List of political term limits

This is a list of term limits for heads of state, heads of government and other notable public office holders by country.

AfricaEdit

Country Head of state/government Other
Title Maximum number of terms Office Maximum number of terms
  Algeria President Two 5-year terms
  Angola President Two 5-year terms
  Benin President Two 5-year terms
  Botswana President Two 5-year terms
  Burkina Faso President
  Burundi President Two 7-year terms, since 2018 Constitutional Reform.
  Chad President Unlimited 5-year terms, since 2005 Constitutional Reform.
  Cameroon President Unlimited 7-year terms, from 2008 Constitutional Reform.
  Cape Verde President Two 5-year terms, third term only after 5 years. Prime Minister No term limits
  Central African Republic President Two 5-year terms, since 2015 Constitutional Reform.
  Comoros President Unlimited 5-year non-consecutive terms, since 2009 Constitutional Reform.
  Côte d’Ivoire President Two 5-year terms, since 2000 Constitutional Referendum.
  Democratic Republic of the Congo President Two 5-year terms, since 2005 Constitutional Referendum.
  Republic of the Congo President Three 5-year terms, since 2015 Constitutional Referendum.
  Djibouti President Unlimited 5-year terms, since 2010 Constitutional Reform.
  Egypt President Two 6-year terms, since 2019 Constitutional Referendum. Prime Minister No term limits
  Equatorial Guinea President Two 7-year terms, starting from 2011 Constitutional Reform.
  Ethiopia President Two 6-year terms, since 1987 Constitutional Reform Prime Minister No term limits
  Eritrea President Two 5-Year terms, since 1993 Constitutional Reform.
  Gabon President Unlimited 7-year terms, since 1991 Constitutional Reform.
  Ghana President Two 4-year terms, since 1992 Constitutional Referendum.
  Gambia President Unlimited 5-year terms, since 1996 Constitutional Reform.
  Guinea President Two 6-year terms, since 2020 March Constitutional Reform. Prime Minister No term limits
  Guinea-Bissau President Two 5-year terms, since 1991 Constitutional Reform. Prime Minister No term limits
  Kenya President Two 5-year terms, since 2010 Constitution
  Liberia President Two 6-year terms, since 1986 Constitutional Referendum.
  Lesotho King No set terms (Hereditary succession). Prime Minister Unlimited 5-year terms, since 1998 Constititional Reform.
  Libya Presidential Council No set terms (Transitional)
  Madagascar President Two 5-year terms, since 1992 Constitutional Referendum.
  Malawi President Two 5-year terms, since 1995 Constitutional Referendum.
  Mali President Two 5-year terms, since 1992 Constitutional Referendum.
  Mauritania President Two 5-year terms, since 1991 Constitutional Referendum
  Mauritius President Unlimited 5-year terms, since 1991 Constitutional Reform. Prime Minister No term limits
  Morocco King No set terms (Hereditary succession) Prime Minister Unlimited 5-year terms, since 2011 Constitutional Reforms.
  Mozambique President Two 5-year terms, since 2004 Constitutional Reforms.
  Namibia President Two 5-year terms, since 1999 Constitutional Reforms.
  Niger President Two 5-year terms, since 2010 Constitutional Referendum.
  Nigeria President Two 4-year terms, since 1999 Constitutional Reforms.
  Rwanda President Two 5-year terms, since 2015 Constitutional Reform (from 2024).
  São Tomé and Príncipe President Two 5-year terms, since 2003 Constitution Reforms. Prime Minister No term limits
  Senegal President Two 5-year terms, since 2016 Constitutional Reform.
  Seychelles President Two 5-year terms, since 2016 Constitutional Reforms.
  Sierra Leone President Two 5-year terms, since 1991 Constitutional Referendum.
  Somalia President Two 5-year terms, since 1991 Constitutional Referendum.
  South Africa President Two 5-year terms, since 1996 Constitutional Referendum. (.)
  South Sudan President Two 5-year terms, proposed.
  Sudan President Unlimited 5-year terms, since 2015 Constitutional Reform.
  Swaziland King No set terms (Hereditary succession) Prime Minister Unlimited 5-year terms, since 2005 Constititional Reform.
  Tanzania President Two 5-year terms, since 1977 Constitutional Reform.
  Togo President Unlimited 5-year terms, since 2002 Constitutional Reform.
  Tunisia President Two 5-year terms, since 2014 Constitutional Referendum.
  Uganda President Unlimited 5-year terms, since 2005 Constitutional Reform.
  Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic President No set terms (In exile)
  Zambia President Two 5-year terms, since 2006 Constitutional Reform.
  Zimbabwe President Two 5-year terms, since 2013 Constitutional Referendum.

AmericasEdit

Country Head of state/government Other
Title Maximum number of terms Office Maximum number of terms
  Argentina President Two consecutive 4-year terms. Every former President, if they have already served two consecutive terms in a row, has to wait one complete 4-year term, until they can be re-elected into two consecutive 4-year terms as President of Argentina again. Vice President Two consecutive 4-year terms. Every former Vice President, if they have already served two consecutive terms in a row, has to wait one complete 4-year term, until they can be re-elected into two consecutive 4-year terms as Vice President of Argentina again.
Senators Unlimited 6-year terms.
Deputies Unlimited 4-year terms.
  Bolivia President Unlimited 5-year terms, since 2017.[1][2] Vice President Unlimited 5-year terms.
  Belize Monarch No set terms (Hereditary succession) Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must have support of House of Representatives which have a maximum term of 5 years.
  Brazil President Two consecutive 4-year terms. Every former President, if they have already served two consecutive terms in a row, has to wait one complete 4-year term, until they can be re-elected into two consecutive 4-year terms as President of Brazil again. Vice President Two consecutive 4-year terms. Every former Vice President, if they have already served two consecutive terms in a row, has to wait one complete 4-year term, until they can be re-elected into two consecutive 4-year terms as Vice President of Brazil again.
  Canada Governor General No set terms; appointed by monarch Prime Minister No directly set terms, but the Prime Minister must maintain the support of the House of Commons, which by statute has a maximum term of 4 years.
Premier No directly set terms, but Premiers must maintain the support of their respective provincial or territorial legislative assemblies which have a maximum term of 5 years.
  Chile President Unlimited non-consecutive 4-year terms
  Colombia President One 4-year term Vice President One 4-year term
  Costa Rica President Unlimited non-consecutive 4-year terms
  Cuba President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister Two 5-year terms
First Secretary Two 5-year terms
  Dominican Republic President Two 4-year terms Vice President Two 4-year terms
  Ecuador President Two 4-year terms Vice President Two 4-year terms
  El Salvador President One 5-year term Vice President One 5-year term
  Guatemala President One 4-year term Vice President Unlimited non-consecutive 4-year terms
  Guyana President Two 5-year terms
  Haiti President Two non-consecutive 5-year terms
  Honduras President Two 4-year terms Vice President Two 4-year terms
  Jamaica Monarch No set terms (Hereditary succession) Prime Minister Unlimited 5-year terms
  Mexico President One 6-year term (sexenio) Senate Two 6-year terms (since 2018)
  Nicaragua President Unlimited 5-year terms[3] Vice President Unlimited 5-year terms
  Panama President Two non-consecutive 5-year terms Vice President Two non-consecutive 5-year terms
  Paraguay President One 5-year term Vice President One 5-year term
  Peru President Unlimited non-consecutive 5-year terms Vice President Unlimited non-consecutive 5-year terms
  Suriname President Unlimited 5-year terms Vice President Unlimited 5-year terms
  Trinidad and Tobago President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister Unlimited 5-year terms
  United States President Two 4-year terms (1951-present) (except after succeeding to the Presidency and serving for more than two years, in which case only one subsequent four-year term is permitted). Eligibility of former term limited presidents is unclear (see article on Twenty-Second Amendment). Vice President Unlimited 4-year terms
Senators Unlimited 6-year terms
Representatives Unlimited 2-year terms
  Uruguay President Unlimited non-consecutive 5-year terms Vice President Unlimited non-consecutive 5-year terms
  Venezuela President Unlimited 6-year terms, since 2009 Constitutional Referendum. Vice President No fixed terms

AsiaEdit

Country Head of state/government Other
Title Maximum number of terms Office Maximum number of terms
  Afghanistan President Two 5-year terms Chief Executive 5 years Ad hoc
  Bangladesh President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister No term limits
  Cambodia King No set terms (Hereditary succession) Prime Minister No term limits
  Vietnam President Unlimited 5-year terms (in practice two 5-years terms) Vice President Unlimited 5-year terms (in practice two 5-years terms)
Prime Minister Unlimited 5-year terms (in practice two 5-years terms)
General Secretary Two 5-year terms
  People's Republic of China President Unlimited 5-year terms, since 2018 Constitutional Reform. Vice President Unlimited 5-year terms, since 2018 Constitutional Reform.
Premier Two consecutive 5-year terms (Two consecutive terms of National People's Congress session)
General Secretary Unlimited 5-year terms
  Hong Kong Chief Executive Two consecutive 5-year terms Members of the Legislative Council Unlimited 4-year terms
  India President Unlimited 5-year terms Prime Minister No direct term limits, however they must maintain the support of the Indian Parliament which has a term of five years
  Indonesia President Two 5-year terms Vice President Two 5-year terms
  Iran President Two consecutive and one non-consecutive 4-year terms Supreme Leader No term limits
  Iraq President Two 4-year terms Prime Minister Unlimited 4-year terms
  Israel President One 7-year term Prime Minister Between 1948 and 1996, and since 2001: No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Knesset which has an undefined term not exceeding four years.
Between 1996 and 2001 (when the Prime Minister was directly elected): Unlimited undefined terms. Should these terms exceed seven years, the Prime Minister will not be eligible for immediate re-election.
  Japan Prime Minister Unlimited 4-years terms
Member of the House of Councillors Unlimited 6-year terms
Member of the House of Representatives Unlimited maximum 4-year terms
  Kazakhstan President Two consecutive 5-year terms (Exception for first President)
  Kyrgyzstan President One 6-year term
  Laos President Two 5-year terms General Secretary Unlimited 5-year terms
  Lebanon President Unlimited non-consecutive 6-year terms Prime Minister No term limits
  Macau Chief Executive Two consecutive 5-year terms Legislative Assembly Unlimited 4-year terms
  Malaysia Monarch Unlimited 5-Year Terms, but because the 9 Sultans of the Malayan states rotate each time between themselves, the unlimited 5-Year Terms are de facto unlimited non-consecutive 5-year terms. Prime Minister No term limits

Pakatan Harapan, the current ruling party of Malaysia, had promised to implement a two-term limit for the post of prime minister, in attempt to curb corruption

  Maldives President Two 5-year terms (starting 1998)
  Mongolia President Two 4-year terms Prime Minister 4-year term
  North Korea General Secretary Unlimited 5-Year Terms Premier Unlimited 5-Year Terms
Party Chairman No set terms
  Pakistan President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister No direct term limits, however they must maintain the support of the Pakistan Parliament which has a term of five years
  Philippines President One 6-year term Vice President Two consecutive 6-year terms
Senators Two consecutive 6-year terms
Representatives of the House Three consecutive 3-year terms
All other local government officials Three consecutive 3-year terms
  South Korea President One 5-year term Prime Minister No term limits
  Singapore President Unlimited 6-year terms Prime Minister No term limits
  Sri Lanka President Two 5-year terms since 2015 Prime Minister No term limits
  Syria President Two 7-year terms
  Republic of China President Two consecutive 4-year terms since 1994[4][5] Vice President Same as the president
Members of the Legislative Yuan Unlimited 4-year terms since 2008[6]
County, city and township councilors, and village chiefs Unlimited 4-year terms[7]
County magistrates, and city and township mayors Two consecutive 4-year terms[8]
  Tajikistan President Two 7-year terms[9]
  Thailand Monarch No set terms (Hereditary succession) Prime Minister Two 4-year terms
  Timor-Leste President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister No term limits
  Uzbekistan President Two 5-year terms

EuropeEdit

Country Head of state Head of government (if effectively supreme to a separate head of state) and other offices
Title Maximum number of terms Title Maximum number of terms
  Albania President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Albanian Parliament which has a term of four years
Constitutional Court judges and High Court judges One 9-year term
Members of the High Council of Justice Unlimited nonconsecutive 5-year terms
Prosecutor General, Ombudsperson Unlimited 5-year terms
Governor of Central Bank and Head of the High State Audit Unlimited 7-year terms
  Armenia President One 7-year term Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the National Assembly which has a term of five years
  Austria President Two 6-year terms. When the incumbent President loses their re-election, they can never again be elected to the Office of Federal President of Austria. Chancellor No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the National Council which has a term of five years
  Azerbaijan President Unlimited 7-year terms
  Belarus President Unlimited 5-year terms
  Belgium Monarch No set terms (Hereditary succession) Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Chamber of Representatives which has a term of five years
  Bosnia and Herzegovina Presidency members Two consecutive 4-year terms, reeligible after four years
  Bulgaria President Two consecutive 5-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the National Assembly which has a term of four years
  Croatia President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Sabor which has a term of four years
  Cyprus President Two consecutive 5-year terms
  Czech Republic President Two consecutive 5-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Chamber of Deputies which has a term of four years
  Denmark Monarch No set terms (Hereditary succession) Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Folketing which has a term of four years
  Estonia President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Riigikogu which has a term of four years
  European Union President of the European Council Two 2.5 year terms President of the European Commission No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the European Parliament which has a term of five years (and also the European Council)
  Finland President Two consecutive 6-year terms.[10] Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Finnish Parliament which has a term of four years
  France President Two consecutive 5-year terms since 2000 constitutional referendum Prime minister No directly defined terms, however they must maintain the support of the National Assembly which has a term of five years
  Georgia President Two terms: 6 years (2018-2024) 5 years (2024-) Prime Minister of Georgia No directly set terms.
  Germany President Two 5-year terms Chancellor No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Bundestag which has a term of four years
  Greece President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Hellenic Parliament which has a term of four years
  Hungary President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the National Assembly which has a term of four years
  Iceland President Unlimited 4-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Althing which has a term of four years
  Ireland President Two 7-year terms Taoiseach (equivalent of Prime Minister) No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Dáil which has a term of five years
  Italy President Unlimited 7-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of both Houses of the Parliament which have a term of five years
  Kosovo President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Assembly which has a term of four years
Constitutional Court judges One 9-year term
Ombudsperson One 5-year term
Auditor General Two 5-year terms
  Latvia President Two 4-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Saeima which has a term of four years
  Lithuania President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Seimas which has a term of four years
  Luxembourg Monarch No set terms (Hereditary succession) Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Chamber of Deputies which has a term of five years
  Malta President One 5-year term Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Maltese Parliament which has a term of five years
  Moldova President Two consecutive 4-year terms.[11] Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Moldovan Parliament which has a term of four years
  Montenegro President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Montenegrin Parliament which has a term of four years
  Netherlands Monarch No set terms (Hereditary succession) Prime Minister unlimited terms of 4 years, however they must maintain the support of the House of Representatives which has a term of 4 years
  North Macedonia President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Assembly of North Macedonia which has a term of four years
  Norway Monarch No set terms (Hereditary succession) Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Storting which has a term of four years
  Poland President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Sejm which has a term of four years
  Portugal President Two consecutive 5-year terms. A former President of Portugal, however, if they have already served two consecutive terms, can also be re-elected to another unlimited non-consecutive 5-year term, after a minimum of five years out of office since the end of their last term in office. Prime Minister
Presidents of local authorities (concelho and freguesia)
No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Assembly of the Republic which has a term of less than four years
Three consecutive 4-year terms
  Romania President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Chamber of Deputies, as well as the support of the Senate, both of which have a term of less than four years
  Russia President Two 6-year terms[12] Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the President of which has a term of six years, as well as the support of the State Duma which has a term of five years
  San Marino Captain-Regent Unlimited non-consecutive 6-month terms, but an outgoing Captain Regent of San Marino must wait for a minimum of three years, until they can be elected again into this office.
  Serbia President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the National Assembly which has a term of four years
  Slovakia President Two consecutive 5-year terms.[13] Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the National Council which has a term of four years
  Slovenia President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the National Assembly which has a term of four years
  Spain Monarch No set terms (Hereditary succession) Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Congress of Deputies which has a term of four years
  Sweden Monarch No set terms (Hereditary succession) Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Riksdag which has a term of four years
   Switzerland President of the Confederation Unlimited non-consecutive 1-year terms Federal Council Unlimited 4-year terms
  Turkey President Two 5-year terms[14] Grand National Assembly of Turkey Unlimited 5-year terms
  United Kingdom Monarch No set terms (Hereditary succession) Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the House of Commons which has a term of five years
  Ukraine President Two consecutive 5-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Verkhovna Rada which has a term of five years
   Vatican City Pope Lifetime term Cardinal Secretary of State No set term, he holds office as long as the pope who appointed him is in office.
Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church Lifetime term
Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State No set term, he holds office as long as the pope who appointed him is in office.
Dean of the College of Cardinals Two 5-year terms
College of Cardinals Lifetime term; voting rights last until 80 years of age

OceaniaEdit

Country Head of state Other
Title Maximum number of terms Office Maximum number of terms
  Australia Governor-General No term limits, but traditionally serve for one 5-year term. Prime Minister No directly set terms, however, must maintain the confidence of the House of Representatives which has 3 year terms.
  Federated States of Micronesia President Two 4-year terms Vice President Two 4-year terms
  Fiji President Two 3-year terms
  Kiribati President Three 4-year terms Vice President Three 4-year terms
  Marshall Islands President Two 4-year terms
  New Zealand Governor-General No term limits, but traditionally serve for one 5-year term. Prime Minister No directly set terms, however, must maintain the confidence of the House of Representatives which has 3 year terms.
  Nauru President Two 3-year terms
  Palau President Two 4-year terms Vice President Two 4-year terms
  Samoa Chief of State Two 5-year terms since 2019. Between 2007 and 2019, the number of 5-year terms was Unlimited, and before 2007, the Chief of State of Samoa was elected for life. Prime Minister No term limit
  Solomon Islands Governor-General Two 5-year terms
  Tonga Monarch No set terms (Hereditary succession)
  Vanuatu President One 5-year term

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bolivian court clears way for Morales to run for fourth term Reuters, 28 November 2017
  2. ^ Blair, Laurence (3 December 2017). "Evo for ever? Bolivia scraps term limits as critics blast 'coup' to keep Morales in power". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  3. ^ "Nicaragua backs unlimited presidential terms". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 November 2014.
  4. ^ Section 6 of Article 2 of the Additional Articles of the Constitution of the Republic of China
  5. ^ Two consecutive six-year terms from 1947 to 1994 under Article 47 of the Constitution of the Republic of China, but unlimited six-year terms from 1960 to 1991 as superseded by the Temporary Provisions Effective During the Period of Communist Rebellion.
  6. ^ Article 4 of the Additional Articles of the Constitution of the Republic of China
  7. ^ Articles 33 and 59 of the Local Government Act
  8. ^ Articles 55, 56, and 57 of the Local Government Act
  9. ^ France-Presse, Agence (22 January 2016). "Tajikistan parliament paves way for president to rule for life". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 7 September 2016.
  10. ^ Constitution of Finland, Chapter 5, Section 54: "The same person may be elected President for no more than two consecutive terms of office".
  11. ^ Constitution of the Republic of Moldova, Article 80.4: "No person may discharge the duties of the President of the Republic of Moldova unless for two consecutive mandates at the most".
  12. ^ Constitution of the Russian Federation, Chapter 4, Article 81.3: "One and the same person may not be elected President of the Russian Federation for more than two terms."
  13. ^ Constitution of the Slovak Republic, Article 103.2: "The same person may be elected President for not more than two consecutive terms".
  14. ^ "Turks back direct president poll". BBC NEWS. 21 October 2007.

SourcesEdit