Kamphaeng Phet Province

Kamphaeng Phet (Thai: กำแพงเพชร, pronounced [kām.pʰɛ̄ːŋ pʰét]) is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat) that lies in lower northern Thailand. Neighbouring provinces are (from north clockwise) Sukhothai, Phitsanulok, Phichit, Nakhon Sawan, and Tak.

Kamphaeng Phet

กำแพงเพชร
Khlong Lan Waterfall, Khlong Lan National Park, Khlong Lan District
Khlong Lan Waterfall, Khlong Lan National Park, Khlong Lan District
Flag of Kamphaeng Phet
Flag
Official seal of Kamphaeng Phet
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Chakungrao
Mueang Kluai Khai
(city of lady finger bananas)
Motto(s): 
"กรุพระเครื่อง เมืองคนแกร่ง พระแสงฯ ล้ำค่า ศิลาแลงใหญ่ กล้วยไข่หวาน น้ำมันลานกระบือ เลื่องลือมรดกโลก" ("Buddha amulet chamber, Strong city, Phra Saeng precious, Laterite, Banana Egg, Lan Krabue oil and Famed world heritage")
Map highlighting Kamphaeng Phet Province
Map highlighting Kamphaeng Phet Province
CountryThailand
Government
 • GovernorChawalit Saeng-uthai (since 2018)
Area
 • Total8,512 km2 (3,287 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 23th
Population
 (2019)[2]
 • Total725,867
 • RankRanked 35th
 • Density86/km2 (220/sq mi)
 • Density rankRanked 56th
Human Achievement Index
 • HAI (2017)0.5643 "somewhat low"
Ranked 60th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
62xxx
Calling code055
ISO 3166 codeTH-62
Vehicle registrationกำแพงเพชร
Websitewww.kamphaengphet.go.th

ToponymyEdit

In Thai or Lao kamphaeng means 'wall' and phet (from Sanskrit vájra) means 'diamond'. The name means 'wall as hard as diamond'. This wall served as a defensive line to protect the Ayutthaya Kingdom from what is now modern-day Burma. The old name was Khao Kampeng, referring to a 'mountain wall' between the two countries.

GeographyEdit

The main river is the Ping, a major tributary of the Chao Phraya River. River flats make up much of the east of the province, while the west is mountainous and covered with forests. The total forest area is 1,997 km2 (771 sq mi) or 23.5 percent of provincial area.[1]

One of the provinces best-known products is bananas, especially the kluai khai, a small, round, sweet banana. Banana festivals are held every year to thank the spirits for the harvest.

HistoryEdit

Kamphaeng Phet was already a royal city in the Sukhothai Kingdom in the 14th century, then known under its old name Chakangrao. It formed an important part of the defence system of the kingdom, as well as later of the Ayutthaya Kingdom.

SymbolsEdit

The provincial seal shows the city walls surmounted by diamonds, since the city name means 'diamond wall' (from the shape of the ramparts of the old city wall). The provincial tree is the areca nut palm (Acacia catechu), and the provincial flower the bullet wood (Mimusops elengi). Golden belly barb (Hypsibarbus wetmorei) is provincial fish, since it is a fish found in the Ping river especially in the area of Kamphaeng Phet.[4]

Administrative divisionsEdit

 
Map of 11 districts

provincial governmentEdit

The province is divided into 11 districts (amphoes). These are further divided into 78 subdistricts (tambons) and 823 villages (mubans).

  1. Mueang Kamphaeng Phet
  2. Sai Ngam
  3. Khlong Lan
  4. Khanu Woralaksaburi
  5. Khlong Khlung
  6. Phran Kratai
  1. Lan Krabue
  2. Sai Thong Watthana
  3. Pang Sila Thong
  4. Bueng Samakkhi
  5. Kosamphi Nakhon

Local governmentEdit

As of 26 November 2019 there are:[5] one Kamphaeng Phet Provincial Administration Organisation (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and 25 municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. Kamphaeng Phet, Pang Makha and Nong Pling have town (thesaban mueang) status. Further 22 subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon). The non-municipal areas are administered by 64 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).[2]

Human achievement index 2017Edit

Health Education Employment Income
       
54 67 70 12
Housing Family Transport Participation
     
36 60 51 15
Province Kamphaeng Phet, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.5643 is "somewhat low", occupies place 60 in the ranking.

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.[3]

Rank Classification
  1 - 15 "high"
16 - 30 "somewhat high"
31 - 45 "average"
45 - 60 "somewhat low"
61 - 77 "low"

Notable residentsEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "ตารางที่ 2 พี้นที่ป่าไม้ แยกรายจังหวัด พ.ศ.2562" [Table 2 Forest area Separate province year 2019]. Royal Forest Department (in Thai). 2019. Retrieved 6 April 2021, information, Forest statistics Year 2019, Thailand boundary from Department of Provincial Administration in 2013CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  2. ^ a b รายงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ส.2562 [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2019]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior. stat.bora.dopa.go.th (in Thai). 31 December 2019. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  3. ^ a b Human achievement index 2017 by National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB), pages 1-40, maps 1-9, retrieved 14 September 2019, ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1
  4. ^ Cheevasitthiyanon, Supa (2018-08-20). "จังหวัดกำแพงเพชร ประกาศให้ "ปลาตะพาก" เป็นปลาประจำจังหวัด" [Kamphaeng Phet province declares "golden belly barb" as the provincial fish]. PRD (in Thai). Retrieved 2020-04-22.
  5. ^ "Number of local government organizations by province". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 26 November 2019. Retrieved 10 December 2019. 4 Kamphaeng Phet: 1 PAO, 3 Town mun., 22 Subdistrict mun., 64 SAO.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 16°33′29″N 99°30′40″E / 16.55806°N 99.51111°E / 16.55806; 99.51111