Emirate of Beihan

Beihan or Bayhan (Arabic: بيحان Bayḥān), officially the Emirate of Beihan (Arabic: إمارة بيحان Imārat Bayḥān), was a state in the British Aden Protectorate and the Federation of South Arabia. Its capital was Suq Abdulla, now called Beihan. The Emirate was abolished in 1967 upon the founding of the People's Republic of South Yemen and is now part of the Republic of Yemen.[2]

Emirate of Beihan
إمارة بيحان
State of the Federation of South Arabia
1680–1967
Flag of Emirate of Beihan
Flag
FederationOfSouthArabiaMap.jpg
Map of the Federation of South Arabia
CapitalSuq Abdulla, (now Beihan)
Area
 • Coordinates13°25′N 45°40′E / 13.417°N 45.667°E / 13.417; 45.667Coordinates: 13°25′N 45°40′E / 13.417°N 45.667°E / 13.417; 45.667
Population 
• 1946
6000[1]
History
 • TypeMonarchy
History 
• Documented since
1680
• Disestablished
1967
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Federation of Arab Emirates of the South
South Yemen

HistoryEdit

It was not until the question of demarcating the northeastern frontier of Beihan arose that the British would have any intercourse with it.[3]

In December 1903 a treaty was concluded with Sharif Ahmed bin Muhsin. This treaty was considered to include the Ahl Masabein in its terms. He drew a monthly stipend of 30 dollars.[3]

In June 1930 the troops of the Imam of Sanaa who had advanced to the Harib district, north-west of Beihan, with headquarters at Al Joba and Darb al Ali, began to encroach on Al Ain, which is inhabited by Masabi tribesmen.[3]

In 1955, sometime before the 1st of July, Beihan settled a border treaty with North Yemen.[4]

The emirate was abolished in 1967.[5]

GeographyEdit

Beihan lies to the north of the Beidha district and north-west of the Upper Aulaqi country. It lies on either side of the Wadi Beihan, in the valley of which the bulk of the population reside.[3]

The lower portion of the Wadi Beihan is occupied by the Sharif and his relations together with the Bal Harith tribe and the upper portion by the Ahl Masabein, a powerful tribe, who form the bulk of the fighting men in Beihan.[3]

The headquarters of the Sharif is at An Nuqub, of the Bal Harith at As Seilan and of the Masabein at Beihan al Qasab.[3]

Beihan is a valley connected between al-Baidha in the north-west, Ma'rib in the east and Ataq in the south. It is a fertile valley irrigated by water streams fall from the northern mountains as well as from the dug wells. The main cultivated crops are dates, cereals and citrus and people depend on livestock to a large extent to survive. Nonetheless, people increasingly adopt trade and exchange commerce; in addition to incorporate to the government business.[citation needed]

InhabitantsEdit

Bayhan valley historically had several main groups. The Musabein Tribe living in the south which was dominated by Al-Saleh (Ahmed Saif tribe) and the Alfatima (Naji Alawi tribe). These two factions were engaged in constant feuds. Historically the middle of the valley was populated by the Al-Habieli family, descendants of the Prophet, who arrived in the valley in the late 1600s. They had been sent by the Imam of Yemen to protect the trade routes.[citation needed]

The Al-Habieli family are direct descendants of the first, al Hadi Yahya bin Hussein, and seventh, Qassim al Mansur bin Abdullah, Imams of Sana'a.[citation needed]

The north of the valley was dominated by the Balharith Tribe who were also continuously fighting one another as to who was their paramount sheik and like the Masabin also split into 2 main branches.[citation needed]

In 1931, the population was estimated at 11,000.[3]

RulersEdit

The ruling Al-Habieli family, recognized by the Hashimite Grand Sharifs of Mecca as related, established themselves as religious leaders in Bayhan in 1680 and became independent. The Hashemite Emirate of Bayhan was included in the Western Aden Protectorate before joining the Federation of Arab Emirates of the South on 11/2/1959 and the Federation of South Arabia on 4/4/1962. The Emirate was abolished by revolutionary Yemen in 7/1967 (the People's Republic of South Yemen on 30/11/1967). Capital was Naqub. Al Amir ( Prince ) Khalid Saleh Hussein Al-Habieli is current dynastic head of the family.

EmirsEdit

The former rulers were:[citation needed]

  • Muqbil, 1st Amir of Bayhan 1680-
  • Amir Hasan.
  • c.1750 - 1800 Amir Ghalib.
  • c.1800 - 1820 Amir Hussein.
  • .... - .... Amir al Habieli.
  • Amir Thaifallah.
  • Amir Mubarak.
  • .... - 1903 Amir Muhsin
  • Sharif Ahmad Muhsin Al Habieli, Amir of Bayhan 1903-abdicated 1935, independent c 1900. Father of: HE
  • Sharif Hussein Ahmad Al Habieli, Regent of the Hashemite Emirate of Bayhan 1935-1967, formerly Minister of Interior of the Federation of South Arabia. HE Sharif Hussein was married to Halima, daughter of the Sheikh of the Musabein tribe. Their son,
  • HH Sharif Saleh al Hussein Al Habieli (1935-Feb 2010),
  • Amir of Bayhan, deprived of ruling powers on 28/8/1967 by revolutionary Yemen (the People's Republic of South Yemen on 30/11/1967).
  • Prince Al Amir Talal Saleh Hussein Al-Habieli current Heir Apparent (Feb 2010–present).
  • Princess Diane Carol Al-Habieli resides in USA.
  • Prince Khalid Saleh Hussein Al-Habieli. Current Prince ( Feb 2010–Present ).

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Colonial. H.M. Stationery Office. 1952. p. 134.
  2. ^ Paul Dresch. A History of Modern Yemen. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2000
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Aitchison, G (1931). A Collection Of Treaties, Engagements And Sanads Relating To India And Neighbouring Countries. Vol. xi. Government of India. p. 16.   This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  4. ^ Records of Yemen, 1798-1960: 1955-1957. Archive Editions. 1993. p. 308.
  5. ^ "States of the Aden Protectorates". www.worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2020-11-06.

External linksEdit