Open main menu

Ministry of Defence (Thailand)

The Ministry of Defence (MOD; Thai: กระทรวงกลาโหม; RTGSKrasuang Kalahom), is a cabinet-level government department of the Kingdom of Thailand. The ministry controls and manages the Royal Thai Armed Forces to maintain national security, territorial integrity, and national defence. The armed forces of Thailand are composed of three branches: the Royal Thai Army, Royal Thai Navy, and Royal Thai Air Force.

Kingdom of Thailand
Ministry of Defense
กระทรวงกลาโหม
Emblem of the Ministry of Defence of Thailand.svg
Emblem of the Ministry of Defense
Ministry of Defence, Bangkok - Day.jpg
Ministry of Defense building, opposite Temple of the Emerald Buddha
Ministry overview
Formed 8 April 1887; 131 years ago (1887-04-08)
Jurisdiction Government of Thailand
Headquarters Phra Nakhon, Bangkok
Annual budget
  • 213,449 million baht (FY2017)[1]:78
  • 220,534 million baht (FY2018)[2]
Minister responsible
Ministry executive
  • General Nath Intharacharoen, Permanent Secretary
Website MOD.go.th

Although the King of Thailand is the supreme head of the Thai armed forces (Thai: จอมทัพไทย), his position is only nominal. The ministry and the forces are administered by an appointed politician, the Minister of Defence, a member of the Cabinet of Thailand. The post of Minister of Defence has been held by General Prawit Wongsuwon, who is also Deputy Prime Minister, since August 2014.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Initially, the Ministry was called Krom Kalahom (Thai: กรมกลาโหม) and its head was called Samuha Kalahom (Thai: สมุหกลาโหม), and it was charged with the protection of the southern border. It was founded in the Ayutthaya period and was retained throughout the Rattanakosin period. The ministry in its current design was formed in 1887, by the order of King Chulalongkorn, to create a permanent military command. This was a result of the increasing threat posed by Western powers. The ministry was first housed in an old horse-and-elephant stable opposite the Grand Palace. A new European-style building was erected to house it. At first the ministry only commanded the army (founded in 1847), but then it incorporated the navy (founded in 1887), and finally, the air force (founded in 1913). In 1914, King Vajiravudh determined that the act providing for invoking martial law, first promulgated by his father in 1907, was not consistent with modern laws of war nor convenient for the preservation of the external or internal security of the state, so it was changed to the modern form that, with minor amendments, continues to be in force.[3]

BudgetEdit

For fiscal year 2018 (FY2018) the army's budget is 107,457 million baht; the navy's, 43,835 million baht; and the air force, 39,931 million baht.[2]

List of MinistersEdit

StructureEdit

Office  
Ministry of Defense
Minister
รัฐมนตรีว่าการ
General Prawit Wongsuwan
Deputy Minister
รัฐมนตรีช่วยว่าการ
General Chaichan Changmongkol
Permanent Secretary
ปลัดกระทรวง
General Nath Intharacharoen
Office  
Royal Thai Armed Forces HQ
Chief of the Defense Forces
ผู้บัญชาการทหารสูงสุด
General Pornpipat Benyasri
Office  
Royal Thai Army
 
Royal Thai Navy
 
Royal Thai Air Force
Commander-in-Chief
ผู้บัญชาการ
General Apirat Kongsompong Admiral Luechai Ruddit Air Chief Marshal Chaipruek Didyasarin[4]

Departmental organisationEdit

Associated organizationsEdit

Other agenciesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "THAILAND'S BUDGET IN BRIEF FISCAL YEAR 2017" (PDF). Bureau of the Budget. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
  2. ^ a b "THAILAND'S BUDGET IN BRIEF FISCAL YEAR 2018". Bureau of the Budget (Thailand) (Revised ed.). p. 84. Retrieved 6 September 2018.
  3. ^ Pakorn Nilprapunt (2006). "Martial Law, B.E. 2457 (1914)" (PDF). Thai Law Forum. Office of the Council of State. Archived from the original (unofficial translation) on 30 May 2014. Retrieved May 21, 2014. Reference to Thai legislation in any jurisdiction shall be to the Thai version only. This translation has been made so as to establish correct understanding about this act to the foreigners
  4. ^ Pongsudhirak, Thitinan (5 October 2018). "Thailand's new military and new politics" (Opinion). Bangkok Post. Retrieved 5 October 2018.

External linksEdit