Kamphaeng Phet Province
Kamphaeng Phet (Thai: กำแพงเพชร, pronounced [kām.pʰɛ̄ːŋ pʰét]) is a province (changwat) of Thailand in the upper centre of the country. Neighbouring provinces are (from north clockwise) Sukhothai, Phitsanulok, Phichit, Nakhon Sawan, and Tak.
Map highlighting Kamphaeng Phet Province
|• Governor||Thani Thanyaphot (since 2015)|
|• Total||8,607.5 km2 (3,323.4 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 22nd|
|• Rank||Ranked 34th|
|• Density rank||Ranked 57th|
|Human Achievement Index|
|• HAI (2014)||0.6056 "low" ranked 62nd|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (ICT)|
|ISO 3166 code||TH-62|
In Thai or Lao kamphaeng means 'wall' and phet (from Sanskrit vájra) means 'diamond'. The name means 'wall as hard as diamond'. This wall served as a defensive line to protect the Ayutthaya Kingdom from what is now modern-day Burma. The old name was Khao Kampeng, referring to a 'mountain wall' between the two countries.
One of the provinces best-known products is bananas, especially the kluai khai, a small, round, sweet banana. Banana festivals are held every year to thank the spirits for the harvest.
Kamphaeng Phet was already a royal city in the Sukhothai Kingdom in the 14th century, then known under its old name Chakangrao. It formed an important part of the defence system of the kingdom, as well as later of the Ayutthaya Kingdom.
The provincial seal shows the city walls surmounted by diamonds, since the city name means 'diamond wall' (from the shape of the ramparts of the old city wall). The provincial tree is the areca nut palm (Acacia catechu), and the provincial flower the bullet wood (Mimusops elengi).
Human achievement index 2014Edit
Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development.
Kamphaeng Phet province, with a HAI value of 0.6056, takes 62nd place in the rankings. This is "low" between the values of 0.5214 and 0.6067.
|HAI indices||Indicators||Rank list|
|Housing and living environment||5||9th|
|Family and community life||6||40th|
|Transport and communication||6||55th|
- "Population in Thailand as of 31 December 2017" (PDF). Government Gazette. Ratchakitcha Society. 135: 22–25. 2018-02-28. Retrieved 2018-09-30.
- Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community (Report). United Nations Development Programme. pp. 93–166. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- Kamphaeng Phet travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Provincial page from the Tourist Authority of Thailand
- Website of Province (Thai)