The Kalhora dynasty (Sindhi: ڪلهوڙا خاندان, romanizedKalhora Khandaan) was a Sindhi Muslim dynasty based in the region of Sindh, present day Pakistan. The dynasty governed much of Sindh between 1701 and 1783 from their capital of Khudabad, before shifting to Hyderabad from 1768 onwards. They were assigned to hold authority by the Mughal Grand Vizier Mirza Ghazi Beg.[citation needed]

Kalhora dynasty
ڪلهوڙا خاندان
Dynasty of Sindh
CapitalKhudabad (1710–1768) Haiderabad (1768–1783)
 • TypeNobility
• Established
• Disestablished
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Thatta Subah
Talpur dynasty

Kalhora governance of Sindh began around the start of the 18th century when Yar Muhammad Kalhoro was invested with title of Khuda Yar Khan and was made subedar of Upper Sindh by royal decree of the Mughals. Later, after his death, his son was additionally appointed subedar of Sehwan and thus oversaw most of Sindh.[1]

The Kalhora dynasty succumbed during the invasion of Nadir Shah. Mian Ghulam Shah Kalhoro reorganised and consolidated his power, but his son lost control of Sindh and was overthrown by Talpurs amirs. Abdul Nabi Kalhoro was the last Kalhora ruler.[1]

Rulers Edit

Personal Name Reign Notes
From Until
Yar Muhammad Kalhoro 1700 1720 Younger son of Nasir Kalhora
Noor Mohammad Kalhoro 1720 1756 Son of Yaar Muhammad.
Sultan and Sufi Saint of Kalhoro Dynasty.
Kolhora Dynasty Declared as an Independent State by Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah in 1736.
Muhammad Muradyab Kalhoro 1756 1758 Son of Noor Muhammad.
Ghulam Shah Kalhoro 1758 1772 Son of Noor Muhammad.
Sarfaraz Kalhoro 1772 1775 Son of Ghulam Shah.
Abdul Nabi Kalhoro 1775 1782 Son of Sarfaraz Kalhoro.

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ a b Sarah F. D. Ansari (31 January 1992). Sufi Saints and State Power: The Pirs of Sind, 1843-1947. Cambridge University Press. pp. 32–34. ISBN 978-0-521-40530-0.