Treaty of Baden (1714)

The Treaty of Baden ended formal hostilities between Kingdom of France and the Holy Roman Empire, which had been at war since the start of the War of the Spanish Succession. The treaty was signed on 7 September 1714 in Baden, Switzerland, and complemented the Treaties of Utrecht and Rastatt.

Treaty of Baden
A painting showing eight bewigged men, sat around a table with papers and quills
The emissaries of the peace congress of Baden on 7 September 1714; Marshall Villars on the far left, Prince Eugene on the far right.
Johann Rudolf Huber, oil on canvas, 1714
ContextEnd of the War of the Spanish Succession
Signed7 September 1714 (1714-09-07)
LocationOld Swiss Confederacy Baden, Cty Baden, Swiss Confed.

The Treaty of Rastatt had Emperor Charles VI accept the Treaty of Utrecht on behalf of the Habsburg monarchy. In the Treaty of Baden, terms of peace between France and the Holy Roman Empire, which had been formally incomplete, were agreed, which ended the last of the many conflicts of the War of the Spanish Succession.[2]

Details of the Treaty of Baden and the peace conference are recalled by the town's banneret and eyewitness, Caspar Joseph Dorer (1673-1754), in his "Diarium".[3]

The treaty was the first international agreement signed in the Swiss Confederacy.[4] On the margins of the conference, the signatories also secretly agreed to a Catholic union to intervene in favour of the Catholic cantons that had been defeated at the Second War of Villmergen two years earlier by the Peace of Aarau ending Catholic hegemony in the Confederacy.[4]

Terms edit

  • France retained Alsace and Landau but returned the east bank of the Rhine River (the Breisgau) to Austria.
  • The prince-electors of Bavaria and Cologne were reinstated in their territories and their positions.
  • Emperor Charles VI kept the title of King of Spain and the Spanish heritage, which was actually of no value since in Spain, all power remained with King Philip V of Spain.

References edit

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Friedensschlüsse von Rastatt und Baden im Aargau, 1714 März 6/September 7" [Peace treaties of Rastatt and Baden, 6 March and 7 September 1714]. Kult.Doku (in German). University of Klagenfurt.
  2. ^ Coolidge, W. A. B. (1911). "Baden" . In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 184.
  3. ^ Das Diarium des Badener Friedens 1714 von Caspar Joseph Dorer. Mit Einleitung und Kommentar herausgegeben von Barbara Schmid. Baden, Hier und Jetzt, 2014 (= Beiträge zur Aargauer Geschichte 18). ISBN 978-3-03-919327-1.
  4. ^ a b Rolf Stücheli: Treaty of Baden (1714) in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland, 20 December 2001.

External links edit