Taifa of Albarracín

The Taifa of Albarracín (Arabic: طائفة بني رزين) was a medieval Berber taifa kingdom.[1] The polity existed from 1012 to 1104, and was centered at the city of Albarracín. It was led by the Berber dynasty of the Banu Razin tribe, which arrived in the peninsula after the conquest of Spain by Tariq ibn Ziyad.

Taifa of Albarracín
1012–1104
Taifa Kingdom of Albarracín, c. 1037.
Taifa Kingdom of Albarracín, c. 1037.
CapitalAlbarracín
Common languagesArabic, Berber, Mozarabic, Hebrew
Religion
Islam, Roman Catholicism, Judaism
GovernmentMonarchy
Historical eraMiddle Ages
• Downfall of Caliphate of Córdoba
1012
• Conquered by the Almoravid dynasty
1104
CurrencyDirham and Dinar
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Caliphate of Córdoba
Almoravids
Sinyoría d'Albarrazín

DownfallEdit

In 1167, under the pressure from the ongoing wars between the Almoravids and the new invasions by the Almohad Caliphate. The Moorish King Muhammad ibn Mardanis ceded the Taifa of Albarracín to a vassal of Sancho VI of Navarre, a noble from Estella-Lizarra named Pero Ruíz d'Azagra. The title was granted to d'Azagra due to his support of the Navarrese Crown against Alfonso VIII of Castile and Alfonso I of Aragón (Alfonso the Battler).

In 1172, Pero Ruíz d'Azagra managed to consolidate his power over the Señorío making that territory independent of the other Christian kingdoms in the region. In 1190, with the signing of the Borja Accords, between Alfonso II of Aragon and Sancho VI of Navarre, the two monarchs agreed to a defensive pact against Alfonso VIII of Castile which gave official legitimacy to the Sinyoría d'Albarrazín with respect to the two kingdoms.[2]

List of EmirsEdit

Banu RazinEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kennedy, Hugh (2014-06-11). Muslim Spain and Portugal: A Political History of Al-Andalus. Routledge. ISBN 9781317870418.
  2. ^ Mariana, Juan de; Sabau y Blanco, José Sabau y Blanco (1818). Historia general de España (in Spanish). Vol. 7. Imprenta de Leonardo Nuñez de Vargas. p. 97.

Coordinates: 40°24′00″N 1°27′00″W / 40.4000°N 1.4500°W / 40.4000; -1.4500