The Borno Emirate or Borno Sultanate is a traditional Nigerian state formed at the start of the 20th century. It is headed by descendants of the rulers of the Bornu Empire, founded before 1000. The rulers have the title Shehu of Borno (var. Shehu of Bornu, Sultan of Borno/u). The traditional Emirate of Borno maintains a ceremonial rule of the Kanuri people, based in Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria, but acknowledged by the 4 million Kanuri in neighbouring countries.
|• Shehu||Abubakar Ibn Umar Garbai El-Kanemi of Borno|
|House of El-Kanemi|
|Nigerian royal dynasty|
|Parent house||El-Kanemi of Kukawa|
|Founder||Abubakar Garbai El-Kanemi|
|Current head||Abubakar ibn Umar Garbai El-Kanemi|
|Style(s)||Royal Highness |
The old Bornu Empire collapsed in 1893 when the Funj warlord Rabih Zubayr ibn Fadlallah seized power and transferred the capital to Dikwa. The French, then expanding in West Africa, defeated and killed Rabih they installed Shehu Sanda Kura, a member of the old Bornu dynasty, as the first Shehu of Borno in Dikwa in 1900. In 1901 they replaced him by his brother Umar Abubakar Garbai, ancestor of the current Emirs of Borno. Based on a treaty between the French, Germans and British, the old Bornu was split up and Dikwa became part of the German colony of Cameroon. The British invited Umar Abubakar Garbai to become ruler of the part falling to the British, and he moved in 1902 first to Monguno and later to Maiduguri. Later Dikwa was transferred to the newly created British Northern Nigeria Protectorate, resulting in two Shehus, the Shehu of Borno based at Maidgurui and the Shehu of Dikwa based at Dikwa.
|1902||1922||Umar Abubakar Garbai ibn Ibrahim|
|1922||1937||Sanda Kura (d. 1937)|
|1937||1967||Umar Ibn Muhammad also known as Sanda Kyarimi|
|1968||1974||Umar Ibn Abubakar Garbai (d. 1974)|
|September 1974||February 2009||Mustapha Ibn Umar Kyari Amin El-Kanemi (b. 1924 d. 21 February 2009)|
|February 2009||Abubakar Ibn Umar Garbai (b. 13 May 1957)|
Local Government Areas in Borno EmirateEdit
Borno Emirate covers fifteen Local Government Areas:
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- "Traditional States of Nigeria". WorldStatesmen.org. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
- "Mustapha Amin El-Kanemi (1924–2009)". ThisDay. 5 March 2009. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
- Nigeria (2000). Nigeria: a people united, a future assured. 2, State Surveys (Millennium ed.). Abuja, Nigeria: Federal Ministry of Information. p. 106. ISBN 9780104089.