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Phetchabun (Thai: เพชรบูรณ์, pronounced [pʰét.t͡ɕʰā.būːn]) is one of the central or northern provinces (changwat) of Thailand.[3] Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Loei, Khon Kaen, Chaiyaphum, Lopburi, Nakhon Sawan, Phichit, and Phitsanulok.

Phetchabun

เพชรบูรณ์
Flag of Phetchabun
Flag
Official seal of Phetchabun
Seal
Map of Thailand highlighting Phetchabun Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Phetchabun Province
Coordinates: 16°20′N 101°06′E / 16.333°N 101.100°E / 16.333; 101.100Coordinates: 16°20′N 101°06′E / 16.333°N 101.100°E / 16.333; 101.100
CountryThailand
CapitalPhetchabun
Government
 • GovernorPhibun Hatthakitkoson (since October 2016)
Area
 • Total12,668.4 km2 (4,891.3 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 9th
Population
 (2017)
 • Total995,331[1]
 • RankRanked 22nd
 • Density rankRanked 63rd
Human Achievement Index[2]
 • HAI (2014)0.5910 "low" ranked 67th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
ISO 3166 codeTH-67

Contents

GeographyEdit

Phetchabun is in the lower northern region of Thailand, in the area between the northern and the central region. The province lies in the broad fertile river valley of the Pa Sak River, with mountains of the Phetchabun mountain range to the east and west.

Khao Kho National Park, Nam Nao National Park, and Tat Mok National Park are all in the province, either entirely or partially.

EtymologyEdit

The word phetcha originates from the Sanskrit word vajra meaning "diamond" (or weapon of Indra), and the word bun from Sanskrit purna meaning "full", "perfect" or "whole". Hence the name of the province literally means "perfect diamond".

Initially, the province was called "Phe-cha-buth" as "Phuenchapura", which means the city that has plenty of crops.[4] The reason is that the province is very fertile and has ample resources. Because of the fertility of the land, Phetchabun has always been agriculturally productive area.

HistoryEdit

Phetchabun was established by two kingdoms: the Sukhothai Kingdom, and the Ayutthaya Period of the King Narai.[citation needed]

In the Thesaphiban administrative reforms at the beginning of the 20th century, the province, together with Lom Sak Province to the north, formed monthon Phetchabun. As it was the smallest monthon, it was also the first monthon to be dissolved in 1915, after being temporarily administered from Monthon Phitsanulok between 1903 and 1907. Lom Sak Province was abolished and merged into Phetchabun in 1932.

During the period between 1968-1982 communist insurgents established bases in the mountains in the province. From hidden locations they fought occasional skirmishes against the Thai Army.[citation needed]

SymbolsEdit

The provincial seal shows a diamond on a mountain, as diamonds are found in the province. In the foreground are tobacco plants, as it is one of the crops grown in the province. The provincial tree is the tamarind.

Administrative divisionsEdit

The province is divided into 11 districts (amphoe). These are further subdivided into 117 sub-districts (tambon) and 1261 villages (muban).

  1. Mueang Phetchabun
  2. Chon Daen
  3. Lom Sak
  4. Lom Kao
  5. Wichian Buri
  6. Si Thep
  1. Nong Phai
  2. Bueng Sam Phan
  3. Nam Nao
  4. Wang Pong
  5. Khao Kho

Human achievement index 2014Edit

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development.[2]
Phetchabun province, with a HAI value of 0.5910, takes 67th place in the rankings. This is "low" between the values of 0.5214 and 0.6067.

Index for the province Phetchabun[2]
HAI indices Indicators Rank list
Health 7 70th
Education 4 60th
Employment 4 70th
Income 4 64th
Housing and living environment 5 28th
Family and community life 6 6th
Transport and communication 6 63rd
Participation 4 55th

TransportEdit

RoadEdit

Phetchabun is 340 road kilometres north of Bangkok via Route 21.

AirEdit

Phetchabun is served by Phetchabun Airport. Nok Air serves the airport with flights to Bangkok.[5]

Local productsEdit

Sweet tamarind (มะขามหวาน) is the "signature" crop of the province.

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population in Thailand as of 31 December 2017" (PDF). Government Gazette. Ratchakitcha Society. 135: 22–25. 2018-02-28. Retrieved 2018-09-30.
  2. ^ a b c Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community (Report). United Nations Development Programme. pp. 93–166. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
  3. ^ "Phetchabun". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 23 July 2015.
  4. ^ Thanarutleasakon, k. (2002). Pra – wat – tai – sart – Thai – ched– sib – hoke – jung -wat [Thai history of 76 provinces]. Bangkok : One World Publishing.
  5. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/279004/nok-air-adds-phetchabun-from-june-2018/

External linksEdit