Kebbi State

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Kebbi is a state in north-western Nigeria with its capital at Birnin Kebbi. The state was created out of a part of Sokoto State in 1991. Kebbi State is bordered by Sokoto State, Niger State, Zamfara State, Dosso Region in the Republic of Niger and the nation of Benin. It has a total area of 36,800 km2 (14,200 sq mi).

Location of Kebbi State in Nigeria
Location of Kebbi State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 11°30′N 4°00′E / 11.500°N 4.000°E / 11.500; 4.000Coordinates: 11°30′N 4°00′E / 11.500°N 4.000°E / 11.500; 4.000
Country Nigeria
Date created27 August 1991
CapitalBirnin Kebbi
 • BodyGovernment of Kebbi State
 • Governor
Abubakar Atiku Bagudu (APC)
 • Deputy GovernorSamaila Yombe Dabai (APC)
 • LegislatureKebbi State House of Assembly
 • SenatorsC: Adamu Aliero (APC)
N: Yahaya Abubakar Abdullahi (APC)
S: Bala Ibn Na'Allah (APC)
 • RepresentativesList
 • Total36,800 km2 (14,200 sq mi)
Area rank10th of 36
 (2006 census)
 • Total3,256,541[1]
 • Rank22nd of 36
 • Year2007
 • Total$3.29 billion[2]
 • Per capita$993[2]
Time zoneUTC+01 (WAT)
postal code
ISO 3166 codeNG-KE
HDI (2018)0.339[3]
low · 36th of 37


Kebbi is traditionally considered by Sarki mythology as the homeland of the Banza bakwai states and Hausa Kingdoms. According to recent research based on local oral traditions, king lists and on the Kebbi chronicle, the state of Kebbi was founded towards 600 BCE by refugees of the Assyrian empire conquered by Babylonian and Median forces in 612 BCE. A major local event was the conquest by Songhai in the second half of the fifteenth century CE.[4]

Kebbi resisted the Fulani jihad of the early 19th-century, but in the later 19th-century the area largely converted to Islam through peaceful means.[5]

History of ZuruEdit

Zuru emirate is divided into five administrative chiefdom: Dabai, Danko, Fakai, Sakaba, and Wasagu. The third class chief who is also member of the Zuru town in Dabai chiefdom, where the emirate headquarters also is located, heads each. Zuru Emirate is located in the southern part of Kebbi State Nigeria, occupying an area of about 9000sq km. It is boarded by Gummi in Zamfara State in the North. To the south is Niger State, this borderline extends also arbitrarily on land to the west to a point where it ends a few kilometers to the west of large tributary of the Dan Zari River. Here a northwest ward protrusion of Yauri Emirate of Kebbi.

In fact, going by history, Zuru people being multi-ethic are grouped into categories. First category is of those that claim long term settlement and the second category is of the much more recent settlers who in fact regard themselves – and are also regarded by the others as recent immigrants or even as temporary strangers. In the first category are the Achifawa, Kambari, Dukkawa Fakkawa,'Dankawa, Worawa, Katsinawa and Lelna (Dakarkari' such as sindawa').

It is characteristic to find that some of them lay claim to origin from Hausa. Zuru as was said, is a result of upheaval resulting from events such as Kanta's breakaway from Songhai and Nupe-Kororofa control. Moreover, the Katsinawa, who in fact see themselves as immigrants from the old state of Katsina which had made political in road Zuru region, especially from the 16th century A.D. onward, and had enabled them to settle and to area's indigenous population.[6]


Kebbi state was created out of the former Sokoto State on 17 August 1991. The State has a total population of 3,137,989 people as projected from the 1991 census, within 21 Local Government areas.

The state has Sudan and Sahel-savannah. The southern part is generally rocky with the Niger River traversing the state from Benin to Ngaski LGA. The northern part of the state is sandy with the Rima River passing through Argungu to Bagudo LGA where it empties into the Niger. Agriculture is the main occupation of the people especially in rural areas, Crops produced are mainly grains; animal rearing and fishing are also common. Christianity and Islam are the dominant religions of the people. There are 225 political wards, 3000 settlements and 1036 hard to reach settlements in the 21 Local Government Areas in the State.

Local Government AreasEdit

Kebbi State consists of 21 Local Government Areas (LGAs), four emirate councils (Gwandu, Argungu, Yauri and Zuru), and 35 districts. The LGAs are as follows:


Kebbi State is mainly populated by the Hausa people and Zarma people, with some members of Fulani, Lelna, Bussawa, Dukawa, Dakarkari, Kambari, Gungawa and Kamuku ethnic communities.

The people of Kebbi are predominantly Muslims who practice Islam as a religion.


Languages of Kebbi State listed by LGA:[7]

LGA Languages
Argungu Dendi; Zarma
Bagudo Bisã; Boko; Dendi
Birnin Kebbi Zarma
Bunza Zarma
Donko-Wasagu C'Lela
Dukku us-Saare
Jega Gibanawa
Ngaski Lopa; Tsikimba; Tsishingini; Tsucuba; Tsuvadi
Sakaba Cicipu; C'Lela; Damakawa; ut-Ma'in
Wasagu-Danko us-Saare; Gwamhi-Wuri
Yauri Reshe; us-Saare
Zuru C'Lela; ut-Ma'in

Other languages of Kebbi State are Cishingini, Kyanga, Shanga, and Sorko.[7]


Like the majority of Nigerian states, it is governed by a Governor and a State House of Assembly, under the current administration of Abubakar Bagudu.


Kebbi State is one of the major producers of rice in Nigeria. The current participation of more than 70,000 farmers in the Anchor Borrowers Rice and wheat farming is heading towards making Kebbi a new destination and hub for agro based commodities of the Country.

To reiterate his commitment to ensure that Kebbi state isn't only dependent on Federal allocation, the active Governor Atiku Bagudu paid a visit to Benin Republic last year and while on the trip, signed a number of bilateral trade protocols with the Government and Business Community of Benin Republic with a view to fostering trade, industrial and tourism relationships with the country.

Abubakar Bagudu is also the Chairman, National Task Force on Rice and Wheat Production in Nigeria.

Tertiary learning institutions in kebbi state includeEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "2006 PHC Priority Tables – NATIONAL POPULATION COMMISSION". Archived from the original on 2017-10-10. Retrieved 2017-10-10.
  2. ^ a b "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved 2008-08-20.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. ^ D. Lange, "Successor state", Anthropos, 104, 2 (2009), 366-380.
  5. ^ [copied Holden, J. J. "THE ZABARIMA CONQUEST OF NORTH-WEST GHANA PART I." Transactions of the Historical Society of Ghana 8 (1965): 60-86.]
  6. ^ "HISTORY OF ZURU". ZURUONLINE.COM. Retrieved 2018-09-03.
  7. ^ a b "Nigeria". Ethnologue (22 ed.). Retrieved 2020-01-10.
  8. ^ Academy, Samphina (2019-07-21). "Courses Offered in FUBK - Federal University, Birnin Kebbi". Samphina Academy. Retrieved 2021-07-14.
  9. ^ Academy, Samphina (2019-03-18). "Complete List of Courses Offered in Kebbi State University of Science and Technology (KSUSTA)". Samphina Academy. Retrieved 2021-07-14.
  10. ^ "Educational Institution in Kebbi | Nigeria Directory, A List of Nigerian Businesses, Organisations, Firms and Companies | Nigeria Yellow Pages". Retrieved 2021-07-14.


External linksEdit