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Uthai Thani (Thai: อุทัยธานี, pronounced [ʔù.tʰāj tʰāː.nīː]) is one of the provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Nakhon Sawan, Chai Nat, Suphan Buri, Kanchanaburi, and Tak. It is in Thailand's lower northern region, somewhat off the route between Bangkok and Chiang Mai. It is approximately 200 km from Bangkok.[3]

Uthai Thani

อุทัยธานี
Flag of Uthai Thani
Flag
Official seal of Uthai Thani
Seal
Map of Thailand highlighting Uthai Thani Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Uthai Thani Province
Uthai Thani is located in Thailand
Uthai Thani
Uthai Thani
Location in Thailand
Coordinates: 15°22′24″N 100°02′19″E / 15.37333°N 100.03861°E / 15.37333; 100.03861
CountryThailand
CapitalUthai Thani
Government
 • GovernorPraphat Malakan (since October 2015)
Area
 • Total6,730.2 km2 (2,598.5 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 29th
Population
 (2017)
 • Total329,942[1]
 • RankRanked 67th
 • Density rankRanked 73rd
Human Achievement Index[2]
 • HAI (2014)0.6308 "average" ranked 33rd
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
ISO 3166 codeTH-61

Contents

GeographyEdit

The province stretches from the upper plains of the Chao Phraya River valley, to mountains covered with forests in the west. The Sakae Krang River, a tributary of the Chao Phraya River is the main watercourse of Uthai Thani Province.

The Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary, at the western boundary bordering Tak Province, was declared a World Heritage Site in 1991. It covers 2,574 km2, and is home to most of the forest animals of Southeast Asia, including tigers and elephants.

HistoryEdit

Originally Mon and Lawa settled in the area. The first Thai settlement in the area was Muang U Thai during the Sukhothai Kingdom, but it was later abandoned when the river changed course. The Patabeut people, of Karen ethnicity, revived the settlement at its current site during the Ayutthaya Kingdom. It served as a fort protecting the boundary of the kingdom.

Uthai Thani is the hometown of the father of King Rama I. Rama I renamed the city from its old name Uthai to Uthai Thani.

In 1892 King Chulalongkorn (Rama V) added the area of Uthai Thani to the Monthon Nakhon Sawan, and in 1898 formed the province.

SymbolsEdit

The provincial seal depicts the pavilion at Wat Khao Sakae Krang. It houses the statue of Thongdee, the father of King Rama I and a Buddha footprint. The mountain in the background symbolizes the location of the pavilion on top of Khao Sakae Krang.[4]

The provincial flower is the yellow cotton tree (Cochlospermum regium). The provincial tree is the neem (Azadirachta indica v. siamensis).

The flag of Uthai Thani depicts the provincial seal of Uthai Thani in the middle. The yellow colour at the top of the flag is the colour of the Chakri dynasty, symbolizing gold. The green colour at the bottom is the colour of King Rama I as he was born on a Wednesday, which is associated with green in the Thai calendar. The text below the seal says Uthai Thani Province.

Administrative divisionsEdit

The province is divided into eight districts (amphoes). These are further subdivided into 70 sub-districts (tambons) and 642 villages (mubans).

  1. Mueang Uthai Thani
  2. Thap Than
  3. Sawang Arom
  4. Nong Chang
  1. Nong Khayang
  2. Ban Rai
  3. Lan Sak
  4. Huai Khot

Human achievement index 2014Edit

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development.[2]
Uthai Thani province, with a HAI value of 0.6308, takes 33rd place in the rankings. This is "average" between the values of 0.6215 and 0.6342.

Index for the province Uthai Thani[2]
HAI indices Indicators Rank list
Health 7 47th
Education 4 57th
Employment 4 37th
Income 4 58th
Housing and living environment 5 25th
Family and community life 6 19th
Transport and communication 6 61st
Participation 4 8th

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population in Thailand as of 31 December 2017" (PDF). Government Gazette. Ratchakitcha Society. 135: 22–25. 2018-02-28. Retrieved 2018-09-30.
  2. ^ a b c Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community (Report). United Nations Development Programme. pp. 93–166. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
  3. ^ "Uthai Thani". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 20 Apr 2015.
  4. ^ "Khao Sakae Krang". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 20 Apr 2015.

External linksEdit