Bienenstich or bee sting cake is a German dessert cake made of a sweet yeast dough with a baked-on topping of caramelized almonds and filled with vanilla custard, buttercream or cream. The earliest German and Swiss recipes for the cake date to the beginning of the 20th century. The dairy cream and custard filling would have required cool storage, inaccessible to most households in earlier centuries.
|Alternative names||Bee sting cake|
|Place of origin||Germany|
|Main ingredients||Yeast dough, almonds, vanilla custard, buttercream or cream|
One source for the origin of bienenstich cites a legend of German bakers from the 15th century who lobbed beehives at raiders from a neighboring village, successfully repelling them, and celebrated later by baking a version of this cake named after their efforts.
The foundation for this cake is a sweet yeast dough, which is rolled out finger-thick on a baking tray. On it, before baking, a roasting mass of boiled sugar or honey, fat, cream and sliced almonds is applied. The mass is applied relatively hot, otherwise it will not be spreadable. After baking and cooling, the pastry is divided horizontally.
The origin of the name "Bee Sting" is unclear. According to the legend of the baker's boy, in 1474 the inhabitants of Linz am Rhein planned an attack on their neighboring town of Andernach, since the Emperor had withdrawn the Rhine toll from the people of Linz and awarded it to the people of Andernach. On the morning in question, however, two baker's apprentices from Andernach walked along the city wall and ate from the bee nests hanging there. When they saw the attackers, they threw the nests at them, so that the people of Linz – stung by the bees – had to flee. A special cake was baked to celebrate – the bee sting. In the text of Karl Simmrock's baker's boy saga, however, there is still no reference to the bee sting. The earliest evidence that can be determined via Google Books (as of 2021) in which the baker boy saga is directly linked to the invention of the bee sting dates from 1962.
The saga is probably a much later origin legend. A prerequisite for the storage of a cake with a perishable cream filling is a cooling facility, which was only available in a few households before the 19th century. Most of the cream cakes known today date from the 19th century. The existence of bee sting cake in the German Empire is documented shortly after 1900. In 1913, а cookbook by the Baden Women's Association, the word bee sting still primarily refers to the roasted mass. Early bee sting recipes presumably mostly did not contain any filling, since the Deutsche Frauen-Zeitschrift (Graz) of 1914 made a special reference to this: "Sometimes the bee sting is also filled." Oetker, who advertised their baking books with individual recipes. The bee sting is described there as "suitable for every season", "extraordinarily inexpensive" and "not yet generally known pastry". It is also pointed out that a buttercream filling is possible. In the newly edited version of the German Dictionary, the word bee sting, meaning cake, is referenced to a passage from Alfred Döblin's 1929 novel Berlin Alexanderplatz. In Switzerland, a cake by the name of Bienenstich is documented from the 20th century. The first mention in a confectionery handbook is only documented for the year 1944.
- "Bienenstich Bee Sting Cake Recipe". Retrieved 12 September 2016.
- Arnold Zabert: Backen - Die neue große Schule, Zabert Sandmann, Hamburg 1985, S. 125
- Barbara Rolek's Guide to Eastern European Food at About.com, and recipe.
- Franz Krüger, Hans Riediger: Von Bienen und Imkerei. Ein Modellthema für das 5. bis 7. Schuljahr, Frankfurt am Main [u. a.] 1962, S. 79.
- Gesetze und Verordnungen sowie Gerichtsentscheidungen betreffend Lebensmittel, Bd. 7 (1916), S. 53: "In dem Bäckerladen des Angeklagten in der N.-Straße wurden im Februar 1913 zu drei verschiedenen Malen einer Frau, die für 50 bzw. 60 Pfg. Buttergebäck verlangte, verschiedene Stücke Blätterteig, Bienenstichkuchen, Schweinsohren, kleine Törtchen und ähnliches Gebäck verabfolgt, in dem an Stelle der Butter Maragarine [sic] verwendet war."
- "Kochbuch der Haushaltungs- und Kochschule des Bad. Frauenvereins, Abt. 1. : mit einem Anhang für Haushaltungskunde / bearb. von E. Wundt ..." digital.blb-karlsruhe.de. 1913. Retrieved 2022-05-20.
- Rezension zu Maria Lorenz: Die Hausbäckerei. 1000 Rezepte von M. Lorenz, Essen: Fredebeul & Koenen : Deutsche Hausbäckereien, in: Deutsche Frauen-Zeitschrift, Beilage zu Nr. 125 des „Grazer Tagblattes, 24. Mai 1914“
- "Zeitungen / 381 (20.8.1925) Mo... [2". digital.blb-karlsruhe.de. 1925. Retrieved 2022-05-20.
- "Wörterbuchnetz". woerterbuchnetz.de. Retrieved 2022-05-20.
- "Produkte Patrimoine culinaire". www.patrimoineculinaire.ch. Retrieved 2022-05-20.