Treaty of Passarowitz

The Treaty of Passarowitz or Treaty of Požarevac was the peace treaty signed in Požarevac (Serbian Cyrillic: Пожаревац, German: Passarowitz), a town in the Ottoman Empire (modern Serbia), on 21 July 1718 between the Ottoman Empire on one side and Austria of the Habsburg Monarchy and the Republic of Venice on the other.[1]

Treaty of Passarowitz
Tamis banat1718 1739.png
The central Balkans in 1718. Territories passed from the Turks to the Habsburg Monarchy were:

Territory passed from Wallachia to the Habsburg Monarchy:

  Lesser Wallachia (Oltenia)
Context
Signed21 July 1718 (1718-07-21)
LocationPassarowitz, Habsburg Kingdom of Serbia (now Požarevac, Serbia)
Mediators
Parties
Region of Bosnian Posavina, assigned to Habsburg Monarchy by the Treaty of Passarowitz
The Ottoman Empire after the Treaty of Passarowitz

BackgroundEdit

Between 1714 and 1718, the Ottomans had been successful against Venice in Greece and Crete (Ottoman–Venetian War) but had been defeated at Petrovaradin (1716) by the Austrian troops of Prince Eugene of Savoy (Austro-Turkish War of 1716–1718).

 
An exhibition in ethno-park Tulba near Požarevac showing how the treaty was signed.

TermsEdit

The treaty reflected the military situation. The Ottoman Empire lost the Banat of Temeswar, southeastern Syrmia, the central part of present-day Serbia (from Belgrade to south of Kruševac), and a tiny strip of northern Bosnia. Wallachia (an autonomous Ottoman vassal) ceded Lesser Wallachia (Oltenia) to the Habsburg Monarchy.

Venice ceded the Morea, its last remaining outposts in Crete, and the islands of Aegina and Tinos. Venice retained only the Ionian Islands (with Ottoman-occupied Kythera added to them), and the cities of Preveza and Arta on the Epirote mainland. In Dalmatia, Venice made some small advances, taking the areas of Imotski and Vrgorac in the hinterland.

AftermathEdit

The treaty gave the Habsburgs control over the northern part of present-day Serbia, which they had temporarily occupied during the Great Turkish War between 1688 and 1690. The Habsburgs established the Kingdom of Serbia as a crown land. The Habsburgs also formed the Banat into another crown land.[2]

Austrian control lasted 21 years, until Turkish victory in the Austro-Russian–Turkish War (1735–39). In the 1739 Treaty of Belgrade, the Ottoman Empire regained northern Bosnia, Habsburg Serbia (including Belgrade), and southern parts of the Banat of Temeswar, and Lesser Wallachia (Oltenia) was returned to Wallachia.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

SourcesEdit

  • Hochedlinger, Michael (2013). Austria's Wars of Emergence: War, State and Society in the Habsburg Monarchy, 1683-1797. London & New York: Routledge.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Ćirković, Sima (2004). The Serbs. Malden: Blackwell Publishing.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Ingrao, Charles; Samardžić, Nikola; Pešalj, Jovan, eds. (2011). The Peace of Passarowitz, 1718. West Lafayette: Purdue University Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

External linksEdit