Allerheiligenstriezel or simply Strietzel (regional names include Allerseelenzopf, Seelenspitze, Seelenbrot, or Allerseelenbreze) is a braided yeast pastry. Its name means "All Saints' braid" in English and it consists of flour, eggs, yeast, shortening or butter, raisins, milk, salt, and decorating sugar or poppy seeds. Some regional variations also include rum or lemon juice.
|Alternative names||Strietzel, Allerseelenzopf, Allerseelenbreze, Seelenspitze, Seelenbrot|
|Place of origin||Austria, Germany (Bavaria)|
|Main ingredients||Flour, eggs, yeast, shortening or butter, raisins, milk|
The first known mention of Striezel in the form of Heiligenstriezel comes from a Nachrichtenbuech (lit. news book) from Saxen in Upper Austria. The early versions of this bread were unbraided and made with a simple dough of wheat with eggs, fat and honey. In later years more complicated braided loaves became customary. In 1840, Der Österreichische Zuschauer described a custom among Viennese to exchange the braided loaves on All Saint's Day. In 1929, the mastery of different types of braiding were added to the Bakers Master Examination Regulations in Upper Austria.
In Austria and Bavaria it is given to godchildren by their godfathers for All Saints' Day. This tradition has its origin in the ancient funeral cults in which mourning was expressed by a woman's cutting off her braided hair. In the 19th century, it was common to give this rich kind of cake to the poor due to a depiction by the Austrian (Styria) vernacular writer Peter Rosegger. Especially for children in rural areas, the present meant a compensation for poor food and hungry times throughout the year. Also common (especially in Linz) was the superstition that the luck of the forthcoming year depends on the success of the pastry. If the yeast did not work and the dough did not rise, disaster or death were supposed to follow. Another practice of young men was to mock single women because of their singleness by giving them Striezels made of straw.
In Dresden, the cake is now generally called Dresdner [Christ]stollen, Stollen being an unplaited German cake with a similar recipe. However, its name in the city used to be Dresdner Striezel, and from 1434 gave its name to the Dresdner Striezelmarkt (Dresden Striezel Market). A cake of that name is still (2014) baked in Dresden as a Christmas speciality.
- Seebold, Elmar. 1999. Kluge Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache, 23rd edition. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, p. 802.
- "So wird Ihr Allerheiligenstriezel perfekt". Radio Niederösterreich.
- Fielhauer, Helmut. 1966. "Allerheiligenstriezel aus Stroh." Volkskundliche Beiträge 1: 21–34, p. 21.
- "Striezelmarkt". Dresden.de. Archived from the original on 1 January 2015. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
- "Dresdner Striezel". Retrieved 1 January 2015. (in German)