Foreign relations of Thailand
The foreign relations of Thailand are handled by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Thailand and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Thailand.
Thailand participates fully in international and regional organizations. It has developed increasingly close ties with other ASEAN members—Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Brunei, Laos, Cambodia, Burma, and Vietnam—whose foreign and economic ministers hold annual meetings. Regional cooperation is progressing in economic, trade, banking, political, and cultural matters. In 2003, Thailand served as APEC host. Dr. Supachai Panitchpakdi, the former Deputy Prime Minister of Thailand, served as Secretary-General of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) from 2005 until 31 August 2013. In 2005 Thailand attended the inaugural East Asia Summit.
In recent years, Thailand has taken an increasingly active role on the international stage. When East Timor gained independence from Indonesia, Thailand, for the first time in its history, contributed troops to the international peacekeeping effort. Its troops remain there today as part of a UN peacekeeping force. As part of its effort to increase international ties, Thailand has reached out to such regional organizations as the Organization of American States (OAS) and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). Thailand has contributed troops to reconstruction efforts in Afghanistan and Iraq.
Parts of the border with Laos are indefinite; maritime boundary with Vietnam resolved, August 1997; parts of border with Cambodia are indefinite; maritime boundary with Cambodia not clearly defined; sporadic conflict with Burma over alignment of border.
A minor producer of opium, heroin, and marijuana; major illicit transit point for heroin en route to the international drug market from Burma and Laos; eradication efforts have reduced the area of cannabis cultivation and shifted some production to neighboring countries; opium poppy cultivation has been reduced by eradication efforts; also a drug money laundering center; minor role in amphetamine production for regional consumption; increasing indigenous abuse of methamphetamines and heroin.
Relations are considered close and cordial and have made strides to improve trade and investment between the two countries. Diplomatic relations were established on 5 October 1972 and Thailand opened its embassy in 1974 followed by Bangladesh setting up their own in Bangkok in the following year. The first visit between the two countries was President Ziaur Rahman's visit to Thailand in 1979 followed by Prime Minister Prem Tinsulanonda in 1983. Other Heads of States like Ershad visited in 1985, 1988 and 1990 and Thaksin Shinawatra in July and December 2002 and January 2004. Thailand is a key country in Bangladesh's "Look East" policy and relations have begun to increase and diversify into different areas.
They seek not to intervene in each other's internal matters as shown by their response to the events occurring in their own respective countries in 2006 such as the 2006 Thai coup d'état and 2006–08 Bangladeshi political crisis. Both have considerable cooperation in summits organised by BIMSTEC and the ASEAN regional forum. Upper class and upper middle class Bangladeshis often go to Thailand for medical treatment and operations that the country's medical infrastructure cannot provide.
Parts of Cambodia's border with Thailand are indefinite, and the maritime boundary with Thailand is not clearly defined. On 5 November 2009 Thailand recalled its ambassador from Cambodia in protest of the Cambodian government's appointment of Thai ex-leader Thaksin Shinawatra as an economic adviser. Thai Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva stated that this was "the first diplomatic retaliation measure" against the appointment. He also said that Cambodia was interfering in Thai internal affairs and as a result bi-lateral co-operation agreements would be reviewed. The Cambodian government has stated that it would refuse any extradition request from Thailand for Thaksin as it considered him to be a victim of political persecution.
In the months leading up to the Cambodian decision, troops from both nations had clashed over territory claimed by both countries immediately adjacent to Cambodia's Preah Vihear temple, leading to a deterioration in relations. At 8:30 pm local time on 5 November Cambodia announced that it was withdrawing their ambassador from Thailand as a retaliatory measure. Sok An, a member of the Council of Ministers and Deputy Prime Minister of Cambodia, said that the appointment of Thaksin is a decision internal to Cambodia and that it "conforms to international practice". The mutual withdrawal of ambassadors is the most severe diplomatic action to have occurred between the two countries.
Thailand established diplomatic relations with the PRC on 1 July 1975.
For an evaluation of Sino-Siamese relations, see Siamese Inter-State Relations in the Late Nineteenth Century: From An Asian Regional Perspective.
Diplomatic relations between India and Thailand were established in 1947, soon after India gained independence. Thailand holds three embassies in India: in Mumbai, in New Delhi, and in Calcutta. India also holds three embassies in Thailand: in Bangkok, Chiang Mai, and A Muang.
The end of the Cold War led to a significant enhancement in the substance and pace of bilateral interactions. Indian Look East policy from 1993 and Thailand's Look West policy since 1996 set the stage for a substantive consolidation of bilateral relations. The past few years since 2001 have witnessed growing warmth, increasing economic and commercial links, exchange of high-level visits on both sides, and the signing of a large number of Agreements leading to a further intensification of relations. Thailand and India are cooperating in various multilateral fora like India's dialogue partnership with ASEAN, the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), and the East Asia Summit, the sub-regional grouping BIMSTEC involving Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Myanmar, Nepal and Bhutan, and trilateral transport linkages with Thailand, Myanmar and India. India is a member of the Asia Cooperation Dialogue (ACD) initiated by Thailand in 2002 and of the Mekong–Ganga Cooperation (MGC), a group of six countries.
Indonesia and Thailand are viewed as natural ally. Both nations officially established diplomatic ties in 1950 and have enjoyed a cordial bilateral relationship ever since. Both countries has established embassies in each capitals, Indonesia has their embassy in Bangkok and consulate in Songkhla, while Thailand has their embassy in Jakarta. High rank stately visits has been conducted for years. Both nations are the founders of ASEAN and the members of Non-Aligned Movement and APEC. Indonesia is also appointed as observer in Cambodian–Thai border dispute.
Israel and Thailand have had official relations since June 1954. The Israeli embassy in Bangkok was established in 1958. Since 1996, Thailand has had an embassy in Tel Aviv. After the floods in 2011, Israel sent water management experts to Thailand. Princess Chulabhorn Mahidal is involved in advancing scientific cooperation between the two countries. The Thai ambassador to Israel is Jukr Boon-Long.
Japan has become a key trading partner and foreign investor for Thailand. Japan is Thailand's largest supplier, followed by the United States. Since 2005, the rapid ramp-up in export of automobiles of Japanese makes (esp. Toyota, Nissan, Isuzu) has helped to dramatically improve the trade balance, with over 1 million cars produced last year. As such, Thailand has joined the ranks of the world's top ten automobile exporting nations. In 2007, a Japan–Thailand Economic Partnership Agreement was signed, aiming at free trade between the two countries after a transition period of 10 years.
In some respects, Thailand can be seen as a greater threat to Laos's independence than Vietnam because of its closer cultural affinity, its easier access, and its control over the railroad and highway routes to the sea. The Mekong River, which both sides have an interest in making a "river of true peace and friendship" — as their respective prime ministers called for in 1976 – also provides a north–south artery during the rainy season.
Thailand has an embassy in Kuala Lumpur, and consulate-general offices in George Town and Kota Bharu. Malaysia maintains an embassy in Bangkok. Recently, Thai-Malay relations have soured considerably due to the ethnically Malay Pattani separatists in three southern provinces of Thailand. There have been claims by some Thai politicians that certain parties in Malaysia has taken an interest in the cause of their opponents in the war, which is vehemently disputed by the latter.
Thailand officially recognised Palestine as an independent state on 18 January 2012.
The Thailand-Philippines relations continues to be warm and friendly. Formal Relations with Thailand was established 14 June 1949. Thailand is one of the Philippines major trade partners and one of the Philippines' source of rice through Thai exports. Bilateral Relations continues to be strengthen through talks and agreements on economic, security and cultural matters including concerns on Rice trade, fight on drugs and human trafficking.
Relations Saudi Arabia and Thailand were established in 1957 and hundreds of thousands of Thais went to Saudi Arabia to work. However, relations have been severely strained for the past 20 years due to fallout from the Blue Diamond Affair. Diplomatic missions were downgraded to chargé d'affaires level and the number of Thai workers in Saudi Arabia plummeted. Saudi Arabia does not issue working visas for Thais and discourages its citizens from visiting the country.
Both countries established diplomatic relations on 1 October 1958. The year 2008 is the 50th year of bilateral relations with two nations. During the Korean War, Thailand was the second nation sending troops for supporting South Korea just after the United States. In October 2003, South Korean president Roh Moo-hyun visited Thailand while Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra went to Seoul in November 2005. South Korean is the 10th largest trade partner, which is about to reach the scale of 10 billion dollars.
Diplomatic relations between the two countries have existed since 1976, and are very friendly both economically and politically nowadays. Yet, relations between the two countries had always been marred by discord, which resulted from bitter rivalry to gain control of the area of what is today Laos and Cambodia.
In the 19th century, Thailand (then known as Siam) had fought a series of wars with the Nguyễn dynasty which then ruled over Vietnam over control of Cambodia. This rivalry will only temporarily subside when French colonists stepped in and gradually building an establishment in Southeast Asia, known as French Indochina.
During the Vietnam War, Thailand was aligned with South Vietnam and the United States and the U Tapao Air Base was used as a base for USAF aircraft. During the Fall of Saigon in 1975, fleeing South Vietnamese pilots arrived at U Tapao before fleeing to other countries.
In 1979, when the Khmer Rouge government in neighbouring Cambodia was toppled, this had raised concerns in Thailand and the Thai government quickly allied itself with the Khmer Rouge, later the CGDK, in fear of Vietnamese expansionism. In fact, Thailand was foremost among the ASEAN, of which it is part of, in opposing the Vietnamese invasion of Cambodia.
Cambodian refugees soon stayed at border camps straddling the Thai-Cambodian border, and these camps are often controlled by the Khmer Rouge or the CGDK. In the years that followed, Vietnam launched a series of raids on the camps and Vietnamese troops often penetrated into Thai territory and shelled Thai border villages and towns.
|Country||Formal Relations Began||Notes|
Brazil is the main trading partner of Thailand in Latin America.
|Mexico||28 August 1975|
In 2009, Thailand and Peru signed a free trade agreement calling for elimination of tariffs on 70% of 5,000 items listed in the agreement. Thailand imports tin and fish from Peru. Peru imports auto parts, electrical appliances, and clothes from Thailand.
Thailand has had relations with the United States since 1833. In 2003, the United States designated Thailand as a major non-NATO ally, which grants Thailand many financial and military benefits derived from the United States.
|Country||Formal Relations Began||Notes|
|Denmark||See Denmark–Thailand relations|
|Estonia||22 October 1921||See Foreign relations of Estonia
|France||1662||See France–Thailand relations
France-Thailand relations cover a period from the 16th century until modern times.
|Kosovo||2013-11-22||See Kosovo–Thailand relations|
|Netherlands||1608 embassy to the Dutch Republic resulted in a treaty being concluded between the Republic and the kingdom of Siam in 1617.
|Russia||See Russia–Thailand relations
The Soviet Union and Thailand established diplomatic relations with Thailand on 12 March 1941; Thailand recognised Russian Federation as the successor to Soviet Union on 28 December 1991. Russia has an embassy in Bangkok and two honorary consulates in Phuket and Pattaya. Thailand has an embassy in Moscow and two honorary consulates in Saint Petersburg and Vladivostok.
British relations with Thailand date back to 1612, when the East India Company ship The Globe arrived in Siam carrying a letter from King James I for the Siamese king. After Burma lost the First Anglo-Burmese War (1824–26) relations opened between the Rattanakosin Kingdom of Siam and the United Kingdom with a treaty of alliance in February 1826 and another treaty in June negotiated by East India Company emissary Henry Burney. This was followed by the Bowring Treaty of 1855 to liberalise trade. In 1893, Lord Lansdowne of the British Raj finalized the border between Burma and Siam; the Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909 then dissected the northern Malay states.
In 1917 the modern Siamese kingdom declared war on Germany during World War I, which secured it a seat at the Versailles Peace Conference. Foreign Minister Devawongse Varopakarn used this as an opportunity to argue for the repeal of the 19th century treaties and restoration of full Siamese sovereignty. While Britain and France delayed until 1925, the United States obliged in 1920. Following the outbreak of World War II, relations with Britain, France and the United States deteriorated rapidly – though former Queen Rambai Barni was nominal head of the Seri Thai resistance movement in Great Britain. Japan allowed Thailand to resume sovereignty over the sultanates of northern Malaya that had been lost in the 1909 treaty with Britain, and to invade and annex the Shan States in northern Burma. After the Japanese surrender, Allied military responsibility for Thailand fell to the British, who favoured treating the kingdom as a defeated enemy. Americans, however, supported Thailand's new government; during the Cold War relations with the United Kingdom took a back seat to those with the United States.
|Country||Formal Relations Began||Notes|
Thai Embassy and ConsulatesEdit
Royal Thai Embassy and Royal Thai Consulate-GeneralEdit
|Argentina||Argentine Republic||Buenos Aires||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Australia||Commonwealth of Australia||Canberra||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Sydney||Royal Thai Consulate-General|
|Austria||Republic of Austria||Vienna||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Bahrain||Kingdom of Bahrain||Manama||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Bangladesh||People's Republic of Bangladesh||Dhaka||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Belgium||Kingdom of Belgium||Brussels||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Brazil||Federative Republic of Brazil||Brasilia||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Brunei||Nation of Brunei, Abode of Peace||Bandar Seri Begawan||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Cambodia||Kingdom of Cambodia||Phnom Penh||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Canada||Canada||Ottawa||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Vancouver||Royal Thai Consulate-General|
|Chile||Republic of Chile||Santiago||Royal Thai Embassy|
|China||People's Republic of China||Beijing||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Chengdu||Royal Thai Consulate-General|
|Guangzhou||Royal Thai Consulate-General|
|Hong Kong||Royal Thai Consulate-General|
|Kunming||Royal Thai Consulate-General|
|Nanning||Royal Thai Consulate-General|
|Qingdao||Royal Thai Consulate-General|
|Shanghai||Royal Thai Consulate-General|
|Xi'an||Royal Thai Consulate-General|
|Xiamen||Royal Thai Consulate-General|
|Czech||Czech Republic||Prague||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Denmark||Kingdom of Denmark||Copenhagen||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Egypt||Arab Republic of Egypt||Cairo||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Finland||Republic of Finland||Helsinki||Royal Thai Embassy|
|France||French Republic||Paris||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Germany||Federal Republic of Germany||Berlin||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Frankfurt||Royal Thai Consulate-General|
|Greece||Hellenic Republic||Athens||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Hungary||Hungary||Budapest||Royal Thai Embassy|
|India||Republic of India||New Delhi||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Chennai||Royal Thai Consulate-General|
|Kolkata||Royal Thai Consulate-General|
|Mumbai||Royal Thai Consulate-General|
|Indonesia||Republic of Indonesia||Jakarta||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Iran||Islamic Republic of Iran||Tehran||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Israel||State of Israel||Tel Aviv||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Italy||Italian Republic||Rome||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Japan||Japan||Tokyo||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Osaka||Royal Thai Consulate-General|
|Jordan||Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan||Amman||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Kazakhstan||Republic of Kazakhstan||Astana||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Kenya||Republic of Kenya||Nairobi||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Kuwait||State of Kuwait||Kuwait City||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Laos||Lao People's Democratic Republic||Vientiane||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Savannakhet||Royal Thai Consulate-General|
|Libya||Libya||Tripoli||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Madagascar||Republic of Madagascar||Antananarivo||Royal Thai Consulate-General|
|Malaysia||Malaysia||Kuala Lumpur||Royal Thai Embassy|
|George Town||Royal Thai Consulate-General|
|Kota Bharu||Royal Thai Consulate-General|
|Mexico||United Mexican States||Mexico City||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Morocco||Kingdom of Morocco||Rabat||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Mozambique||Republic of Mozambique||Maputo||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Myanmar||Republic of the Union of Myanmar||Yangon||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Nepal||Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal||Kathmandu||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Netherlands||Kingdom of the Netherlands||The Hague||Royal Thai Embassy|
|New Zealand||New Zealand||Wellington||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Nigeria||Federal Republic of Nigeria||Abuja||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Norway||Kingdom of Norway||Oslo||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Oman||Sultanate of Oman||Muscat||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Pakistan||Islamic Republic of Pakistan||Islamabad||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Karachi||Royal Thai Consulate-General|
|Peru||Republic of Peru||Lima||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Philippines||Republic of the Philippines||Manila||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Poland||Republic of Poland||Warsaw||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Portugal||Portuguese Republic||Lisbon||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Qatar||State of Qatar||Doha||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Romania||Romania||Bucharest||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Russia||Russian Federation||Moscow||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Saudi Arabia||Kingdom of Saudi Arabia||Riyadh||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Jeddah||Royal Thai Consulate-General|
|Senegal||Republic of Senegal||Dakar||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Singapore||Republic of Singapore||Singapore||Royal Thai Embassy|
|South Africa||Republic of South Africa||Pretoria||Royal Thai Embassy|
|South Korea||Republic of Korea||Seoul||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Spain||Kingdom of Spain||Madrid||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Sri Lanka||Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka||Colombo||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Sweden||Kingdom of Sweden||Stockholm||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Switzerland||Swiss Confederation||Bern||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Timor-Leste||Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste||Dili||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Turkey||Republic of Turkey||Ankara||Royal Thai Embassy|
|United Arab Emirates||United Arab Emirates||Abu Dhabi||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Dubai||Royal Thai Consulate-General|
|United Kingdom||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland||London||Royal Thai Embassy|
|United States||United States of America||Washington||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Chicago||Royal Thai Consulate-General|
|Los Angeles||Royal Thai Consulate-General|
|New York City||Royal Thai Consulate-General|
|Vietnam||Socialist Republic of Vietnam||Hanoi||Royal Thai Embassy|
|Ho Chi Minh City||Royal Thai Consulate-General|
|Organization||Officially||City and Country|
|ASEAN||Association of Southeast Asian Nations||Jakarta, Indonesia|
|UN||United Nations||Geneva, Switzerland|
|New York City, United States|
Thailand Economic and Trade OfficeEdit
|Taiwan||Republic of China||Taipei|
International organization participationEdit
APEC, AsDB, ASEAN, BIMSTEC, CP, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, NAM, OAS (observer), OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNITAR, UNMIBH, UNTAET, UNU, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
|Thai Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- "Brunei-Thailand Relations". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade (Brunei). Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 9 February 2014.
- Oxford Business Group (2011). The Report: Brunei Darussalam 2011. Oxford Business Group. pp. 36–. ISBN 978-1-907065-52-1.
- "Thai envoy recalled from Cambodia". BBC News. 5 November 2009.
- "Recall of envoys escalates Thai-Cambodian tensions". eTaiwan News. 5 November 2009.
- "Cambodia recalls ambassador to Thailand over Thaksin issue". Xinhua. 5 November 2009.
- "Bilateral Relations". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the People's Republic of China. 23 October 2003. Retrieved 2010-06-12.
- KOIZUMI, Junko (Received: 23 January 2008; Accepted: 3 April 2008). "Siamese Inter-State Relations in the Late Nineteenth Century: From An Asian Regional Perspective" (PDF). Taiwan Journal of Southeast Asian Studies. pp. 5 (1):65–92. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 July 2011. Retrieved 12 June 2010.
This article examines the Siamese inter-state relations since the mid-19th century by placing them within the wider regional contexts of "East Asia ." After the conclusion of the Treaty of Friendship and Commerce with the British in 1855 and the gradual colonization of mainland Southeast Asia toward the 1880s, it is generally understood that Siamese diplomatic relations with its neighboring countries were replaced with relations with the colonial powers. However, Thai archival records suggest that there existed continuous negotiations between Siam and other Asian countries, particularly China, and that such relations still constituted an important part of Siamese diplomacy after 1855.Check date values in:
- Chongkittavorn, Kavi (2 August 2010). "Indonesia and Thailand: An emerging natural alliance". The Nation. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- ""International Seminar "The 60th Anniversary of the Indonesia-Thailand Diplomatic Relations"". Chula Global Network, Chulalongkorn University. Archived from the original on 14 February 2011. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- "Thailand, Cambodia Agree to Indonesian Observers at Border". VOA. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "RI ready to send observers to Cambodia, Thailand". Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "Error-2010-f3". Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- Thai embassy in Tel Aviv Archived 25 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Peres talks globalization, scientific cooperation with five new ambassadors". Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- Brown, MacAlister and Joseph J. Zasloff. "Relations with Thailand". Laos: a country study (Andrea Matles Savada, editor). Library of Congress Federal Research Division (July 1994). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- "Thailand PM to arrive in Pakistan for two-day visit". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- Thailand recognizes Palestinian State
- "Time running out for thai-saudi relations". (sic) Editorial. The Nation. 9 April 2008. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
- Official webpage of Embassy of the Republic of Korea in Thailand. Archived 11 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
- (in Korean) 재외공관 인사말 Archived 13 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Trade and DI of Thailand in VN". Jpvn.org. 6 August 1976. Retrieved 2011-09-19.
- Reino da Tailândia (em português)
- Embassy of Thailand in Brasília (em português)
- Embassy of Canada in Bangkok (in English and French)
- Embassy of Thailand in Ottawa (in English and Thai)
- Embassy of Mexico in Bangkok (in English and Spanish)
- Embassy of Thailand in Mexico City (in English and Spanish)
- Thailand, Peru Sign Free Trade Agreement, World Trade, December 2009, p. 14.
- Embassy of Peru in Bangkok (in English and Spanish)
- Embassy of Thailand in Lima (in English and Spanish)
- Embassy of Thailand in Washington, DC (in English and Thai)
- Embassy of the United States in Bangkok (in English and Thai) Archived 3 March 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
- Bulgarian embassy in Bangkok
- "at 車内の乾燥を回避". Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- Croatian embassy in Jakarta (also accredited to Thailand) Archived 4 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
- "สถานเอกอัครราชทูต ณ กรุงบูดาเปสต์". Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- Ministry Foreign Affairs of Cyprus
- Ministry Foreign Affairs of Cyprus
- Estonian and Thaiand[permanent dead link]
- EU Countries not Represented in Thaiand
- "Siam, Cambodia, and Laos 1800-1950". Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- 140 Years Peace: Fundamental Conditions for the Commencement of German-Thai Amity Archived 18 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
- Thai embassy in Athens
- Hungarian embassy in Bangkok
- Thai embassy in Budapest
- "สถานเอกอัครราชทูต ณ กรุงบูดาเปสต์". Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- Thailand's embassy in Budapest
- Prime Minister Thaçi officially receives Thailand recognition of Kosovo in a meeting with Thailand Deputy Prime Minister Dr. Surapong Tovichakchaikul, Prime Minister of Kosovo, 2013-09-26
- การรับรองโคโซโวโดยการสถาปนาความสัมพันธ์ทางการทูตกับโคโซโว, ข่าวออนไลน์ RYT9, 2013-09-25 (in Thai)
- Southeast Asia: Its Historical Development, John Frank Cady, p.213
- "Ministerul Afacerilor Externe". Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- Thai embassy in Bucharest
- "The Embassy". Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "Royal Thai Embassy Stockholm". Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "Bangkok - SwedenAbroad". Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "Kiev - RTE Moscow :". Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- Ukrainian embassy in Bangkok
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 February 2010. Retrieved 11 June 2010.
- "UK in Thailand – the British Embassy in Thailand". Ukinthailand.fco.gov.uk. Retrieved 2011-09-19.
- Embassy of Australia in Bangkok
- Embassy of Thailand in Canberra (in English and Thai)
- Embassy of New Zealand in Bangkok
- Embassy of Thailand in Wellington (in English and Thai)
- Bhawan Ruangsilp (2007). Dutch East India Company Merchants at the Court of Ayutthaya: Dutch Perceptions of the Thai Kingdom, Ca. 1604-1765. BRILL. ISBN 90-04-15600-3.