Taifa of Zaragoza

The taifa of Zaragoza (Arabic: طائفة سرقسطة) was an independent Arab[1][2][3] Muslim state in the east of Al-Andalus (present day Spain), which was established in 1018 as one of the taifa kingdoms, with its capital in Saraqusta (Zaragoza) city. Zaragoza's taifa emerged in the 11th century following the destruction of the Caliphate of Córdoba in the Moorish controlled Iberian Peninsula.

Taifa of Zaragoza
Taifa Kingdom of Zaragoza, c. 1080
Taifa Kingdom of Zaragoza, c. 1080
Common languagesArabic, Mozarabic, Hebrew, Berber
Islam, Christianity (Roman Catholic), Judaism
Historical eraMiddle Ages
• Downfall of Caliphate of Cordoba
• Conquered by the Almoravids
CurrencyDirham and Dinar
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Caliphate of Córdoba
Almoravid dynasty
Today part ofSpain

During the first two decades of this period (1018–1038), the city was ruled by the Arab Banu Tujib tribe. They were replaced by the Arab Banu Hud rulers, who had to deal with a complicated alliance with El Cid of Valencia and his Castilian masters against the Almoravids, who managed to bring the Taifas Emirates under their control. After the death of El Cid, his kingdom was conquered by the Almoravids, and by 1100 they had crossed the Ebro into Barbastro, which brought them into direct confrontation with Aragon.

The Banu Hud stubbornly resisted the Almoravid dynasty and ruled until they were eventually defeated by the Almoravids in May 1110. The last sultan of the Banu Hud, Abd-al-Malik, and Imad ad-Dawla of Saraqusta, were forced to abandon the capital. Abd-al-Malik allied himself with the Christian Aragonese under Alfonso I of Aragon and from then on the Muslim soldiers of Saraqusta served in the Aragonese forces. Soon afterwards (1118) a good deal of the old taifa, including the city of Zaragoza, was conquered by the Christian kingdom of Aragon, and remained in Christian hands thereafter.

Between c. 1040 and c. 1105, the Taifa of Lérida was separate from that of Zaragoza.

List of EmirsEdit

This list is taken from The Routledge Handbook of Muslim Iberia, edited by Maribel Fierro.[4]

Tujibid dynastyEdit

Huddid dynastyEdit

Almoravid dynastyEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ John Middleton (1 June 2015). World Monarchies and Dynasties. Taylor & Francis. p. 925. ISBN 978-1-317-45157-0.
  2. ^ William D. Phillips, Jr; Carla Rahn Phillips (1 July 2010). A Concise History of Spain. Cambridge University Press. p. 64. ISBN 978-0-521-60721-6.
  3. ^ Simon Barton (14 October 2004). "6: Spain in the Eleventh Century". In David Luscombe, Jonathan Riley-Smith (ed.). The New Cambridge Medieval History: Volume 4, C.1024-c.1198. Vol. IV. Cambridge University Press. p. 157. ISBN 978-0-521-41411-1.
  4. ^ Fierro, Manuel (2020). The Routledge Handbook of Muslim Iberia. Routeldge. ISBN 9781317233541.