List of candies
Candy, known also as sweets and confectionery, has a long history as a familiar food treat that is available in many varieties. Candy varieties are influenced by the size of the sugar crystals, aeration, sugar concentrations, colour and the types of sugar used. Jelly candies, such as gumdrops and gummies, use stabilizers including starch, pectin or gelatin. Simple sugar or sucrose is turned into candy by dissolving it in water, concentrating this solution through cooking and allowing the mass either to form a mutable solid or to recrystallize. Other sugars, sugar substitutes, and corn syrup are also used. Another type of candy is cotton candy, which is made from spun sugar.
|Astros||Cadbury||A candy coated chocolate with a biscuit center. The product was first launched in 1997 in the United Kingdom, Canada, the United States and in South Africa as a rival to Nestlé Smarties, and M&M's in the US. In Australia they were marketed as Lunas.|
|Massam's||The maker of a nougat candy from South Africa. Varieties include honey almond, almond cherry, and honey cashew. The candies are exported to various countries.|
|Dragon's beard candy||Also known as "Chinese cotton candy," it is a handmade traditional art of Ancient China and also a traditional Chinese sweet similar to spun sugar, which can be found in many Chinese communities. The legend of Dragon's Beard Candy was first notably practiced during the Chinese Han Dynasty.|
|Orange jelly candy||These finger-sized sticks of soft jelly candy are generally sold in food specialty stores in Hong Kong. A great deal of candies available in Hong Kong are imported from Europe, mainland China, United States and other regions around the world. Orange jelly candy is one of the few that have historically been manufactured locally in Hong Kong.|
|Peen tong||Chinese brown sugar candy.|
|White Rabbit Creamy Candy||Shanghai Guan Sheng Yuan Food, Ltd.||This has a soft, chewy texture, and is formed into cylinders approximately 3 cm long and 1 cm in diameter, similar to contemporary western nougat or taffy. Each candy is wrapped in a printed waxed paper wrapper, but within this, the sticky candies are again wrapped in a thin edible paper-like wrapping made from sticky rice. Although the rice wrapping layer is meant to be eaten along with the rest of the candy, it does not figure in the list of ingredients, which is limited to corn starch, syrup, cane sugar, butter, and milk.|
|Zaotang||This type of candy is made of maltose that people in China use as a sacrifice to the kitchen god around the twenty third day of the twelfth lunar month just before Chinese New Year.|
|Botan Rice Candy||JFC International||These chewy rice candies are wrapped in a thin layer of edible rice paper that dissolves in the mouth. A children's sticker is included in every box.|
|Hi-Chew||Morinaga & Company||This fruit-flavored chewy candy was first released in 1975. It was re-released in its current shape (a stick of several individually wrapped candies) in February 1986. Hi-Chew candies are individually wrapped in logo-stamped foil or plain white wax paper (depending on the localization).|
|Konpeitō||This sugar candy was introduced by the Portuguese in the 16th century, and is a small toffee sphere (5 mm in diameter) with a pimply surface, made from sugar, water, and flour, in a variety of colors. Originally there was a sesame seed in the middle, later a poppy seed, but nowadays no seed at all. The name "konpeito" comes from the Portuguese word "confeito", meaning "confit" (a type of confectionery).|
|Meiji||Meiji Seika||Meiji chocolates flavors include cheese, black pepper, jasmine, basil, and lemon salt.|
|Pocky||Ezaki Glico||This biscuit stick coated with chocolate is also available in a wide variety of other flavors.|
|Pucca Chocolate||Meiji Seika||This baked pretzel candy with a chocolate cream center is also available in strawberry and milk flavors.|
|Puccho||UHA Mikakutō Co. Ltd.||Gummi Puccho squares have a unique consistency similar to a combination of gummy bears and taffy. They often contain gummy "balls" of flavor that are more chewy than the rest of the square. There are also "fizz" balls that mimic the carbonation of their soda derivatives.|
|Bbopgi||A Korean sweet candy made from melted sugar and baking soda.|
|Nata de coco||This chewy, translucent, jelly-like foodstuff is produced by the fermentation of coconut water, which gels through the production of microbial cellulose by Acetobacter xylinum. Originating in the Philippines, nata de coco is most commonly sweetened as a candy or dessert, and can accompany many things including pickles, drinks, ice cream, puddings and fruit mixes.|
|Pez||Invented in 1927 in Vienna|
|Cuberdon||Confiserie Geldhof, Eeklo||This cone-shaped candy with a melty core and a crisp crust is traditionally flavored with raspberry.|
|Vanparys||Vanparys||At the core of the Vanparys collection is the original chocolate dragée: a delicious Belgian dark chocolate, coated with thin layers of sugar, and delivered in a spectacular range of 50 colours in three finishes: matte, glossy or pearlescent.|
|Lokum||Plain or spiced Turkish delight with rose petals, white walnuts, or "endreshe".|
|Calisson||This traditional French candy consists of a smooth, pale yellow, homogeneous paste of candied fruit (especially melons and oranges) and ground almonds topped with a thin layer of royal icing. The calisson is believed to have its origins in medieval Italy.|
|Carambar||Delespaul-Havez company||A chewy caramel candy. In 1972, the name changed to "Super Caram'bar". In 1977, the name lost its apostrophe.|
|Chocolate truffle||Various||The chocolate truffle is thought to have been first created by N. Petruccelli in Chambéry, France in December 1895. They are traditionally made with a chocolate ganache centre coated in chocolate, icing sugar, cocoa powder or chopped toasted nuts (typically hazelnuts, almonds or coconut), usually in a spherical, conical, or curved shape.|
|Coucougnette||Maison Francis Miot||Confection made with almonds, marzipan and chocolate.|
|Hollywood||Mondelez International||The first French chewing gum, it was created in 1952. The French were introduced to chewing gum for the first time by the American troops stationed there in 1944. In 1958, the gum's main advertising focus was that of the American Dream. While Hollywood now offers a variety of different flavors, the very first flavor was spearmint.|
|Salmiakki||Salty liquorice, is a variety of liquorice flavoured with ammonium chloride, common in the Nordic countries, the Netherlands, and northern Germany.|
|Churchkhela||Candle-shaped candy made of grape must, nuts and flour.|
|Milka||Mondelēz International||A milk chocolate candy that was first created in 1901. The candy's packaging is unique and includes its iconic lilac-colored cow, which helps tie the candy back to its Alpine heritage.|
|Nappo||WAWI chocolate AG||A diamond-shaped German candy, chocolate-covered nougat produced in Germany since 1925|
Gummies are gelatin based chewy candies that come in a variety of shapes, colors and flavors. The gummy bear originated in Germany, where it is popular under the name Gummibär (rubber bear) or Gummibärchen (little rubber bear). Hans Riegel Sr., a candy maker from Bonn, started the Haribo company in 1920.
|Fraise Tagada||Haribo, others||Invented in 1969 by the Haribo Company, which invented the gummi bear. The Fraise Tagada is presented in the shape of an inflated strawberry covered in fine sugar, colored pink and scented. In France, the Fraise Tagada is one of the most widely sold candies (1 billion Fraises annually) and also one of the most imitated.|
|Gummi bears||Various (Haribo, Trolli)||Gelatin based, chewy, fruit flavored|
|Gummi worms||Various (Trolli)||Gelatin based, chewy|
|Akanes||Akanes is a Greek sweet similar to loukoumi, only that it is flavoured with fresh butter from buffalo rather than fruit essences.|
|Negro||Győri Keksz Kft.||A Hungarian candy, its black color is derived from molasses, and menthol is used to add flavor. Its full recipe is an industrial secret.|
|Túró Rudi||A chocolate bar popular in Hungary since 1968. The bar is composed of a thin outer coating of chocolate and an inner filling of túró (curd). The "Rudi" in the product name comes from the Hungarian "rúd", which translates to rod or bar (and is also a nickname for the name Rudolf). Túró Rudi can be made in different flavors and sizes.|
|Ferrero Rocher||Ferrero SpA||Spherical chocolate introduced in 1982 by the Italian chocolatier Michele Ferrero.|
|Jordan almonds||Almonds that are sugar panned in various pastel colors. In Sulmona, Italy, the technique of creating the dragée almonds was perfected by the Pelino family. Jordan Almonds are thought to originate from Ancient Greece, where honey-covered almonds were commonly eaten at festivities.|
|Raffaello||Ferrero SpA||Spherical coconut-almond confection.|
|Mentos||Perfetti Van Melle||Scotch-mints|
|Krówki||Fudge, semi-soft milk toffee candies.|
|Ptasie mleczko||Soft chocolate-covered candy filled with soft meringue or milk soufflé.|
|Prince Polo||Kraft Jacobs Suchard||Introduced in 1955, it is a candy of the Polish People's Republic. It is a chocolate-covered wafer, with four layers of wafer joined by three layers of chocolate-flavored filling.|
|Queijadinha||Originating in Portugal, and common in Brazil. Traditionally prepared with grated coconut, cheese, sweetened condensed milk, sugar, butter and egg yolks.|
|Kamasutra||SC Pralin SRL at Cisnădie||Chocolate shaped like kamasutra positions. The Kamasutra chocolate was invented in 2007 by Florin Balan.|
|Rahat||Fruit flavored Turkish delight|
|Pastila||A fruit-based candy produced in the town of Kolomna since the 14th century.|
|Szaloncukor||Christmas candy made of fondant, covered by chocolate and wrapped in shiny coloured foil|
|Tablet||A medium-hard, sugary confection from Scotland. Tablet is usually made from sugar, condensed milk, and butter, boiled to a soft-ball stage and allowed to crystallize. It is often flavored with vanilla, and sometimes has nut pieces in it.|
|Turrón||Traditional Spaniard nougat. A well known type is Turrón de Gijona|
|Ricola||Ricola ltd||Cough drops and breath mints.|
|Toblerone||Mondelez International||Chocalate bar shaped as triangular prisms.|
|Polkagris||Candy stick that is white and red, and is peppermint flavoured.|
|Fudge||Fudge is a type of confectionery which is made by mixing sugar, butter and milk|
|Halls||Cadbury||Popular mentholated cough drop.|
|Kit Kat||Nestlé||Chocolate-covered wafer bar confection created by Rowntree's of York.|
|Mars||Cadbury||Mars is a British chocolate bar.|
Former Yugoslavia and AlbaniaEdit
|Rahat-lokum||Rose and walnut Turkish delight.|
Turkish delight and rock candy are commonly found in Middle East.
|Rock candy||Various||Candied sugar has its origins in Iran. It's a type of confectionery made of a crystallized supersaturated solution of water and sugar.|
|Hanukkah gelt||Carmit, Strauss,
|The term "Hanukkah gelt" refers to both money and chocolate coins given to Jewish children on the festival of Hanukkah.|
|Klik||Unilever||Chocolate-covered corn flakes and malted milk balls|
|Pesek Zman||Strauss||Manufactured in Israel|
|Pişmaniye||Turkish cotton candy (and also Bosnian] is a sweet in fine strands made by blending flour roasted in butter into pulled sugar.|
|Cadbury Caramilk||Cadbury Adams||a caramel-filled chocolate bar that was first manufactured in 1968.|
|Coffee Crisp||Nestlé||A coffee-flavoured wafer candy bar covered in chocolate.|
|Saladitos||De La Rosa||Considered as a candy in Mexico, Saladitos are salted plums, which can also be sweetened with sugar and anise or coated in chili and lime. They originated in China.|
|Almond Joy||Hershey||Consists of a coconut-based center topped with two almonds, the combination enrobed in a layer of milk chocolate.|
|Aplets & Cotlets||Liberty Orchards||A lokum-type confection baked with apples and apricots.|
|Ayds||The Campana Company (original producer)||Ayds was an appetite-suppressant candy which enjoyed strong sales in the 1970s and early 1980s. By the mid-1980s, public awareness of the disease AIDS caused problems for the brand due to the phonetic similarity of the names. While initially sales were not affected, by 1988 the chair of Dep Corporation announced that the company was seeking a new name because sales had dropped as much as 50% due to publicity about the disease. While the product's name was changed to Diet Ayds (Aydslim in Britain), it was eventually withdrawn from the market.|
|Big Hunk||Annabelle Candy Company||Bar of roasted peanuts covered in honey sweetened nougat.|
|Bit-O-Honey||Nestlé||Introduced in 1924 and was made by the Schutter-Johnson Company. Acquired by the Nestlé Company in 1984|
|Candy Raisins||Lake Country Candies||A soft jujube candy popular in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States. The candy was produced from the 1930s until 2008, discontinued, then revived in 2014.|
|Mounds||Hershey||Similar to Almond Joy, it consists of a coconut based center; however, it is enrobed with dark chocolate rather than milk chocolate and does not contain almonds.|
|Reese's Pieces||Hershey||Peanut Butter candy, circular in shape and covered in candy shells that are colored yellow, orange, or brown.|
|U-No Bar||Annabelle Candy Company||Truffle type bar with almond bits, covered in chocolate and comes wrapped in a silver foil-like wrapper.|
|Mantecol||Cadbury||Peanut butter nougat bar|
|Palitos de la selva||Cadbury||"Jungle stickies", A taffie stick divided along in two flavors and two colors. Envelops show information on various animals in its printing.|
|Sugus||Wrigley Company||Taffies in the shape of a small block that come in various flavors.|
|Garoto||Garoto||Assorted chocolates from Brazil|
|Mariola||DaColonia, between others.||Small flat blocks made of banana meat|
|Pé-de-moleque||Rapadura, Molasses and peanuts.|
|Paçoca||Candy made out of ground peanuts, sugar and salt|
|Trident||Cadbury||A well-known candy and gum brand in Brazil|
|Chancacas||Traditional Colombian coconut candy|
|Chocopunch||Compañía Nacional de Chocolates de Perú S.A.||Cream confection with three flavors (chocolate, hazelnut and toffee) combined in one 15 gram container.|
|King Kong milk candy||Made of milk cookies, filled with Peruvian blancmange, some pineapple sweet and in some cases peanuts, with cookies within its layers. weights are one-half and one kilogram sizes.|
|Teja||Manjar blanco coated in fondant.|
|Candel Astra||Penino & Corona||Pink colored taffy with fantasy flavor and a crunchy consistence that becomes chewy when moist.|
|Garrapiñada||Sugar confited peanuts sold on the street. Vendors use to tightly package it in elongated cellophane bags.|
|Jaffas||Small round sweet consisting of a soft chocolate centre with a hard covering of orange flavoured, red coloured confectionery.|
|Chocolate fish||Pink or white marshmallow covered in a thin layer of milk chocolate.|
|Pineapple Lumps||Flavoured chocolate covered confectionery with a soft, chewy pineapple-flavoured middle.|
The following are candies in the Western world.
Chewing gum is often referred to as a type of candy.
Chocolate is made from the fermented, roasted and ground beans of the tropical cacao tree. In America, cocoa refers to ground cacao beans. Chocolate is the combination of cocoa, cocoa butter, sugar and other ingredients (milk, flavorings, and emulsifiers)and they are sweet.
|Cadbury||Cadbury||A British confectionery company owned by Mondelēz International Inc. and is the industry's second-largest globally after Mars, Incorporated. With its headquarters in Uxbridge, London, England, the company operates in more than 50 countries worldwide.|
|Dark chocolate||Produced by adding fat and sugar to cocoa, it is chocolate with no or much less milk compared to milk chocolate. The U.S. has no official definition for dark chocolate but European rules specify a minimum of 35% cocoa solids.|
|Hershey Bar||Hershey||The Hershey Milk Chocolate Bar was first sold in 1900 with the Hershey's Milk Chocolate with Almonds variety beginning produced in 1908. A circular version of the milk chocolate bar called Hershey's Drops was released in 2010.|
|Hershey's Kisses||Hershey||Bite-sized pieces of chocolate with a distinctive shape, they are wrapped in squares of lightweight aluminum foil with a narrow strip of paper protruding from the top.|
|Jersey Milk||Milk chocolate bar|
|Kit Kat||U.S.-Hershey, UK-Nestlé||Chocolate-covered wafer biscuit bar confection|
|Milk Duds||Hershey||A caramel candy, historically enrobed with milk chocolate and currently enrobed with a confectionery coating made from cocoa and vegetable oil.|
|Milky Way||Mars, Inc.||Pictured are a larger American (left) and a smaller European (right) Milky Way bar|
|Peppermint bark||A chocolate confection that consists of peppermint candy pieces, such as candy canes, in white chocolate on top of dark chocolate, but peppermint bark can refer to any chocolate with peppermint candy pieces in it.|
|Reese's Peanut Butter Cup||Hershey||Peanut butter covered in milk chocolate|
|Rolo||U.S.-Hershey, UK-Nestlé||Chocolate-coated caramels|
|Snickers||Mars, Inc.||Peanuts and caramel covered in milk chocolate|
|Twix||Mars, Inc.||Caramel and cookie covered in milk chocolate|
|Whoppers||Hershey||Chocolate-covered malted milk balls|
Many of these candies were developed between the 1880s and 1950 by various candy-makers.
|Abba-Zaba||Annabelle Candy Company||Taffy candy bars with peanut butter centers; originally manufactured by the Cardinet Candy Co. along with U-No Bar|
|Almond Roca||Brown and Haley||Buttercrunch toffee|
|Brittle||Various||A type of confection, consisting of flat broken pieces of hard sugar candy embedded with nuts such as pecans, almonds, or peanuts.|
|Caramac||Nestlé||Colored pale yellow, the bar is made using sweetened condensed milk, butter and various artificial flavorings, as well as sugar. It is packaged in a red and yellow wrapper.|
|Cotton candy||Various||A candy treat made prepared by spinning sugar.|
|Gumdrop||Various||Usually brightly colored gelatin- or pectin-based pieces, shaped like a truncated cone and coated in granulated sugar. Outside of the U.S. they are known as American hard gums.|
|Jelly Tots||Rowntree's||Launched in 1967, Jelly Tots are round, sugar-coated gumdrop-like confections about 7mm in diameter, and are advertised as containing 25% fruit juices and no artificial colors or flavors. According to the packaging, Jelly Tots are suitable for vegetarians or vegans as they contain no gelatin or animal-based ingredients.|
|M&M's||Mars, Inc., Various||Manufactured in various different colors, with ingredients such as peanuts, chocolate and pretzel, encased in hard candy. Presidential M&M's are a unique product and is the name given to the commemorative packs of red, white, and blue-coloured M&M's given to guests of the President of the United States on board Air Force One and in other Presidential locations.|
|Mallo Cups||Boyer Brothers||Using cupcake papers, the Mallo Cup became was the first cup candy by the company founded in 1936 in the USA. Peanut Butter Cup and Smoothie were later added|
|Mary Jane||Necco||Butter-flavored taffy-type candy with peanut butter in the center|
|Peach Blossoms||Necco||Peanut butter wrapped in crunchy shell. Peach colored, but not peach flavored.|
|Rocky Road Candy||Annabelle Candy Company||Candy which combines chocolate, marshmallow and nuts (usually almonds or English walnuts).|
|Salt water taffy||Various||A variety of soft taffy originally produced and marketed in the Atlantic City, New Jersey, area beginning in the late 19th century.|
|Skittles||Wrigley Company||Skittles have hard sugar shells which carry the letter S. The inside is mainly sugar, corn syrup, and hydrogenated palm kernel oil along with fruit juice, citric acid, and natural and artificial flavours. The confectionery has been sold in a variety of flavors.|
|Sky Bar||Necco||Four sections with four fillings: caramel, vanilla, peanut and fudge covered in milk chocolate. American candy bar produced since 1938 by NECCO|
|Toffee||Various||A confection made by caramelizing sugar or molasses (creating inverted sugar) along with butter, and occasionally flour.|
|Tootsie Roll||Tootsie Roll Industries||Chewy chocolate candy.|
Hard candies, or boiled sweets, are sugary candies that dissolve slowly in the mouth. Among the artisanal hard candies, the "pirulin", also known as the "Heng Jia" or "Heng Li" in Northern China, is a famous one in several Spanish-speaking countries, like Argentina, Mexico and Chile and its popularity has spread to certain parts of Greater Asia. There are many local and regional varieties, including the hazelnut-filled Mässmogge of Basel, Switzerland.
|Butterscotch||Various||A type of confectionery whose primary ingredients are brown sugar and butter, although other ingredients such as corn syrup, cream, vanilla, and salt are part of some recipes.|
|Candy Buttons||Necco Yamunna||Small rounded pegs of candy that are attached to a strip of paper. Originally introduced by the Pippymat company.|
|Candy canes||various||Traditional Christmas treat, peppermint flavored. Cane shape allows them to be hung on a Christmas tree. Usually white with red streaks.|
|Gobstoppers / Jawbreakers||The Willy Wonka Candy Company (Nestlé)||Layers of color, sold in traditional sweet shops for at least a century. Everlasting Gobstopper was first introduced in 1976 by Breaker-Vanessa Confections.|
|Jolly Rancher||Jolly Rancher Company||A hard and tart candy.|
|Life Savers||Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company||Ring-shaped mints and artificially fruit-flavored hard candy.|
|Love Hearts or Shannens||Swizzels Matlow||Hard, fizzy, tablet-shaped sweets in a variety of fruit flavours featuring a short, love related message on one side of the sweet.|
|PEZ||PEZ||Small rectangles made of candy that are put in PEZ dispensers. There are a wide variety of flavors.|
|Ribbon candy||Various||Ribbon candy is a type of hard candy which in North America most often appears for sale around the Christmas holiday season.|
|Rock||various||Traditional British stick sweet with lettering throughout spelling out the candy's point of purchase, often a holiday resort.|
|Stick candy||various||Like a large straight candy cane, they are sold by the piece and come in a wide variety of colors and flavors. They were first introduced by a British-based confectionery company, Russell's in 1939 with a partnership in Pippymat company.|
|Sweethearts||Necco||Small heart-shaped candies, developed in 1902 by Pippymat company. Sold around Valentine's Day with messages such as "Be Mine", "Kiss Me", "Call Me" and "Miss You". They are often jasmine-flavored.|
Licorice (liquorice) is a semi-soft candy that was originally flavored with a root extract of the Eurasian plant liquorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra), of the Fabaceae (legume) family. As a candy, they are often black with licorice flavor or red and strawberry or cherry flavored.
|Red Vines||American Licorice Company||90 years old, popular in movie theaters|
|Snaps||American Licorice Company||Pastel coating with licorice center. Introduced in 1930s|
|Trolli||Trolli - Mederer GmbH||Various soft licorice gums.|
|Twizzlers||The Hershey Company||Fruit-flavored candy sticks|
Lollipops or Lollies are hard candies on a stick. The name lollipop was first coined by George Smith, owner of a candy company called the Bradley Smith Company. George named the stick candy after his favorite race horse Lolly Pop and trademarked the name "lollipop" in 1931.
|Chupa Chups||Perfetti Van Melle||Large range of flavours.|
|Dum Dum Pop||Spangler Candy Company||Large range of flavours.|
|Lollipop||Various||A type of confectionery consisting mainly of hardened, flavored sucrose with corn syrup mounted on a stick. Different informal terms are used in different places, including "lolly" and "sucker".|
|Sugar Daddy||Tootsie Roll Industries||Called "Papa" when invented in 1925 by the James O. Welch Company. Name changed to Sugar Daddy in 1932, (Sugar Babies introduced in 1935)|
Sours are popular for their cringe inducing flavor and acidity.
|Sour Patch Kids||Cadbury Adams||Sour fruit candy|
|Warheads||Impact Confections||Sour fruit flavors|
|Toxic Waste||Candy Dynamics Inc||Sour candy|
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