Kasongo, also known as Piani Kasongo, is a town and Territory, located in Maniema Province of the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Kasongo Territory
Kasongo Territory is located in Democratic Republic of the Congo
Kasongo Territory
Kasongo Territory
Coordinates: 4°27′S 26°39′E / 4.450°S 26.650°E / -4.450; 26.650Coordinates: 4°27′S 26°39′E / 4.450°S 26.650°E / -4.450; 26.650
Country Democratic Republic of Congo
ProvinceManiema
Elevation
665 m (2,182 ft)
Population
 • Total63,000
National languageKiswahili

GeographyEdit

Kasongo lies east of the Lualaba River, northwest of its confluence with the Luama River, at an altitude of 2188 ft (666 m).[1] Kasongos population is approximately 63,000.[2]

The town is served by Kasongo Airport. Kasongo is connected to the provincial capital Kindu by the 150 mile 'Kasongo Road' (a section of National Road 31 (N31)), however the journey takes two days due to the road's poor state.[3] The City also lies on National Road 2 (N2) and Regional Road 629 (R629)[4]

Kasongo is part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Kasongo

HistoryEdit

The town was founded around 1860, and a first Sultan named Dougombi (métis) established in 1868.[5] Ramazani Munia Muhara (Manyema) was the Sultan the town by the time of the Congo-Arab war during 1892–1894 in Kasongo, Maniema

A trading post was established in Nyangwe (Piani-Kasongo) in 1875 by Tippu Tip, an Afro-Arab trader.[6] Nyangwe and the greater part of Kasongo, Maniema became the capital of the Sultanate of Utetera controlled and descended from the Monarchy of Zanzibar and thus, an offshoot of the Omani Monarchy between 1696-1890 CE.

It is believed the first contact with WaSwahili traders from Zanzibar (from the Monarchy of Zanzibar descended from Omani Empire) in Nyangwe dates back to the Abbasid expeditions to East Africa where it is reputed that Abbasid Caliphs sent punitive expeditions to the Islamized city-states of the Somali coast and Zanzibar set up governors there[7][8] where Abbasid victory saw the both:

  • the impositon of the kharāj
  • acceptance of the doctrine of the createdness of the Quran

by 837 CE

The 9th-century writer al-Jāḥiẓ records an Omani expedition to East Africa in the late 7th century, but it was defeated.[9]

It is clear the sultans of Mogadishu, Mārka, Barāwa, Faza, Sīwī, Bata, Manda (Munda), Ṭaqa, Lamu (Āmu), Ūzi, Malindi(Malūdi), Uyūmba, Kilifi, Basāsa, Zanzibar, Kilwa and Waybu (possibly a tributary of the Shebelle) are among those who accepted expeditions.[10] Gervase Mathew dates this to 766–767 and considers it a military expedition.[11]

The death of Said bin Sultan in 1856 saw the division of the Omani Empire between his sons. Two sultanates: an African section called the Sultanate of Zanzibar through Majid bin Said and an Asian section called the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman ruled by Thuwaini bin Said.

The town was visited by Henry Morton Stanley sometime between 1879 and 1884, on his third expedition.[6]

The territory was at the centre of the Congo-Arab War and the Batetela Revolt in 1898. A century later, Kasongo and its inhabitants were severely affected by the Second Congo War (1998-2003), and the CARE and Concern Worldwide NGO's are active in the area.[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ National Geographic Atlas of the World: Revised Sixth Edition, National Geographic Society, 1992
  2. ^ world-gazetteer.com[dead link]
  3. ^ a b Congo rising from chaos, isolation - The Boston Globe. Boston.com (2005-07-10). Retrieved on 2017-05-22.
  4. ^ "ARRÊTÉ DÉPARTEMENTAL 79/BCE/TPAT/60/004/79 portant fixation des listes des routes constituant le réseau des routes nationales et régionales dans la République du Zaïre" (PDF) (PDF) (in French). 28 February 1979. Retrieved 22 November 2021.
  5. ^ "Nyangwe - Encyclopédie Wikimonde". wikimonde.com. Retrieved 2022-07-11.
  6. ^ a b "Vertical Analysis of Human African Trypanosomiasis (Institut Tropical - Tropical Institute, Antwerp, Belgium, 1997): Appendix: A chronology of West African Trypanosomiasis". Archived from the original on 2011-07-06. Retrieved 2009-02-15.
  7. ^ "H. Neville Chittick, "The East Coast, Madagascar and the Indian Ocean", in J. D. Fage and R. Oliver (eds.), The Cambridge History of Africa, Volume 3: From c.1050 to c. 1600 (Cambridge University Press, 1977), pp. 183–231, at 194–195 and 198". epdf.pub. Retrieved 2022-07-11.
  8. ^ Hersi, Ali Abdirahman (1977). Ali Abdirahman Hersi, The Arab Factor in Somali History: The Origins and the Development of Arab Enterprise and Cultural Influences in the Somali Peninsula, Ph.D. diss. (University of California at Los Angeles, 1977), pp. 111–112 (Thesis).
  9. ^ Chami, Felix A.; Le Guennec-Coppens, Françoise; Mery, Sophie (2002). "East Africa and the Middle East relationship from the first millennium BC to about 1500 AD". Journal des Africanistes. 72 (2): 21–37. doi:10.3406/jafr.2002.1304.
  10. ^ James McL. Ritchie and Sigvard von Sicard (eds.), An Azanian Trio: Three East African Arabic Historical Documents (Brill, 2020), pp. 78–80.
  11. ^ Gervase Mathew, "The East African Coast until the Coming of the Portuguese", in R. Oliver and G. Mathew (eds.), History of East Africa, Volume 1 (Clarendon Press, 1963), pp. 94–127, at 102.

External linksEdit