Uthai Thani Province

Uthai Thani (Thai: อุทัยธานี, pronounced [ʔù.tʰāj tʰāː.nīː]), one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat) lies in lower northern Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Nakhon Sawan, Chai Nat, Suphan Buri, Kanchanaburi and Tak. It lies somewhat off the route between Bangkok, 200 km distant and Chiang Mai.[4]

Uthai Thani
อุทัยธานี
Wat Chan Tharam
Wat Chan Tharam
Flag of Uthai Thani
Official seal of Uthai Thani
Nickname(s): 
Uthai
Map of Thailand highlighting Uthai Thani Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Uthai Thani Province
CountryThailand
CapitalUthai Thani
Government
 • GovernorKhajonkiat Rakpanichmanee
Area
 • Total6,647 km2 (2,566 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 30th
Population
 (2019)[2]
 • Total328,618
 • RankRanked 67th
 • Density50/km2 (100/sq mi)
 • Density rankRanked 72nd
Human Achievement Index
 • HAI (2017)0.5508 "low"
Ranked 64th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
61xxx
Calling code056
ISO 3166 codeTH-61
Websitewww.uthaithani.go.th

GeographyEdit

The province stretches from the upper plains of the Chao Phraya River valley, to forested mountains in the west. The Sakae Krang River, a tributary of the Chao Phraya River, is the main watercourse of in the province.

The Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary, at the western boundary bordering Tak Province, was declared a World Heritage Site in 1991. It covers 2,574 km2 and is home to most of the forest animals of Southeast Asia, including tigers and elephants. The total forest area is 3,419 km2 (1,320 sq mi) or 51.4 percent of provincial area.[1]

HistoryEdit

Originally Mon and Lawa settled in the area. The first Thai settlement in the area was Muang U Thai during the Sukhothai Kingdom, but it was later abandoned when the river changed course. The Patabeut people, of Karen ethnicity, revived the settlement at its current site during the Ayutthaya Kingdom. It served as a fort protecting the boundary of the kingdom.

Uthai Thani is the hometown of the father of King Rama I. Rama I renamed the city from its old name Uthai to Uthai Thani.

In 1892, King Chulalongkorn (Rama V) added the area of Uthai Thani to the Monthon Nakhon Sawan and in 1898 formed the province.

SymbolsEdit

The provincial seal depicts the pavilion at Wat Khao Sakae Krang. It houses the statue of Thongdee, the father of King Rama I and a Buddha footprint. The mountain in the background symbolizes the location of the pavilion on top of Khao Sakae Krang.[5]

The provincial flower is the yellow cotton tree (Cochlospermum regium). The provincial tree is the neem (Azadirachta indica v. siamensis).

The flag of Uthai Thani depicts the provincial seal of Uthai Thani in the middle. The yellow colour at the top of the flag is the colour of the Chakri dynasty, symbolizing gold. The green colour at the bottom is the colour of King Rama I as he was born on a Wednesday, which is associated with green in the Thai calendar. The text below the seal says Uthai Thani Province.

Administrative divisionsEdit

 
Map of eight districts

Provincial governmentEdit

The province is divided into eight districts (amphoes). These are further divided into 70 subdistricts (tambons) and 642 villages (mubans).

  1. Mueang Uthai Thani
  2. Thap Than
  3. Sawang Arom
  4. Nong Chang
  1. Nong Khayang
  2. Ban Rai
  3. Lan Sak
  4. Huai Khot

Local governmentEdit

As of 26 November 2019 there are:[6] one Uthai Thani Provincial Administration Organisation (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and 14 municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. Uthai Thani has town (thesaban mueang) status. There are a further 13 subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon). The non-municipal areas are administered by 49 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations (SAO) (ongkan borihan suan tambon).[2]

Human achievement index 2017Edit

Health Education Employment Income
       
71 57 28 35
Housing Family Transport Participation
     
66 46 65 9
Uthai Thani Province, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.5508, "low", ranks 64th among Thai provinces.

In 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand began tracking progress on human development at the sub-national level using the Human Achievement Index (HAI), a composite index covering eight key areas of human development. The National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) took over this task in 2017.[3]

Rank Classification
  1 - 15 "high"
16 - 30 "somewhat high"
31 - 45 "average"
45 - 60 "somewhat low"
61 - 77 "low"

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "ตารางที่ 2 พี้นที่ป่าไม้ แยกรายจังหวัด พ.ศ.2562" [Table 2 Forest area Separate province year 2019]. Royal Forest Department (in Thai). 2019. Retrieved 6 April 2021, information, Forest statistics Year 2019, Thailand boundary from Department of Provincial Administration in 2013CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  2. ^ a b รายงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ส.2562 [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2019]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior. stat.bora.dopa.go.th (in Thai). 31 December 2019. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  3. ^ a b Human achievement index 2017 by National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB), pages 1-40, maps 1-9, retrieved 14 September 2019, ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1
  4. ^ "Uthai Thani". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 20 Apr 2015.
  5. ^ "Khao Sakae Krang". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 20 Apr 2015.
  6. ^ "Number of local government organizations by province". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 26 November 2019. Retrieved 10 December 2019. 74 Uthai Thani: 1 PAO, 1 Town mun., 13 Subdistrict mun., 49 SAO.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 15°22′24″N 100°02′19″E / 15.37333°N 100.03861°E / 15.37333; 100.03861