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List of Muslim states and dynasties

  (Redirected from List of Muslim empires and dynasties)

This article lists some of the states, empires, or dynasties that were ruled by a Muslim elite, or which were in some way central to or a part of a Muslim empire.

Scholars debate what exactly constitutes an empire. One definition defines an empire as a state that extends dominion over areas and populations culturally and ethnically distinct from the culture/ethnicity at the center of power.

Contents

History of Muslim states and their benefitsEdit

In the centuries after the life of Muhammad, Muslim armies poured out into all surrounding areas, bringing some of the lands between India and Spain under their control.

With that huge amount of land under their control, the Umayia (and later, the Abbasid) Caliphates allowed merchants and scholars to travel easily through western Eurasia, bringing goods and knowledge which the Muslims greatly expanded upon through the Caliphate and outward to less advanced regions, such as Western Europe.

In 751, papermaking from China made its way to the West through Muslims. Trade introduced Islam to the Africans. In the Middle East, the success of Islam changed the culture forever. Even after the decline of the Abbasid Caliphate, Islam would remain as one of the base institutions of the region. Future states of the region, such as the Safavid, Seljuk, and Ottoman and Mughal Empires, were all "Islamic Empires".

CaliphatesEdit

 
Umayyad Empire at its greatest extent

Regional empiresEdit

 
Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha

Grouped by capital or core region

IranEdit

Middle EastEdit

Anatolia (Turkey)Edit

Central AfricaEdit

North AfricaEdit

EuropeEdit

Southern Europe

Eastern Europe

Central AsiaEdit

South AsiaEdit

 
Mezquita
India
 
Taj Mahal

Southeast AsiaEdit

Malay Archipelago (East Indies)

See alsoEdit

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit