An emirate is a territory ruled by an emir,[1] a title used by monarchs or high officeholders in the Muslim world. There are two emirates that are independent states (Kuwait and Qatar), and a state that consists of a federation of seven emirates, the United Arab Emirates; the unrecognized Taliban state in Afghanistan is (and was) also styled as an emirate. A great number of previously independent emirates around the world are now part of larger states, as can be seen in Nigeria.[2]

EtymologyEdit

Etymologically, emirate or amirate (Arabic: إمارة imārah, plural: إمارات imārāt) is the quality, dignity, office, or territorial competence of any emir (prince, commander, governor, etc.). In English, the term is pronounced /ˈɛmərət, -ɪər-, -ɪt, -t/ or /ɛˈmɪərət, -ɪt, -t, iˈ-/ in British English and /ˈɛmərət/ or /ɪˈmɪərət/ in American English.[3]

As monarchiesEdit

The United Arab Emirates is a federal state that comprises seven federal emirates, each administered by a hereditary emir, these seven forming the electoral college for the federation's president and prime minister.

As most emirates have either disappeared, been integrated in a larger modern state, or changed their rulers' styles, e.g. to malik (Arabic for king) or sultan, such true emirate-states have become rare.

As provincesEdit

Furthermore, in Arabic the term can be generalized to mean any province of a country that is administered by a member of the ruling class, especially of a member (usually styled emir) of the royal family, as in Saudi Arabian governorates.

List of present emiratesEdit

 
Location of Kuwait (red), Qatar (green), and the emirates of the United Arab Emirates

The present independent emirates are:

List of former and integrated emiratesEdit

These are the emirates that have either ceased to exist, are not recognized and hold no real power, or were integrated into another country and preserved as "traditional states". They are arranged by location and in order of the date of the first leader styled "emir."

AfricaEdit

North AfricaEdit

Sub-Saharan AfricaEdit

EthiopiaEdit
GhanaEdit
NigerEdit
NigeriaEdit

AsiaEdit

ArabiaEdit

Central Asia and the Indian subcontinentEdit

Near EastEdit

EuropeEdit

CaucasusEdit

IberiaEdit

Mediterranean regionEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The definition of emirate". Dictionary.com.
  2. ^ "The Cultural and Colonial Settings". A Dangerous Awakening : The Politicization of Religion in Nigeria. African Dynamics. IFRA-Nigeria. 21 February 2013. pp. 9–43. ISBN 9791092312034.
  3. ^ Wells, John C. (2008), Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (3rd ed.), Longman, ISBN 9781405881180