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Ministry of Defence (Thailand)

The Ministry of Defence (Thai: กระทรวงกลาโหม; RTGSKrasuang Kalahom; Abrv: MOD), is a cabinet-level government department of the Kingdom of Thailand. The ministry controls and manages the Royal Thai Armed Forces to maintain national security, territorial integrity, and national defence. The armed forces of Thailand are composed of three branches: the Royal Thai Army, Royal Thai Navy, and Royal Thai Air Force.

Kingdom of Thailand
Ministry of Defense
กระทรวงกลาโหม
Emblem of the Ministry of Defence of Thailand.svg
Emblem of the Ministry of Defense
Ministry of Defence, Bangkok - Day.jpg
Ministry of Defense building, opposite Temple of the Emerald Buddha
Ministry overview
Formed 8 April 1887; 130 years ago (1887-04-08)
Jurisdiction Government of Thailand
Headquarters Phra Nakhon, Bangkok
Annual budget
Minister responsible
Ministry executive
  • General Theppong Tippayachan, Permanent Secretary
Website MOD.go.th

Although the king of Thailand is the supreme head of the Thai armed forces (Thai: จอมทัพไทย) his position is only nominal. The ministry and the forces are administered by an appointed politician, the Minister of Defence, a member of the Cabinet of Thailand. The post of Minister of Defence has been held by General Prawit Wongsuwon, who is also Deputy Prime Minister, since August 2014.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Samuha Kalahom redirects here

Initially the Ministry was called "Samuha Kalahom" (Thai: สมุหกลาโหม) or Kalahom Department, and was charged with the protection of the southern border. It was founded in the late Ayutthaya period and was retained throughout the Rattanakosin period. The ministry in its current design was formed in 1887, by the order of King Chulalongkorn, to create a permanent military command. This was a result of the increasing threat posed by Western powers. The ministry was first housed in an old horse-and-elephant stable opposite the Grand Palace. A new European-style building was erected to house it. At first the ministry only commanded the army (founded in 1847), but then it incorporated the navy (founded in 1887), and finally, the air force (founded in 1913). In 1914, King Vajiravudh determined that the act providing for invoking martial law, first promulgated by his father in 1907, was not consistent with modern laws of war nor convenient for the preservation of the external or internal security of the state, so it was changed to the modern form that, with minor amendments, continues to be in force.[4]

MOD MascotsEdit

In an effort to bring reconciliation to Thai society the ministry unveiled a new mascot in November 2017: a life-size doll named Little Sister Pinky Promise (Nong Kiew Koy).[5][6][7] Following the military coup of 2014 the military brought out twins, the "return to happiness" mascots.[8]

List of MinistersEdit

StructureEdit

Office  
Ministry of Defense
Minister
รัฐมนตรีว่าการ
General Prawit Wongsuwon
Deputy Minister
รัฐมนตรีช่วยว่าการ
General Udomdej Sitabutr
Permanent Secretary
ปลัดกระทรวง
General Theppong Tippayachan
Office  
Royal Thai Armed Forces HQ
Chief of the Defense Forces
ผู้บัญชาการทหารสูงสุด
General Surapong Suwan-ath
Office  
Royal Thai Army
 
Royal Thai Navy
 
Royal Thai Air Force
Commander-in-Chief
ผู้บัญชาการ
General Chalermchai Sitthisart Admiral Na Arreenich Air Chief Marshal Johm Rungswang

Departmental organisationEdit

Associated organizationsEdit

Other agenciesEdit

  • Defense Technology Institute (Public Organisation)
  • The War Veterans Department
  • Bangkok Dock Company

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Phrarātchabanyan ngoppramān rāičhāi pračham pīngoppramān phutthasakkarāt sǭng phan hā rǭi hāsip kāo" พระราชบัญญัติงบประมาณรายจ่ายประจำปีงบประมาณ พ.ศ. ๒๕๕๙ [Annual Expenditure Budget Act 2016] (PDF). Government Gazette of Thailand (in Thai). Bangkok: Cabinet Secretariat of Thailand. 132 (91 A): 82. 2015-09-25. Retrieved 2016-09-15. 
  2. ^ a b "THAILAND'S BUDGET IN BRIEF FISCAL YEAR 2017" (PDF). Bureau of the Budget. Retrieved 16 December 2017. 
  3. ^ "Phrarātchabanyan ngoppramān rāičhāi pračham pīngoppramān phutthasakkarāt sǭng phan hā rǭi hoksip" พระราชบัญญัติงบประมาณรายจ่ายประจำปีงบประมาณ พ.ศ. ๒๕๖๐ [Annual Expenditure Budget Act 2017] (PDF). Government Gazette of Thailand (in Thai). Bangkok: Cabinet Secretariat of Thailand. 133 (84 A): 88. 2016-09-23. Retrieved 2016-09-23. 
  4. ^ Pakorn Nilprapunt (2006). "Martial Law, B.E. 2457 (1914)" (PDF). Thai Law Forum. Office of the Council of State. Archived from the original (unofficial translation) on 30 May 2014. Retrieved May 21, 2014. Reference to Thai legislation in any jurisdiction shall be to the Thai version only. This translation has been made so as to establish correct understanding about this act to the foreigners 
  5. ^ Cochrane, Liam (30 November 2017). "Thai military launches 'Little Sister Pinky Promise' mascot to promote reconciliation". ABC News. Retrieved 16 December 2017. 
  6. ^ Audjarint, Wasamon (30 November 2017). "'Creepy' Miss Pinky Promise mascot debuts to promote junta's national reconciliation efforts and 'agreement for truth'". The Nation. Retrieved 16 December 2017. 
  7. ^ Rojanaphruk, Pravit (16 December 2017). "THE FESTERING OF POLITICAL HATRED IN JUNTALAND". Khaosod English. Retrieved 16 December 2017. 
  8. ^ "Thailand's return to happiness mascot". ABC News. 30 November 2017. Retrieved 16 December 2017. 


External linksEdit