The Liaquat–Nehru Pact (or the Delhi Pact) was a bilateral treaty between India and Pakistan in which refugees were allowed to return to dispose of their property, abducted women and looted property were to be returned, forced conversions were unrecognized, and minority rights were confirmed.

Liyaquat–Nehru Pact
Agreement Between The Government of India and Pakistan Regarding Security and Rights of Minorities
TypeMutual understanding of protecting rights
ContextPartition of India[1]
Drafted2 April 1950
Signed8 April 1950; 73 years ago (1950-04-08)
LocationNew Delhi, India
ConditionRatifications of Both Parties
Expiration8 April 1956 (1956-04-08)
MediatorsHuman rights ministries of India and Pakistan
NegotiatorsForeign ministries of India and Pakistan
DepositariesGovernments of India and Pakistan

The treaty was signed in New Delhi by the Prime Minister of India Jawahar Lal Nehru and the Prime Minister of Pakistan Liaquat Ali Khan on April 8, 1950.[2] The treaty was the outcome of six days of talks sought to guarantee the rights of minorities in both countries after the Partition of India and to avert another war between them.

This pact also introduced visa system for refugees and free passage of refugees across border was restricted.

Minority commissions were set up in both countries. More than one million refugees migrated from East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) to West Bengal in India.

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References Edit

  1. ^ Bipan C, Mridula M, Aditya M (11 February 2008). India Since Independence. ISBN 978-8184750539.
  2. ^ "Nehru - Liaquat Pact, Ministry of External Affairs, India". Ministry of External Affairs - India.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

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