Patbingsu (팥빙수, -氷水, sometimes anglicized as patbingsoo, literally "red beans shaved ice") is a popular Korean shaved ice dessert with sweet toppings that may include chopped fruit, condensed milk, fruit syrup, and red beans. Varieties with ingredients other than red beans are called bingsu (or bingsoo).
|Alternative names||bingsu, bingsoo|
|Place of origin||Korea|
|Main ingredients||Shaved ice, red beans|
|Variations||Nokcha-bingsu (green tea bingsu), ttalgi-bingsu (strawberry bingsu), choko-bingsu (chocolate bingsu), etc.|
팥빙수 / 빙수
-氷水 / 氷水
|Revised Romanization||pat-bingsu / bingsu|
|McCune–Reischauer||p'at-pingsu / pingsu|
|IPA||[pʰat̚.p͈iŋ.su] / [piŋ.su]|
The food originally began as ice shavings with red beans (known as pat, 팥). Many varieties of patbingsu exist in contemporary culture.
The early forms of patbingsu consisted of shaved ice and two or three ingredients, typically red bean paste, tteok, and ground nut powder. The earliest forms of patbingsu existed during the Joseon dynasty (1392–1897). Government records show officials sharing crushed ice topped with various fruits.
The modern version of the dessert usually is placed in the Korean bakery Tae Keuk Dang. However, elder people in Korea use to point out that the patbingsu became popular after the Korean war. The dish was made with ingredients from the USA surplus supplies and was sold as street food.
There are a variety of patbingsu types and flavors. Many bingsu do not necessarily follow tradition, and some do not include the red bean paste. Some popular flavors are: green tea, coffee, and yogurt.
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