Phetchabun (Thai: เพชรบูรณ์, pronounced [pʰét.t͡ɕʰā.būːn]) is one of the central or northern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Loei, Khon Kaen, Chaiyaphum, Lopburi, Nakhon Sawan, Phichit, and Phitsanulok.
Map of Thailand highlighting Phetchabun Province
|• Governor||Phibun Hatthakitkoson (since October 2016)|
|• Total||12,668.4 km2 (4,891.3 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 9th|
|• Rank||Ranked 22nd|
|• Density rank||Ranked 63rd|
|Human Achievement Index|
|• HAI (2014)||0.5910 "low" ranked 67th|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (ICT)|
|ISO 3166 code||TH-67|
Phetchabun is in the lower northern region of Thailand, in the area between the northern and the central region. The province lies in the broad fertile river valley of the Pa Sak River, with mountains of the Phetchabun mountain range to the east and west.
The word phetcha originates from the Sanskrit word vajra meaning "diamond" (or weapon of Indra), and the word bun from Sanskrit purna meaning "full", "perfect" or "whole". Hence the name of the province literally means "perfect diamond".
Initially, the province was called "Phe-cha-buth" as "Phuenchapura", which means the city that has plenty of crops. The reason is that the province is very fertile and has ample resources. Because of the fertility of the land, Phetchabun has always been agriculturally productive area.
In the Thesaphiban administrative reforms at the beginning of the 20th century, the province, together with Lom Sak Province to the north, formed monthon Phetchabun. As it was the smallest monthon, it was also the first monthon to be dissolved in 1915, after being temporarily administered from Monthon Phitsanulok between 1903 and 1907. Lom Sak Province was abolished and merged into Phetchabun in 1932.
During the period between 1968-1982 communist insurgents established bases in the mountains in the province. From hidden locations they fought occasional skirmishes against the Thai Army.
The provincial seal shows a diamond on a mountain, as diamonds are found in the province. In the foreground are tobacco plants, as it is one of the crops grown in the province. The provincial tree is the tamarind.
Human achievement index 2014Edit
Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development.
Phetchabun province, with a HAI value of 0.5910, takes 67th place in the rankings. This is "low" between the values of 0.5214 and 0.6067.
|HAI indices||Indicators||Rank list|
|Housing and living environment||5||28th|
|Family and community life||6||6th|
|Transport and communication||6||63rd|
Phetchabun is 340 road kilometres north of Bangkok via Route 21.
Sweet tamarind (มะขามหวาน) is the "signature" crop of the province.
- "Population in Thailand as of 31 December 2017" (PDF). Government Gazette. Ratchakitcha Society. 135: 22–25. 2018-02-28. Retrieved 2018-09-30.
- Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community (Report). United Nations Development Programme. pp. 93–166. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- "Phetchabun". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 23 July 2015.
- Thanarutleasakon, k. (2002). Pra – wat – tai – sart – Thai – ched– sib – hoke – jung -wat [Thai history of 76 provinces]. Bangkok : One World Publishing.