Outline of Thailand

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Thailand:

The location of Thailand
An enlargeable map of the Kingdom of Thailand

Thailand – country at the centre of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia. Formerly known as Siam until 1939. Thailand is a monarchy and governed by a military junta that took power in May 2014. Although a constitutional system was established in 1932, the monarchy and military have continued to intervene periodically in politics. Thailand experienced rapid economic growth between 1985 and 1996, becoming a newly industrialized country and a major exporter. Manufacturing, agriculture, and tourism are leading sectors of the economy. Among the ten ASEAN countries, Thailand ranks second in quality of life and the country's HDI had been rated as "high". Its large population and growing economic influence have made it a middle power in the region and around the world.

Tai groups & people who speak Tai are the majority population in Thailand, with Tai-Lao speakers making up 25% of the population. The heartland of Thailand is the Chao Phraya River Valley, where the original inhabitants were Mon-speaking people. The Mon people are now a minority and the Mon language endangered. The valley later gained control over Eastern Thailand as well, known as the Korat Plateau. This area is not mountainous, as its name would suggest. Although the people of this area have largely adopted Thai culture, there is still a mixture of many Tai-Kadai, Khmer, and Cambodian speakers. Northern Thailand is mountainous and holds many minority groups: “hill tribes.” Another mountainous region is the Malay Peninsula, where the 3rd largest population of Malay people live. Many in this area speak Mon-related languages.  

General referenceEdit

An enlargeable relief map of Thailand

Geography of ThailandEdit

An enlargeable topographic map of Thailand

Geography of Thailand

  Burma 1,800 km
  Laos 1,754 km
  Cambodia 803 km
  Malaysia 506 km
  • Coastline: 3,219 km

Environment of ThailandEdit

An enlargeable satellite image of Thailand

Natural geographic features of ThailandEdit

Mekong River System
Mahanakhon, once the tallest building in Thailand

Regions of ThailandEdit

Regions of Thailand

Ecoregions of ThailandEdit

Ecoregions in Thailand

Administrative divisions of ThailandEdit

Administrative divisions of Thailand

Provinces of ThailandEdit

Provinces of Thailand Thailand is divided into 76 provinces (จังหวัด, changwat) and the metropolitan municipality Bangkok (กรุงเทพมหานคร, Krung Thep Maha Nakhon).

Map showing the 76 provinces and 1 metropolitan municipality (Bangkok) of Thailand
  1. Chiang Mai (เชียงใหม่)
  2. Chiang Rai (เชียงราย)
  3. Lampang (ลำปาง)
  4. Lamphun (ลำพูน)
  5. Mae Hong Son (แม่ฮ่องสอน)
  6. Nan (น่าน)
  7. Phayao (พะเยา)
  8. Phrae (แพร่)
  9. Uttaradit (อุตรดิตถ์)


  1. Kanchanaburi (กาญจนบุรี)
  2. Phetchaburi (เพชรบุรี)
  3. Prachuap Khiri Khan (ประจวบคีรีขันธ์)
  4. Ratchaburi (ราชบุรี)
  5. Tak (ตาก)


  1. Amnat Charoen (อำนาจเจริญ)
  2. Bueng Kan (บึงกาฬ)
  3. Buri Ram (บุรีรัมย์)
  4. Chaiyaphum (ชัยภูมิ)
  5. Kalasin (กาฬสินธุ์)
  6. Khon Kaen (ขอนแก่น)
  7. Loei (เลย)
  8. Maha Sarakham (มหาสารคาม)
  9. Mukdahan (มุกดาหาร)
  10. Nakhon Phanom (นครพนม)
  11. Nakhon Ratchasima (นครราชสีมา)
  12. Nong Bua Lamphu (หนองบัวลำภู)
  13. Nong Khai (หนองคาย)
  14. Roi Et (ร้อยเอ็ด)
  15. Sakon Nakhon (สกลนคร)
  16. Si Sa Ket (ศรีสะเกษ)
  17. Surin (สุรินทร์)
  18. Ubon Ratchathani (อุบลราชธานี)
  19. Udon Thani (อุดรธานี)
  20. Yasothon (ยโสธร)


  1. Ang Thong (อ่างทอง)
  2. Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Province (พระนครศรีอยุธยา)
  3. Bangkok (Krung Thep Maha Nakhon), Special Governed District of (กรุงเทพ ฯ)
  4. Chai Nat (ชัยนาท)
  5. Kamphaeng Phet (กำแพงเพชร)
  6. Lopburi (ลพบุรี)
  7. Nakhon Nayok (นครนายก)
  8. Nakhon Pathom (นครปฐม)
  9. Nakhon Sawan (นครสวรรค์)
  10. Nonthaburi (นนทบุรี)
  11. Pathum Thani (ปทุมธานี)
  12. Phetchabun (เพชรบูรณ์)
  13. Phichit (พิจิตร)
  14. Phitsanulok (พิษณุโลก)
  15. Sukhothai (สุโขทัย)
  16. Samut Prakan (สมุทรปราการ)
  17. Samut Sakhon (สมุทรสาคร)
  18. Samut Songkhram (สมุทรสงคราม)
  19. Saraburi (สระบุรี)
  20. Sing Buri (สิงห์บุรี)
  21. Suphan Buri (สุพรรณบุรี)
  22. Uthai Thani (อุทัยธานี)


  1. Chachoengsao (ฉะเชิงเทรา)
  2. Chanthaburi (จันทบุรี)
  3. Chonburi (ชลบุรี)
  4. Prachin Buri (ปราจีนบุรี)
  5. Rayong (ระยอง)
  6. Sa Kaeo (สระแก้ว)
  7. Trat (ตราด)


  1. Chumphon (ชุมพร)
  2. Krabi (กระบี่)
  3. Nakhon Si Thammarat (นครศรีธรรมราช)
  4. Narathiwat (นราธิวาส)
  5. Pattani (ปัตตานี)
  6. Phang Nga (พังงา)
  7. Phatthalung (พัทลุง)
  8. Phuket (ภูเก็ต)
  9. Ranong (ระนอง)
  10. Satun (สตูล)
  11. Songkhla (สงขลา)
  12. Surat Thani (สุราษฎร์ธานี)
  13. Trang (ตรัง)
  14. Yala (ยะลา)
Districts of ThailandEdit
Chiang Rai city clock tower in the middle of Amphoe Meaung Chiang Rai

Districts of Thailand Altogether Thailand has 877 districts (อำเภอ; Amphoe), not including the 50 districts of Bangkok which are called khet (เขต) since the Bangkok administration reform in 1972.

Cities in ThailandEdit

List of cities in Thailand

Demography of ThailandEdit

Demographics of Thailand

Government and politics of ThailandEdit

Bangkok, the capital city of Thailand

Politics of Thailand

Branches of the government of ThailandEdit

Government of Thailand

Executive branch of the government of ThailandEdit

A painting shows the late King Bhumibol and young Vajiralongkorn

Legislative branch of the government of ThailandEdit

Judicial branch of the government of ThailandEdit

Court system of Thailand

Foreign relations of ThailandEdit

Foreign relations of Thailand

International organization membershipEdit

International organization membership of Thailand The Kingdom of Thailand is a member of, or participates in:[1]

Law and order in ThailandEdit

Royal Thai police vehicle

Law of Thailand

Military of ThailandEdit

Royal Thai army band in the ceremonial dress marching in front of the Grand Palace

Military of Thailand

History of ThailandEdit

A Leela Buddha statue in the ruins of Wat Saphan Hin in Sukhothai Historical Park, built in Sukhothai period

History of Thailand

By periodEdit

By regionEdit

Collapsed chedi of Wat Chedi Luang which was built in Lanna Kingdom

By fieldEdit

Culture of ThailandEdit

Students giving alms to the Buddhist monks

Culture of Thailand

Art in ThailandEdit

A Khene player wearing sarong and pakhaoma at the Ubol Candle Festival

Religion in ThailandEdit

Religion in Thailand

Sports in ThailandEdit

Sport in Thailand

Economy and infrastructure of ThailandEdit

Rice plantations in the rural areas of Chiang Mai
Tuk-tuks are a major form of public transport in Bangkok and other cities in Thailand.
Motorcycles make up 75% of the vehicles in Thailand

Economy of Thailand

Education in ThailandEdit

Education in Thailand

Health in ThailandEdit

Health in Thailand

See alsoEdit



  1. ^ "Thailand". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 2, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009.
  2. ^ UNWTO Tourism Highlights: 2017 Edition | World Tourism Organization. 2017. doi:10.18111/9789284419029. ISBN 9789284419029.

External linksEdit

  Wikimedia Atlas of Thailand