Treaty of Daan

The Treaty of Daan (or Da'an) (Arabic: صلح دعان‎) was an agreement signed on 9 October 1911 at Daan in the Yemen Vilayet by a representative of the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Imam Yahya Muhammad Hamid ed-Din, the Zaydi Imam of Yemen expanding autonomy in the Ottoman province, and ending the Yemeni–Ottoman Conflicts.[1][2]

Imam Yahya was the spiritual and temporal leader of the Zaydi branch of Shi'a Islam in Yemen. According to the treaty, the imamate (Zaydi-controlled areas) was to be governed by sharia law and the imam was given the power to appoint governors and judges, as well as collect taxes, while remaining under Ottoman authority.[3]

The Ottoman government came to this decision after years of Zaydi-based insurgency in Yemen; the treaty had been suggested as early as 1906 by a delegation of ulema from Mecca.

After the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in 1918, Iman Yahya became King of the now independent Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen.

The Imam was allowed to maintain control of Amran, Kawkaban, Dhamar, Yarim, Ibb, Hajjah and Hajjur.[4]


  1. ^ Kamil A. Mahdi, et al., Yemen into the Twenty-first Century: Continuity and Change (Garnet & Ithaca Press, 2007) p100
  2. ^ Robert Burrowes, Historical Dictionary of Yemen (Lanham: Scarecrow Press, Inc., 1995), xxvi.
  3. ^ Tudor Parfitt. The road to redemption: the Jews of the Yemen, 1900-1950: Volume 17 of Brill's series in Jewish studies . BRILL, 1996. ISBN 90-04-10544-1, ISBN 978-90-04-10544-7
  4. ^ Yaccob, Abdul (2012). "Yemeni opposition to Ottoman rule: an overview". Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies. 42: 411–419. JSTOR 41623653.