A dessert is typically the sweet course that, after the entrée and main course, concludes a meal in the culture of many countries, particularly Western culture. The course usually consists of sweet foods, but may include other items. The word "dessert" originated from the French word desservir "to clear the table" and the negative of the Latin word servire.[2] There are a wide variety of desserts in western cultures, including cakes, cookies, biscuits, gelatins, pastries, ice creams, pies, puddings, and candies. Fruit is also commonly found in dessert courses because of its natural sweetness. Many different cultures have their own variations of similar desserts around the world, such as in Russia, where many breakfast foods such as blini, oladyi, and syrniki can be served with honey and jam to make them popular as desserts.

An assortment of desserts.
A chocolate-strawberry crumble ball.
Indian confectionery desserts (known as mithai, or sweets in some parts of India). Sugar and desserts have a long history in India: by about 500 BC, people in India had developed the technology to produce sugar crystals. In the local language, these crystals were called khanda (खण्ड), which is the source of the word candy.[1]

By type edit

Brand name desserts edit

Cakes edit

Cake is a form of bread or bread-like food. In its modern forms, it is typically a sweet baked dessert. In its oldest forms, cakes were normally fried breads or cheesecakes, and normally had a disk shape. Modern cake, especially layer cakes, normally contain a combination of flour, sugar, eggs, and butter or oil, with some varieties also requiring liquid (typically milk or water) and leavening agents (such as yeast or baking powder).

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Confectionery and candies edit

Confectionery is related to the food items that are rich in sugar and often referred to as a confection. Candy is a confection made from a concentrated solution of sugar in water, to which flavorings and colorants may be added. Candies come in numerous colors and varieties and have a long history in popular culture.

 
cotton candy

Confectionery edit

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Cookies edit

In the United States and Canada a cookie is a small, flat, baked treat, usually containing flour, eggs, sugar, and either butter or cooking oil, and often including ingredients such as raisins, oats, or chocolate chips.

Custards edit

Custard is a variety of culinary preparations based on a cooked mixture of milk or cream and egg yolk. Depending on how much egg or thickener is used, custard may vary in consistency from a thin pouring sauce (crème anglaise) to a thick pastry cream (crème pâtissière) used to fill éclairs. Most common custards are used as desserts or dessert sauces and typically include sugar and vanilla. Custard bases may also be used for quiches and other savory foods. Sometimes flour, corn starch, or gelatin is added as in pastry cream or crème pâtissière.

Dessert sauces edit

 
Chocolate syrup on top of ice cream

Dessert sauces are used to add flavor and texture to desserts, and tend to be sweet.

Italian cuisine edit

Doughnuts edit

A doughnut, or donut, is a type of fried dough confectionery or dessert food. The doughnut is popular in many countries and prepared in various forms as a sweet snack that can be homemade or purchased in bakeries, supermarkets, food stalls, and franchised specialty outlets.

Frozen desserts edit

Frozen dessert is the generic name for desserts made by freezing liquids, semi-solids, and sometimes even solids.

Ice cream edit

Ice cream is a frozen dessert usually made from dairy products, such as milk and cream and often combined with fruits or other ingredients and flavors. Ice cream became popular throughout the world in the second half of the 20th century after cheap refrigeration became common.

Pastries edit

Pastry is the name given to various kinds of baked products made from ingredients such as flour, sugar, milk, butter, shortening, baking powder, and eggs.[3] Small tarts and other sweet baked products are called "pastries."

 
An assortment of pastries and cakes in a pâtisserie

Pastries with poppy seeds edit

Pies edit

A pie is a baked dish which is usually made of a pastry dough casing that covers or completely contains a filling of various sweet or savoury ingredients.

Sweet pies edit

Tarts edit

 
Tarte Tatin

A tart is a baked dish consisting of a filling over a pastry base with an open top not covered with pastry. The pastry is usually shortcrust pastry; the filling may be sweet or savory, though modern tarts are usually fruit-based, sometimes with custard.

Puddings edit

Pudding is usually a dessert, but it can also be a savory dish. In the United Kingdom and most Commonwealth countries, pudding can be used to describe both sweet and savory dishes. However, unless qualified, the term in everyday usage typically denotes a dessert. In the United States and Canada, pudding characteristically denotes a sweet milk-based dessert similar in consistency to egg-based custards, instant custards, or a mousse.

By country edit

Algeria edit

Argentina edit

 
Argentine pionono with dulce de leche

Australia edit

Azerbaijan edit

Bangladesh edit

Bosnia and Herzegovina edit

 
Chomchom, traditional Bengali sweet originated from Porabari, Tangail, Bangladesh.

Brazil edit

Bulgaria edit

Canada edit

 
A pecan butter tart

Chile edit

China edit

Czech Republic edit

Finland edit

France edit

Germany edit

Greece edit

 
Loukoumades

Hong Kong edit

Hungary edit

India edit

 
Chhena Gaja from Pahala, Orissa, India

Indonesia edit

Iran edit

 
Kolompeh from Kerman,Iran

Italy edit

 
Cassatas are popular and traditional Sicilian desserts.

Italian pastries edit

Japan edit

 
Hakuto jelly is a seasonal Japanese dessert available in the summer.

Korea edit

Luxembourg edit

Malaysia edit

Mexico edit

Netherlands edit

New Zealand edit

 
Afghan biscuits

Pakistan edit

Peru edit

Philippines edit

Poland edit

 
Filhos

Portugal edit

Romania edit

Romanian pastries edit

Russia edit

 
Russian kartoshka (potato) cake

Slovenia edit

 
Kremna rezina

Spain edit

Sri Lanka edit

Switzerland edit

Swiss pastries edit

Syria edit

Taiwan edit

 
A plate of Bàobīng with strawberries and condensed milk

Thailand edit

Turkey edit

Turkish pastries edit

 
Şekerpare

Ukraine edit

 
Syrnyky with jam

United Arab Emirates edit

United Kingdom edit

Scotland edit

United States edit

Uruguay edit

Vietnam edit

 
Bánh phu thê, wrapped in palm leaves

By region edit

Indian Subcontinent edit

Sweets from the Indian subcontinent
Khoya sweets with varaq
Bal mithai
Khoa and almond mithais
Bengal sweets in India
Collection in UK
Sohan sweets in India
Street sweets in India
A sample of sweets from the Indian subcontinent

Bengal edit

Latin America edit

Latin America is a highly diverse area with cuisines that vary from nation to nation. Desserts in Latin American cuisine include, rice pudding, tres leches cake, teja and flan.

Polynesia edit

Southern Africa edit

In Southern Africa, desserts may simply be fruit, but there are some western style puddings, such as the Angolan cocada amarela, which was inspired by Portuguese cuisine.

By time period edit

Middle Ages edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Elizabeth Abbot (2010). Sugar: A Bitterweet History. Penguin. ISBN 978-1-590-20297-5.
  2. ^ "Dessert". Merriam-Webster. Merriam-Webster Incorporated. Retrieved 15 October 2012.
  3. ^ "Pastry". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 3 January 2014.

Further reading edit