Kleicha (Arabic: الكليجة) may be considered the national cookie of Iraq. Kleicha come in several traditional shapes and fillings. The most popular are the ones filled with dates (kleichat tamur). There are also sweet discs (khfefiyyat), as well as half moons filled with nuts, sugar and/or desiccated coconut (kleichat joz).
|Place of origin||Iraq|
|Region or state||Iraq|
|Main ingredients||Cardamom or rose water|
The ancient Babylonians were known to make similar cookies called qullupu, which were known to be round in shape (qullu), also taking note that the modern term for Kleicha derives from the Semitic kull meaning whole, and the Greek kolo meaning circle, and kuklus meaning, wheel.
Kleicha traces its roots to the Ancient Mesopotamian qullupu, which was known by the Babylonians as moon-shaped cookies. Since ancient times, Kleicha was often made in kitchens, palaces and bazaars.
According to the local narrative of Nawal Nasrallah, qullupu was made and offered to her when religious festivals were held.