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Sakon Nakhon (Thai: สกลนคร) is one of the northeastern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Nong Khai, Bueng Kan, Nakhon Phanom, Mukdahan, Kalasin, and Udon Thani. The capital is Sakon Nakhon.

Sakon Nakhon
สกลนคร
Province
Official seal of Sakon Nakhon
Seal
Map of Thailand highlighting Sakon Nakhon Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Sakon Nakhon Province
Country Thailand
Capital Sakon Nakhon
Government
 • Governor Witthaya Chanchalong (since October 2016)
Area
 • Total 9,605.8 km2 (3,708.8 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 19th
Population (2014)
 • Total 1,138,609[1]
 • Rank Ranked 17th
 • Density rank Ranked 43rd
HDI
 • HDI (2009) 0.705 (medium) (62nd)
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)
Area code(s) 042
ISO 3166 code TH-47
Vehicle registration สกลนคร

Contents

EtymologyEdit

The word sakon originates from the Sanskrit word sakala (Devanagari: सकल) meaning "entire", "whole", or "total", and the word nakhon from Sanskrit nagara (Devanagari: नगर) meaning "town" or "city". Hence the name of the province literally means "city of cities". In the Khmer language the province would be Sakor Nokor.

GeographyEdit

 
Sakon Nakhon City Gate

The province is on the Khorat Plateau, not far from the River Mekong. The Nong Han lake, the biggest natural lake of northeast Thailand, near the city of Sakon Nakhon, is a popular resort of the local people. The Phu Phan Mountains delimit the province to the south.


 
Phra That Choeng Chum

SymbolsEdit

The provincial seal shows the Phrathat Choeng Chum, a Lao-style chedi built during the Ayutthaya period over a Khmer-style prang.

The provincial tree is the banaba or Queen's Crape Myrtle (Lagerstroemia speciosa).

Administrative divisionsEdit

The province is divided into 18 districts (amphoe). The districts are further subdivided into 125 communes (tambon) and 1,323 villages (muban).

  1. Mueang Sakon Nakhon
  2. Kusuman
  3. Kut Bak
  4. Phanna Nikhom
  5. Phang Khon
  6. Waritchaphum
  7. Nikhom Nam Un
  8. Wanon Niwat
  9. Kham Ta Kla
  1. Ban Muang
  2. Akat Amnuai
  3. Sawang Daen Din
  4. Song Dao
  5. Tao Ngoi
  6. Khok Si Suphan
  7. Charoen Sin
  8. Phon Na Kaeo
  9. Phu Phan


EconomyEdit

Fish and rice are two of the major products of the region.[citation needed]

TransportationEdit

RoadsEdit

Route 22 leads north to Udon Thani, 160 km distant, and east to Nakhon Phanom (91 km) and the border with Laos. Route 223 leads south to That Phanom (76 km). Route 213 leads west to Kalasin (131 km).[citation needed]

AirEdit

There is a regional airport, Sakon Nakhon Airport, on the north side of the city.[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of the Kingdom" (PDF). Department of Provincial Affairs (DOPA) Thailand (in Thai). 2014-12-31. Retrieved 19 Mar 2015. 
  2. ^ "Sakon Nakhon Airport". OurAirports. Retrieved 3 February 2013. 

External linksEdit