List of Muslim states and dynasties

  (Redirected from Islamic empire)

History of Muslim StatesEdit

The early Muslim conquests began in the lifetime of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. His successors conquered large swaths of the Middle East and North Africa, in addition to part of Southern Europe and the Indian subcontinent. In the decades after his death, the caliphate founded by his earliest successors, called the Rashidun caliphate, was succeeded by the Umayyad caliphate and later the Abbasid caliphate.

While the caliphates gradually fractured and fell, other Muslim dynasties rose; some of these dynasties grew into Islamic empires, with some of the most notable being the Safavid dynasty, Ottoman Empire, and Mughal Empire.

Regional empiresEdit

IranEdit

 
Shah Ismail I, founder of Safavid dynasty

Mesopotamia and Levant (Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Palestine)Edit

Middle East (Arabian Peninsula, Persian Gulf region)Edit

Egypt

Saudi Arabia

Bahrain

Qatar

Kuwait

United Arab Emirates

Oman

Yemen

Regional

Anatolia (Turkey)Edit

 
Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha

West Africa (West Africa, Sahel)Edit

Regional

Cameroon

Benin

Burkina Faso

Chad

Sudan, South Sudan

Central African Republic

Côte d'Ivoire

Ghana

Mali

Mauritania

Niger

Nigeria

Senegambia

Gambia

Guinea

Guinea Bissau

Togo

Sierra Leone

North Africa (Maghreb region)Edit

Libya

Tunisia

Algeria

Morocco (Western Sahara, Maghreb, Ifriqiya)

Horn of AfricaEdit

Somalia

Ethiopia

Eritrea

Djibouti

East AfricaEdit

Tanzania

Kenya

Republic Democratic Congo

Malawi

Mozambique

Hindi Ocean RegionEdit

Maldives

Mayotte

Comoros

Madagascar

Cyprus

Southern EuropeEdit

Spain & Portugal

France

umayyad Caliph of Cordova

Aghlabids & Fatimids

Italy

Gibraltar

Malta

Cyprus

Eastern Europe (Balkan Region)Edit

Ukraine, Moldova

Romania, Bulgaria

Greece

Albania

Ural Region, Siberia (Russia)Edit

CaucasusEdit

Russia

Armenia

Georgia

Azerbaijan

Central Asia, East AsiaEdit

Transoxania (Uzbekistan, Kirgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan)

China

South AsiaEdit

India

Afghanistan

Bangladesh

Pakistan

Southeast AsiaEdit

Malay Archipelago (East Indies) (Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei)

Philippines

 
Approximate extent of the Muslim sultanates in the Philippines

Thailand

Indochina

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit