Sultanate of Dawaro
• 10th Century
|ʿAli Madaḥweyne Dir Ajii Irir Samāle|
|Today part of||Hararghe|
The founder of Dawaro Sultanate was Jarso people belonging to the Ali Madaḥweyne branch which is a sub-clan of the Somali Dir clan. After the Oromo migrations, the jārso along with other Somali ʿAli Madaḥweyne Dir clans were absorbed into the Afran Qallo Barentuma confederation, and today the Jarso are reckoned as Jārsō Daggā Qāllō Barentuma Oromō. Although a large amount of the Jārso clan have assimilated with the Oromos, they are not ethnically Oromo and are ethnically Somali.
Conquering of DawaroEdit
Emperor Amda Seyon I of Ethiopia conquered many of the adjacent independent Muslim sultanates during his reign. In 1329, Sulṭān Ḥaydar of Dawaro was captured and imprisoned together with his ally Sulṭān Sabir ad-Dīn Maḥamed. Despite several rebellions and a brief period when Ahmeduddin Badlay a powerful Somali ruler from Adal Sultanate captured Dawaro and turned it into a vessel of Adal and after the weakening of Adal Sultanate, the opportunist Oromos captured the vassal state and assimilated the local native Somali population. Just like many Somalis in Hararghe, the Jarso people were also assimilated into the Oromo confederation after the weakening of Adal Sultanate by its war with the Ethiopian Empire and Portuguese Empire.
Sultans of DawaroEdit
|?||Ḥaydar (or Haydara)||??? - 1329||Ally of Sulṭān SabiradDīn Maḥamed "Waqōyi" Naḥwi of Ifat, imprisoned along with him by Amda Seyon I|
- Braukämper, Ulrich (2002). Islamic History and Culture in Southern Ethiopia: Collected Essays. LIT Verlag Münster. p. 12. ISBN 978-3-8258-5671-7.
- Hassen, Mohammed (2015). The Oromo and the Christian Kingdom of Ethiopia: 1300-1700. Boydell & Brewer. ISBN 978-1-84701-117-6.
- Futūḥ al-Ḥabasha. (n.d.). Christian-Muslim Relations 1500 - 1900. doi:10.1163/2451-9537_cmrii_com_26077
- Islamic History and Culture in Southern Ethiopia: Collected Essays