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Buraydah (Arabic: بريدةBurayda) is the capital of Al-Qassim Region in northcentral Saudi Arabia in the heart of the Arabian Peninsula. Buraydah lies equidistant from the Red Sea to the west and the Persian Gulf to the east. It has a population of 614,093 (2010 census).

Buraydah

بريدة
Buraidah.jpg
Buraydah is located in Saudi Arabia
Buraydah
Buraydah
Location in Saudi Arabia
Coordinates: 26°20′N 43°58′E / 26.333°N 43.967°E / 26.333; 43.967
Country Saudi Arabia
RegionAl-Qassim Region
Area
 • City1,291 km2 (498.3 sq mi)
 • Metro
1,290.6 km2 (498.3 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)
 • City614,093
 • Density480/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
Websitewww.buraydahcity.net

Buraydah, the regional capital of Al-Qassim Region, is located on the edge of the Wadi Al-Rummah. Buraydah has a typical desert climate, with hot summers, mild winters and low humidity.

In Buraydah, agriculture is still the cornerstone of the economy. The traditional oasis products of dates, lemon, orange and other fruits are still important. Modern introduction of wheat production has become so successful that Buraydah is one of the largest producers in the kingdom, important in making Saudi Arabia a net exporter of cereal.

FLIGHTS

The Prince Nayef bin Abdulaziz International Airport (formerly Qassim Regional Airport) was built in 1964 and was expanded in 1964 over an area of 55,000 km2 with a capacity of 550,000 passengers. In 2009, flights to some Middle Eastern cities such as Dubai and Cairo were opened.

The airport name was Qassim Airport and get changed to prince nayef bin abdul aziz al saud By order of King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz after the death of Nayef bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud on 5 July 2012.

Notable landmarksEdit

 
An open date palm market in Buraidah
  • Museum of Buraydah: it is on King Abdul Aziz Road next to King Khaled Beridp civilization, and there are days devoted for families and days for young people, and it has on display the area's heritage from all different aspects of life.
  • Market trades and handicrafts
  • King Khalid Park and Garden: in the vicinity of the Museum, a major Buraydah gardens open to visitors every day and in meetings and places for children is innocent and is in the summer, the administration of the summer activities for families and children.
  • Buraydah water tower: It is opened to visitors in the summer (festival).
  • ‏Buraidah Dates Market: It is the largest dates market in the world and is located in the center of buraidah.[citation needed]

Roads and transportEdit

Highways link Buraydah to the major cities surrounding it. It is 317 kilometers by highway to get to Riyadh, 450 km to get to Medina, and 250 kilometers to get to Ha'il. One can travel up to the border of Jordan, through a single region of Mecca, in a dual network of roads linking it with the rest of the provinces of Qassim. Buraydah is historically one of the old pilgrim routes coming from Iraq through Zubaydh. There is now a proposed railway line that would go through the city and greatly increase mobility for its citizens.

Qassim Regional Airport is the city's principal airport, connecting the city to several domestic and international cities such as Dubai and Cairo.

== Climate change

==

Buraidah has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh), with long, extremely hot summers and short, very mild winters. Precipitation is very low, which falls almost entirely between November and May, leaving summers extremely dry.

Climate data for Buraidah
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 19.2
(66.6)
22.3
(72.1)
26.5
(79.7)
32.4
(90.3)
38.5
(101.3)
42.1
(107.8)
43.2
(109.8)
43.4
(110.1)
40.9
(105.6)
35.3
(95.5)
26.7
(80.1)
21.3
(70.3)
32.7
(90.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 12.8
(55.0)
15.2
(59.4)
19.2
(66.6)
24.9
(76.8)
30.6
(87.1)
33.5
(92.3)
34.5
(94.1)
34.8
(94.6)
32.1
(89.8)
26.9
(80.4)
19.8
(67.6)
14.7
(58.5)
24.9
(76.9)
Average low °C (°F) 6.3
(43.3)
8.1
(46.6)
11.9
(53.4)
17.4
(63.3)
22.7
(72.9)
24.9
(76.8)
25.7
(78.3)
26.1
(79.0)
23.3
(73.9)
18.5
(65.3)
12.8
(55.0)
8.0
(46.4)
17.1
(62.9)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 21.2
(0.83)
10.8
(0.43)
26.7
(1.05)
28.8
(1.13)
13.9
(0.55)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.00)
0.1
(0.00)
4.3
(0.17)
24.2
(0.95)
15.6
(0.61)
145.7
(5.72)
Average precipitation days 6.2 3.0 6.3 8.1 3.5 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 1.4 5.3 4.5 38.5
Source: [1]

PopulationEdit

YearPop.±% p.a.
188810,000—    
193535,000+2.70%
196045,000+1.01%
197056,000+2.21%
197260,000+3.51%
197469,000+7.24%
1992248,000+7.37%
2004378,422+3.58%
2010467,410+3.58%
Source: [2]

The city has experienced very high rates of population growth. Buraidah officially counted population in the city limits in 2010 was 614,093.[3]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Weather Information for Buraydah".
  2. ^ Citypopulation.de For 1992-2010
  3. ^ "Saudi Arabia: Regions & Major Cities - Statistics & Maps on City Population". Citypopulation.de. 2010-04-28. Retrieved 2012-11-08.

Further readingEdit