The 1805 Treaty of Tripoli (Treaty of Peace and Amity between the United States of America and the Bey and Subjects of Tripoli of Barbary) was signed on June 4, 1805, ending the First Barbary War. It was negotiated by Tobias Lear, an ardent Jeffersonian republican, and took effect April 12, 1806 with the signature of President Thomas Jefferson.
|Treaty of Peace and Amity between the United States of America and the Bey and Subjects of Tripoli of Barbary (Ottoman Empire)|
|Type||"Treaty of Peace and Amity"|
|Signed||June 4, 1805|
|Effective||April 12, 1806|
|Language||Arabic (original), English|
The United States agreed to abandon Derna (a provincial capital in eastern Libya occupied during the war) and not to supply its mercenary allies who supported Ahmad Karamanli, the brother of Pasha Yusuf Karamanli, in his claim to be the legitimate ruler of Tripoli. The pasha agreed in return to release Ahmad's wife and children, whom he was holding hostage. The treaty also provided for an exchange of prisoners, primarily of the 297-man crew of the USS Philadelphia in exchange for 89 prisoners held by the U.S., and for a $60,000 payment by the U.S. to Tripoli due to the difference in numbers of prisoners exchanged.
The treaty was later broken by Tripoli, leading to the Second Barbary War.
- "The Barbary Treaties : Tripoli 1796 - Barlow's Receipt of Goods". The Avalon Project at Yale Law School. Retrieved 2015-05-12.
- "The Barbary Treaties 1786-1816 : Treaty of Peace and Amity, Signed at Tripoli June 4, 1805". The Avalon Project, Yale Law School. Retrieved August 22, 2021.
- "PEACE AND AMITY, TREATY OF (1805)". encyclopedia.com. Retrieved August 22, 2021.