Television in Thailand

In Thailand, television broadcasting started on 24 June, 1955 (in NTSC). Color telecasts (PAL, System B/G 625 lines) were started in 1967, and full-time color transmissions were launched in 1975. As of November 2020, there are currently 21 digital (DVB-T2) TV channels in Thailand.

Television providersEdit

Subscription providers are available, with differences in the number of channels, capabilities such as the program guide (EPG), video on demand (VOD), high-definition (HD), interactive television via the red button, and coverage across Thailand. Set-top boxes are generally used to receive these services. Households viewing TV from the internet are not tracked by the Thai government.

Provider Type of service No. broadcast channels VOD HD Red button Still Operate? Transmission
Digital terrestrial Free-to-air 20 Yes Yes Yes Yes Digital terrestrial television
TrueVisions Free and Pay TV Around 200 (TV and radio) Yes Yes Yes Yes Digital satellite, Cable television and IPTV
AIS Play Free and Pay TV Around 100 Yes Yes Yes Yes IPTV
GMM Z Free (Previously include Pay TV) Around 150 Yes Yes Yes Yes Digital satellite and IPTV
PSI Free (Previously include Pay TV) Around 150 (C-band)/100 (KU-band) No Yes Yes Yes Digital satellite
IPM Free Around 100 No Yes Yes Yes Digital Satellite
Good TV Free and Pay TV Around 100 (Including 11 Paid Channels) No Yes Yes Yes Digital Satellite

Analog terrestrial televisionEdit

This is currently the traditional way of receiving television in Thailand, however it has now largely been supplanted by digital providers. There are 6 channels; three of them are government public-owned by MCOT the 2 television channels terrestrial free-to-air Modernine TV and Channel 3; Channel 5 and BBTV Channel 7 are owned by Royal Thai Army; NBT and Thai PBS are fully government-owned. Analog terrestrial transmissions were scheduled to be switched off in phases as part of the digital switchover, which was expected to be completed in 2020 in line with ASEAN recommendations, however, the changeover has yet to come into effect.

Provincial television was discontinued in 1988, replaced by NBT, which has two hours of local programming in each of the provinces.

Name Network Owner Launch date Channel (BKK Analog) Channel (Digital) Broadcasting area Transmitted area Broadcasting hours Formerly known as End Analog (UTC+07:00)
Channel 3 Bangkok Entertainment Co.ltd Bangkok Entertainment Co.ltd
MCOT
26 March 1970 3 (VHF)
32 (UHF)
33 (HDTV)[1] Bangkok Bangkok 24-hours 26 March 2020 (00:01)[2][3]
Channel 5 Royal Thai Army Radio and Television Royal Thai Army 25 January 1958 5 (VHF) 5 (HDTV) Bangkok Bangkok 5:00 am – 1:00 am (Next Day) HSATV (Channel 7) 21 June 2018 (09:29)[4]
Channel 7 Bangkok Broadcasting and Television Company Limited (BBTV) Bangkok Broadcasting and Television Company Limited (BBTV)
Royal Thai Army
27 November 1967 7 (VHF) 35 (HDTV) Bangkok Bangkok 24-hours 17 June 2018 (00:00)[5]
Modernine TV MCOT MCOT 24 June 1955 9 (VHF) 30 (HDTV) Bangkok Bangkok 24-hours TTV Channel 4, TTV Channel 9, MCOT Channel 9 and Modernine TV 16 July 2018 (18:30)[6]
NBT NBT The Government Public Relations Department of the Prime Minister's Office 11 July 1988 11 (VHF) 2 (HDTV) Bangkok Bangkok 4:00 am - Midnight (End of day) TVT 11 or TV (Channel) 11 16 July 2018 (00:00)[7]
Thai PBS Thai PBS Thai Public Broadcasting Service 1 July 1996 29 (UHF) 3 (HDTV) Bangkok Bangkok 5:00 am – 1:00 am (Next Day) ITV, TITV, TPBS, TV Thai 16 June 2018 (00:00)[8][9][10]

Digital terrestrial televisionEdit

In 2005, the Ministry of Information announced their plan to digitalize nationwide free-to-air TV broadcasts led by MCOT. Trial broadcasts were undertaken, involving one thousand households in Bangkok from December 2000 till May 2001. In December 2013, the National Broadcasting and Telecommunications Commission (NBTC) set up series of auction for DTTV. Four types of licenses are offered: High-Def. channel license, Standard-Def. channel license, News channel license and Youth/Family channel license. All the major operators and content owners in the industry won the bid for new licenses e.g. BEC World, Bangkok Broadcasting and TV, GMM Grammy, ThaiRath Newspaper, Nation Multimedia Group, True Visions etc. According to the license condition, DTTV services launched since April 2014.

Name Owner Channel (Bangkok) MUX Frequency (Bangkok) Broadcasting area Transmitted area
NBT Digital 2HD The Government Public Relations Department of the Prime Minister's Office 2 (HDTV) PRD MUX1 CH26 (514MHz) Bangkok Bangkok
Thai PBS Thai Public Broadcasting Service 3 (HDTV) TPBS MUX4 CH44 (658MHz) Bangkok Bangkok
TV 5 HD Royal Thai Army 5 (HDTV) RTA2 MUX2 CH36 (594MHz) Bangkok Bangkok
MCOT HD MCOT 30 (HDTV) MCOT MUX3 CH40 (626MHz) Bangkok Bangkok
ONE 31 One 31 Co., Ltd. (under Bangkok The One Enterprise) 31 (HDTV) RTA2 MUX2 CH36 (594MHz) Bangkok Bangkok
Thairath TV Thai Rath (Via Triple V Broadcast Co., Ltd.) 32 (HDTV) MCOT MUX3 CH40 (626MHz) Bangkok Bangkok
3 HD BEC Multimedia Co., Ltd. 33 (HDTV) TPBS MUX4 CH44 (658MHz) Bangkok Bangkok
Amarin TV Amarin Television Co., Ltd. 34 (HDTV) RTA5 MUX5 CH32 (562MHz) Bangkok Bangkok
7 HD Bangkok Broadcasting Television Co., Ltd. 35 (HDTV) RTA2 MUX2 CH36 (594MHz) Bangkok Bangkok
PPTV HD36 Bangkok Media Broadcasting Co., Ltd. 36 (HDTV) RTA5 MUX5 CH32 (562MHz) Bangkok Bangkok

Cable televisionEdit

All national cable TVs in Thailand must accept by MCOT, The first provider is International Broadcasting Corporation (IBC) in 1989, next one is Thai Sky TV in 1991 (but off-air in 1997). Universal TV cable network (UTV) is the third provider in 1993. But after Asian financial crisis, UTV merged with IBC in 1998, changed its name to United Broadcasting Corporation or UBC (TrueVisions in present) and became a monopoly provider.[citation needed]

IP television (IPTV)Edit

In contrast to Internet TV, IPTV refers to services operated and controlled by a single company, who may also control the 'Final Mile' to the consumers' premises.

Mobile televisionEdit

True Move provide mobile television services for reception on third generation mobile phones. They consist of a mixture of regular channels as well as made for mobile channels with looped content. True Move H TV now offers more than 20 channels to True-H 3G subscribers who own compatible mobile phones. Yet, True is expected to roll out broadcast mobile TV services based on DVB-H in the near future.

Internet televisionEdit

Television received via the Internet may be free, subscription or pay-per-view, multicast, unicast, or peer-to-peer, streamed or downloaded, and use a variety of distribution technologies. Playback is normally via a computer and broadband Internet connection, although digital media receivers or media centre computers can be used for playback on televisions, such as a computer equipped with Windows Media Center.

Popularity of terrestrial TV stationsEdit

The audience share achieved by each terrestrial channel in Thailand is shown in the first table below. The second table shows the share each channel receives of total TV advertising spending. Channel 7 is both the most popular and most commercially successful station with just under 50% of the total audience followed by Channel 3 at just under 30%. The other terrestrial stations share the remaining 20% of the TV audience between them.[11]

Audience Share:[11]

TV Station (Operator) 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 1H[12]
Channel 7 42.4 41.3 42.0 44.7 45.4 43.8 47.5
Channel 3 24.5 25.6 29.5 26.8 27.7 29.5 29.0
Channel 5 8.1 7.3 6.7 7.6 8.6 8.0 6.9
Modernine TV 10.3 10.2 9.2 9.6 9.9 9.7 9.2
NBT 2.9 3.0 2.4 4.9 3.4 3.4 2.4
Thai PBS (Values shown for 2005 - 2007 is for iTV and TITV) 11.8 12.6 10.2 6.1 4.9 5.6 5.0

Market Share - Share of total TV advertising spending:[11]

TV Station (Operator) 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 1H[12]
Channel 7 28.0 27.4 27.7 31.0 28.0 31.0 31.7
Channel 3 20.8 22.2 22.5 28.0 28.0 27.0 27.0
Channel 5 16.5 16.0 15.9 20.0 20.0 18.0 17.7
Modernine TV 13.9 14.4 14.5 17.0 19.0 20.0 20.0
NBT 2.3 2.8 2.6 4.0 4.0 4.0 3.6
Thai PBS 18.5 17.3 16.9 0 0 0 0


See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Note - Digital TV Station, but owner by BEC Multimedia Company Limited and Launch date on 25 April 2014 on 16:00 (Thailand Standard Time)
  2. ^ “26 มี.ค. 63” ดีเดย์ช่อง 3 ยุติอนาล็อก พร้อมเผยแผน Next Move 2020 posted by Jenpasit Puprasert Yarmfaojor page
  3. ^ Last TV Analog in Thailand 🇹🇭 posted by bundit konroo YouTube page
  4. ^ Video of Channel 5 analogue switchoff posted by the Broadcast.Engineering.NBTC Facebook page
  5. ^ ช่อง 7 ยุติการออกอากาศระบบแอนะล็อก posted by JRK YT YouTube page
  6. ^ ช่อง MCOT ยุติทีวีอนาล็อก 16/7/2561 posted by DorRorSor YouTube page
  7. ^ ช่อง NBT ยุติทีวีอนาล็อก 16/7/2561 posted by DorRorSor YouTube page
  8. ^ ThaiPBS (Analog) - Technical Difficulties (15th June 2018) posted by Watty Tyanmy YouTube page
  9. ^ ETC - การเปิดเครื่องส่งแอนะล็อกอีกครั้ง 2:00 หลังจากที่ปิดไปเมื่อ 0:00 16 มิถุนายน 2561 posted by ezybzy YouTube page
  10. ^ Video of Thai PBS analogue switchoff posted by the Broadcast.Engineering.NBTC Facebook page
  11. ^ a b c "Analyst Briefing Presentation" (PDF). MCOT. 2 March 2011. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
  12. ^ a b "Analyst Briefing 2Q" (PDF). MCOT. 16 August 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2012.