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Ang Thong Province

Ang Thong (Thai: อ่างทอง, pronounced [ʔàːŋ tʰɔ̄ːŋ]) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. The name "Ang Thong" means 'gold basin', thought to have derived from the basin-like geography of the area, and the golden color of the rice grown in the region.

Ang Thong

อ่างทอง
Flag of Ang Thong
Flag
Official seal of Ang Thong
Seal
Map of Thailand highlighting Ang Thong Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Ang Thong Province
CountryThailand
CapitalAng Thong town
Government
 • GovernorWirawut Puttraserani (since October 2015)
Area
 • Total968 km2 (374 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 72nd
Population
 (2018)[2]
 • Total280,840
 • RankRanked 71st
 • Density290.1/km2 (751/sq mi)
 • Density rankRanked 12th
Human Achievement Index
 • HAI (2017)0.5298 "low"
Ranked 69th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
14xxx
Calling code035
ISO 3166 codeTH-15

Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Sing Buri, Lopburi, Ayutthaya, and Suphanburi.

Ang Thong native handicrafts include moulded court dolls, firebrick, and wickerwork.

There are more than 200 temples in Ang Thong.[citation needed]

GeographyEdit

Ang Thong occupies a low river plain, created by the Chao Phraya and the Noi Rivers. It has neither mountains nor forests, but consists of mostly agricultural land. The two rivers, together with many canals (khlongs), provide enough water for rice farming.[4]

HistoryEdit

Ang Thong was historically known as Wiset Chai Chan, on the Noi River. It was an important border town of the Ayutthaya Kingdom during the wars with Burma, as the Noi River served as a natural obstacle for advancing troops.

During the reign of King Taksin after the fall of Ayutthaya, the main city of the province was moved to the Chao Phraya River, and named Ang Thong, as the Noi River had become silted and too shallow for transportation.

Ang Thong is the provenance of Li Ke, the native folk song, and the hometown of Nai Dok and Nai Thongkaeo, two heroes of the Bang Rachan Battle.

SymbolsEdit

The provincial seal shows some golden ears of rice in a bowl of water. This symbolizes the fertility of province as one of the major producers of rice. The provincial tree is the gaub tree (Diospyros malabarica).

Administrative divisionsEdit

The province is divided into seven districts (amphoes). The districts are further subdivided into 81 communes (tambons) and 513 villages (mubans).

Human achievement index 2017Edit

Index for the province Ang Thong[3]
HAI indices Map Index Rank list
Health 2 0.3424 76th
Education 3 0.5069 23rd
Employment 4 0.4693 68th
Income 5 0.4664 55th
Housing and environment 6 0.9095 27th
Family and community life 7 0.3876 75th
Transport and communication 8 0.5584 35th
Participation 9 0.5980 28th
HAI 2017 1 0.5298 69th


Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.[3]
Province Ang Thong, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.5298, takes the 69th place in the rankings. This is "low" between the values of 0.4637 and 0.5637.

NotesEdit

Reports (data) from Thai government are "not copyrightable" (Public Domain), Copyright Act 2537 (1994), section 7.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community, Thailand Human Development Report 2014, table 0:Basic Data (PDF) (Report). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Thailand. pp. 134–135. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved 17 January 2016, Data has been supplied by Land Development Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, at Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "ร่ยงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ศ.2561" [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2018]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior. stat.bora.dopa.go.th (in Thai). 31 December 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
  3. ^ a b c ดัชนีความก้าวหน้าของคน ปี2560 [Human Achievement Index - HAI year 2017] (PDF). social.nesdb.go.th (Report) (in Thai). National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB). 2017. pp. 56–57. ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1. Retrieved 14 September 2019, Maps 1-9
  4. ^ "Ang Thong". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 14 October 2016.

External linksEdit