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History of the Turkic peoples
History of the Turkic peoples
Pre-14th century
Turkic Khaganate 552–744
  Western Turkic
  Eastern Turkic
Khazar Khaganate 618–1048
Xueyantuo 628–646
Great Bulgaria 632–668
  Danube Bulgaria
  Volga Bulgaria
Kangar union 659–750
Turk Shahi 665–850
Türgesh Khaganate 699–766
Uyghur Khaganate 744–840
Karluk Yabgu State 756–940
Kara-Khanid Khanate 840–1212
  Western Kara-Khanid
  Eastern Kara-Khanid
Ganzhou Uyghur Kingdom 848–1036
Qocho 856–1335
Pecheneg Khanates
860–1091
Kimek confederation
743–1035
Cumania
1067–1239
Oghuz Yabgu State
750–1055
Ghaznavid Empire 963–1186
Seljuk Empire 1037–1194
  Sultanate of Rum
Kerait khanate 11th century–13th century
Khwarazmian Empire 1077–1231
Naiman Khanate –1204
Qarlughid Kingdom 1224–1266
Delhi Sultanate 1206–1526
  Mamluk dynasty
  Khalji dynasty
  Tughlaq dynasty
Golden Horde 1240s–1502
Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo) 1250–1517
  Bahri dynasty
Bengal Sultanate 1352–1487
  Ilyas Shahi dynasty

The Ahmadilis[1] (Modern Turkish: Aksungurlar, Persian: احمدیلی‎), also known as the Atabegs of Maragheh (Atābakān-e Marāghe, Persian: اتابکان مراغه‎), were a local dynasty who ruled from the early 12th century until 1208–09 in Maragheh itself and in Rūʾīn Dez for some years after the Mongol conquest. They ruled approximately from 1122 to 1220.[1]

Notices in the chronicles of this localised line of Atabegs are only sporadic, and numismatic evidences have not thus far been found,[1] so it is difficult to reconstruct their chronology and genealogy.[1] Bosworth says that they were a dynasty of Turkish origin that started with Aq Sunqur Ahmadili who was presumably a freedman of the Kurdish commander of the Seljuq Empire, Ahmadil ibn Ibrahim.[1] A female member of the family, Sulafa Khatun, was ruling Maragheh until these places were sacked by the Mongols in 1221.

RulersEdit

  1. Aq Sunqur I, 1122-1134
  2. Ak Sunkur II, 1134-1169
  3. Ala al-Din Korpe Arslan and Rukn al-Din, 1134-1173
  4. Falak al-Din, 1173-1189
  5. Ala-al-Din Korpe Arslan, 1189-1208
  6. Arslan-Aba II, 1208-1209
  7. Sulafa Khatun, 1209-1225

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Clifford Edmund Bosworth, The New Islamic Dynasties: A Chronological and Genealogical Manual, Columbia University, 1996. pp 198:"The Ahmadilis"

BibliographyEdit

  • Bosworth, Clifford Edmund (1976). The mediaeval islamic underworld: the Banu Sasan in Arabic society and literature. The Arabic jargon texts. BRILL. ISBN 90-04-04502-3.
  • Bosworth, Clifford Edmund (January 1996). The New Islamic Dynasties. Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-10714-3.
  • Nishapuri, Zahir al-Din; Tabib, Rashid al-Din (2001). The History of the Seljuq Turks: From the Jami Al-Tawarikh. Curzon.

Further readingEdit