Bauchi Emirate

The Bauchi Emirate was founded by Fula in the early 19th century in what is now Bauchi State, Nigeria, with its capital in Bauchi. The emirate came under British "protection" in the colonial era, and is now denoted a traditional state.

Bauchi Emirate
Flag of Bauchi Emirate
Bauchi Emirate is located in Nigeria
Bauchi Emirate
Bauchi Emirate
Coordinates: 10°18′57″N 09°50′39″E / 10.31583°N 9.84417°E / 10.31583; 9.84417
Country Nigeria
StateBauchi State


Before the Fulani jihad the Bauchi region was inhabited by a large number of small tribes, some of whom spoke languages related to Hausa, and some of whom were Muslims. The province of Bauchi was conquered between 1809 and 1818 by Fula warriors led by one Yakubu gerawa, the son of a local ruler who had been educated at Sokoto and had studied under Usman dan Fodio.[1]

The emirate remained under Fula rule until 1902 when a British expedition occupied the capital without fighting. The British abolished the slave trade, which had flourished until then, and appointed a new emir, who died a few months later. In 1904 the emir who had succeeded took the oath of allegiance to the British crown.[2]


Rulers of the Bauchi state, titled Lamido, were:[3]

Start End Ruler
1805 1845 Yaqubu I dan Dadi (b. 1753 - d. 1845)
1845 1877 Ibrahima dan Yaqubu
1877 1883 Usman dan Ibrahima
1883 1902 Umaru dan Salamanu
1902 1902 Muhammadu mu'allayidi dan Ibrahima (d. 1902)
1903 1907 Hasan dan Mamudu (d. 1907)
1907 1941 Ya`qubu II dan Usman (d. 1941)
1941 28 September 1954 Yaqubu III dan Umaru (maje wase)
May 1955 19.. Adama Jumba dan Yaqubu
27 July 1982 24 July 2010 Suleiman Adamu (d. 24 July 2010, aged 77)[4]
29 July 2010 Rilwanu Suleimanu Adamu (b. 1970)[5]


  1. ^ Johnston., H.A.S. (1967). "Eight: The Jihad in Adamawa and Bauchi". The Fulani Empire of Sokoto. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 2011-05-18. Retrieved 2010-09-06.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
  2. ^ Lady Lugard, Flora (1911). "Bauchi" . In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 536.
  3. ^ "Traditional States of Nigeria". World Archived from the original on 26 September 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-06.
  4. ^ "Emir of Bauchi Is Dead". Channels Television. July 25, 2010. Archived from the original on 2011-07-08. Retrieved 2010-09-06.
  5. ^ Ahmed Kaigama (30 July 2010). "Rilwanu Suleimanu Adamu emerges 11th Bauchi Emir". Peoples Daily. Retrieved 2010-09-06.