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Kamphaeng Phet (Thai: กำแพงเพชร, pronounced [kām.pʰɛ̄ːŋ pʰét]) is a province (changwat) of Thailand in the upper centre of the country. Neighbouring provinces are (from north clockwise) Sukhothai, Phitsanulok, Phichit, Nakhon Sawan, and Tak.

Kamphaeng Phet

กำแพงเพชร
Flag of Kamphaeng Phet
Flag
Official seal of Kamphaeng Phet
Seal
Map highlighting Kamphaeng Phet Province
Map highlighting Kamphaeng Phet Province
CountryThailand
Government
 • GovernorThani Thanyaphot (since 2015)
Area
 • Total8,607.5 km2 (3,323.4 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 22nd
Population
 (2017)
 • Total729,133[1]
 • RankRanked 34th
 • Density rankRanked 57th
Human Achievement Index[2]
 • HAI (2014)0.6056 "low" ranked 62nd
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Area code(s)055
ISO 3166 codeTH-62
Vehicle registrationกำแพงเพชร

Contents

EtymologyEdit

In Thai or Lao kamphaeng means 'wall' and phet (from Sanskrit vájra) means 'diamond'. The name means 'wall as hard as diamond'. This wall served as a defensive line to protect the Ayutthaya Kingdom from what is now modern-day Burma. The old name was Khao Kampeng, referring to a 'mountain wall' between the two countries.

GeographyEdit

 
Banana Festival

The main river is the Ping, a major tributary of the Chao Phraya River. River flats make up much of the east of the province, while the west is mountainous and covered with forests.

One of the provinces best-known products is bananas, especially the kluai khai, a small, round, sweet banana. Banana festivals are held every year to thank the spirits for the harvest.

HistoryEdit

Kamphaeng Phet was already a royal city in the Sukhothai Kingdom in the 14th century, then known under its old name Chakangrao. It formed an important part of the defence system of the kingdom, as well as later of the Ayutthaya Kingdom.

SymbolsEdit

The provincial seal shows the city walls surmounted by diamonds, since the city name means 'diamond wall' (from the shape of the ramparts of the old city wall). The provincial tree is the areca nut palm (Acacia catechu), and the provincial flower the bullet wood (Mimusops elengi).

Human achievement index 2014Edit

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development.[2]
Kamphaeng Phet province, with a HAI value of 0.6056, takes 62nd place in the rankings. This is "low" between the values of 0.5214 and 0.6067.

Index for the province Kamphaeng Phet[2]
HAI indices Indicators Rank list
Health 7 76th
Education 4 69th
Employment 4 30th
Income 4 33rd
Housing and living environment 5 9th
Family and community life 6 40th
Transport and communication 6 55th
Participation 4 37th

Administrative divisionsEdit

 
Districts

The province is divided into 11 districts (amphoes). These are further subdivided into 78 sub-districts (tambons) and 823 villages (mubans).

  1. Mueang Kamphaeng Phet
  2. Sai Ngam
  3. Khlong Lan
  4. Khanu Woralaksaburi
  5. Khlong Khlung
  6. Phran Kratai
  1. Lan Krabue
  2. Sai Thong Watthana
  3. Pang Sila Thong
  4. Bueng Samakkhi
  5. Kosamphi Nakhon
 
Ruins, Kamphaeng Phet Historical Park
 
Kamphaeng Phet Historical Park

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population in Thailand as of 31 December 2017" (PDF). Government Gazette. Ratchakitcha Society. 135: 22–25. 2018-02-28. Retrieved 2018-09-30.
  2. ^ a b c Thailand Human Development Report 2014 by UNDP[full citation needed]

External linksEdit