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The taifa of Zaragoza was an independent Arab[1][2][3] Muslim state in Moorish Al-Andalus, present day eastern Spain, which was established in 1018 as one of the taifa kingdoms, with its capital in the Islamic Saraqusta (Zaragoza) city. Zaragoza's taifa emerged in the 11th century following the destruction of the Caliphate of Córdoba in the Moorish Iberian Peninsula.

Taifa of Zaragoza

1013–1110
Taifa Kingdom of Zaragoza, c. 1080
Taifa Kingdom of Zaragoza, c. 1080
CapitalZaragoza
Common languagesArabic, Mozarabic, Hebrew, Berber
Religion
Islam, Christianity (Roman Catholic), Judaism
GovernmentMonarchy
Historical eraMiddle Ages
• Downfall of Caliphate of Cordoba
1013
• Conquered by the Almoravids
1110
CurrencyDirham and Dinar
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Caliphate of Cordoba
Almoravid dynasty

During the first three decades of this period (1018–1038), the city was ruled by the Arab Banu Tujibi tribe. They were replaced by the Arab Banu Hud rulers, who had to deal with a complicated alliance with El Cid of Valencia and his Castilian Masters against the Almoravids, who managed to bring the Taifas Emirates under their control. After the death of El Cid, his kingdom was conquered by the Almoravids, and by 1100 they had crossed the Ebro into Barbastro, which brought into direct contact with Aragon.

The Banu Hud stubbornly resisted the Almoravid dynasty and ruled until they were eventually defeated by the Almoravids in May 1110. The last sultan of the Banu Hud, Abd-al-Malik, and Imad ad-Dawla of Saraqusta, was forced to abandon the capital. Abd-al-Malik allied himself with the Christian Aragonese under Alfonso I of Aragon and from the time the Muslims of Saraqusta became military regulars within the Aragonese forces.

Between c. 1040 and c. 1105, the Taifa of Lérida was separate from that of Zaragoza.

List of EmirsEdit

Tujibid dynastyEdit

Huddid dynastyEdit

Almoravid dynastyEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ John Middleton (1 June 2015). World Monarchies and Dynasties. Taylor & Francis. p. 925. ISBN 978-1-317-45157-0.
  2. ^ William D. Phillips, Jr; Carla Rahn Phillips (1 July 2010). A Concise History of Spain. Cambridge University Press. p. 64. ISBN 978-0-521-60721-6.
  3. ^ Simon Barton (14 October 2004). "6: Spain in the Eleventh Century". In David Luscombe, Jonathan Riley-Smith (ed.). The New Cambridge Medieval History: Volume 4, C.1024-c.1198. IV. Cambridge University Press. p. 157. ISBN 978-0-521-41411-1.