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The Idrisid Emirate of Asir was a state located on the Arabian Peninsula. The Emirate was located in the geographical region of Jizan in what is now southwestern Saudi Arabia. The authority of the Emir was restricted to a strip of the Tihamah some 80 mi (129 km) long and extending about 40 mi (64 km) inland to the scarp of highland Asir, with Sabya as capital and Jizan and Midi as ports.[1]

Idrisid Emirate of Asir

إمارة عسير الإدريسية
Flag of Asir
• Established
• Disestablished
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Ottoman Empire
Saudi Arabia
Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen

The Emirate was established by Muhammad ibn Ali al-Idrisi in rebellion against the Ottoman Empire. It gained the support of Great Britain during the First World War,[2] and flourished until the death of Sayyid Muhammad in 1920. It was gradually absorbed into the new state of Saudi Arabia and formally annexed by that kingdom under the Treaty of Taif in 1934.


  1. ^   Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1922). "Arabia" . Encyclopædia Britannica (12th ed.). London & New York.
  2. ^   Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1922). "Idrisi" . Encyclopædia Britannica (12th ed.). London & New York.

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