Aarhus Protocol on Persistent Organic Pollutants

  (Redirected from POP Air Pollution Protocol)

The Aarhus Protocol on Persistent Organic Pollutants, a 1998 protocol on persistent organic pollutants (POPs), is an addition to the 1979 Geneva Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP). The Protocol seeks "to control, reduce or eliminate discharge, emissions and losses of persistent organic pollutants" in Europe, some former Soviet Union countries, and the United States, in order to reduce their transboundary fluxes so as to protect human health and the environment from adverse effects.[1]

Map showing Persistent Organic Pollutants signatories (green) and ratifications (dark green) as of July 2007

Authors and promoters of the Protocol were the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), which at the time housed 53 different country members and alliance. The protocol was amended on 18 December 2009, but the amended version has not yet come into force.

As of May 2013, the protocol has been ratified by 31 states and the European Union.

In the United States, the protocol is an executive agreement that does not require Senate approval. However, legislation is needed to resolve inconsistencies between provisions of the protocol and existing U.S. laws (specifically the Toxic Substances Control Act and the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act).

SubstancesEdit

The following substances are contained in the CLRTAP POPs Protocol.[2] The document focuses on a list of 16 substances that have been singled out according to agreed risk criteria[3] (comprising eleven pesticides, two industrial chemicals and three by-products/contaminants). The Protocol assigned the arrangements for proper disposal of waste products deemed banned and limited, including medical supplies.[4]

POP Inclusion
Aldrin Originally included
Chlordane Originally included
Dieldrin Originally included
Endrin Originally included
Heptachlor Originally included
Hexachlorobenzene Originally included
Mirex Originally included
Toxaphene Originally included
PCBs Originally included
DDT Originally included
PCDDs/PCDFs Originally included
Chlordecone Originally included
Hexachlorocyclohexanes Originally included
Hexabromobiphenyl Originally included
PAHs Originally included
Pentabromodiphenyl ether Recognized
Octabromodiphenyl ether Recognized
Pentachlorobenzene Recognized
PFOS Recognized
Hexachlorobutadiene Recognized
PCNs Recognized
SCCPs Recognized

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "PROTOCOL TO THE 1979 CONVENTION ON LONG-RANGE TRANSBOUNDARY AIR POLLUTION ON PERSISTENT ORGANIC POLLUTANTS" (PDF). 1979: 1–49. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. ^ UNECE: Hemispheric Transport of Air Pollution 2010, p. 12–13.
  3. ^ "CONVENTION ON ACCESS TO INFORMATION, PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN DECISION-MAKING AND ACCESS TO JUSTICE IN ENVIRONMENTAL MATTERS" (PDF). June 25, 1998: 1–35 – via UNECE. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. ^ "Protocol on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) - Air Pollution - Environmental Policy - UNECE". www.unece.org. Retrieved 2017-12-02.

External linksEdit