Open main menu

The Emirate of Nejd and Hasa was the first iteration of the third Saudi state from 1902 to 1921.[1] It has also been referred to by historians as the Emirate of Riyadh.[2] It was a monarchy led by the House of Saud.[2] The state was formed after Saudi forces seized Riyadh from the control of the Emirate of Ha'il, led by the House of Rashid, during the Battle of Riyadh.[2] It is a direct antecedent of the modern-day Saudi Arabia. Hasa was conquered in 1913.

Emirate of Nejd and Hasa

إمارة نجد والأحساء
‘Imāra Najd wal-Āḥsā‘
Flag of Nejd
Common languagesArabic
Sunni Islam
GovernmentAbsolute monarchy
• 1903–1921
Abdul Aziz ibn Saud
13 January 1902
• Unification of Sultanate with Hail
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Emirate of Ha'il
Basra Vilayet
Sultanate of Nejd

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ J. A. Hammerton. Peoples Of All Nations: Their Life Today And Story Of Their Past (in 14 Volumes). Concept Publishing Company, 2007. Pp. 193.
  2. ^ a b c Madawi Al-Rasheed. A History of Saudi Arabia. Cambridge, England, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2002. Pp. 40.

External linksEdit