian I of Habsburg and his son Philip "the Handsome", Archduke of Austria, and King Charles VIII of France.

Partition of Burgundy between 1477 and 1493

Background edit

After the last Valois Duke of Burgundy, Charles the Bold, had died without male heir at the 1477 Battle of Nancy, his cousin Louis XI of France was determined to come into his inheritance, especially the Burgundian Netherlands with the thriving County of Flanders. However, Mary the Rich, daughter of Charles the Bold, and her husband Maximilian also claimed their rights, which led to clashes of arms culminating at the 1479 Battle of Guinegate, concluded in favour of Mary and Maximilian. Nevertheless, Mary died in 1482 and according to the Treaty of Arras, Maximilian had to cede Burgundy, the County of Artois including the City of Arras and several minor lordships to France as dowry for the proposed marriage of their daughter, Margaret, with Louis' son Charles.

When Charles VIII, now King of France, married Anne of Brittany – who was at that time married in proxy to Maximilian – instead of Margaret, Maximilian urged the return of his daughter and the retrieval of the County of Burgundy, Artois and Charolais. In 1493, Charles VIII, stuck in the conflict with King Alfonso II of Naples, finally had to acknowledge the claims.

Contents edit

Based on the terms of the Senlis Treaty, all hostilities between France and the Seventeen Provinces were officially over. Moreover, the disputed territories were relinquished to the House of Habsburg and Artois and Flanders were annexed by the Holy Roman Empire. However, France was still able to retain powerful legal claims and outposts in both provinces.[1] The Duchy of Burgundy (with capital Dijon, not to be confused with the Free County of Burgundy with capital Dole), which had also been ceded to France in 1482, remained in French hands.

The Treaty of Senlis had 48 articles, called "items":[2]

  • 1. Peace has been made between the King of France and the Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 2–3, 13. The position of Margaret of Austria, Duchess of Savoy.
  • 4. Promise of friendship between Charles VIII of France and Philip of Austria.
  • 5–9. The Counties of Burgundy ("Bourgogne"), Artois, Charolais ("Charolois") and Nevers ("seigneurie de Noiers"), will be given back to the Holy Roman Emperor, but the cities and castles of Hesdin, Aire-sur-la-Lys ("Aire") and Béthune ("Betune"), remain in the possession of the King of France and his marshals.
  • 10. The Houses of Flanders, Artois and Conflans are given back to and delivered to the Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 11. The King of France will enjoy the Counties of Mâconnais ("Mâconnois"), Auxerrois and Bar-sur-Seine.
  • 18. This peace treaty has been concluded with the consent and agreement of the Bishop of Cambrai, the Count of Cambrésis, its clergy, towns and castles.

Notes edit

  1. ^ Potter, p. 255.
  2. ^ Dumont 1726, pp. 304–308.

References edit

  • Dumont, Jean (1726). Corps Universel Diplomatique Du Droit Des Gens: Contenant Un Recueil Des Traitez D'Alliance, De Paix, De Trêve,... qui ont été faits en Europe, depuis le Regne de l'Empereur Charlemagne jusques à présent. Amsterdam: P. Brunel, R. & G. Wetstein, Janssons-Waesberge, L'Honore' & Chatelain. pp. 303–308. Retrieved 30 May 2022. – Original text of the Treaty of Senlis in Middle French, as quoted in a 1726 copy.
  • Potter, David. A History of France, 1460-1560: The Emergence of a Nation-State. New Studies in Medieval History, 1995.

External links edit