Emirate of Palu

Palu Emirate[1](Kurdish: Mîrektiya Palo; 1495–1850) was a Kurdish emirate which existed in around Palu from 1495 to 1839[2] to 1850.[3] During the collapse of Aq Qoyunlu, Hüseyin Bey, one of the lords from the Principality of Eğil, conquered the fortress of Palu in 1495. He established his own principality, which would later be known as the Palu Emirate. Although Hüseyin Bey surrounded Ergani Castle, one of the most important castles in the area, he died before he could capture the castle.[4] Administration of Palu was passed to his brother, and Palu remained in the hands of Cemşid Bey, son of Rüstem Bey. However, the rule of the Mirdâsi did not last long.

In 1507, Palu aligned itself with Safavid Iran. As a result of the war between the Ottoman Empire and the Safavid State, culminating in defeat for the Safavids at the Battle of Chaldiran, Palu was defeated by the Ottoman Empire in 1514. Cemşid Bey participated directly in the war. In 1516, Cemşid Bey, following the recommendation of Idris Bitlisi, pledged loyalty to the Ottomans. With the help of Karaçinzade Ahmet Bey, he took the hands of Arabşah from Kızılbaş in 1517. After this date, Palu beys were under the rule of the Ottomans.[5]


  • Eppel, Michael (2018), Gunter, M. Michael (ed.), The Kurdish emirates: Obstacles or precursors to Kurdish nationalism?, Routledge, ISBN 9781317237983


  1. ^ Özok-Gündoğan, Nilay (2014). "Ruling the Periphery, Governing the Land: The Making of the Modern Ottoman State in Kurdistan, 1840 – 70". Duke University Press. 34 (1): 161. doi:10.1215/1089201x-264864i.
  2. ^ Çakar, Enver; Kısa, Yavuz (2018). "Palu'da Cemşid Bey Vakıflar" (PDF) (in Turkish). Fırat University: 157. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. ^ Alanoğlu, Murat (2017). "Osmanlı idârî sistemi içerisinde Palu hükümeti". Istanbul University: 16. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. ^ Karabulut, Serdar (2017). "Palu'nun Siyasi/Ekonomik Tarihi (XIV-XVIII. Yüzyıllar Arası) Ve Palu Çarşısı'na Dâir Vakıfname Belgesi'nin Tercümesi" (PDF). OTAM (in Turkish): 149.
  5. ^ Çakar, Enver; Kısa, Yavuz (2018). "Palu'da Cemşid Bey Vakıflar" (PDF) (in Turkish). Fırat University: 151. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)